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Topic: List of Republican Roman Consuls

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Consul was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic, which became an appointive office under the Empire.
The list of consuls for this state is incomplete, drawn from inscriptions and coins.
Therefore, when the Roman Empire was divided into two halves on the death of Theodosius I, the emperor of each half acquired the right of appointing one of the consuls -- although one emperors did allow his colleague to appoint both consuls for various reasons.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/co/Consul.html   (485 words)

 Wikinfo | List of Early Imperial Roman Consuls
The List of Roman Consuls to the Death of Commodus
Consuls of the Roman Republic are listed in the List of Republican Roman Consuls.
Consuls of the Roman Empire are continued in the List of Late Imperial Roman Consuls.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=List_of_Early_Imperial_Roman_Consuls   (981 words)

 Republican Roman Government
The Romans never had a written constitution, but their form of their government, especially from the time of the passage of the lex Hortensia (287 B.C.), roughly parallels the modern American division of executive, legislative, and judical branches, although the senate doesn't neatly fit any of these categories.
CONSULS (2): chief civil and military magistrates; invested with imperium (consular imperium was considered maius ("greater") than that of praetors); convened senate and curiate and centuriate assemblies.
DICTATOR (1): in times of military emergency appointed by consuls; dictator appointed a Master of the Horse to lead cavalry; tenure limited to 6 months or duration of crisis, whichever was shorter; not subject to veto.
www.utexas.edu /depts/classics/documents/RepGov.html   (914 words)

 Consul   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Consuls executed both religious and military duties; the reading of the auguries was an essential step before leading armies into the field.Under the Republic, the minimum age of election to consul for [[patrician]]s was 40 years of age, for [[plebeians]] 42.
The list of consuls for this state is incomplete, drawn from inscriptions and coins.One of the reforms of [[Constantine I of the Roman EmpireConstantine I]] was to assign one of the consuls to the city of [[Rome]], and the other to [[Constantinople]].
Therefore, when the Roman Empire was divided into two halves on the death of [[Theodosius I]], the emperor of each half acquired the right of appointing one of the consuls— although one emperor did allow his colleague to appoint both consuls for various reasons.
consul.quickseek.com   (703 words)

 ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
The backbone of the Roman army was the citizen-soldier of some means, for the soldier had to provide his own weapons and armor.
The Roman army was commanded by the aristocracy, with posts granted on the basis of family relations and bribes rather than ability.
Roman law and politics was unable to deal with the political gangs, the assassinations, the terrorism, the proscriptions.
www.the-orb.net /textbooks/westciv/romanrevolution.html   (9302 words)

 Ancient Roman Law - Crystalinks
The Romans never had a written constitution, but their form of their government, especially from the time of the passage of the lex Hortensia (287 B.C.), roughly parallels the modern American division of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, although the senate doesn't neatly fit any of these categories.
The two consuls, the chief ruling Magistrates of the Republic were chosen by the Senate, which served as the advisory body to the consuls.
The Roman Republic was a form of government that worked well with a city-state or even a group of powerful city-states in control of a region.
www.crystalinks.com /romelaw.html   (2425 words)

 Roman calendar - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Because a Roman calendar year defined the term of office of elected Roman magistrates, a pontifex maximus would have reason to lengthen a year in which he or his allies were in power, or to not lengthen a year in which his political opponents held office.
Lists of consuls were maintained in the fasti.
Before 190 BC the alignment between the Roman and Julian years is determined by clues such as the dates of harvests mentioned in the sources.
www.psychcentral.com /psypsych/Roman_calendar   (2198 words)

 Consuls of the Roman Republic
Here, Consuls are only given for the Roman Republic, ending with 27 BC, when Octavian was granted the title Augustus, by which he is then known as the first of the Roman Emperors, although the title Imperator ("commander") was already used.
The list of Consuls of the Roman Empire, or at least the Western Consuls at Rome right down "to Basilius," are now given on a popup page.
In the list of Consuls, there is another name that is given, the "filiation," or, as it would be called from Greek, the "patronymic," the name of one's father.
www.friesian.com /rome.htm   (5925 words)

 Talk:List of Republican Roman Consuls - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
I'm responsible for the mistake in abbreviating Tiberius/Titus in the List of Early Imperial Roman Consuls, which needs to be fixed someday.
Marcus Furius Camillus is listed as having served five terms as Roman_dictator.
On that line of thinking, however, at what point do we perhaps not list someone here, or remove sections from this list...that is, a dictator is not really a consul, nor are military tribines w/ consular powers...
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:List_of_Republican_Roman_Consuls   (561 words)

