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Topic: List of Egyptian dynasties

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  Ancient Egypt - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
The conventional Egyptian chronology is the chronology accepted during the 20th century, but it does not include any of the major revision proposals that have also been made in that time.
The Egyptian religion, embodied in Egyptian mythology, is a succession of beliefs held by the people of Egypt, as early as predynastic times and all the way until the coming of Christianity and Islam in the Graeco-Roman and Arab eras.
There is evidence of ancient Egyptian Pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty using the natural lake of the Fayyum as a reservoir to store surpluses of water for use during the dry seasons.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Ancient_Egypt   (4267 words)

  History of ancient Egypt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Egyptian history is broken into several different periods according to the dynasty of the ruling pharaoh.
The 13th Dynasty is often considered part of the Middle Kingdom, although the period seems to be a time confusion and of migration into Egypt by a mysterious people known as the Hyksos, who took advantage of the political instabilities of the Nile Delta to take control of it and later extend their powers south.
The 13th Dynasty, and later the 14th dynasty, continued to rule from either Itjtaway or Thebes, but their control over the rest of Egypt gradually ebbed away.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Ancient_Egypt   (3904 words)

Egyptian fraction An Egyptian fraction is a sum of distinct unit fractions, i.e.
Egyptian languages The Egyptian languages are a subfamily of the Coptic Church.
The Egyptian The Egyptian (in Finnish Sinuhe egyptiläinen) is a 1949.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/egyptian.html   (565 words)

 king list
The dynasty existed about 143 years, of which 99 years were spent in a state of civil war with the kingdom divided and only 44 years with the kindom united in relative peace.
The political capital was at Itjy-tawy, and the dynasty was recognized in the far south as late as ca.
Dynasty XXII was still recognized in Memphis and parts of the Delta until 735 and intermittently in Thebes until 787/783.
www.cofc.edu /~piccione/graphics/kinglist.html   (1251 words)

 History of Ancient Egypt Information
Egyptian history is broken into several different periods according to the dynasty of the ruling pharaoh.
The Thirteenth Dynasty is often considered part of the Middle Kingdom, although the period seems to be a time of confusion and of migration into Lower Egypt by Semitic tribes from Western Asia.
Egypt has long had ties with Libya, and the first king of the new dynasty, Shoshenq I, was a Meshwesh Libyan, who served as the commander of the armies under the last ruler of the Twenty-First Dynasty, Psusennes II.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/History_of_Ancient_Egypt   (3852 words)

 History of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian Pyramids
The conventional Egyptian chronology is the accepted developments during the 20th century, but do not include any of the major revision proposals that have also been made in that time.
Although no ancient Egyptian rulers have been found buried in an Egyptian pyramid, it is generally accepted by most archaeologists that they were constructed as burial monuments associated with royal solar and stellar cults, and most were built during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.
Egyptian homes were built on the east bank of the river, the land where the Sun rises.
www.joinafrica.com /countries1/Egypt/historyancientegypt.htm   (587 words)

 Egyptian History: Dynasties 12 to 17 - The Middle Kingdom and the rule of the Hyksos
Its kings, living near Memphis, reduced the power of the provincial rulers and fostered the growth of a loyal central elite, using propagandistic literature to encourage recruitment of able civil servants and their unconditional allegiance, and transform the royal image from that of an insecure war leader to that of a confident, semidivine ruler.
Egyptian religion was respected; Egyptian was the language of government; and many Egyptians served in the administration.
Their most important contributions to Egyptian culture were perhaps the introduction of Canaanite deities such as the Storm God whom they identified with Seth, and Asian artifacts, which were instrumental in abrogating the despotism and isolationism of the Old and Middle kingdoms.
www.reshafim.org.il /ad/egypt/history12-17.htm   (1994 words)

