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Topic: List of rulers of Hungary

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In the News (Tue 23 Jul 19)

  History of Hungary - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Image:Kingdom of Hungary counties.svgFollowing the rise of resistance throughout the Hungarian kingdom, the rise of romantic nationalism among the various ethnicities, and foreign aggression from Prussia (1866), the Austrian leadership under Franz Joseph was desperate to calm the domestic political situation.
Hungary lost 84% of its timber resources, 43% of its arable land, and 83% of its iron ore. Because most of the country's pre-war industry was concentrated near Budapest, Hungary retained about 51% of its industrial population, 56% of its industry, 82% of its heavy industry, and 70% of its banks.
Hungary's transition to a Western-style democracy was one of the smoothest among the former Soviet bloc.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/History_of_Hungary   (7375 words)

The Republic of Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.
The kingdom of Hungary was established in 1000 by Saint-King Stephen the Great, whose independence ended when it came under Austrian and Ottoman control in the 16th century, with Austria conquering all of Hungary by the end of the 17th century.
Hungary's landscape consist mostly of the flat to rolling plains of the Carpathian Basin[?], with hills and lower mountains to the north along the Slovakian border (highest point: the Kékes[?] at 1,014 m).
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/hu/Hungary.html   (756 words)

 List, The National System of Political Economy, Front Matter: Library of Economics and Liberty
List's habit of 'contradicting energetically' is no doubt to be ascribed largely to the fact that he was engaged for the greater part of his life in political agitation.
List maintains that in the early years of the nineteenth century England had obtained the manufacturing and commercial supremacy of the world to such a degree that all the other nations were in danger of becoming mere providers of food and raw materials in return for her manufactures.
List goes on to show that by this English method of dealing with gluts the whole manufacturing power, the system of credit, nay, the agriculture and generally the whole economical system of the nations who are placed in free competition with England, are shaken to their foundations.
www.econlib.org /library/YPDBooks/List/lstNPE0.html   (7731 words)

 Hungary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-05)
Hungary's landscape consists mostly of the flat rolling plains of the Carpathian Basin with hills and lower mountains to north along the Slovakian border (highest point: the Kékes at 014 m).
Hungary is divided in two its main waterway the Danube (Duna); other large rivers include the Theiss (Tisza) and Dráva while the western half Lake Balaton a major body of water.
Hungary continues to demonstrate strong economic growth one of the newest members of the European Union (since 2004).
www.freeglossary.com /Hungary   (1241 words)

 ipedia.com: Hungary Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-05)
Initially the history of Hungary was made in the triangle with Poland and Bohemia, with the many liaisons with Popes and Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.
The golden age ended with the Ottoman conquest at the beginning of the 16th century, when the rest of Hungary came under Austrian control in the 16th century, with Austria conquering all of Hungary by the end of the 17th century.
Hungary is divided in two by its main waterway, the Danube (Duna); other large rivers include the Theiss (Tisza) and Dráva, while the western half contains Lake Balaton, a major body of water.
www.ipedia.com /hungary.html   (1056 words)

 List of rulers of Croatia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1102, Coloman consolidates control of Croatia and Dalmatia and is affirmed as ruler of Croatia and Dalmatia by a pact with the Croatian nobles.
In 1527, the Croatian nobles recognize the Habsburg Archduke of Austria, Ferdinand as King of Croatia and Hungary, in return for his leading the defense against the Turks.
List of rulers of Hungary for a list of monarchs between 1526 and 1918 -- mostly accurate for the Croatian lands
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_rulers_of_Croatia   (697 words)

 Wikinfo | Hungary
Initially the history of Hungary was developed in a triangle with that of Poland and Bohemia, with the many liaisons with Popes and Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.
Hungary was partially demolished with a great loss of life in 1241–1242 by Mongol armies of the Golden Horde.
The largest religion in Hungary is Catholicism – Roman and Greek – (approx two thirds of the population), with a Calvinist minority (around 20%) and Lutherans (5%).
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Hungary   (1594 words)

 Hungary - Gurupedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-05)
The kingdom of Hungary was established in 1000 by
Hungary declared its full independence on October 31, 1918, though it lost most of its former territory and population (mostly non-Hungarian nationals) to neighbouring nations.
After the failures of the new government under Mihály Károlyi, Hungary was invaded by Romania and Budapest occupied in 1919.
www.gurupedia.com /h/hu/hungary.htm   (939 words)

 List of Hungarian rulers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád.
King of Hungary, renounced his claim in favour of Maximilian I, remained the Prince of Transylvania (Erdély) between 1570 and 1571.
Hungary was effectively split into 3 parts: a Habsburg domain in the north and west, Ottoman domain in the center, and the Ottoman satellite Transylvania in the east after 1562.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Hungarian_rulers   (422 words)

