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Topic: List of Tosk languages

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  Illyrian languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A grouping of Illyrian with the Thracian and Dacian language in a "Thraco-Illyrian" group or branch---an idea popular in the first half of the 20th century---is now generally rejected due to a lack of sustaining evidence, and due to what may be evidence to the contrary.
The identification of Illyrian as a centum language is widely but not unanimously accepted, although it is generally admitted that from what remains of the language, centum examples appear to greatly outnumber satem examples.
The Ancient Greek language (and also the Ancient Macedonian language) would have become an important external influence on Illyrian-speakers who occupied lands adjacent to ancient Greeks and Ancient Macedonians, and this is indicated by the adoption of Greek names by prominent Illyrians (Cleitus, Glaukias) in the south.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Illyrian_languages   (955 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Albanian language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Languages sharing a common origin with Tosk are spoken in Italian and Greek enclaves and appear to be related most closely to the dialect of Çamëria in the extreme south of Albania.
Tosk is the dialect spoken by most members of the large Albanian immigrant communities that have recently arrived in these two countries, and in smaller Albanian communities in Ukraine, Turkey, Egypt, and United States.
Albanian, in the Tosk dialect, is the official language of Albania.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Albanian_language   (1216 words)

 Greek alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Linear B is descended from Linear A, which was developed by the Minoans, whose language was probably unrelated to Greek; consequently the Minoan syllabary did not provide an ideal medium for the transliteration of Greek language sounds.
Tosk Albanian was often written using the Greek alphabet, starting in about 1500 (Elsie, 1991).
Gagauz, a Turkic language of the northeast Balkans.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Greek_alphabet   (2203 words)

The Albanian language is considered to be the only language derived from the extinct language of the Illyrians, the transition from Illyrian to Albanian apparently occurring between the 4th and 6th centuries AD.
Toskë is spoken in southern Albania, as roughly separated from the north by the Shkumbin River, in Greece and in the language enclaves in Sicily and Calabria.
Lapp, the language of the Lapps, is spoken mostly in Norway, Sweden, and Finland.
members.fortunecity.co.uk /victorcauchi/languages1.htm   (2560 words)

 Wikinfo | Albanian language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Albanian or Shqip (ISO 639 codes alb/sqi, sq) is an Indo-European language spoken by some six million inhabitants of the western Balkan peninsula in the south-eastern Europe (Albanians).
Tosk is spoken in southern and central Albania, by the Arbëreshë of Italy, among the Albanian minority of Greece: the Çam and the Arvanites, and in small communities of Albanian immigrants in Ukraine, Turkey, Egypt, and United States.
Albanian is thought by some to derive principally from the Illyrian languages spoken in the region two millennia ago, and forms part of no known wider sub-group within the Indo-European family.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Albanian_language   (372 words)

 Languages of the World
Language family is the label often used for a conservative genetic classification, one that can be attested only when an abundance of cognates (related words) is available.
The label language isolate is used for a language that is the only representative of a language family, as Basque or the extinct Sumerian language; the presumptive but unknown sister languages of isolates are dead and unrecorded.
Dialects of two languages in the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European also are or were spoken in Europe: the Jassic dialect of Ossetic, an Iranian language, formerly spoken in Hungary; and the European dialects of Romany, which was spread by Gypsies throughout Europe and into America.
ling.lll.hawaii.edu /faculty/stampe/Linguistics/lgsworld.html   (1332 words)

 UCLA Language Materials Project Language Profiles Page
The unified national literary language (standard language) is the language used in government, law, administration and education.
Minority languages are restricted in use between members of the minority groups and in the houses and public places of areas where minority populations are concentrated.
The formation of the unified national literary language (standard language), as the most elaborated variant of the Albanian language, has gone through a long process, which began in 16th and 17th centuries with the cultivation of Albanian writing in the north and in the Albanophone regions of Italy.
www.lmp.ucla.edu /Profile.aspx?LangID=36&menu=004   (1435 words)

 List of Albanian languages - TheBestLinks.com - Asia, Europe, Language, SIL, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
List of Albanian languages - TheBestLinks.com - Asia, Europe, Language, SIL,...
List of Albanian languages, Asia, Europe, Language, SIL, List of Indo-European...
The Albanian languages include 4 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken in Europe and western Asia; this language group is a part of the Indo-European language family.
www.thebestlinks.com /List_of_Albanian_languages.html   (94 words)

