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Topic: List of states in the Holy Roman Empire

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  First Reich
The Holy Roman Empire and from the 16th century on also '''The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation''' was a political conglomeration of land s in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period.
The Holy Roman Empire was an attempt to resurrect the Western Roman Empire in western Europe, which was established in 800 when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, though the empire and the imperial office did not become formalized for some decades.
The term ''Roman Empire'' was used in 1034 to denote the lands under Conrad II, and ''Holy Empire'' in 1157.
www.seattleluxury.com /encyclopedia/entry/First_Reich   (5369 words)

 Holy Roman Empire - Encyclopedia.com
Holy Roman Empire designation for the political entity that originated at the coronation as emperor (962) of the German king Otto I and endured until the renunciation (1806) of the imperial title by Francis II.
The defense of the empire against foreign attack was made more difficult by the repeated attempts of the emperors to maintain their authority in Italy against the opposition of the city-states (see commune), the papacy, and the petty princes.
In 1804, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II took the title Francis I, emperor of Austria, and after the establishment (1806) of the Confederation of the Rhine under Napoleon I, Francis renounced his title as Holy Roman Emperor.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-HolyRoma.html   (2166 words)

 CalendarHome.com - Holy Roman Empire - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period.
The Holy Roman Empire was a conscious attempt to resurrect the Western Roman Empire, considered to have ended with the abdication of Romulus Augustulus in 476.
In fact, the Habsburg Emperors of Austria, however nostalgically and sentimentally, considered themselves, as the lawful heirs of the Holy Roman monarchs, to be themselves the final continuation of the Holy Roman Imperial line, their dynasty dying out with the ousting of Karl I in 1918 (reigned 1916-1918).
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Holy_Roman_Empire   (5792 words)

 Roman Empire 1 - Crystalinks
The Romans and their empire gave cultural and political shape to the subsequent history of Europe from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance to the present day.
Roman imperialism introduced extremes of wealth and poverty that sharpened social and economic conflict within the Roman state.
Some Romans complained that the loss of liberty was too great a price to pay for peace, but most recognized that under the so-called liberty of the Roman Republic, a few hundred men had divided the spoils of empire while the workers and the provincials suffered.
www.crystalinks.com /romanempire.html   (3007 words)

 Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to the Roman state in the centuries following its under the leadership of Caesar Augustus.
Roman titles power were adopted by successor states and entities with imperial pretensions including the Frankish kingdom the Holy Roman Empire the Russian/Kiev dynasties (see czars) and the German Empire (see Kaiser).
In Alexandria dreams a "Christian Empire" with genuine continuity were when a rampaging mob of Christians were to sack and destroy the Serapeum in Hispania Baetica was still essentially Roman when Moors came in 711 but in the the invasion of the Suevi broke the last frail links with culture in 409.
www.freeglossary.com /Roman_Empire   (4159 words)

 Holy Roman Empire
The nations of the Holy Roman Empire are sovereign nations in their own right; the office of Holy Roman Emperor, and the Empire itself, is philosophically the overall government of Catholic Christendom, the secular arm of the Catholic Church.
Roman lawyers, or delators, are not advocates for the plaintiff or defendant, but instead serve to advise them with regard to the law and deliver oratory on their behalf; delators are trained in public speaking, whereas each citizen is largely responsible for his own legal counsel.
The Holy Roman Empire is rumoured to be preparing to invite the German states to rejoin the Empire.
mywebpages.comcast.net /rumtigger2/Nations/roman.htm   (2490 words)

 Holy Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The crown of the Holy Roman Empire (2nd half of the 10th century), now held in the [[Vienna Schatzkammer.]] :''This page is about the Germanic empire.
The precise term Holy Roman Empire dates from 1254; the final version Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (German Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation) appears in 1512, after several variations in the late 15th century.
The Empire was formally dissolved on August 6, 1806 when the last Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (from 1804, Emperor Francis I of Austria) resigned, following a military defeat by the French Army under Napoleon.
holy-roman-empire.area51.ipupdater.com   (4655 words)

 Holy Roman Empire — Infoplease.com
Holy Roman Empire: Emperors - Holy Roman Empire: Emperors Charlemagne (Charles I), emperor of the West (800–814),...
Holy Roman Empire: Origins - Origins The Holy Roman Empire was a successor state to the empire founded in 800 by Charlemagne...
(Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor of the Habsburg empire, 1493-1519)
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0824027.html   (287 words)