 Hungary on the brink
Hungary is one of the most indebted countries on the planet.
Hungary is also one of the more corrupt countries in the world, where graft, backhanders and outright embezzlement is a way of life, rather than the exception.
However, Hungary's foreign masters were never satisfied with what was achieved and Gyurcsány's socialists having been re-elected, are planning to do the IMF's and World Bank's bidding, so that the new rulers of Hungary can enjoy the benefits of membership of the Euro achieved by riding roughshod over the health and future of ordinary Hungarians.
www.marxist.com /hungary-on-the-brink260906.htm   (1446 words)

 5. Methods of Exploitation and Subjugation | libcom.org
That Russian 'trade' with Hungary was considerable is shown by the 1948 long-term agreement.
Although Russia supplied cotton, and Hungary manfactured goods, the quantities involved and their prices were as jealously guarded as military secrets.
The diffidence of the Hungarian rulers was due mainly to their fear of open opposition from the agricultural workers.
libcom.org /library/Hungary565   (1417 words)

 Hungary and the limits of Habsburg authority
Hungary is as Central European as it is Balkan, but Transylvania and Croatia were parts of royal Hungary and it is impossible to make sense out of their history without knowing something of Hungary.
Except in Hungary, the German language became a compulsory subject in all schools, and the only language for the conduct of university instruction, administration, the law and the army.
They consisted of the so-called "bene possessionati" (those with middle sized holdings), and their allies the poor "sandal wearing" nobles for whom legal claims of nobility were the only way to avoid sinking into the mass of rural peasants.
www.lib.msu.edu /sowards/balkan/lecture4.html   (4059 words)

 Top20Hungary.com - Your Top20 Guide to Hungary!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-05)
The name "Hungary" is influenced by the name of the Hun people, although it probably comes from the name of a later, 7th century state called Onogur (or possibly from the name of the city Ungvár, which was possibly the first major city the magyars occupied).
Hungary passed a series of anti-Semitic laws throughot the 1920s and thirties, and some massacres of Jews by Hungarian forces took place in the early part of the Second World War, but Hungary initially resisted large scale deportation of its Jewish population.
The largest religion in Hungary is Catholicism – Roman and Greek – (approx 50% of the population), with a Calvinist minority (around 30%) and Lutherans (5%).
www.top20hungary.com   (2330 words)

 Transoxiana 9 - Aloian - The Kurds in the Ottoman Hungary
Transoxiana 9 - Aloian - The Kurds in the Ottoman Hungary
Kurdish participation in the Ottoman administration in Hungary can be detected in two sorts of references: political and military figures whose Kurdish descent is known and people bearing the name of Kurd/Kurt/Kurth who might or might not have been ethnic Kurds.
Djan Fulad Beg, the ruler of Kurdistan, and his warriors accompanied the Sultan during the occupation of Belgrade in 1521.
www.transoxiana.com.ar /0109/aloian-kurds_ottoman_hungary.html   (6526 words)

Among the easter SAKA (Scythians) an ancient ruler is recounted called Mauga and the ancestor called Kush-Tana, recalling that the Huns and Scythians were often called Kush in the distant past.
This era was dominated by mainly by European Hun rulers long after the breakup of the primary Hun Empire which enveloped the northern and western frontiers of China often reaching the boarders of Iran.
Sabir-Magyar ruler from 730-750 is famous in the souther Caucasus battles against the growing power of the new Moslem Empires.
users.cwnet.com /millenia/rulers.htm   (3059 words)

 Hungary '56 - Nick Heath | libcom.org
Hungary '56 was a prime example of the working class itself reaching for power: doubly significant, it took place in one of the mythical 'workers' states'.
Average monthly pay in Hungary was 1,000 forints: the AVO got 3,000 forints a month, while their officers received between 9,000 and 12,000 forints a month.
The workers of Hungary had been told over and over by the State that they were living in a socialist country, that they were proceeding towards a paradise of full communism.
libcom.org /library/hungary-56-nick-heath   (5299 words)

 List of rulers of Austria (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.virginia.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-05)
This is a list of margraves, dukes, archdukes, and emperors of Austria.
Between 1485 and 1490, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary resided in Vienna as duke of Austria.
Drawing them aside, impossible that all could avail themselves of it, but that they were offer, and, when he explained the manner in which be intended to we separate, and each try to gain the frontier as best he can.
list-of-rulers-of-austria.kiwiki.homeip.net.cob-web.org:8888   (666 words)

 Explanation of Events for the Timeline of the Witch Hunts
Its listing and classification of various forms of magic help illustrate the contexts of beliefs during his time and long after.
Although Sprenger is often listed as co-author, there is some historical doubt about his involvement.
A particular fear in Hungary was that witches were vampires.
departments.kings.edu /womens_history/witch/witchlist.html   (7420 words)

