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Topic: List of Indices of Freedom


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In the News (Thu 18 Oct 18)

  
  Freedom of the press information - Search.com
Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting.
On the ideological level, the first advocates of freedom of the press were the liberal thinkers of the 18th and 19th centuries.They developed their ideas in opposition to the monarchist tradition in general and the divine right of kings in particular.
The notion of "freedom of the press" that later was enshrined in the United States Constitution is generally traced to the seditious libel prosecution of John Peter Zenger by the colonial governor of New York in 1735.
www.search.com /reference/Freedom_of_the_press   (2427 words)

  
 Fraser Institute Archived Information
Individuals have economic freedom when (a) property they acquire without the use of force, fraud, or theft is protected from physical invasions by others and (b) they are free to use, exchange, or give their property to another as long as their actions do not violate the identical rights of others.
Freedom of exchange and the autonomy of the individual are also integral elements of economic freedom.
The freedom of individuals to use their own property and engage in voluntary exchange can be substantially reduced by regulations that limit the scope of business activity and the use of privately-owned property.
oldfraser.lexi.net /publications/books/econ_free95   (19891 words)

  
 freedom.htm
In nations in the top fifth of economic freedom, the average income of the poorest 10 percent of the population was $6,877 compared to just $823 in the least free nations.
The first Economic Freedom of the World Report published in 1996, was the result of a decade of research by a team, which included several Nobel Laureates and over 60 other leading scholars, in a broad range of fields, from economics to political science and from law to philosophy.
Economic freedom is also positively correlated with low poverty rates, superior health outcomes, literacy, good nutrition, low levels of child labour, civil and political freedoms, superior rankings on the United Nations Human Development Index, and low levels of corruption along with other positive results.
www.hku.hk /hkcer/freedom.htm   (5149 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Freedom House
Freedom House, a predominately US-funded organization, states that it is an "independent non-governmental organization that supports the expansion of freedom in the world" and "conduct an array of advocacy, education, and training initiatives that promote human rights, democracy, free market economics, the rule of law, independent media, and US engagement in international affairs."
Freedom House publishes an annual reports on the degree of democratic freedoms in each country in the world, by which it seeks to assess the current state of civil and political rights in every nation on Earth.
Freedom House is a member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange, a global network of more than 70 non-governmental organisations that monitors free expression violations around the world and defends journalists, writers and others who are persecuted for exercising their right to freedom of expression.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Freedom_House   (1491 words)

  
 List of indices of freedom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There are several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of freedom in the world and rank countries as being free, partly free, or unfree using various measures of freedom, including political rights, economic rights, and civil liberties.
Freedom in the World published by Freedom House ranks countries by political rights and civil liberties that are derived in large measure from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The Index of Economic Freedom is an annual report published by The Wall Street Journal and the Heritage Foundation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_indices_of_freedom   (303 words)

  
 FREEDOM PREDICTS HUMAN SECURITY
Note that the freedom and political liberties ratings themselves have a small positive correlation with this dimension, indicating that it is measuring a positive change to greater freedom.
I now want to test the argument of this book that the freedom of people to pursue their own desires and hold the government responsible for its actions creates a spontaneous social field within which humans are most secure--violence is minimal, and human and economic development are best achieved.
The partial correlation of logged violence with freedom holding human development constant is -.57; for human development holding freedom constant it is -.39, a difference between 32 and 15 percent of the variance in violence.
www.hawaii.edu /powerkills/WF.APPENDIX.HTM   (7875 words)

  
 Journalist's Guide to the Federal Courts - District
The docket lists the date and a brief description of all filings by the parties and all actions by the court in a particular case.
An entire case may be sealed at the opening of a case, or certain docket entries may be sealed during the course of the proceedings.
These cases or documents generally are listed on the docket but with the notation that the information is sealed.
www.uscourts.gov /journalistguide/district_source.html   (1767 words)

  
 Human rights Encyclopedia
The declaration was the first international legal effort to limit the behavior of states and press upon them duties to their citizens following the model of the rights-duty duality.
For example, right to life and security of person; freedom from slavery; equality before the law and due process under the rule of law; freedom of movement; freedoms of speech, religion, assembly; the right to bear arms.
Some people believe human rights abuses are more common in dictatorships or theocracies than in democracies because freedom of speech and freedom of the press tend to uncover state orchestrated abuse and expose it.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /topic/Human_rights.html   (4475 words)

  
 [A-List] RE: Rising interest rates are a good thing
It is obvious that "free" markets are inherently self-destructive of their own freedom.
The regional crises, each with unique local characteristics, are merely early symptoms of a ticking global time bomb constructed out of the complex calculus of inter-linked financial markets in which countless individual credit risks are legally masked as sound transactions through sophisticated hedging.
Derivatives, financial instruments which derive their value from other underlying financial instruments or benchmarks such as stock indices or exchange rates, are the cards in the fragile house of cards built by a financial specialty known as "structured finance".
lists.econ.utah.edu /pipermail/a-list/2004-June/049283.html   (5741 words)