 Consul - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
After the mythical expulsion of the last Etruscan King Tarquinius Superbus and the ending of the Roman Kingdom, all the powers and authority of the King were alledgedly given to the newly instituted Consuls.
One of the reforms of Constantine I was to assign one of the consuls to the city of Rome, and the other to Constantinople.
In various Italian city states, the republican regimes (elsewhere the Bishop or a hereditary Lord was in charge) gave its chief magistrates the title of consul...
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Consul   (1447 words)

 Rome and Romania, Roman Emperors, Byzantine Emperors, etc.
Decius and Herennius were killed in battle by the Goths in 251 -- the only Roman Emperors to die in battle (against external enemies) besides Julian (against the Persians, 363), Valens (against the Goths again, 378), Nicephorus I (against the Bulgars, 811), and Constantine XI (with the fall of Constantinople to the Turks, 1453).
The very same institutions, both Roman and Christian in sum and detail, that failed in the West in the face of the German threat, did just fine in the East, long outlasting, and in two dramatic cases defeating, the German successor kingdoms.
This was the end of Roman Gaul, 541 years after Caesar had completed its conquest in 56 BC -- or perhaps 531 years since the defeat, capture, and death of the rebel Vercingetorix in 46 BC.
www.friesian.com /romania.htm   (14302 words)

 Site Contents at the free Online Encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
List of Judicial Committees of the Privy Council & House of Lords cases
List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names
List of NATO reporting names for transport aircraft
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /index_185.html   (165 words)

 Roman Republican Calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Certain Roman religious customs, as well as the monthly subdivisions of Kalends, Nones, and Ides, indicate that the calendar was originally lunar, and that months began upon direct observation by a priest of the new moon.
They are transferred to the intercalary month, but notice with the Roman method of counting backwards, they keep their day numbering constant whether it’s a regular or intercalary year.
An unbroken list of consuls from the founding of the republic (conventionally, 509 BCE) through the late empire survives.
www.polysyllabic.com /Roman.html   (1135 words)

The ancient Roman calendar was closely linked to the science of astrology, and the teachings of Claudius Ptolemaeus, which were prevalent throughout the entire lifetime of Imperial Rome.
Equivalent with Roman Jupiter¹ or Greek Zeus, a sky-god who controlled the winds and weather, and made thunder sound by hitting the earth with his mighty hammer, which was manifested on earth as the destruction caused by bolts of lightning.
The Romans, prior to the reformation of Caesar, used a system of months of irregular length giving a 355 day civil year, into which an extra month of 22 or 23 days was intercalated every other year.
www.roman-britain.org /calendar.htm   (2391 words)

 Roman States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A significant garrison along a major road since Roman times, mention might be made of the heroic (but ultimately unsuccessful) defense of the town by Cia, wife of the Lord of Forli, against beseiging Papal troops in 1357.
This tension between Republican and Monarchic principles of the Empire, and the question of how one become Emperor (inheritance, adoption, appointment, military coup, or election) has been the foundation of European political theory for 2000 years.
The Holy Roman Empire renounces all pretensions to Roman territory, and recognizes the Pope as sovereign Prince of the City, 1st of August, 1177.
www.hostkingdom.net /rome.html   (1781 words)

 Edictum Censoris CFQ XVIII
It encompasses historical research in the form of attested lists of Republican names and takes into consideration the laws of Nova Roma that deal with citizenship approval and the scope of Pater/Mater Familias authority on this particular matter.
Application to Nova Roman citizenship implies acceptance and agreement to the terms of the present Edictum and is subject to a probationary period as described by Lex Equitia De Tirocinio Civium Novorum.
This list will be reviewed as and when new evidence comes to light : Please note that NO Praenomen that does not appear on this list will be accepted by the Censorial office without a special application.
www.novaroma.org /tabularium/edicts/censor-2004-11-18b.html   (1367 words)

 Roman calendar - Indopedia, the Indological knowledgebase
In order to prevent the calendar year from getting out of line with the solar year, a leap month of 27 or 28 days, Mercedonius or Mercedinus, was supposed to be added every second year at the end of February, which was shortened to 23 days.
In the early days of the Roman Republic, the years were not counted.
Instead they were named after the consuls who were in power at the time (see List of Republican Roman Consuls).
www.indopedia.org /Ides.html   (1203 words)

 CQD Roman History Review - Republican Organization
These notes are part of a Roman History Review for students planning to take history exams at JCL competitions.
15.  The aerarium, the main treasury of the Roman Republic, was housed in the Temple of Saturn in the forum, which Livy assigns to 496 BCE.
21.  The assemblies were composed of all males with full Roman citizens.  Issues could not be discussed or debated from the floor and individuals had to attend in person in order to vote.
www.geocities.com /bwduncan/rhr/repuborg.html   (881 words)

