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Topic: List of unmanned spacecraft by program

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  Apollo Program - MSN Encarta
Following the Apollo program, Apollo spacecraft were used to shuttle astronauts to and from the Skylab space station, and an Apollo spacecraft docked with the orbiting Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 19 in the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.
It was preceded by the manned Gemini program, which engineers used to develop the techniques that would be needed for the ambitious trip to the Moon, and the unmanned Surveyor Program, which scientists used to probe the lunar surface.
During the Apollo program, 12 Saturn V rockets were launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida, and all were successful.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761564360/Apollo_Program.html   (1091 words)

  Unmanned space mission - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Unmanned space missions are those using remote-controlled spacecraft.
Since the early 1970s, most unmanned space missions have been based on space probes with built-in mission computers, and as such may be classified as embedded systems.
Unmanned space missions may be divided into two classes: artificial satellites, which orbit the Earth, and space probes, which leave Earth's orbit to explore other worlds.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Unmanned_spacecraft   (265 words)

 Spacecraft -- Recommendations and Resources   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The spacecraft is one of the primal elements in science fiction.
The Galileo spacecraft conducted the first asteroid flyby, discovered the first asteroid moon, was the first Jupiter orbiter and launched the first probe into Jupiter's atmosphere.
Most spacecraft today are propelled by heating the reaction mass and allowing it to flow out the back of the vehicle.
www.becomingapediatrician.com /health/136/spacecraft.html   (1310 words)

 Surveyor Program
The Surveyor program consisted of seven unmanned lunar missions that were launched between May 1966 and January 1968.
Each spacecraft weighed 1000 kilograms at launch, was 3.3 meters high, and had a 4.5-meter diameter.
The soft landing was achieved by the spacecraft free falling to the lunar surface after the engines were turned off at a 3.5-meter altitude.
www.lpi.usra.edu /expmoon/surveyor/surveyor.html   (806 words)

Also, the X-15 program had provided much experience in human factors applicable to the orbital flight of man. Therefore, Dr. Dryden concluded, in consonance with the intent of the Space Act of 1958, the assignment of the program to the NACA would be consistent.
Spacecraft that were designated for Mercury-Redstone missions were to be shipped directly from McDonnell to Cape Canaveral, thereby gaining approximately 2 months in the launch schedule.
During the drops into the water spacecraft water stability was shown to be unacceptable, because a portion of the spacecraft cylindrical section remained under water.
www.astronautix.com /craft/mercury.htm   (15443 words)

 JPL Missions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The twin spacecraft Voyager 1 and 2 flew by and observed Jupiter and Saturn, while Voyager 2 went on to visit Uranus and Neptune.
The Stardust spacecraft successfully flew through the cloud of dust that surrounds the nucleus of comet Wild-2 and gathered a sample of cometary material.
Mars Odyssey is an orbiting spacecraft designed to determine the composition of the martian surface, to detect water and shallow buried ice, and to study the radiation environment.
www.jpl.nasa.gov /missions   (996 words)

 Washington Watch
The list is presented in order of priority, which is not necessarily in order of dollar value.
The 48th item on the list was $130 million to complete the purchase of two F-15E aircraft to be delivered in Fiscal 2008.
The Air Force plans to use the five-year program delay to further explore the role of the E-10 in conjunction with new systems such as the Space Radar, which is also slated to observe and track air and ground traffic.
www.afa.org /magazine/May2005/0505watch.asp   (2277 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Unmanned space mission
Some missions are more suitable for unmanned missions rather than manned space missions, due to lower cost and lower risk factors.
Most American unmanned missions have been coordinated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and European missions by ESOC, part of ESA (the European Space Agency).
Mars Surveyor '98 program (Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander)
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Space_probe   (465 words)

 Spacecraft: July 2003 Archives
The Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spacecraft was launched on its three-year mission in June 1999, and has been credited with enabling a wide range of discoveries regarding distant stars and galaxies.
An excellent case study for how the failure of one component of a spacecraft can reduce its life is the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO, photo), one of the largest spacecraft ever launched on the Shuttle.
One of the gyros failed, and as a precautionary measure, NASA decided to deorbit the spacecraft ahead of schedule due to concerns that if another gyro failed, the attitude control system might not be able to control pointing accurately enough for the reentry burns.
www.aoe.vt.edu /~cdhall/Space/archives/2003_07.html   (6069 words)