 The Ancient Egypt Site - Turin Kinglist
The beginning and ending of the list are now lost, which means that we are missing both the introduction of the list -if ever there was such an introduction- and the enumeration of the kings following the 17th Dynasty.
Such lists had a more cultic and political reason for being, for indeed they confirmed that the current king was the rightful heir of the kings that had ruled Egypt for many centuries.
For the kings of the first three dynasties, a name is written in a cartouche as well, despite the fact that cartouche-names were not used prior to the rule of the last king of the 3rd Dynasty, Huni.
www.ancient-egypt.org /history/turin_kinglist/index.html   (1648 words)

 Egyptian Pharaohs : Early Dynastic Period : Dynasty 2 : Neferkare
Neferkare is mentioned in the Saqqara and Turin king lists between Sened and Neferkaseker, and he is mentioned in Manetho as Nepherkheres.
He is not mentioned in the Abydos king list at all -- and remember that none of these lists is contemporary -- most are over 1200 years after the fact.
The omissions of Sened, Neferkare, and Neferkaseker from the Abydos list may be a political thing, since these kings may have ruled only the north.
www.phouka.com /pharaoh/pharaoh/dynasties/dyn02/05cNeferkare.html   (125 words)

 First Intermediate Period - Dynasties 7-10
In the meantime, however, a rival line (the Eleventh Dynasty) based at Thebes reunited Upper Egypt and a clash between the two rival dynasties was inevitable.Around 2055 BC a descendant of Inyotef defeated the Heracleopolitan Pharaohs, reunited the Two Lands, and ruled as Mentuhotep II thereby ending the First Intermediate Period.
Dynasty 7 was originally a line of summation for the entire Memphite line of kings, beginning with the First Dynasty and ending with the Sixth Dynasty; Dynasty 8 was a line of summation for just the Sixth Dynasty.
The Herakleopolitans expelled Asiatic immigrants from the Nile delta and fortified the eastern border of Egypt.
www.crystalinks.com /dynasties7-10.html   (2935 words)

 Aten - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Aten is the creator of the universe in ancient Egyptian mythology, usually regarded as a sun god represented by the sun's disk.
Furthermore, the god's name came to be written within a cartouche, along with the titles normally given to a Pharaoh, another break with ancient tradition.
The Israelite hero Moses, who in the Bible account led the Children of Israel out of Egypt, was based on Rameses, and his troublesome brother Aaron was the previous pharaoh, Horemheb, who succeeded Ay, and who tried to expunge all evidence of Aten worship and of his predecessors.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Aten   (1172 words)

 The California Institute for Ancient Studies - List of Dynasties
The placement of Khasekhemui at the end of Dynasty II is not defensible and is based on the demands of an assumed sequence of Dynasties II and III, an assumption that has not been established.
This is an anachronism with Dynasty I separated from the beginning of the pyramid age by a matter of centuries.
The fact that prevents an unqualified recognition of this war, as a war between the Egyptians of the north and the south, over the acceptability of the god Set as an equal to the god Horus, is the absence of any evidence, whatever, of such difficulty at the end of Dynasty II.
www.specialtyinterests.net /dyn1and2.html   (2564 words)

 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Extensions to the geographic range of ancient Egyptian civilization included, at different times, areas of the southern Levant, the Eastern Desert and the Red Sea coastline, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Western body (focused on the several oases).
Farming for the Egyptians was centered on the cycle of the Nile River.
The Egyptian religion, embodied in Egyptian mythology, is a succession of beliefs held by the people of Egypt, as early as predynastic times and all the way until the coming of Christianity and Islam in the Græco-Roman and Arab eras.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Ancient_Egypt   (3933 words)

 Manetho's 7th and 8th Dynasties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This suggests that it is a concatenation of the 21 kings of the Sixth Dynasty Memphite line with the 5 kings in his Seventh Dynasty and the 5 kings in his Eighth Dynasty, an error consistent with his previously described errors.
Since Africanus’s Eighth Dynasty appears to be a summation line for the Sixth Dynasty, both the Africanus and Eusebius lists appear to have confused a line of summation for the first six dynasties with a description of a Seventh Dynasty.
He listed the first six kings in the Sixth Dynasty and indicated that there were 21 kings in the “last Memphite Dynasty.”; This ambiguous description of a “last Memphite dynasty”; led to a series of errors by Manetho’s redactors.
ggreenberg.tripod.com /ancientne/manetho5.html   (3045 words)