  
 The World
Freedom House (and here and here) is my preferred source of human rights country reports.
There is a clear correlation between political freedom and prosperity, just as there is between economic freedom and prosperity.
Comparison of freedom of countries with their prosperity (and detailed GDP figures).
markhumphrys.com /world.html   (3005 words)

  
 6.1.6. What is Process Capability?
The comparison is made by forming the ratio of the spread between the process specifications (the specification "width") to the spread of the process values, as measured by 6 process standard deviation units (the process "width").
Another point to observe is that variations are not negligible due to the randomness of capability indices.
The indices that we considered thus far are based on normality of the process distribution.
www.itl.nist.gov /div898/handbook/pmc/section1/pmc16.htm   (814 words)

  
 MediaChannel.org Features
NEW YORK, May 3, 2006 — World Press Freedom Day honours sacrifices around the world made for freedom of the press and reminds governments of their duty to respect and uphold the right to freedom of expression that is enshrined under Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993, the day is celebrated each year on May 3, the anniversary of the Declaration of Windhoek.
The Prize is named in honour of Guillermo Cano Isaza, a Colombian journalist who was assassinated in front of the offices of his newspaper, El Espectador, in Bogotá, on December 17 1986.
www.mediachannel.org /affalert412.shtml   (385 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Travel - News - ACLU seeks government data regarding no-fly list   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The so-called no-fly list was introduced after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and is meant to prevent potential terrorists from boarding planes.
With the help of the ACLU, the two invoked the Freedom of Information Act to demand the FBI, TSA or Justice Department explain what happened and to disclose why they were stopped.
TSA spokesman Niko Melendez said those on the no-fly list pose, or are suspected of posing, a threat to civil aviation and national security.
www.usatoday.com /travel/news/2003/2003-04-23-no-fly-list.htm   (694 words)

  
 freedominfo.org: country pages - sweden
(2) freedom of information: that is, the freedom to procure and receive information and otherwise acquaint oneself with the utterances of others.
A comprehensive list of the documents that are exempted is provided in the 1980 Secrecy Act which has over 160 sections.
The government classified the list of dead and missing Swedes from the Tsunami in January 2005 because of fears that the houses of the missing would be robbed.
www.freedominfo.org /countries/sweden.htm   (1206 words)

  
 Structural Equation Modeling using AMOS: An Introduction
Its value is 76.102 with 6 degrees of freedom, returning a probability value of less than.001 that a chi-square value this large or larger would be obtained by chance if the null hypothesis that the model fits the data is true.
Notice that degrees of freedom of the chi-square test is reduced from six degrees of freedom to four degrees of freedom.
The two degrees of freedom change occurs because each parameter estimated by the model consumes one degree of freedom; since you included two new parameters in the modified model (the two residual correlations), the new model has two fewer degrees of freedom remaining.
www.utexas.edu /its/rc/tutorials/stat/amos   (9978 words)

  
 Export Control: Sensitive Subjects List
The Sensitive Subjects List (SSL) is a compilation of technical subject matter or technologies that is intended to aid the Department of Energy (DOE)-complex in identifying "sensitive" information.
The list identifies subjects related to the development and production of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical, and biological) and their delivery systems (including missiles), conventional weapons, and other technologies deemed significant to the national security of the United States.
Thus, cooperative industrial research that is not sensitive under Parts I–V of this list will only be considered sensitive if, in the opinion of a DOE industrial partner, it is business sensitive and a significant industrial espionage target.
www.llnl.gov /expcon/subjects.html   (2919 words)

  
 Welcome to the Committee on Open Government
Unless otherwise deniable, disclosure shall not be construed to constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy when identifying details are deleted, when the person to whom a record pertains consents in writing to disclosure, or when upon presenting reasonable proof of identity, a person seeks access to records pertaining to him or her.
As noted earlier, each agency must maintain a "subject matter list." The list is not a compilation of every record an agency has in its possession, but rather is a list of the subjects or file categories under which records are kept.
Although the courts are not subject to the Freedom of Information Law, section 255 of the Judiciary Law has long required the clerk of a court to "diligently search the files, papers, records and dockets in his office" and upon payment of a fee make copies of such items.
www.dos.state.ny.us /coog/Right_to_know.html   (4485 words)

  
 Degrees of Freedom
Thus the degrees of freedom to determine the mean for 100 samples is n-1 or 99.
For example, the degrees of freedom to estimate variability from one observation would be zero, i.e., it is impossible to estimate variability.
Degrees of freedom of n - 1 is required when taking a sample from a population because when taking the limited size sample, you have only a very slight chance of picking the extreme data values of the population.
www.isixsigma.com /forum/showthread.asp?messageID=33443   (2613 words)

  
 U.S. Department of Transportation / Freedom of Information Act/ Final Rule
(c) Indices are maintained to reflect all records subject to Subpart B of this part, and are available for public inspection and copying as provided in Subpart B. §7.2 Definitions.
Except to the extent that he/she has actual and timely notice of the terms thereof, a person may not in any manner be required to resort to, or be adversely affected by, any procedure or matter required to be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER, but not so published.
Information as to the kinds of materials available at each facility may be obtained from the facility or the headquarters of the DOT component of which it is a part.
www.dot.gov /foia/regulation_foia.html   (7949 words)