 The Holy Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The Holy Roman Empire (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a political conglomeration of lands in western and central Europe in the Middle Ages.
While earlier, the Empire's strength (and finances) greatly relied on the Empire's own lands, the so-called Reichsgut, which always belonged to the respective king (and included many Imperial Cities), its relevance faded after the 13th century (even though some fractions of it did remain until the Empire's end in 1806).
The Empire was formally dissolved on August 6, 1806 when the last Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (from 1804, Emperor Francis I of Austria) resigned.
home.comcast.net /~desilva22/holyromanempire.htm   (3832 words)

 Royalty.nu - The History of the Holy Roman Empire and Its Emperors
An Annotated Bibliography of the Holy Roman Empire by Jonathan W. Zophy.
Heinrich the Fowler: Father of the Ottonian Empire by Mirella Patzer.
The Decline of the Holy Roman Empire and the Rise of Prussia
www.royalty.nu /Europe/HolyRomanEmpire.html   (1313 words)

 Rome and Romania, Roman Emperors, Byzantine Emperors, etc.
Decius and Herennius were killed in battle by the Goths in 251 -- the only Roman Emperors to die in battle (against external enemies) besides Julian (against the Persians, 363), Valens (against the Goths again, 378), Nicephorus I (against the Bulgars, 811), and Constantine XI (with the fall of Constantinople to the Turks, 1453).
The very same institutions, both Roman and Christian in sum and detail, that failed in the West in the face of the German threat, did just fine in the East, long outlasting, and in two dramatic cases defeating, the German successor kingdoms.
This was the end of Roman Gaul, 541 years after Caesar had completed its conquest in 56 BC -- or perhaps 531 years since the defeat, capture, and death of the rebel Vercingetorix in 46 BC.
www.friesian.com /romania.htm   (13907 words)

 the Holy Roman Empire
Although the various princes and lords of the Empire were all his vassals and subjects, they possessed a number of privileges that brought them close to de facto sovereignty; in particular, the emperor could not intervene in their particular affairs as long as they ruled according to the law.
The status of State of the Empire was originally attached to a particular land, and was a right of the owner or ruler of that land.
The procedures for electing a king of the Romans were identical, except that the king-elect swore not to intervene in the affairs of the Empire.
www.heraldica.org /topics/national/hre.htm   (11305 words)

 List of states in the Holy Roman Empire/P
List of states in the Holy Roman Empire/P
This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire]] beginning with the letter P: {class="wikitable"
''Count Palatine of the Rhine, Arch-Steward and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire''
www.iskenderiye.com /wp_encyclopedia/?p=32312   (490 words)

 Decorations of the States of the German Empire
The Empire was a federal state, although Prussia's dominant role was evident almost everywhere, and especially in the Imperial German Army.
Napoleon caused the Holy Roman Empire to be secularized in 1803, and many states, including the holdings of various prince-bishops, were abolished (although some new states were added).
Four other states which were on the losing side of the Seven Weeks' War - the Kingdoms of Bavaria and Württemberg and the Grand Duchies of Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt - did not become members of the North German Confederation, but would join the German Empire in 1871.
home.att.net /~david.danner/militaria/states.htm   (686 words)

 Holy Roman Empire. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
During the reign of Maximilian I (1493–1519) the conflict between the dynastic policy of the Hapsburg emperors and the interests of the German empire (then known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation) became pronounced.
In the Thirty Years War (1618–48; see Ferdinand II; Ferdinand III; Wallenstein; Protestant Union) the emperor, allied with Spain, opposed the Protestant princes, who were allied chiefly with Sweden and France.
The emperors suffered further loss of prestige in their wars against Louis XIV (see Dutch Wars 3; Grand Alliance, War of the; Spanish Succession, War of the).
www.bartleby.com /65/ho/HolyRoma.html   (1820 words)

 Holy Roman Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
It originated with the coronation of Charlemagne by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day, AD 800, and lasted until the abdication of Emperor Francis II in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.
After the death of Frederick II in 1250, none of the dynasties worthy of producing the king proved able to do so, and the leading dukes elected several competing kings.
Holy Roman Empire from 1273-1378, and its principal royal dynasties
www.tocatch.info /en/Holy_Roman_Empire.htm   (5729 words)

 Roman States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
To the Byzantine Empire (Exarchate of Ravenna)......493-749 with...
The Roman Empire (or Principate)................27 BCE-395 CE The Western Roman Empire...........................395-476
The Holy Roman Empire renounces all pretensions to Roman territory, and recognizes the Pope as sovereign Prince of the City, 1st of August, 1177.
www.hostkingdom.net /rome.html   (1970 words)

