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Topic: List of regions in the human brain


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  Brain
Human consciousness involves both the extended capacity of the modern neocortex in particular as well as profoundly developed prototypical structures of the brain stem.
Brain stem structures are almost completely enveloped by the cerebellum and telencephalon, with the medulla oblongata projecting through the foramen magnum to merge with the spinal cord.
Further, the molecular and cell biological examination of brain pathology is hindered by the scarcity of appropriate samples for study, the (usual) inability to biopsy the brain from a living person suffering from a malady, and an incomplete description of the brain's microanatomy.
human.freescience.org /htmx/brain.php   (3476 words)

  
  Human - Open Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Human beings are commonly referred to individually as persons or people and collectively as man, mankind, humanity, or the human race, while humans is used both for the collective and for individuals.
Humans have the highest brain to body mass ratio of all large animals (Dolphins have the second highest; sharks have the highest for a fish; and octopuses have the highest for an invertebrate).
The closest surviving animal to humans is the chimpanzee; the second closest the gorilla and the third the orangutan.
open-encyclopedia.com /Human   (4489 words)

  
 Brain - Wikivisual
The study of the brain is known as neuroscience, a field of biology aimed at understanding the functions of the brain at every level, from the molecular up to the psychological.
The proportion of the human brain that is devoted to the neocortex—especially to the prefrontal cortex—is larger than in all other animals.
Creating algorithms to mimic a biological brain is very difficult because the brain is not a static arrangement of circuits, but a network of vastly interconnected neurons that are constantly changing their connectivity and sensitivity.
en.wikivisual.com /index.php/Brain   (3706 words)

  
 Hindbrain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hindbrain has been used to describe several structures found in the brains of vertebrates.
Definitions of hindbrain vary depending on when in the history of medical knowledge the definition was offered, when along the developmental process of a brain the hindbrain is being described and more generally on the purposes of the description involved.
The hindbrain has been described as including the cerebellum, or all of the structures that develop from the rhombencephalon of an embriotic brain, including the metancephalon, mesencephalon, myelencephalon, fourth ventricle and cerebellum.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hindbrain   (112 words)

  
 List of regions in the human brain - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anatomical regions are listed vertically beneath Brain according to typical hierarchies.
Functional, connective and developmental regions are listed horizontally in
Functional and connective regions defined as systems are categorized at cerebrospinal systems.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /list_of_regions_in_the_human_brain.htm   (97 words)

  
 Ellie's World 2006
Early views on the function of the brain regarded it to be a form of ³cranial stuffing² of sorts.
The outer, visible layers of the brain are the cortex, and consist mainly of grey matter.
The proportion of the human brain that is devoted to the neocortex - especially to the prefrontal cortex - is larger than in all other animals.
www.crystalinks.com /biobrain.html   (2539 words)

  
 Mesencephalon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In biological anatomy, the mesencephalon (or midbrain) is the middle of three vesicles that arise from the neural tube that forms the brain of developing animals.
In mature human brains, the mesencephalon becomes the least differentiated from both its developmental form and within its own structure, among the three vesicles.
The mesencephalon is considered part of the brain stem or the midbrain.
www.northmiami.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Midbrain   (403 words)

  
 National Association for Single Sex Public Education
Research with both humans and with laboratory animals shows that you are born with a male brain or a female brain; postnatal experiences, even experiences as extreme as castration, will not change your brain from male to female, or vice versa.
Specifically, these researchers found that these areas of the brain were markedly asymmetric in men but not in women; and in men, these brain areas were larger on the left, whereas to the extent that there was asymmetry in the brain, women's association cortex was larger on the right.
The part of the brain that does the talking, up in the cerebral cortex, doesn't connect to the part of the brain where the emotion is occurring, namely the amygdala.
www.mcrcad.org /brain.html   (2682 words)

  
 A Wager on the Turing Test: Why I Think I Will Win
The human judge is free to probe each candidate with regard to their understanding of basic human knowledge, current events, aspects of the candidate's personal history and experiences, as well as their subjective experiences, all expressed through written language.
Just as the human genome project accelerated (with the bulk of the genome being sequenced in the last year of the project), the effort to reverse engineer the human brain is also growing exponentially, and is further along than most people realize.
The human brain is characterized by a genome with only 23 million bytes of useful information (that's what left of the 800 million byte genome when you eliminate all of the redundancies, e.g., the sequence called "ALU" which is repeated hundreds of thousands of times).
www.kurzweilai.net /articles/art0374.html   (7687 words)