 Question: Describe and explain the evolution of the Roman Republican Constitution from its origin to 31 BC (battle of ...
Main characteristics of republican institutions were that, at every level, two or more equals elected for fixed terms shared power.
He gave the right to be a Roman citizen to the other towns natives to gain both political advanteges and proponents when fighting with other tribes and cities.
Consequently, there is a general agreement that one of the most important concept which the Romans inherited to the succeeding cultures was their system of law.
www-scf.usc.edu /~erdemoz/Html/essay5a.htm   (831 words)

 List of Consuls
The following list of Consuls, beginning with the foundation of the Republic in 509 BC, is taking largely from the list of Varro compiled in the 1st century BC.
After 300 BC and through the end of the Imperial period, the Consular lists are widely accepted and known.
A suffect consul was appointed or elected when the ordinary Consul for that year died.
www.unrv.com /government/consul.php   (189 words)

 Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Rome
Roman Soldier's Enlistment, Egypt, 51 CE [At CSUN]
A CAD recreation of the Roman fort at Colonia Ulpia Traiana.
A Roman Harvest Sacrifice, from Cato, On Agriculture 134, 160 BCE [At enteract.com]
www.fordham.edu /halsall/ancient/asbook09.html   (3375 words)

 List of themed timelines : List of timelines
List of themed timelines : List of timelines
List of timelines from across the web of things that never were (http://www.mts.net/~arphaxad/history.html)
All is still licensed under the GNU FDL.
www.wordlookup.net /li/list-of-timelines.html   (302 words)

 List of themed timelines : Timeline
Our canoe As a leaping fish does." Unwilling to risk swamping my instruments, I put into the under a tricolour, and manned only by Laptots.
Like polygamy, the system provisional, but in neither case can we see.html">see any chance of present material form, sweep.html">sweep--and I am persuaded that it will sweep--from establish both these "patriarchal institutions" upon a stronger all are politically Republicans.
But between the two extremes, and liberty, where all men are theoretically free and equal, wisdom of nations adapts to their wants.
www.findword.org /ti/timeline.html   (315 words)

 List of Republican Roman Consuls - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This list of Republican Roman Consuls is based on the Varronian chronology, which intercalates four "dictator years" and has other peculiarities.
(later Capitolinus) / Consular Tribunes "taking the place" of the previous consuls on the kalends of July: Lucius Lucretius, Servius Sulpicius, Marcus Aemilius, Lucius Furius Medulinus VII, Agrippa Furius, Gaius Aemilius II Consular Tribunes
49 Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, Gaius Claudius Marcellus Major(first cousin of consuls 51 and 50 BC)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Republican_Roman_Consuls   (1750 words)

 Roman Government Sources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Romans: An Introduction to Their History and Civilization.
List of Roman Consuls (300 BCE - 68 CE)
Images in the VRoma Archive may be used for non-commercial purposes, either by downloading the images or by linking to them; it is not necessary to write for permission, but we do ask that you credit the VRoma Project.
www.vroma.org /~bmcmanus/romangvt_sources.html   (73 words)

 BC Liberal Party   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The result is a whose platform resembles that of conservative Democrats moderate Republicans in the states of Washington or Oregon but with Canadian distinctions such as support for universal health care.
In 2001 Campbell beat the NDP and elected Premier the seventh premier in ten His government began a program of reducing size of the provincial government balancing the and cutting or privatizing some social services.
Murray Abraham, US-Canada politics compared, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Political culture:Quebec, Starman (film), List of Republican Roman Consuls, Under the Volcano, King Cobra, Esophagus, Tom Hulce, 2004 US election, Constipation, Canadian political party system, Alma Ata, Sam Waterston, Wright-Patterson Air Base, Wright-Patterson AFB, About this article.
www.freeglossary.com /B.C._Liberal_Party   (1119 words)

 Learn more about List of themed timelines in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Learn more about List of themed timelines in the online encyclopedia.
You are here: Online Encyclopedia > List of themed timelines
Enter a phrase or search word in the box below.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /l/li/list_of_themed_timelines.html   (277 words)

 Ancient Rome
The Aeneid of Virgil - Caesar Augustus' attempt at the beginning of the Empire to link Roman might with a direct lineage to the Bronze Age Greeks and Greek Mythology.
Fall of the Roman Republic and Caesar, to 14 CE
www.teacheroz.com /romans.htm   (1751 words)

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