 [No title]
In this scenario, students investigate selected provinces of the Roman Empire using primary sources, inscriptional and monumental evidence, coins, and modern descriptions.
With the establishment of the Roman Empire a series of laws were passed laying down penalties which condemned gay men to capital punishment for the heretical sin of homosexuality.
During the Anti-Nicene Era (about 170 to 325 CE) many religious movements were active in the Roman Empire: Christianity, Greek Pagan religion, Judaism, Mithraism, Roman Pagan religion, various secret mystery religions, etc. Religious tolerance was widespread throughout the empire, but it was only granted to those adults who had fulfilled their civic duties.
www.lycos.com /info/roman-empire--miscellaneous.html   (470 words)

 IGN: Medieval II: Total War -- The Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire is a particularly misleading name for Europe's largest collective of kingdoms and fiefdoms, regardless which way one looks at it.
For starters, it is the Byzantine Empire that truly carries on the legacy of the ancient Romans, and the notion that the Kaiser (Emperor) truly serves the Roman Catholic Church is presently quite laughable.
Their armies are strong all-round without any apparent weaknesses, however, later in the campaign the Holy Roman Empire will not be able to field the professional armies that nations such as England and France can bring to the battlefield.
pc.ign.com /articles/738/738809p1.html   (844 words)

 WHKMLA : List of Wars of the Holy Roman Empire
Introductory Notes : The Holy Roman Empire, in the 17th and 18th centuries, much as the UN today, had no armed forces of her own, but depended on states within the Empire to contribute military forces.
The Holy Roman Empire did, however, designate certain fortresses as Imperial; in the 18th century they were usually garrisoned by Austrian or Prussian troops.
In 1690 the unity of the princes of the Empire, created by the French threat, permitted Emperor Leopold I. to have his son and successor Joseph I. elected Emperor.
www.zum.de /whkmla/military/germany/milxhrempire.html   (1499 words)

 Icon (art) – iconoclasm - List of Items - MSN Encarta
Icon (art) – iconoclasm - List of Items - MSN Encarta
(?-795), pope from 772 to 795, who with Pope Stephen II founded the Papal States.
A Roman aristocrat by birth, Adrian was elected pope by...
encarta.msn.com /refedlist_210040499_3.0/Adrian_I.html   (36 words)

 German States to 1918 N-Q
polities of the Holy Roman Empire and the Confederation of the Rhine.
German states since 1918; these include the states and provinces of the Weimar Republic, Third Reich, and the modern period.
The provinces of Prussia are listed in a separate section following the entry for Prussia (Prussian provinces to 1946).
www.worldstatesmen.org /German_States3.html   (3998 words)

 Holy Roman Empire, Page Nineteen
Church and State with which the name of Rome was associated.
for a century and a half is a dismal list of losses and disgraces.
Roman Church was one which no heretic could hold, and that the coronation
history-world.org /holy_roman_empire19.htm   (5025 words)

 Wendy's "1,000 Places to See Before You Die" on Lists of Bests   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
When you are finished editing and re-ordering this list, click here.
The book “1,000 Places to See Before You Die,” by Patricia Schultz, offers her list of 1,000 must-see travel destinations.
So, here is my list of places in the book I’ve visited, in the order in which they appear in the book.
www.listsofbests.com /list/899/compare/sparkdu66   (264 words)

 Holy Roman Empire, Page Nineteen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Church and State with which the name of Rome was associated.
for a century and a half is a dismal list of losses and disgraces.
Roman Church was one which no heretic could hold, and that the coronation
www.history-world.org /holy_roman_empire19.htm   (5025 words)

Holy Roman Empire's Latest Blog Entry [Subscribe to this Blog]
Hre endured a time from the frosty November 2004 trees and pumpkins pies to the tropical August 2006 birds and BBQs.
We are just trying to get the word out to all the people on our friends list, so we're sending the exact same message for everyone.
www.myspace.com /theholyromanempireyo   (1035 words)

 A timeline of the Holy Roman Empire
: the Romans settle the Burgundians in Savoy
: the Pope crowns Charles emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
: at the Treaty of Verdun the Holy Roman Empire is divided among Charles II le Chauve (western France), Lothair (Netherlands, eastern France, renamed Lotharingia/Lorraine, and northern Italy) and Louis/Ludwig II (western Germany)
www.scaruffi.com /politics/holy.html   (9717 words)

 The Curious Frau - Introduction to 16th century German Costuming
Its not a comprehensive list of every single historical event or fashion, but it should at least give you a grounding in what happened when.
Map of Holy Roman Empire in 1547 Details the location of the principalities and cities of the Holy Roman Empire in 1547.
A list of books that I have found useful for giving a good inside view into daily life, religious issues and social change.
www.curiousfrau.com /Articles/intro_costuming.htm   (1776 words)

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