  
 Cerebral cortex - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The cerebral cortex is a brain structure in vertebrates, including humans.
The human cerebral cortex is 2-4 mm (0.08-0.16 inches) thick and is highly folded.
The cerebral cortex, made up of four lobes, is involved in many complex brain functions including memory, perceptual awareness, "thinking", language and consciousness.
www.bonneylake.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Cerebral_cortex   (663 words)

  
 Brain - Psychology Wiki
The brain is an extremely complex organ; for example, the human brain is a collection of 100 billion neurons, each linked with up to 25,000 others [1].
In Ancient Egypt, from the late Middle Kingdom onwards, in preparation for mummification, the brain was regularly removed, for it was the heart that was assumed to be the seat of intelligence.
Creating algorithms to mimic a biological brain is extremely difficult because the brain is not a static arrangement of circuits, but rather a network of vastly interconnected neurons that are constantly changing their connectivity and sensitivity.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Brain   (3150 words)

  
 Human anatomy   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy.
It studies organs and organ systems of the human body, leaving the study of tissues to histology and cells to cytology.
The human body, like the bodies of all animals, is made upof systems, that are made up of organs, that are made up of tissues, that are made up of cells.
www.therfcc.org /human-anatomy-15.html   (339 words)

  
 Surprising 'Ultra-conserved' Regions Discovered In Human Genome
The discovery of ultra-conserved elements in the human genome came from investigating the 5 percent of the genome known to be highly conserved between the human, mouse, and rat.
In one such family, the different elements within the human genome were 80 to 90 percent similar, while each human element was 96 percent similar to the corresponding elements in the mouse and rat genomes.
Looking beyond the human, mouse, and rat genomes for earlier evidence of these ultra-conserved elements, the researchers found that 97 percent of them can be aligned with similar regions in the chicken with 95 percent agreement, even though only 4 percent of the human genome can be aligned with the chicken genome at all.
www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2004/05/040507080649.htm   (1447 words)

  
 Brain: Encyclopedia II - Brain - Comparative anatomy
The large optic lobes are sometimes not considered to be part of the brain proper since the optic lobes are anatomically separate from the brain and are joined to the brain by the optic stalks.
Because humans walk upright, this creates a flexure, or bent nature, to the brain between the brain stem and the cerebrum that is not present in most other vertebrates.
Humans enjoy unique neural capacities, but much of the human brain structure is shared with ancient species.
www.experiencefestival.com /a/Brain_-_Comparative_anatomy/id/1768872   (1304 words)

  
 Human body - WikiHealth
Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy.
It studies organs and organ systems of the human body, leaving the study of tissues to histology and cells to cytology.
The human body, like the bodies of all animals, is made up of systems, that are made up of organs, that are made up of tissues, that are made up of cells.
www.wikihealth.com /Human_body   (542 words)

  
 Search Tuna Report for Early Human Migrations   (Site not responding. Last check: )
DNA STudy: Early Humans Interbred In her rebuttal, Cann said the new model needs to be independently verified, and its conclusions compared to existing evidence on human origins from archaeology, linguistics and other scientific disciplines....
Early Humans The recent ABC 'Human Origins' series postulated the theory that there were two migrations out of Africa The first humans to get to Europe were or became Neanderthal man....
DNA And Early Human HistoryNeandertals And Early Neandertals, named after the German valley (Neander Tal) where their fossil remains were first discovered in 1856, are extinct hominids that lived in Europe and Western Asia....
searchtuna.com /ftlive/829.html   (4028 words)

  
 Central nervous system - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The vertebrate central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.
These lie in the midline of the body and are protected by the skull and vertebrae respectively.
Brain - Spinal cord - Central nervous system - Peripheral nervous system - Somatic nervous system - Autonomic nervous system - Sympathetic nervous system - Parasympathetic nervous system
www.peekskill.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Central_nervous_system   (249 words)

  
 PROSENCEPHALON FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the anatomy of vertebrates, the prosencephalon is a part of the brain (encephalon).
The prosencephalon, the mesencephalon, and rhombencephalon develop from three vesicles during the neurogenesis of a vertebrate's brain.
Profound development of prosencephalar areas in adult humans, especially the neopallium, creates the physiological basis for many of humans' unique skills related to memory, planning, conjecture, and fabrication.
www.witwib.com /prosencephalon   (98 words)