 Links to Unmanned Spacecraft and Satellites
These links are to information about unmanned spacecraft (e.g., planetary spacecraft, communications satellites, remote sensing applications, andmicrospacecraft) with a few related items.
NASA Office of Space Science's "comprehensive" listing of past, present and future missions of space sciences.
AGI Spacecraft Digest There is a registration process for first time users, but the site is free.
roland.grc.nasa.gov /~dglover/sat/craft.html   (380 words)

 Spacecraft - All About All findings   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Its purpose is to investigate the makeup of the comet Wild 2 and its coma.
ISS Progress cargo spacecraft (NASA) The Progress is a Russian expendable unmanned freighter spacecraft; it was derived from the Soyuz spacecraft, and is launched with the Soyuz launch vehicle.
TKS spacecraft The TKS spacecraft was first designed as a Proton rocket launched manned spacecraft, with the VA (Vozvrashaemiy Apparat) capsule on top for the crew, where they would enter the lower portion of the TKS, the FGB (the "Functional Cargo Block"), through a hatch cut in the heat shield.
www.allaboutall.info /search/Spacecraft   (647 words)

 ipedia.com: Unmanned space mission Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Unmanned missions are often more effective in carrying...
Unmanned missions are often more effective in carrying out scientific and observational missions than manned space missions, due to lower cost and lower risk factors.
The majority American unmanned missions have been coordinated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and European missions by ESOC, part of ESA (the European Space Agency).
www.ipedia.com /unmanned_space_mission.html   (463 words)

 Subject Listing for Spacecraft engineering - unmanned spacecraft, space probes
The spacecraft was launched on December 20, 1999 as a secondary payload on a Taurus launch vehicle.
The SAGE III was successfully launched onboard a Meteor-3M spacecraft on December 10, 2001 at 17:18:57 UTC from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The twin Voyager spacecraft were launched in 1977 and are still sending data regarding new characteristics of the effects of the sun in the distant solar wind.
aerade.cranfield.ac.uk /subject-listing/craft5.html   (13004 words)

Although the future course of the Soviet space program was unclear when the Soyuz was conceived in 1959-62 (space stations, lunar missions or even a manned flight around Mars were considered), it was generally agreed on that rendezvous and docking would play a major role.
Neither spacecraft reached orbit due to problems with the UR-500K booster, however, and the original goal of a manned circumlunar flight to comemorate the 50th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution had to be abandoned.
As the L1 program was winding down in early 1969, the focus shifted to the N1 program.
www.myspacemuseum.com /moon1.htm   (9277 words)

 Society Fresh : Article 'Luna 12'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The spacecraft was equipped with a television system that obtained and transmitted photographs of the lunar surface.
The following table is a partial list of artificial objects on the surface of the Moon.
Luna program sample return mission; mass listed is for both ascent and descent stages, though only the descent stage was left on the moon Lander and rover weighed 1814 kg; the rest assumed to have decayed in orbit and impacted the moon Was ejected into lunar orbit in 1990, assumed to have decayed from orbit.
www.society-fresh.net /DisplayArticle626982.html   (1203 words)

 Shenzhou III Unmanned Spacecraft Launched | SpaceRef - Your Space Reference
China launched another unmanned spacecraft, "Shenzhou III", 10:15PM Monday night (Beijing Time) from Jiuquan Satellite Launching Center of Gansu Province, and ten minutes after blast-off, the spaceship entered its preset orbit.
The "Long March II F" carrier rocket that carries the spacecraft was a new powerful product made in China especially for the manned space program.
The spacecraft was developed and manufactured mainly by the Chinese Research Institute of Space Technology under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, and Shanghai Research Institute of Astronomical Technology.
www.spaceref.com /news/viewpr.html?pid=7833   (1195 words)

 SPACE.com --
February 8: A SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket to launch the FalconSat-2 spacecraft for the Defense Advanced Projects Research Agency (DARPA) in a space shot to be staged from the Kwajalein Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
October 19: NASA's THEMIS spacecraft is set to ride a Delta 2 rocket spaceward in a launch to be staged from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
February: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's (DARPA) MITEX spacecraft is slated to launch atop a Boeing-built Delta 2 rocket in a space shot to be staged from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
www.space.com /missionlaunches/launches/launch_schedule.html   (1116 words)

