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Topic: List of official languages of India

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In the News (Thu 20 Jun 19)

  List of national languages of India
The Constitution of India has stipulated the usage of Hindi and English to be the two languages of official communication for the national government.
As drafted, English ceased to exist as an official language (on par with Hindi) in 1965, after which it was intended to continue as an "associate additional official language" until such time that a duly appointed committee can decide on a full-scale transition to Hindi, based on a periodic review.
Hindi (official language of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal)
publicliterature.org /en/wikipedia/l/li/list_of_national_languages_of_india.html   (315 words)

  List of national languages of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
These languages are entitled to representation on the Official Language Commission, and a candidate in an examination conducted for national government service may opt to take the exam in any of these languages.
Urdu official language of Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh
Mahl — language of Minicoy, spoken in the island of Minicoy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_national_languages_of_India   (840 words)

 List of official languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The USA Federal Government can not declare an official language by federal law, since the United States is comprised of sovereign states.
The official language is decided by a majority of the states whose official languages are declared; English is the first language by custom and majority.
NOTE: Whether Galician is in fact a language, or a dialect of Portuguese, is a matter of debate among linguists.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_official_languages   (832 words)

 India - Linguistic Relations
The languages of India belong to four major families: Indo-Aryan (a branch of the Indo-European family), Dravidian, Austroasiatic (Austric), and Sino-Tibetan, with the overwhelming majority of the population speaking languages belonging to the first two families.
The 1921 census listed 188 languages and forty-nine dialects.
Sometimes the word language is applied to a standardized and prestigious form, recognized as such over a large geographic area, whereas the word dialect is used for the various forms of speech that lack prestige or that are restricted to certain regions or castes but are still regarded as forms of the same language.
countrystudies.us /india/63.htm   (1308 words)

 List of Languages
Language of the Caucasus mountains in the Russian autonomous republic of Karachay-Cherkessia by the Abazins.
Is a Dravidian language spoken in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh provinces in India.
Is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara of the Andes.
www.aboutlanguageschools.com /language/list   (4777 words)

 Punjabi language
Punjabi (sometimes spelled Panjabi) is the native language of the Punjab and the most common first-language in Pakistan, spoken as a first language by 30 to 40 million people.
However, it is not an official language of Pakistan, and is not officially used in education; Urdu, Sindhi[?] and English are Pakistan's official languages.
Punjabi is also spoken as a minority first language in several other countries, including India (where it is one of the official languages) and Afghanistan.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/pu/Punjabi.html   (374 words)

Telugu is the predominant language of the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Telugu is one of the official languages of India.
See also: Demographics of India for a list of the official languages of India.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/te/Telugu.html   (74 words)

 Indian Languages, languages in India
The oldest documented Dravidian Indian language is Tamil, with a substantial body of literature, particularly the Cankam poetry, going back to the first century A.D. Kannada and Telugu developed extensive bodies of literature after the sixth century, while Malayalam split from Tamil as a literary language by the twelfth century.
In spite of the profound influence of the Sanskrit language and Sanskritic culture on the Dravidian languages, a strong consciousness of the distinctness of Dravidian languages from Sanskrit remained.
Languages entering South Asia were "Indianized." Scholars cite the presence of retroflex consonants, characteristic structures in verb formations, and a significant amount of vocabulary in Sanskrit with Dravidian or Austroasiatic origin as indications of mutual borrowing, influences, and counterinfluences.
www.indianchild.com /indian_languages.htm   (2475 words)

 Simpleton learns languages of India! quiz -- free game
It is the official language of the Indian state with the longest coastline.
The youngest of the Dravidian languages, it is the official language of the state of Kerala.
One of the oldest languages, it is considered as the “mother” of all Indian languages.
www.funtrivia.com /playquiz.cfm?qid=112099   (223 words)