Hungary borders Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine.
The Ottoman Empire's conquest of most of Hungary in the 16th century interrupted the cities' growth: Buda and Pest fell to the invaders in 1541.
It was Pest, a bustling commercial town, which enjoyed the faster growth rate in the 18th and 19th century and contributed the overwhelming majority of the cities' combined growth in the 19th.
jewishwebindex.com /hungary.htm   (4119 words)

 Nationalism in Hungary, 1848-1867
In Hungary this was impossible as long as the nobles lived as social parasites.
The extension of use of the Magyar language (generally supplanting Latin) was a gauge of national chauvinism in Hungary.
Gaj attended universities in Austria and Hungary and became excited by the modern, Romantic notion of nationalism, which emphasized language, folk traditions and political liberalism instead of noble rights and medieval privileges.
www.lib.msu.edu /sowards/balkan/lect07.htm   (4360 words)

 More Women Rulers - Women in World History Curriculum
Daughter of former ruler Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who was overthrown in 1977 and executed by the military regime in 1979, she was only 35 when she was elected Prime Minister, becoming the first woman to lead a Muslim nation in modern age.
Her husband refused to let her help in the governing of Hungary, and she was confined to visiting orphanages and hospitals in the surrounding area.
She was the last civilized ruler of Greece in the middle age, and only woman leader in the conquered Greece by crusaders.
www.womeninworldhistory.com /rulers-more.html   (7003 words)

 Guide and Index to Lists of Rulers
One motivation is that history is often not taught anymore in terms of dynasties and rulers, since this is thought (by an academic elite comfortably supported by the taxpayers) to be too elitist and too removed from the life of the people.
A skeleton for history of rulers, with maps and genealogies, provides a perspective of time and space, and on real individuals whom we know about, that is otherwise hard to obtain.
The arrangement of these lists thus follows Bryce's principle of universalist ideology, centering on Rome but extending to similar to ideas outside of the Roman world.
www.friesian.com /histindx.htm   (3021 words)

 The History Guy: The War List
Lists of wars throughout history and from around the world
If a conflict can be broken up into one or more component parts, the secondary wars are listed below the primary war and are indented to show they "belong" to it.
Note--Polisario began fighting the Spanish colonial rulers of the "Spanish Sahara" in the early 1970's.
www.historyguy.com /War_list.html   (3757 words)

 Elijah List - Elijah List Words   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-05)
Further on down the list, 12th through 15th in size are Sudan and Afghanistan (22 million), Iraq (20 million) and Saudi Arabia (19 million).
Austria and Hungary held firm against the green banner of Islam, preventing them from battering down the very gates of Vienna in 1529 and 1566.
Finally in 1683 Islam’s throttling grasp on the nations of Europe began to be broken, with the defeat of the Ottoman forces of Kara Mustafa by John III of Poland at the Battle of Vienna.
www.elijahlist.com /words/display_word.html?ID=955   (15461 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Hungary, ToC
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Hungary, from Kirken i Norge
Primary Documents to the History of Austria (-Hungary), of Hungary, from Eurodocs
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Hungary, from ILO, 66 docs.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/xhungary.html   (496 words)

 Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
Criterion (vi): Even though the churches obviously have continued fulfilling their liturgical and cult function for several centuries, ICOMOS does not consider this to be sufficient for applying this criterion.
ICOMOS RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendation for the future ICOMOS considers that this nomination could be completed with properties in Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, and/or Ukraine, where the churches can represent later periods as well as other types of traditions (potential for serial nomination).
Criterion iv: The churches are the most representative examples of surviving Gothic churches built in horizontal log technique, particularly impressive in their artistic and technical execution, and sponsored by noble families and rulers as symbols of social and political prestige.
whc.unesco.org /en/list/1053   (639 words)

 LINGUIST List 9.860: Recent Change in English
For rulers of more distant countries, there seems to be more variation: the Queen of England is sometimes "Elisabet", sometimes "Elizabeth" (strange in-between spellings also appear...).
If I remember it right, a few years ago the Finnish Language Board decided that the names of contemporary kings and queens (outside Scandinavia, at least) should still be Finnicized in case there have been historically known rulers of the same name.
I have a feeling that in Hungary the tradition of translating Christian names lived a little longer than in Finland: in addition to "Luther Mrton" they also have - or used to have - "Marx Kroly".
www.linguistlist.org /issues/9/9-860.html   (758 words)

Stephen I of Hungary was canonized in 1073.
Hungary and the establishment of Transylvania as a
Hungary and the fall of Eastern Europe 1000-1568.
www.florilegium.org /files/CULTURES/Hungary-msg.html   (4223 words)

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