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Topic: List of Portuguese monarchs

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  List of Portuguese monarchs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from León in 1128-29 to the proclamation of the Republic in October 5, 1910.
With the Portuguese victory in the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385 John I, half-brother of Ferdinand and natural son of Pedro I, was acclaimed King.
The dynasty began with the acclamation of Philip II of Spain as Philip I of Portugal in 1580, officially recognized in 1581 in the Cortes of Tomar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Portuguese_monarchs   (1705 words)

 Search Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Portuguese language Portuguese language, member of the Romance group of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Romance languages).
Portuguese literature -> The Twentieth Century The modern period in Portuguese letters dates from the establishment of the republic in 1910.
Portuguese literature -> The Renaissance through the Seventeenth Century The impact of the Renaissance in Portugal was particularly strong in poetry and drama.
www.encyclopedia.com /searchpool.asp?target=List+of+Portuguese+monarchs   (557 words)

Because Philip II of Spain was the son of a Portuguese princess, Spain invaded Portugal and the Spanish ruler became Philip I of Portugal in 1580; the Spanish and Portuguese Empires were under a single rule.
The four main organs of Portuguese politics are the presidency, the prime minister and Council of Ministers (the cabinet), the Assembly of the Republic (the parliament), and the Judicial branch.
Portuguese is spoken throughout the country, with only the villages of Miranda de Douro's Leonese dialect recognised as a locally co-official language as Mirandese, Asturian in Spain is another Leonese dialect but not officially recognized by Spain.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/p/po/portugal.html   (4365 words)

 Encyclopedia: List of Portuguese monarchs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This is a list of the rulers of the Kingdom of Asturias.
This is a list of the kings of Navarre.
This was in effect a declaration of war against Castile and its pretensions to the Portuguese throne.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/List-of-Portuguese-monarchs   (2361 words)

 Portugal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Before the creation of the Portuguese state was ruled by the Phoenicians (from 1104 BC) Carthaginians (from 258 BC) Lusitanians (native insurrection from 194 BC) Romans (from 218 BC) Suevi (from 409) Visigoths (from 416) Arabs (from 711) and Asturians and Leonese (from 739).
Because Philip II of Spain was the son of a Portuguese Spain invaded Portugal and the Spanish ruler Philip I of Portugal in 1580; the Spanish and Portuguese Empires were under a rule.
Portuguese is spoken throughout the country with the villages of Miranda de Douro 's Leonese dialect recognised as a locally language as Mirandese Asturian in Spain is another Leonese dialect not officially recognized by Spain.
www.freeglossary.com /Portugal   (4452 words)

One of the first acts of his son Edward (in Portuguese Duarte-1433-38) was to promulgate the "Lei Mental" which enacted that these properties should only descend in the direct male line of the grantee, on the failure of which they reverted to the Crown.
In 1514 the monarch sent his splendid embassy to Rome to offer the tribute of India at the feet of Leo X, to urge the pope to proceed with the reform of the Church, and to secure a league of Christian princes against the Turks.
The last half-century of the Portuguese Monarchy, embracing the reigns of Pedro V (1853-61), Louis I (1861-89), and Charles I (1889-1908), was one of internal peace and increasing material prosperity.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12297a.htm   (9976 words)

 Portugal - Gurupedia
Because Philip II of Spain was the son of a Portuguese princess, Spain invaded Portugal and the Spanish ruler became Philip I of Portugal in 1580.
Portuguese monarchy starting a period of chaotic republicanism (First Republic); in 1926 a nationalist military coup d'etat began a period of more than five decades of repressive fascist governments (Second Republic), but more stable financially and economically.
Portuguese people are very devoted to the Mother of Christ, being treated almost has a goddess, what made some believe that is a link to the dieties of the now distant past, that were mostly female.
www.gurupedia.com /p/po/portugal.htm   (4142 words)

