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Topic: List of Southwestern Slavic languages


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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  
  Dialect - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Often, the standard language is close to the sociolect of the elite class.
Romansh came to be a written language, and therefore it is recognized as a language, even though it is very close to the Lombardic alpine dialects.
An opposite example is the case of the Chinese language whose variations are often considered dialects and not languages despite their mutual unintelligibility because they share a common literary standard and common body of literature.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dialect   (1877 words)

  
 Languages in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chinese, mostly of the Cantonese variety, is the third largest language spoken in the United States, almost completely spoken within Chinese-American populations and by immigrants or the descendants of immigrants, especially in California.
Normally the fewer the speakers of a language the greater the degree of endangerment but there are many small Native American language communities in the Southwest (Arizona and New Mexico) which continue to thrive despite their small size.
A language isolate, the Keres are the largest of the Pueblo nations.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Languages_in_the_United_States   (4781 words)

  
 List of languages by number of native speakers - Wikipedia
Only languages spoken natively by more than one million are listed, and then they are listed for secondary locations only when spoken by more than 1% of the population.
For practical reasons in compiling this list, some listings are not single languages in the sense of being mutually intelligible, such as Chinese or Arabic; while in other cases mutually intelligible idioms with separate national standards or self identification have been listed separately, such as Scandinavian, Hindustani, and Malay.
For the purposes of this article, a 'first language' is a language a person was raised with, while a 'second language' is a language of instruction or everyday communication.
dv.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_languages_by_number_of_native_speakers   (1814 words)

  
 Sample Entry: Language / Encyclopedia of Linguistics
As with most Indo-European languages, the South Slavic group is characterized by many grammatical endings, with nouns and verbs changing form depending upon their position in the sentence, or their function as subjects or objects, singulars or plurals.
Although Macedonian was codified as a standard language as recently as 1944, the beginnings of the contemporary language may be traced to the middle of the 19th century.
The South Slavic languages represent a picture of great diversity among the Slavic languages, and, as they are located at a crossroads of European languages and cultures, have been affected by contacts with numerous languages.
strazny.com /encyclopedia/sample-language.html   (1627 words)

  
 CountryMenu
Toskë is spoken in southern Albania, as roughly separated from the north by the Shkumbin River, in Greece and in the language enclaves in Sicily and Calabria.
Belorussian is the language of Belarus, a country to the north of Ukraine and east of Poland.
Lapp, the language of the Lapps, is spoken mostly in Norway, Sweden, and Finland.
members.fortunecity.co.uk /victorcauchi/languages1.htm   (2560 words)

  
 UCLA Language Materials Project Language Profiles Page
Slavic languages (with the Baltic languages--Latvian and Lithuanian) form a branch of the Indo-European language family.
While it is the norm in all areas of public life, Serbian/Croatian (often a second language for many Macedonians) and local dialect forms continue to exert an influence on the language, especially those in the Western dialect area, which is the basis for the standard.
Other languages spoken in Macedonia include Albanian--which is spoken throughout Western Macedonia and which is the majority language in the cities of that region--and Turkish, the main language of the Muslim minority.
www.lmp.ucla.edu /Profile.aspx?LangID=42   (1429 words)

  
 [No title]
Nevertheless, because of the trend toward extinction among American Indian languages, their study is increasingly aimed at three goals: (a) interpreting written data on extinct languages, (b) obtaining data from the last speakers of obsolescent languages, and (c) encouraging the maintenance of languages still spoken by substantial communities.
Some languages also specify the instrument of an action, generally by prefixation, as with Pomo phi-de- ‘to move by batting with a stick,’ phu-de- ‘to move by blowing,’ pha-de- ‘to move by pushing with the end of a stick.’ (i) Some languages have constructions called evidentials, indicating the source or validity of the information reported.
The languages concerned are Karuk, classified as Hokan; Yurok and Wiyot, of the Macro-Algonkian phylum; and Hupa and Tolowa, of the Athabaskan family.
www.ncidc.org /bright/almanac_00-4-8.doc   (8728 words)

  
 The Yiddish Language
Yiddish was the primary language of Ashkenazic Jews in the shtetl, found throughout eastern and central Europe.
In Israel, the Hebrew language is predominant, and Yiddish is a second language cultivated largely by members of the older generation who have an eastern European background; only a few modern Israeli poets write in Yiddish.
The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, founded in Poland at the turn of the century and moved to New York City in 1940, includes the study of the development of the Yiddish language as part of its effort to preserve the history of Eastern European shtetl, or village, culture.
www.templesanjose.org /JudaismInfo/writing/yiddish.htm   (685 words)

  
 Balochi
It is the main language of Balochistan (Baluchistan), a province of Pakistan.
Even though Balochi is the primary language of Balochistan, it is not taught in schools due to lack of teachers, lack of parental support (most parents want their children to learn Urdu, Farsi, or English instead), and competing pressures from other language groups.
In the present and future tense, Balochi behaves like a Nominative-Accusative language, i.e., both transitive and intransitive verbs agree with their subjects; the nominative case marks the subjects of both transitive and intransitive verbs; and the accusative case marks the objects of transitive verbs.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/february/balochi.html   (837 words)