 Foundation For Endangered Languages. Newsletter 15
Minority languages and linguistic and cultural diversity: In addition to their relevance in the definition of human rights and minority rights standards, regional or minority languages should be explicitly recognised as essential elements of linguistic and cultural diversity as well as an important aspect of the identity of users of the regional or minority languages.
The recognition of the duty of the individual states to retain languages still spoken in their territories in addition to the national language or languages is one of the foundations of Europe which will continue to excel by its variety of languages and cultures.
Language descriptions in general, and descriptions of sofar undescribed unclassified languages in particular, may be a way to offer some answers to linguistic, ethno-historical, and cultural issues.
www.ogmios.org /155.htm   (7028 words)

 Sons of Italy Lodge 1060 - The Charleston Area Branch of the Order Sons of Italy in America (OSIA)
Present day standard Italian, however, is different from the languages spoken today in Tuscany and Florence differing substantially from them in both vocabulary and pronunciation (Tuscan and Florentine are traditionally referred to also as «dialects», this use, though, actually can be considered as the only instance in which the term dialect is used appropriately).
This language is characterized by a vocalic system called «Neapolitan» (which is also common to the majority of the other romance languages) with seven sounds: í, é, è, à, ò, ó, ú, to these it must be added a schwa () sound characteristic of unstressed vowels.
The Italian language has been used for more than a century as a mean to discriminate against those not speaking it correctly, or with the «correct» accent, it will be ironic to fall in the same error in the case of Neapolitan.
www.lodge1060.org /content.asp?catID=1212   (775 words)

 Language information - The world speaks Pro-Tran   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
It is intended to assist you in deciding which languages to use for your website translation.
The result is around 4500 languages, which we separate into "primary" and "secondary".
Languages are classified as "primary" if they are spoken by more than one million persons.
www.pro-tran.com /Sprachen-Informationen/Sprachen-Informationen.html   (146 words)

 The world's top albanian language websites
Albanian or Shqip is a language spoken by some six million inhabitants of the western Balkan peninsula in the south-eastern Europe (Albanians) and by a small number of people in Calabria, southern Italy.
Albanian was proved to be an Indo-European language in the 1850s, that is thought by some to derive principally from the Illyrian languages spoken in the region two millennia ago, and forms part of no known wider sub-group within the Indo-European family.
Some of these words have cognates in Romanian and it is believed that the language spoken by the Dacians before the romanization was a language related to proto-Albanian.
www.websbiggest.com /wiki-article-tab.cfm/albanian_language   (798 words)

 Albaneg - Wikipedia
Others suggest Albanian may be related more to the ancient Dacian language.
Two varieties of Tosk are spoken in Italian and Greek enclaves and appear to be related most closely to the dialect of Çamëria in the extreme south of Albania.
Due to the heavy influence of the Italian and Greek languages with which they have come into contact, they have diverged significantly from standard Tosk Albanian.
br.wikipedia.org /wiki/Albaneg   (356 words)

Tosk is spoken in southern and central Albania, in Italy, Greece and in small communities of Albanian immigrants in Ukraine, Turkey, Egypt, and the United States.
It is also one of the official languages of Kosovo, and of the Republic of Macedonia.
In general, the grammar of Albanian is similar to that of Modern Greek and the Romance languages, especially of Romanian.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/february/albanian.html   (630 words)

 List of names of 1 to 10 in different languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into List of numbers in various languages.
The word forms of the numbers one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine and ten are listed.
Where possible, each language's native writing system is used, along with transliterations in Latin script and other important writing systems where applicable.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_names_of_1_to_10_in_different_languages   (2761 words)

 Endangered Languages - UNESCO Red Book List
Languages were originally divided into five categories; a sixth, potentially endangered languages, was added later:
(ii) nearly extinct languages with maximally tens of speakers, all elderly;
(vi) not endangered languages with safe transmission of language to new generations.
www.geocities.com /prosvieta/list_min   (211 words)

 Albanian - Language Directory
Albanian is the only modern representative of a distinct branch of the Indo-European language family.
A mailing list dedicated to the distribution of news and information related to Albania, Kosova, the Albanian populated regions in FYR of Macedonia and Montenegro, as well as the Albanian diaspora world-wide.
Conversation Exchange - Practice another language by speaking to a native speaker.
language-directory.50webs.com /languages/albanian.htm   (470 words)