 India - Gurupedia
India is home to several major rivers such as the Ganga (anglicized to Ganges), the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Godavari and the Krishna.
India is the second-most populous country in the world, with only China having a larger population.
India's official national sport is Field Hockey, although most would assert that it is in fact Cricket that has become the unofficial national game.
www.gurupedia.com /i/in/india.htm   (2611 words)

 Kamat's Potpourri: The Languages of India
Kutchi -- A language spoken in the Kutch region of Gujarat.
Manipuri -- Language spoken in the province of Manipur in Northeast India.
Tulu -- A spoken language prominently spoken in Dakshina Kannada and Udupidistricts on the west-coast.
www.kamat.com /indica/diversity/languages.htm   (933 words)

 Earliest Civilizations, the Steppe, Vedas, Upanishads, and the Mandukya Upanishad
Other languages on the list probably have lost numbers because of an actual shrinkage in the number of speakers, as with Japanese, German, Polish, and Ukrainian, where populations have been aging without a replacement level of births.
The multiple points of similarity between the thought of the Greece, India, and China, evident in the simplest terms in their respective treatment of the physical elements, cannot be accounted for by mutual influence, which does not seem to have existed at the earliest period.
Although a Turkish ethnic presence was never established in India, Turkish princes in Afghanistan profoundly influenced Indian history, first by the invasion of Mahmûd of Ghazna in 1008, when Islâm was first solidly planted in Indian civilization, and by the later invasion of Babur, the first of the Moghuls, in 1526.
www.friesian.com /upan.htm   (6914 words)

 Indian Musings: Tamil – A classical, Dravidian language
India is a multi-facet country, with varied traditions and cultures and Indians speak in different languages.
Tamil is one major representative of the classical Dravidian language, with nearly 2 millennia old history and background and its literature is the oldest amongst that of all Dravidian languages.
Tamil, Malayalam (official language of Kerala), Kannada (official language of Karnataka) and Telugu (official language of Andhra Pradesh) that constitute the Dravidian group of languages – all form the part of the list of 23 official languages of India.
indmusings.blogspot.com /2007/03/tamil-classical-dravidian-language.html   (704 words)

 Malayalam Information Center - malayalam actress reshma
Malayalam (മലയാളം;) is the language of the state of Kerala, in southern India.
The Malayalam script, of the Malayalam language spoken in Southern India, Kerala, is a descendant of the Grantha script.
Demographics of India for a list of the official languages of India.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Official_Languages_M_-_O/Malayalam.html   (931 words)

 Languages of India,Langauges in India,Indian Languages,Indian Languages & Script,List of Indian Languages,Indian ...
The Indian languages now in use have evolved from different languag families corresponding more or less to the different ethnic elements that have come into india from the dawn of history.
Sanskrit, the classical language of India, represents the highest achievement of the lndo-Aryan languages* Although hardly spoken now-a-days, Sanskrit has been listed a nationally accepted language in the VIII Schedule to the Constitution.
India never had a common language which was intelligible to the masses everywhere in India.
www.theindiancenter.com /languages.html   (622 words)

 e-Gurukul.com : on line distance learning, distance learning law school, interior design distance learning, distance ...
List of Colleges, Universities, B Schools in the Asia
List of Colleges, Universities, B Schools in the Europe
Languages Studies at JNU and University of Delhi
www.e-guru.org /education-resources-guide/indian-education-encyclopedia/languages   (142 words)

 Do You Speak American . Sea to Shining Sea . Official American | PBS
The definition of an official language is one that has been specifically designated in the Constitution of a country or territory.
Although the official languages may be French or English, these are not the languages most widely spoken by those countries' residents.
English, the spoken language of the majority, is the second official language.
www.pbs.org /speak/seatosea/officialamerican   (443 words)

 AEGiS: India
India extends nearly 2000 km from the Limpopo River in the north to Cape Agulhas in the south and nearly 1500 km form Port Nolloth in the west to the eastern port city of Durban.
Naz India has designed a services delivery network that caters to prevention, awareness, and education on the one hand, and to care, support and therapy on the other.
India has had a sharp increase in the estimated number of HIV infections, from a few thousand in the early 1990s to a working estimate of about 4 million adults and children living with HIV/AIDS in 2001.
www.aegis.com /countries/india.html   (1772 words)