  
 Israel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to the international data reported by Freedom House, the degree of political rights and civil liberties in Israel makes it the only liberal democracy in the Middle East, consisting of a multi-party system and separation of powers.
Elections to the Knesset are normally held every four years, but the Knesset can decide to dissolve itself ahead of time by a simple majority, known as a vote of no-confidence.
As of 2004, 224,200 Israeli citizens lived in the West Bank in numerous Israeli settlements, (including towns such as Ma'ale Adummim and Ariel, and a handful of communities that were present long before the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and were re-established after the Six-Day War such as Hebron and Gush Etzion).
www.a013.com /wiki/Israel   (7807 words)

  
 2004 freedominfo.org Global Survey Results - Sweden
The current version of the Freedom of the Press Act, part of the Constitution, was adopted in 1949 and amended in 1976.
A comprehensive list of the documents that are exempted is provided in the Secrecy Act.
The Ombudsman received 300 complaints relating to access to documents and freedom of the press between July 2000 and June 2001 and issued admonitions to government departments in 98 cases.
www.freedominfo.org /countries/survey2004/sweden.htm   (747 words)

  
 FOIA Update: New Case List and Guide Publications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
A new governmentwide publication covering both the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act of 1974 is being prepared by the Office of Information and Privacy for distribution this coming fall.
The Case List has also contained the "Justice Department Guide to the Freedom of Information Act," a detailed discussion of substantive and procedural FOIA topics that has grown considerably in both length and complexity over the years.
To be entitled the Freedom of Information Act Guide and Privacy Act Overview, the publication also will contain the texts of both statutes and will be designed to serve as a single reference volume for FOIA and Privacy Act matters.
www.usdoj.gov /oip/foia_updates/Vol_XIII_2/page2.htm   (535 words)

  
 The Freedom of Indices
Though their indicators often influence the pecuniary fate of developing countries, they are open to little scrutiny and criticism.
The Heritage Foundation and the Wall Street Journal are the joint publishers of the 2002 edition of the much-vaunted "Index of Economic Freedom".
Unfortunately, indices such as these affect both portfolio and direct investment flows, the country's rating, its image in the international media, and the government's standing domestically.
samvak.tripod.com /brief-index01.html   (956 words)

  
 Economic Freedom Criteria And Iraq’s Economic Policies
First, in highly developed countries, the reverse process of the assumed causal relationship between economic freedom and economic growth, ie the state of shrinking economies or recession phase of a business cycle, can not be explained only by the government failure to maintain economic freedom practices.
Therefore, any future attempt to use EFI or apply the definition of an economic freedom concept as a guide to assess the prospect for economic progress and policy relevance should take into account Iraq’s state of economic, social and environmental conditions and the role of the prevailing strategic elements; oil, development and democracy.
It is interesting to notice that Freedom House has classified freedom rating of Iraq in 2004 as a non-free country.
www.mees.com /postedarticles/oped/v48n26-5OD01.htm   (1587 words)

  
 Cyndi's List - What's New on Cyndi's List? - April 2006
Beside Federal and Maine data the primary sources used in the database are those of the cemetery associations, the Yartzheit records of the local synagogues, membership list of Jewish communal organizations, published histories of Portland Jews and the personal knowledge and recollections of Portland Jews.
There are currently 8,395 surname/County combinations and 11,020 individual slaveholder names on the large slaveholder lists, representing a total of 792,219 slaves in 158 Counties (Parishes in Louisiana) in 10 States.
Alphabetical listing of all slaveholders on the 1860 Charleston, SC slave census, with the number of slaves held.
www.cyndislist.com /new0406.htm   (5579 words)

  
 Peter Suber, Open-Access Lists (formerly: FOS Lists)
My Timeline of the open access movement and my list of What you can do to promote open access belong here, but because of their size I've given them pages to themselves.
Originally this list was devoted to significant university actions to protest, resist, reverse, or extricate themselves from high journal prices, inflexible bundling arrangements, or oppressive licensing terms.
List of Elsevier titles for which the University of California libraries currently have subscriptions.
www.earlham.edu /~peters/fos/lists.htm   (7977 words)

  
 Newswatch India » Are indices of press freedom useful?
The new “worldwide press freedom index,” published this month by the French-based organization Reporters Without Borders (RSF), suggests that the most restrictive countries in terms of press freedom are North Korea, Eritrea, Turkmenistan, Iran and Burma; while the most enlightened are Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway and Switzerland.
RSF says it has 50 criteria for assessing press freedom, ranging from whether journalists are murdered, imprisoned or prosecuted as a result of their craft to whether they are censored or harassed, either by states or pressure groups that are allowed to intimidate the media.
The survey suggests that many countries that have recently recovered their independence or become independent are swift to establish press freedom, with Slovenia (9th), Estonia (11th), Latvia (16th) and Lithuania (21st) high on the list.
www.newswatch.in /?p=1957   (1827 words)

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