 Languages in Mediaeval Europe
One overriding note is that even when a nation or province speaks one language more or less uniformly, it is still possible to travel ten miles and encounter mutually incomprehensible versions of the same language.
Exactly where the linguistic line is drawn between having different dialects or different languages is well beyond the scope of this meager listing.
Albanian: Gheg dialect is spoken in the north; Tosk dialect, the south.
www.durenmar.de /articles/languages.html   (648 words)

 International Beer Parlour - WiktionaryZ
Tosk is the language that is the standard for Albanian.
numerals and numbers and the like in their spelt out form are in the each language already, and we shall have a relation linking '9' and 'nine' but we probly neither want to relate '1234567890987654321' to its spelt out form, nor do we want to store a countable infinite number of numbers anyway.
When a translation to one of those 'languages' is entered, the translated expression can and should be verified to be valid according to the 'grammar' for 'words' in that 'language'.
www.wiktionaryz.org /index.php?title=International_Beer_Parlour&uselang=fr   (6132 words)

 Wikinfo | List of Star Trek races   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
This is a list of species and races from the fictional universe of Star Trek.
Due to this total interconnectivy, and their ability to speak in machine language, they are able to communicate at a rapid rate.
Hunters respect and value the Tosk they hunt; to the Hunters, Tosk are the living embodiment of all that is noble and courageous.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Hur'q   (3681 words)

 Endangered languages in Europe: indexes
Languages belonging to the groups (a) and (b) are listed indifferently in the indexes, while (c) diaspora dialects appear unnumbered and unmarked, except in the index by country if they constitute the sole representative of the language in the country.
The latest updates bring Piedmontese, Ligurian, Lombard, and Emilian into the group of potentially endangered languages and it may prove necessary to move at least some of them to the group of endangered languages.
Please keep in mind that for languages other than Finno-Ugrian I have had to rely on second-hand sources, and in a number of cases even they were difficult to obtain.
www.helsinki.fi /~tasalmin/europe_index.html   (581 words)

 European Languages by Countries :: :: Official and national Languages of Europe
List of official, national and spoken Languages of Europe.
Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect)
note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally.
www.nationsonline.org /oneworld/european_languages.htm   (196 words)

 Countries Languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8% note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population
French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
www.actusreus.com /countries.html   (1644 words)

 EveryTongue.com Language Recordings Main page
Here is the list of languages that you can hear now in Mp3 or Real Media files.
Here is the list of languages that you can hear if you order the cassette tape.
Here is a list of the languages that do not have a recording.
www.everytongue.com   (531 words)

 Traditional Storytelling
An alphabetical list of countries covered so far is also provided, but for the full picture do read the regional introduction on each page.
“Language is a primary means of learning and transmitting one’s culture, and it is used to help define and distinguish different ethnic groups and cultures.
Trouvères were the counterparts in the language of northern France (the langue d'oïl) to the Provençal troubadour.
www.timsheppard.co.uk /story/dir/traditions   (15433 words)

 Ethnologue report for USA
The number of languages listed for USA is 238.
Of those, 162 are living languages, 3 are second language without mother-tongue speakers, and 73 are extinct.
Tactile Sign Language is used by over 900 persons in Louisiana who know ASL, but have lost their sight from a generic cause: Usher's Syndrome.
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=USA   (4325 words)

 Sources for the Numbers List
Sometimes half the work in dealing with a new language is finding out what it is, and relating it to the sometimes wildly varying classifications from Ruhlen, Voegelin, and the Ethnologue.
R, V, A. A d.Vicho:li, La:ri:, Kachch'i:, all 3 listed in V as d.
In html listed as C Pahari since there's only one difference (a lengthened vowel on '6') from Garhwali A d.Central Paha:ri, R, V. Dalby's v.
www.zompist.com /sources.htm   (2727 words)

 The U of MT -- Mansfield Library LangFing Albanian & Armenian
You have reached the page with Albanian and Armenian, which is just one part of the "Language Finger" homepage, which is an index by language to the holdings of the Mansfield Library of The University of Montana.
It is written with the Latin alphabet, and is the language of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania.
It is written in Armenian script, and is the language of the country of Armenia.
www.lib.umt.edu /guide/lang/albarmh.htm   (309 words)

 International Beer Parlour - WiktionaryZ
User Interface Language :‎ ar arc de dv en eo es fa fr (ha) he ks (ku) (pa) ps ro ru sr sd (tk) ug ur yi zh
See for example bor in Hungarian (the last 2 paragarphs) the 2 meanings leather or skin and in many other languages meaning boron.
Language pages should link back for each script, they are written in.
www.wiktionaryz.org /International_Beer_Parlour   (6168 words)

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