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Topic: Lithium chloride

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In the News (Fri 14 Dec 18)

  LITHIUM - LoveToKnow Article on LITHIUM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium oxide, LifO, is obtained by burning the metal in oxygen, or by ignition of the nitrate.
Lithium phosphate, Li3PO4, obtained by the addition of sodium phosphate to a soluble lithium salt in the presence of sodium hydroxide, is almost insoluble in water.
The preparations of lithium used in medicine are: Lithii Carbonis, dose 2 to 5 grs.; Lithii Citras, dose 5 to 10 grs.; and Lithii Citras effervescens, a mixture of citric acid, lithium citrate, tartaric acid and sodium bicarbonate, dose 60 to 120 grs.
32.1911encyclopedia.org /L/LI/LITHIUM.htm   (729 words)

 Lithium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lithium chloride and lithium bromide are extremely hygroscopic and frequently used as desiccants.
Lithium hydroxide is employed to extract carbon dioxide from the air in spacecraft and submarines.
Lithium deuteride (deuterium is an isotope of hydrogen) is the fusion fuel of choice in the so-called hydrogen bomb.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lithium   (1501 words)

 RAIS: Lithium (7439-93-2)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium hydroxide is used in alkaline storage batteries; lithium carbonate and lithium borate are used in the ceramic industry; and lithium chloride and fluoride are used in welding and brazing fluxes (Beliles, 1994).
Lithium is not metabolized and is excreted primarily in the urine.
Lithium is excreted primarily in the urine (Ellenhorn and Barceloux, 1988).
risk.lsd.ornl.gov /tox/profiles/lith.shtml   (6062 words)

 lithium. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Lithium chloride and bromide are used as brazing and welding fluxes; they are also used in air conditioning systems because they are very hygroscopic, i.e., they absorb moisture.
Lithium compounds are used in the nuclear energy industry, in the preparation of plastics and synthetic rubber, and in the synthesis of vitamin A. Lithium is added in small amounts to magnesium, aluminum, or lead-base alloys; it is also used as a degasifier in iron, steel, and copper refining.
Lithium is widely distributed in nature; it is found in the soil, in plants, in animals, and in the human body.
www.bartleby.com /65/li/lithium.html   (445 words)

 TB #160: The Use of LiCl Precipitation for RNA Purification
Lithium chloride was used to precipitate the RNA followed by resuspension in water.
It appears that lithium chloride is effectively precipitating RNA at a 0.5 molar concentration and recovery was similar at all concentrations of lithium chloride.
Lithium chloride precipitations using mixtures of equal amounts of RNA of lengths 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 bases (RNA Century™ Size Standards) showed that all sizes were precipitated equally well (data not shown).
www.ambion.com /techlib/tb/tb_160.html   (1633 words)

 It's Elemental - The Element Lithium
Lithium is the lightest known metal and can be alloyed with aluminium, copper, manganese, and cadmium to make strong, lightweight metals for aircraft.
Lithium hydroxide (LiOH) is used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere of spacecraft.
Lithium carbonate (Li) is used as a drug to treat manic depression disorder.
education.jlab.org /itselemental/ele003.html   (179 words)

 Lithium   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium is presently being recovered from brines of Searles Lake, in California, and from those in Nevada.
Lithium chloride is one of the most lyproscopic materials known, and it, as well as lithium bromide, is used in air conditioning and industrial drying systems.
Lithium stearate is used as an all-purpose and high-temperature lubricant.
www.scescape.net /~woods/elements/lithium.html   (290 words)

Lithium is used in the prophylaxis of bipolar depressive disorder in augmentation treatment of depression and in the therapy of some cases of unipolar depression.
Lithium is concentrated by the thyroid and inhibits thyroidal iodine uptake.
Lithium in the form of lithium carbonate was administered at a dose level of 1.1 g kg(-1) food to rats fed normal (18% protein), low-protein (LP; 8%) and high-protein (HP; 30%) diets for a period of 1 month.
www.ithyroid.com /lithium1.htm   (6733 words)

 Lithium chloride - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Li ion acts as a weak Lewis acid under certain circumstances; for example one mole of lithium chloride is capable of absorbing up to four moles of ammonia.
Anhydrous LiCl is prepared from the hydrate by gently heating under an atmosphere of hydrogen chloride, used to prevent hydrolysis.
Lithium chloride is used for the production of lithium metal, by electrolysis of a LiCl/KCl melt at 450 °C.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lithium_chloride   (307 words)

 Effect of lithium on fish development
Lithium chloride is a known teratogen which alters development in a variety of organisms including sea urchins, Xenopus (frogs), and Brachydanio rerio (Zebrafish) (Gilbert, 2003).
The purpose of this experiment is to study the effects of lithium teratogenesis on post-midblastular embryo to observe whether or not the inhibition of anterior development occurs along a gradient, with increasing concentrations of lithium chloride leading to incrementally more severe defects in anterior development.
Indications of the former hypothesis would consist of lithium teratogenesis leading to, for example, partial formation of an eye at one concentration and the complete absence of eye formation at a slightly higher concentration, then it may be possible that lithium teratogenesis affects development along a gradient.
www.swarthmore.edu /NatSci/sgilber1/DB_lab/Fish/lithium02.html   (352 words)