 Alfonso V of Portugal
Having been affianced to the Princess Juana, Alphonso caused himself to be proclaimed king of Castile and Leon; but in the following year he was defeated at Toro[?] by Ferdinand, the husband of Isabella of Castile.
He went to France to obtain the assistance of Louis XI., but finding himself deceived by the French monarch, he abdicated in favour of his son John.
When he returned to Portugal, however, he was compelled by his son to resume the sceptre, which he continued to wield for two years longer.
ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/al/Alfonso_V_of_Portugal.html   (286 words)

 John II of Portugal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Portuguese explorationss were his main priority in government, pushing south the known coastal Africa with the purpose of discovering the maritime route to India.
Modern historians are still debating their true extent, suspecting that Portuguese sailors reached the continent of North America earlier then Christopher Columbus.
Due to the hatred the Portuguese nobility had for him, the hypothesis of poisoning was never ruled out.
www.enlightenweb.net /j/jo/john_ii_of_portugal.html   (1000 words)

 Peter I of Brazil - Gurupedia
In 1807 he was taken with the Portuguese royal family to Brazil, to escape the Napoleonic Wars.
Rio de Janeiro the de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, and Brazil was elevated to the status of a kingdom co-equal with Portugal.
He promulgated the Portuguese liberal constitution of April 26, but was forced to abdicate on May 28 from the Portuguese crown in favor of his daughter Maria II.
www.gurupedia.com /p/pe/peter_i_of_brazil.htm   (641 words)

 List of Brazilian monarchs: biography and encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Brazilian monarchs were the rulers of Brazil (The largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter) from its discovery in 1500 until 1889.
Brazil was officially discovered on April 22, 1500 and based on the Treaty of Tordesilhas (additional info and facts about Treaty of Tordesilhas), it became a possession of Portugal (A republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries created a vast overseas empire (including Brazil)).
The Kings of Portugal then were the Monarchs in Brazil until Napoleon (French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)) 's invading army forced the Portuguese government to flee to Brazil in 1807.
absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/L/Li/List_of_Brazilian_monarchs.htm   (497 words)

 Wikinfo | John IV of Portugal
John IV (Portuguese João) (1603-1656), the Fortunate, king of Portugal, was born at Villaviciosa in March 1603.
By the unanimous voice of the people he was raised to the throne of Portugal (of which he was held to be the legitimate heir) during the revolution effected on December 1, 1640 against the Spanish king, Philip IV.
His accession led to a protracted war with Spain, which only ended with the recognition of Portuguese independence in a subsequent reign (1668).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=John_IV_of_Portugal   (310 words)

 Portuguese monarchs family tree - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For more information, particularly on merging or moving the article during the discussion, read the Guide to Deletion.
To list an article for deletion after adding {{subst:afd}} at the top, you have to do the following:
This is a collection of family trees concerning the Portuguese Royal family.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Portuguese_monarchs_family_tree   (169 words)

 Explanation of Events for the Timeline of the Witch Hunts
Similar to the earlier medieval inquisition of heretics or the later Roman Inquisition, judges were authorized in secret proceedings to investigate, prosecute, judge, and sentence accused people who had no legal counsel.
She passed a new harsher witchcraft Law in 1563, although since it did not define sorcery as heresy, the punishment for witches in England was hanging, not burning at the stake.
Its listing and classification of various forms of magic help illustrate the contexts of beliefs during his time and long after.
departments.kings.edu /womens_history/witch/witchlist.html   (6987 words)

 Lists of office-holders - Art History Online Reference and Guide
lists of people in various offices and positions, including heads of states or of subnational entities (in no particular order).
Current incumbents may also be found in the countries' articles (main article and "Politics of") and the list of national leaders, recent changes on 2005 in politics, and past leaders on State leaders by year and Colonial governors by year.
List of Dukes of Ferrara and of Modena
www.arthistoryclub.com /art_history/Lists_of_incumbents   (1253 words)

 4Reference || Afonso II of Portugal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This does not mean that he was a weak or somehow coward man. The first years of his reign were marked instead by internal disturbances between the Afonso II and his brothers and sisters.
The king managed to keep security within Portuguese borders only by outlawing and exiling his kin.
Since military issues were not a government priority, Afonso II established the state's administration and centralized power on himself.
www.4reference.net /encyclopedias/wikipedia/Afonso_II_of_Portugal.html   (450 words)