 SPACE.com -- Apollo Program Test Flights: A Timeline
The AS-201 mission demonstrated the structural integrity of the Saturn 1B rocket and the compatibility of the launch vehicle to carry Apollo loads.
The initial two stages of the Saturn rocket were used to boost the spacecraft into Earth orbit, but Apollo machines needed an extra boost to escape the planet's gravity and start toward the moon.
The SPS is the rocket attached to the lunar command module -- the large bell-shaped engine that sticks out from one end of the cylinder-shaped spacecraft.
www.space.com /news/a11_nomanmissions.html   (776 words)

 unmanned - OneLook Dictionary Search
Unmanned : Online Plain Text English Dictionary [home, info]
Unmanned (2 syl.) : Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (1898) [home, info]
Phrases that include unmanned: unmanned machinery spaces, list of unmanned spacecraft by program, low altitude airspeed unmanned aircraft, unmanned space mission, unmanned spacecraft
www.onelook.com /?ls=b&fc=all_med&q=unmanned   (190 words)

 Links to Unmanned Spacecraft and Satellites   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
These links are to information about unmanned spacecraft (e.g., planetary spacecraft, communications satellites, remote sensing applications, andmicrospacecraft) with a few related items.
NASA Office of Space Science's "comprehensive" listing of past, present and future missions of space sciences.
AGI Spacecraft Digest There is a registration process for first time users, but the site is free.
roland.lerc.nasa.gov /~dglover/sat/craft.html   (380 words)

 NASA spinoffs, space benefits, space history, NASA space spinoffs, NASA technology products   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
It has been conservatively estimated by U.S. space experts that for every dollar the U.S. spends on R and D in the space program, it receives $7 back in the form of corporate and personal income taxes from increased jobs and economic growth.
It is truly a remarkable list and not nearly complete but I believe you will begin to appreciate the answers to "Why do we go in space" and "What does the space program do for me?" So the next time you hear these questions being asked, you will be able to explain it.
These technologies are a structural analysis computer program infrared stress measurement system, and a ride quality meter system.
www.thespaceplace.com /nasa/spinoffs.html   (3034 words)

 OpenGL News July 2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
You direct your charaters' actions by choosing from a list of adaptive AI behaviours that lets them interact in real-time.
It implements a general driver application and a set of fragment programs which can be loaded at run-time.
It is offers a high level interface library for making 2D game from low level routines such as OpenGL API hardware accelerated 2D graphics, mouse and keyboard input, audio support, game timing, to game specific routines such as sprite, background, collision detection.
www.opengl.org /about/news/archives/2005_07.html   (3655 words)

 Apollo Mission Statistics at a glance
Apollo Lunar Program Early Landing Flights - Apollo 11 - 14
Apollo Lunar Program Advanced/Extended Mission Flights - Apollo 15 - 17
Later, 3 other mission types were added to the list:
www.myspacemuseum.com /stats2.htm   (721 words)

 [No title]
A historical overview of the electrical power systems in the US manned and some US unmanned spacecraft
Manned space programs accident/incident summaries (1963 - 1969)
Manned space programs accident/incident summaries (1970 - 1971)
www.geocities.com /bobandrepont/spacepdf.htm   (394 words)

 [No title]
Try the listing, and additional links, maintained by the U.S. Global Change Research Information Office.
DOE program) ARMA Autoregressive moving-average ARMSAT Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Satellite ARPA Advanced Research Project Agency ARRCC Analysis of Rapid and Recent Climate Change (project) ARS Agricultural Research Service (USDA) ARSMC ASEAN Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre ART Arctica (START) ARTEMIS Advanced Relay and Technology Mission Satellite (
UN) Corp. Corporation (spell out in text; abbreviate in references, lists tables, footnotes, bibliographies, and indexes) COS Carbonyl sulfide CoSAMC Commission for Special Applications of Meteorology and Climatology (WMO) COSPAR Committee on Space Research (ICSU) COST Committee on Science and Technology (
cdiac.ornl.gov /pns/acronyms.html   (4424 words)

 Intelligence Programs and Systems - Alphabetical Listing
This resource is a comprehensive alphabetical listing of intelligence programs, including both those for which detailed descriptions are available, as well as those for which profiles are not yet available.
In 1993, the Secretary of Defense directed all functional areas to select standard information systems and applications, and eliminate legacy systems.
Resource and Program Information Development System (formerly RMIS)
www.fas.org /irp/program/list.htm   (392 words)

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