 RAIS: Lithium (007439-93-2)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium is an alkali metal similar to magnesium and sodium in its properties.
Lithium carbonate and lithium borate are used in the ceramics industry, and lithium chloride and fluoride are used in welding and brazing fluxes.
Lithium carbonate is used extensively as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of manic depressive affective disorders; it has also been used as an anti-gout medication.
risk.lsd.ornl.gov /tox/profiles/lith_ragsa.shtml   (416 words)

 Ziatype   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium chloride is a fairly benign chemical, and has been used in drugs for treating depression.
Lithium is at the top of the periodic table and is the third lightest element next to hydrogen and helium.
A lithium coated print that is fully steamed before exposure and the humidity being preserved during exposure by the use of a plastic dam between the frame back and the print will produce a neutral fl image with pure palladium.
mywebpages.comcast.net /hmpi/AltProcess/Articles/Ziatype/Ziatype.htm   (4042 words)

 Lithium (Li) - Chemical properties, Health and Environmental effects
Other important applications of lithium compounds are in pottery, specifically in porcelain glaze; as an additive to extend the life and performance of alkaline storage batteries and in autogenous welding and brass welding.
Lithium is a moderately abundant element and its present in The Earth’s crust in 65 ppm (parts per million).
The bromine and the lithium chloride both form concentrated brine, which have the property of absorbing the humidity in a wide interval of temperature; these brines are used in the manufactured air conditioning systems.
www.lenntech.com /Periodic-chart-elements/Li-en.htm   (661 words)

 Effect of Lithium on Xenopus development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium is believed to be the cause these perturbations due to its ability to inhibit glycogen synthase kinase-ß(beta) which initiates developmental pathways.
As mentioned, lithium has the ability to inhibit glycogen synthase kinase-ß(beta), which is a substance which initites the wnt pathway in xenopus embryos that leads to dorsal axis formation (Klein and Melton 1996).
Lithium has been shown to have the ability to inhibit glycogen synthase kinase-ß(beta), which initites the wnt pathway in xenopus embryos that leads to dorsal axis formation (Klein and Melton 1996).
swarthmore.edu /NatSci/sgilber1/DB_lab/Frog/JA_Spenillo/justin2.html   (886 words)

 Lithium chloride -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium chloride behaves as a fairly typical (additional info and facts about ionic compound) ionic compound, although the Li ion is very small.
The (A compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)) salt is (additional info and facts about hygroscopic) hygroscopic and highly soluble in water, and is highly polar.
Lithium chloride can react as a source of (Any compound containing a chlorine atom) chloride ion.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/l/li/lithium_chloride.htm   (528 words)

 Biocompare - Product Literature Center
Using a constant concentration of 1 µg/ml RNA, in a volume of 50 µl with 1.0 M lithium chloride, samples were centrifuged for 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 minutes at 4°C at 16,000 x g.
The use of lithium chloride in RNA precipitation is a fast, convenient method of isolating transcripts from in vitro transcription reactions with very low carry over of unincorporated nucleotides.
A major advantage of lithium chloride is that it does not efficiently precipitate either protein or DNA.
www.biocompare.com /techart.asp?id=324   (1617 words)

 Lithium acutely inhibits and chronically up-regulates and stabilizes glutamate uptake by presynaptic nerve endings in ...
inhibition of glutamate uptake for lithium, PDC, and dihydrokainic
Lithium is a mood stabilizer; i.e., it will normalize mood from the direction of either depression or mania.
The lesser inhibition of glutamate uptake by lithium in cerebrocortical
www.pnas.org /cgi/content/full/95/14/8363   (3594 words)

 JASJAN1267   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Our objectives were to determine 1) whether lithium chloride or apomorphine would condition aversions to palatable foods, and at what doses, and 2) whether horses could be averted to fresh locoweed in a pen and grazing situation.
Lithium chloride given via stomach tube at 190 mg/kg BW conditioned strong and persistent aversions to palatable feeds with minor signs of distress.
The results of this study indicate that horses can be averted from locoweed using lithium chloride as an aversive agent, and this may provide a management tool to reduce the risk of intoxication for horses grazing locoweed-infested rangeland.
www.asas.org /jas/abs/2002/a0210079.htm   (535 words)

 Cell Selection Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Lithium batteries are very attractive to the oil industry due to a combination of high energy density, high voltage, high current capability, wide temperature range, long shelf life, and stable operating voltage.
Lithium/Thionyl Chloride and Lithium Sulfuryl Chloride cells are also known as liquid cathode lithium cells.
All lithium cells and batteries made with cells larger than an AA size are restricted to being transported on Cargo Aircraft Only.
www.spectrumbatteries.com /Prod_in/cell.htm   (689 words)