 Antiques AtoZ | Ancient Egyptian King List   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The ancient Egyptians documented the reigns of most of their kings on what is known as today as the King List.
While the Egyptian King List is useful for dating history in general, it can be tricky when it comes to placing the beginnings and ends of dynasties.
While one List might mark the 11th Dynasty as the end of the Old Kingdom, another will say that it is the beginning of the Middle Kingdom.
www.antiquesatoz.com /egypt/kinglist.htm   (489 words)

 Bes information - Search.com
Egyptians kept cats in order to attack snakes, and creatures that might ruin crop stores, such as mice, and so Bes was naturally singled out as worthy of worship in Egypt.
Later, in the Ptolemaic period of Egyptian history, chambers were constructed, painted with images of Bes and his wife Beset, thought by egyptologists to have been for the purpose of curing fertility problems or general healing rituals.
Like many Egyptian gods, the worship of Bes was exported overseas, and he, in particular, proved popular with the Phoenicians and the (ancient) Cypriots.
domainhelp.search.com /reference/Bes   (683 words)

 Directory - Society: History: By Time Period: Ancient: Africa: Egypt
List of dynasties and rulers, with details of a selection of the more famous.
Chronology of Egyptian Civilization   · Outline of Egyptian history from the Prehistoric period to the Greek and Roman period.
Lost Egypt   ·  cached  · Essay on "Photography and the Early Documentation of Egyptian Monuments" and 30 photographic images of the Nile Valley at the turn of the 20th century; from the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
www.incywincy.com /default?p=177541   (1709 words)

 Egyptian Pharaohs : Predynastic : Dynasty 0 : Crocodile
In most cases, he changed from one dynasty to antoher because of family lines, political changes or changes of location for the capitol or ruiling family.
However, below is a shortcut list to the major dynasties of Egyptian pharaohs.
From each dynasty page, you can walk through the chronology, pharaoh by pharaoh, or jump around to see who you are interested in.
www.phouka.com /pharaoh/pharaoh/dynasties.html   (144 words)

 dynasties: Vermeer and Griggs Asian Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Chronological list of ancient Egyptian kingdoms, dynasties and pharaohs.
A dynasty is a time period that is ruled by a specific family.
Dynasties - Legendary Families of Stock Car Racing is a NASCAR book that looks into the strong family ties in NASCAR.
www.voltcomm.net /dynasties.html   (302 words)

 Discover the Wisdom of Mankind on Ancient Egyptian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Egyptian religions, embodied in Egyptian mythology, were the succession of beliefs held by the people of Egypt, until the coming of Christianity and Islam.
The ancient Egyptians are also credited with devising the world's earliest known alphabet, decimal system and complex mathematical formularizations, in the form of the Moscow and Rhind Mathematical Papyri.
Some question whether the Egyptians were capable of long distance navigation in their boats and when they became knowledgeable sailors.
www.blinkbits.com /blinks/ancient_egyptian   (2886 words)

 IBSS - History - Egyptian
The Egyptians practiced the magical cursing of their enemies by inscribing pottery bowls and figurines with the names of their enemies, and then smashing them to break the power of their enemies.
In 1887 an Egyptian peasant woman discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets at the site of Akh-en-Aton's capital from the 14th century BC There were a total of 377 tablets found.
Alexander IV Ptolemaic Dynasty 305-30 BC During this period the Ptolemy's would struggle with the Seleucid Dynasty in Syria for control of Palestine.
www.bibleandscience.com /history/egyptian.htm   (3454 words)

 Guide and Index to Lists of Rulers
One motivation is that history is often not taught anymore in terms of dynasties and rulers, since this is thought (by an academic elite comfortably supported by the taxpayers) to be too elitist and too removed from the life of the people.
The arrangement of these lists thus follows Bryce's principle of universalist ideology, centering on Rome but extending to similar to ideas outside of the Roman world.
The systematic treatment is as follows in the list below, but the list in the box at right simply gives the actual internet files in which basic historical material, with lists and genealogies, is contained.
www.friesian.com /histindx.htm   (3022 words)