 Indian Tour Guide :: India Languages & Religions
India - a land as large as a sub continent is bound to have many languages and the number of languages in India justifies its size.
Being the national language it is widely spoken all over India, but it is more prominent in the northern parts of the country.
Apart from the widely spoken Indo-European and Dravidian languages there are lesser-spoken Mon-Khmer and Sino-Tibetan languages, which account for 2% of the total population.
www.indiantourguide.com /other/religion.asp   (362 words)

 The Major Indian Languages: Mumbai/Bombay pages (fonts, software, literature etc)
43,312,000 in India (1994 IMA); 140,000 in United Kingdom (1979 Wagner and Dayton); 6,203 in Fiji; 9,600 in Zimbabwe (1973); 12,000 in Zambia (1985); 147,000 in Uganda (1986); 5,000 in Malawi (1993); 50,000 in Kenya (1995); 800 in Singapore (1985); 44,000,000 in all countries.
Languages and dialects in the Western Hindi group are Hindustani, Bangaru, Braj Bhasha, Kanauji, Bundeli.
Language use is vigorous in home and community in most areas.
theory.tifr.res.in /bombay/history/people/language   (1412 words)

 List of Indian languages by total speakers
Bengali or Bangla (বাংলা Bāṇlā) is an Indo-Aryan language of South Asia that evolved as a successor to the Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit languages.
Bhili is a Central Indo-Aryan language spoken in west-central India, in the region east of Ahmadabad.
Punjabi is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and it is one of the second official languages of Delhi[1].
www.experiencefestival.com /list_of_indian_languages_by_total_speakers   (2372 words)

 The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Jammu & Kashmir
The Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir have urged all the major political parties to bring a Bill during Assembly session beginning tomorrow to recommend the inclusion of "Gojri" language in the Eighth Schedule of Constitution of India by treating the tribe as "linguistic minority" in the state.
The memorandum sought the intervention of state government to recommend the case of Gojri to Centre for inclusion in the list of official languages of India.
A senior official of the health department said a high-level meeting between the prison authorities and the officials of the health department to sort out the issue was expected to take place on Monday.
www.tribuneindia.com /2008/20080107/j&k.htm   (6003 words)

 Official language - Gurupedia
Albania, France (although there are more native languages in France), Germany or Lithuania.
English) are not the national languages or the most widely spoken.
Republic of Ireland Irish, although spoken by only a small proportion of people is the state's national language, and the first official language.
www.gurupedia.com /o/of/official_language.htm   (255 words)

 India Image : A Gateway for Government of India Info over the web   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Hindi is the official and main link language of India.
Its homeland is mainly in the north of India, but it is spoken and widely understood in all urban centers of India.
It is written in the Devanagri script, which is phonetic and, unlike English, is pronounced as it is written.
indiaimage.nic.in /languages.htm   (132 words)

 [No title]
Languages from this group which, according to the 1981 Census of India, are spoken by more than 50,000 speakers are listed in Figure 6 (Moseley and Asher 1994, p.206; this reference used for Figures 7-9 also).
The official language is not always the majority language of the state; for example, many of the north-eastern states use English for this purpose.
India is its multitude of perspectives, its diversity, and therefore, this national language can only be true in nations which have only one language, which are homogenous.
www.ling.upenn.edu /~jason2/papers/natlang.htm   (15467 words)

 Languages in India
Most of the languages of India belong to two families, Aryan and Dravidian.
Languages spoken in the five states of south India belong to the Dravidian family and most of the languages spoken in the north are of Aryan family.
These three languages aren’t spoken fluently in India today, but Sanskrit is recognized as one of the official languages of India.
adaniel.tripod.com /Languages.htm   (279 words)

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