  
 The sci.lang FAQ: 8
A language family is a group of languages that have been proven to have descended from a common ancestral language.
All the Germanic languages have a common ancestor, Proto-Germanic; farther back, this ancestor was descended from Proto-Indo- European, as were the ancestors of the Italic, Slavic, and other branches.
LANGUAGE ISOLATES: A number of languages around the world have never been successfully shown to be related to any others-- in at least some cases because any related languages have long been extinct.
www.zompist.com /lang8.html   (939 words)

  
 The Hail Mary in Various Languages
Cornish is a language of the Celtic family of Indo-European languages spoken initially in Cornwall and the southwest of England.
In southwestern Mindanao, the population is predominantly Muslim.
It is an Eastern Slavic tongue, formerly the main language spoken in the USSR and, as such, is currently spoken by about 153 million persons, 137 million of whom are ethnic Russians while another 16 million are non-Russians who speak it as their primary language.
www.udayton.edu /mary/resources/flhm01.html   (5103 words)

  
 Language Family Information for the Numbers List
Ardhamagadhi, one of the post-Sanskrit dialects or Prakrits, is the language of the Jain scriptures.
Meroitic was the language of Meroe, an ancient kingdom south of Egypt.
Caucasian languages (which many scholars divide into two to four unrelated families) tend to have SOV word order and ergative case systems-- the same can be said of Basque, which has led to plenty of speculation but no solid proof of relationship.
www.zompist.com /families.htm   (3750 words)

  
 Ethnologue report for Germany
The number of languages listed for Germany is 29.
Relation to sign languages of eastern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland is not known.
Southwestern dialect in southern Germany, Switzerland, and Alsace (France), Midwestern dialect in central Germany and parts of the former Czechoslovakia, Northwestern dialect is northern Germany and the Netherlands.
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=Germany   (1147 words)

  
 Internet Resources for Foreign Language Teachers -- ERIC/CLL RGOs
Language Learning and Technology (LLandT) is a Web-based refereed journal with articles on technology and language education.
The Modern Language Association of America (MLA) is a membership organization that promotes the study and teaching of language and literature.
The Modern Language Centre at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto, Canada focuses on focuses on curriculum, instruction, and policies for education in second, foreign, and minority languages, particularly in reference to English and French in Canada but also other languages and settings.
www.cal.org /ericcll/faqs/rgos/flint.html   (4809 words)

  
 LINGUIST List 10.718: Languages in Contact
Hello; I would like to thank you all for your suggestions to my recent query regarding Languages in Contact bibliography; Below is a copy of my list.
Spiro Hamilothoris 5/11/99 Languages in Contact Bibliography 1990-98 African 1- Joseph E. Holloway, The African Heritage of American English.
Volume 1 includes papers relating to the history of linguistics and phonology (both historical and synchronic), the second volume is devoted to historical morphology and syntax.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/10/10-718.html   (2241 words)

  
 Ethnologue report for Italy
The number of languages listed for Italy is 33.
Structural and intelligibility differences indicate that the 3 dialects listed could be considered separate languages.
Regional varieties coexist with the standard language; some are inherently unintelligible (Nida) to speakers of other varieties unless they have learned them.
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=Italy   (1407 words)

  
 HBCUMentor - Plan a Career - List of Careers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Teach courses in foreign (i.e., other than English) languages and literature.
The majors and institutions listed here are based on the current information in our database.
Use of this website constitutes acceptance of the XAP Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
www.hbcumentor.org /Career/CareerCenter/career_detail.asp?c=25-1124.00&pr=/Career/CareerCenter/career_list.asp?o=2.C.6   (238 words)

  
 Tulane Linguistics
Linguists, working within theoretical constructs, may describe both universal and specific traits of language and of languages.
This knowledge may be applied to a broad spectrum of problems from bilingual education to artificial intelligence, second language learning to conflict resolution.
No language courses taken to fulfill the college proficiency requirement may be counted toward the major.
www.tulane.edu /~maxwell/newpage5.htm   (656 words)

  
 LINGUIST List 10.718: Languages in Contact
Language Contact in the Arctic : Northern Pidgins and Contact Languages (Trends in Linguistics.
Language of Inequality (Contributions to the Sociology of Language 36); Nessa Wolfson, Joan Manes (ed.) (hardback) Published 1985
Languages in Contact and Conflict : Contrasting Experiences in the Netherlands and Belgium.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /~haroldfs/bibliogs/contact.htm   (2634 words)

  
 The Racial Slur Database   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Refers to perverse Japanese sex fetish that involves a woman being the reciepent of several males ejaculation on her face.
Unknown origins, possibly "goo-goo," from the Tagalog language (a major language spoken in the Philippines).
Another interesting theory suggests it originated as "Hunky" (and "Bohunk") to refer to Slavic and Hungarian immigrants and eventually transformed into "Honkey" to refer to all White people.
www.rsdb.org   (10612 words)

  
 Texas State Historical Association - Southwestern Historical Quarterly Online
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XLIII (April, 1940), 460; W. Dunn,
Carlos E. Castañeda, Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XXIX (April, 1926), 250 f.
Mexico," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XXIV (April, 1921), 308 f.
www.tsha.utexas.edu /publications/journals/shq/online/v050/n2/issue_print.html   (12520 words)

  
 All languages: agua pasada (esp.) - WordReference Forums
Warning: The forum will be down for maintenance for 15 minutes starting at 1:30 AM Eastern Time (GMT -4).
WordReference Forums > Other Language Forums > Other Languages
The expressíon is used about something that has to be forgotten, that will never come back.
forum.wordreference.com /showthread.php?t=75338   (248 words)

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