  
 Human Body Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The human body, like the bodies of all animals, is made up of systems, that are made up of organs, that are made up of tissues, that are made up of cells.
Certain professions, especially medicine and physiotherapy, require the study of human anatomy in depth.
List of distinct cell types in the adult human body
www.variedtastes.com /encyclopedia/Human_body   (669 words)

  
 THE BRAIN AND FIVE SENSES   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The human brain is responsible for overseeing the daily operations of the human body and for interpreting the vast amount of information it receives.
Much of the brain is dedicated to running the body, the brain is responsible for maintaining Homeostasis by controlling and integrating the various systems that make up the body.
During a Stroke, circulation to an area in the brain is blocked and the brain tissue dies.
www.sirinet.net /~jgjohnso/brain.html   (3491 words)

  
 || DukeMedNews || Human Studies Show Feasibility of Brain-Machine Interfaces   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the initial human studies, Patil and colleagues recorded electrical signals from arrays of 32 microelectrodes, during surgeries performed to relieve the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and tremor disorders.
The patients are awake during surgery, and the neurosurgeons typically record brain signals to ensure that permanent electrodes are placed into the optimal location in the brain.
According to Nicolelis, another major difference between the initial human studies and the monkey studies is that recording in the human patients were made from electrodes inserted deeper into the brain, in subcortical structures, rather than the cortical surface.
dukemednews.org /news/article.php?id=7493   (1048 words)

  
 Epilepsy Fdn.-Grant Awardees
Previous studies on human epileptic brain tissues have identified a set of genes that are activated in the epileptic parts of the brain when compared to non-epileptic parts of the same patient's brain.
The cells of the brain in general and those of the thalamus in particular are able to communicate information in the form of electrical currents via the flow of charged molecules known as ions.
This study combines different methods of brain measurement and assessment of problem-solving skills in the investigation of the underlying features of brain development that may be associated with learning and social difficulties.
www.epilepsyfoundation.org /research/awards.cfm   (4546 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Although human speech perception is not yet fully understood, the processes involved are thought to be both "productive" (indefinitely novel) and complex - so complex, in fact, that they surpass the capabilities of the most sophisticated present-day machines.
While brain functioning may need to be understood from the perspective of an external observer, for most everyday purposes a first-person account of the determinants of action (in terms of what is perceived, thought, felt, believed, desired, and so forth) may be more informative.
Human information processing may be "conscious" in so far as some of its aspects are available to introspection.
cogprints.org /593/00/199802003.html   (17978 words)

  
 United Network for Organ Sharing: Organ Donation and Transplantation
Irreversible cessation of cerebral and brain stem function; characterized by absence of electrical activity in the brain, blood flow to the brain, and brain function as determined by clinical assessment of responses.
A brain dead person is dead, although his or her cardiopulmonary functioning may be artificially maintained for some time.
The examination of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) in a patient, often referred to as "tissue typing" or "genetic matching." Tissue typing is routinely performed for all donors and recipients in kidney and pancreas transplantation to help match the donor with the most suitable recipients to help decrease the likelihood of rejecting the transplanted organ.
www.unos.org /resources/glossary.asp   (11576 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The human central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.
These lie in the midline of the body and are associated with the skull and vertebrae respectively.
Arguably still the most complex object known to man, this collection of billions of neurons known as the central nervous system is the seat of consciousness and the central controller over just about everything that makes us human.
www.alanaditescili.net /index.php?title=Central_nervous_system   (230 words)

  
 BrainMap, DSP IMM DTU, Human Brain Project, Denmark
The result is available as an automatic generated list of BrainMap outliers (Note the functional interface to the BrainMap database has been changed so the URL for the database does not work).
Technical: The mathematical modeling is based on probability density modeling using the Specht kernel density estimate (Parzen window) applied on the 3D Talairach space conditioned on the words and phrases of the anatomical label.
J. Watson, R. Frackowiak and J. Haynal: "Area V5 of the human brain: Evidence from a combined study using positron emission tomography and magnetic resoniance imaging", Cerebral Cortex, 3, 79-94.
hendrix.imm.dtu.dk /projects/brainmap/brainmap.html   (480 words)

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