 Egyptian History
The Egyptians practiced the magical cursing of their enemies by inscribing pottery bowls and figurines with the names of their enemies, and then smashing them to break the power of their enemies.
A. This Dynasty was contemporary with the 15and16th Dynasties.
Ptolemaic Dynasty 305-30 BC During this period the Ptolemy's would struggle with the Seleucid Dynasty in Syria for control of Palestine.
members.aol.com /abbylm1989/egypt.htm   (3506 words)

 Egyptian History: Dynasties 1 to 2
Dynasties I and II The Unification of Egypt
The Abydos burial complex is amongst those of the kings of her dynasty.
She is also credited with being the ancestor of the 3rd Dynasty.
nefertiti.iwebland.com /history1-2.htm   (1103 words)

 The Revision of Ancient History: Revised Chronologies
So Egyptian artefacts, which were found in many places outside Egypt, were used to date the archaeology of other countries around the Mediterranean that had no ancient records of their own.
He fitted the later dynasties in prior to the Assyrian invasion by a mixture of overlaps, and by resurrecting the evidence from Brugsch in the 1880's that D22 was part of the era when Egypt was dominated by the Assyrian Empire rather than by Libyans, and may overlap with D26.
Egyptian texts found some 50 years ago name him as Ahmose, the founder of D18, and describe the war against the Hyksos that led to their expulsion.
www.knowledge.co.uk /sis/ancient.htm   (21313 words)

 COLOR: Egyptian Religion
The Egyptian conception of existence after death was that it should consist of the best of what is available to her/him in their life on earth.
This led to the development of exquisite tombs containing a strong casket or mummy, and inscribed with texts with the owner's name and with scenes that would secure for them by magical means food, drink and other desirable objects.
The earliest religious writings were the Pyramid Texts written on the walls of the burial chambers of the fifth and sixth dynasties rulers within their pyramids.
www.saxakali.com /color_asp/egyptianr.htm   (732 words)

 Manetho: A Short Summary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The New Kingdom lists are each selective in their listings, Seti I for instance listing 76 kings from Dynasties I to XIX and omitting the Hyksos rulers and those associated with the heretic Akhenaten.
Furthermore, the purpose of these lists was to cover the walls of a sacred room in which the reigning Pharoah (or other worshiper, as in the case of Tenry and his Saqqara list) made offerings or prayers to his or her predecessors, imagined as ancestors.
Today, his division of dynasties is universally used, and this has permeated into the study of nearly all royal genealogies through the understanding of succession in terms of dynasties or houses.
www.eblaforum.org /library/bcah/manetho.html   (3108 words)

 The Ancient Egypt Site - Hieroglyphic Writing - Uniliteral Signs
In addition, as long as the language of the Ancient Egyptians was a living language, it evolved and changed, just like any other living language.
Thus an Egyptian living at around 3000 BC probably would have had a very hard time understanding an Egyptian from the Ramesside era.
Two Egyptians living at around 3000 BC, one in the Delta and one in Hierakonpolis probably would have experienced similar difficulties because of the regional differences discussed above.
www.ancient-egypt.org /language/signlist/_uniliteral.html   (961 words)

 Ancient Egyptian Annotated Bibliography: Ancient Egypt Book List
Starting with the ancient Egyptians’; desire for eternal life, the necessity for mummies is explained as the need to recognize the departed body so that the ba (soul) and ka (invisible twin of the person) can successfully return to it.
Civilizations, dynasties, and empires are represented from such times and places including the Ice Age, the Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia), Ancient Egypt, the Far East (Chinese and Japanese), the Indus Valley and India, the Aegean, Ancient Rome, the Middle East (Persian and Phoenician), Ancient Europe (Celtic), Africa, the Americas (Mayan), and Oceania (Aborigines).
This is a thoroughly documented account of the ancient Egyptian way of death that with its countless artifacts has in turn given us rich insights as to their way of life.
www.iwebquest.com /Egypt/egyptbooks.htm   (6191 words)

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