 Chemistry : Periodic Table : lithium : key information
A freshly cut chunk of lithium is silvery, but tarnishes in a minute or so in air to give a grey surface.
Lithium is mixed (alloyed) with aluminium and magnesium for light-weight alloys, and is also used in batteries, some greases, some glasses, and in medicine.
Lithium would not normally be made in the laboratory as it is so readily available commercially.
www.webelements.com /webelements/elements/text/Li/key.html   (314 words)

 Colors of Elements in a Flame
Aluminum chloride or magnesium chloride can be used to demonstrate that chlorine imparts no color to the flame.
Usually copper salts other than the chloride are emerald green and copper chlorides are azure blue, but in this case the chloride appears emerald green.
A pale yellow-green color is imparted to the flame by manganese(II) chloride, but a large number of incandescent flashes shoot out with the stream of burning gas.
jchemed.chem.wisc.edu /JCESoft/CCA/CCA2/MAIN/FLAME/CD2R1.HTM   (776 words)

 Battery Chemistry Tutorial and FAQ from PowerStream: Custom battery chargers and power supplies for OEMs
Lithium is gaining a lot of popularity as an anode for a number of reasons.
Note that lithium, the lightest of the metals, also has the highest standard potential of all the metals, at over 3 V. Some of the lithium cell designs have a voltage of nearly 4 V. This means that lithium has the highest energy density.
Lithium batteries that use lithium metal have safety disadvantages when used as secondary (rechargeable) energy sources.
www.powerstream.com /BatteryFAQ.html   (7373 words)

 Site map - lithium   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
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Indeed, the bohemian implantable lithium ion of a disease erythromycin was antiquarian.
Some lithium battery for samsung sgh-e is found by a lithium ion batteries for cars disturbed a.
es-club.ru /lithium/cr   (1823 words)

 Lithium Sulfuryl Chloride   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
If single cells contain less than 0.5 grams of lithium or lithium alloy, they are not restricted for shipping by ground or air.
All lithium/thionyl chloride cells with a lithium or lithium alloy content of greater than 0.5 are restricted and subject to DOT (49 CFR) and IATA shipping regulations.
The success and wide use of lithium batteries is partially due to the fact that they contain more energy per unit weight than conventional batteries.
www.rzpressure.co.uk /applications/lithium-sulfuryl-chloride.htm   (1544 words)

 Tadiran Batteries - Better By Design
From research and design, to world class ISO 9001 certified manufacturing and quality assurance, to a global sales and distribution network, Tadiran is ready to serve your needs with both standard products or custom battery packs.
Greater energy density...Tadiran Lithium Thionyl Chloride batteries offer the highest energy density of any primary cell: up to 710 Wh/Kg and 1420 Wh/I. Higher capacity...Tadiran cells feature the highest capacity by weight and volume compared to any known battery technology.
Higher operating voltage...Tadiran Lithium Thionyl Chloride cells have an open circuit voltage of 3.67V and an operating voltage of up to 3.6V, a considerably higher voltage than almost any other primary cell.
www.tadiranbat.com /betterbydesign.php   (274 words)

 House Of Batteries - How to Select the Right Battery - Lithium Thionyl Chloride
Thionyl chloride-lithium cells have the highest energy density of all lithium types and are manufactured in welded, hermetically sealed cases.
Their extremely long service life and low self-discharge rate make them ideal where physical access is limited, such as for remote sensing systems.
Lithium battery chemistries differ in several important characteristics.
www.houseofbatteries.com /HowTo/Thionyl.htm   (235 words)

 The Solar-AC FAQ: Liquid Lithium Chloride Absorption System Using Solar Energy
In the house, water (the refrigerant) is sprayed into an evaporator and this was evacuated to a pressure of about 5mm of mercury where the water immediately flashes into vapour.
Water vapour from the evaporator flows over the absorber where it is absorbed by the concentrated absorbent (lithium chloride).
'The dilute lithium chloride solution was delivered to the collector surface through a spray header spanning the top of the roof and made from 2 inch PVC pipe fitted with 35 evenly spaced nozzles.
www.solarmirror.com /cgi-bin/faq.cgi?editCmds=show&file=41   (337 words)

 FMC Lithium, Leading Manufacturer of Lithium Chemistry Products.
speacilizing in Lithium, Lithium Acetate, Lithium Aluminum Hydride, Lithium Amide, Lithium Benzoate, Lithium Borohydride,
Lithium Bromide, Lithium Carbonate, Lithium Chloride, Lithium Chromate, Lithium Citrate,
Lithium Orthophosphate, Lithium Phosphate, Lithium Sulfate, Lithium t-Butoxide, Lithium Tetraborate.
www.fmclithium.com   (76 words)

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