 Royalty.nu - The History of Portugal - Portuguese Royalty
The first full-length study of the Portuguese royal court in the 14th and 15th centuries.
The son of 15th century Portuguese king John I, Henry the Navigator was an important patron of navigators and explorers.
Includes a timeline, brief biographies, lists of monarchs and heads of state, and a bibliographic essay.
www.royalty.nu /Europe/Portugal.html   (830 words)

 pilgrim chapter 8   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In the 16th Century, Portuguese was the first modern language to be spoken on all the continents.
Patterson strongly asserted that the Portuguese navigators were the first colonizers of North America: “The fact that so many names should have been affixed to places so firmly as to adhere to them through all the changes of well nigh four hundred years is very significant.
One of the outcomes of the Portuguese discoveries was the spreading of the Christian faith.
www.apol.net /dightonrock/pilgrim_chapter_8.htm   (3440 words)

 Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation: Western Civilization, Act II
Founder of the Portuguese empire, Prince Henry of Portugal was a patron of explorer.
Lists all 95 theses written by Martin Luther, which brought on accusations of heresy and eventually led to his excommunication and the reformation of the church.
List of sixteen hyperlinks to different scientists who worked during the Age of Enlightenment.
www.omnibusol.com /mediev2.html   (10718 words)

 Portugal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Main article: History of Portugal Before the creation of the Portuguese state, Portugal was ruled by the Phoenicians (from 1104 BC), Carthaginians (from 258 BC), Lusitanians (native insurrection from 194 BC), Romans (from 218 BC), Suevi (from 409), Visigoths (from 416), Arabs (from 711), and Asturians and Leonese (from 739).
Main article: Politics of Portugal In the years following the 1974 coup Portugal has progressively done away with undemocratic institutions and established itself as a constitutional democracy.
Main article: Geography of Portugal Continental Portugal is split in two by its main river, the Tagus (Tejo).
www.aseannewsnetwork.com /articles/content/p/po/portugal.html   (4726 words)

 List of Portuguese people   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The following is a list of Portuguese people :
Duarte Pio Duke of Braganza (claimant to the abolished throne of
See also: List of Portuguese monarchs Presidents of Portugal List of Prime Ministers of Portugal
www.freeglossary.com /List_of_Portuguese   (231 words)

 Umberto Eco Afterword   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
I cite this landmark decision not so much to chide the producer for inventing a seduction, although he seems in fact to have done so, but to underscore what the filmmakers had to say about the truth status of their creation.
Let us expand our examples by considering TheMission, a film which, whilewell­intentioned and visually impressive, is somewhat tenuously related to events and persons that were documentable as the Spanish and Portuguese monarchs redrew their borders in Paraguay in the1750s.
In this film, Joffe, his scenarist Robert Bolt, and theological advisor Daniel Berrigan give ample treatment to the conflicting views and interests of Jesuits, of Portugese and Spanish estate owners and their governments, and of the papacy on theissue of the destiny of the Guarani Indians.
www.stanford.edu /dept/HPS/HistoryWired/Davis/DavisAuthenticity.html   (6627 words)

 Encyclopedia article on List of Portuguese monarchs [EncycloZine]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Encyclopedia article on List of Portuguese monarchs [EncycloZine]
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Visit Curious-Minds.co.UK for educational games and toys, and science kits.
encyclozine.com /Portuguese_monarchs   (191 words)

 Alfonso Gerard   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A gallery of museum quality original impressionist style oil paintings, featuring landscapes, seascapes, still lifes and faces and figures
Description: Art history professor provides his syllabi, suggested reading list and other teaching tools and information.
'''Alfonso''' (or Afonso, Alphonso) may refer to any of the following; ==List of Portuguese monarchsKings of Portugal== *Afonso I of Portugal -- (110...
ranoc.com /Alfonso_Gerard.htm   (860 words)

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