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Topic: Liverpool and Manchester Railway

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  Railroads England - Opening Of The Liverpool And Manchester Railway
THE inauguration of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1830 marked the be-ginning of a new era in the history of transportation.
The railway from London to Birmingham, as it was originally planned, was to have had its London terminus at Maiden Lane, King's Cross, to pass through Cashiobury and Grove Parks, the country seats of Lord Essex and Lord Clarendon, and along the Hemel Hempstead and Little Goddesden valleys in Hertfordshire.
The railways were democratic, and there-fore many of the aristocrats preferred to travel in their private coach or family chariot rather than in a train with shopkeepers and farmers.
www.oldandsold.com /articles25/railroads-9.shtml   (1818 words)

 Ron's Liverpool - Railways
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (LMR) was officially opened on the 15th of September, 1830 and was the first railway as we know them today - the world's first public railway operated by steam from the outset and the first intercity railway.
The LMR was absorbed by the Grand Junction Railway in 1845 and then became part of the London & North Western Railway (LNWR) in 1846.
The Liverpool Overhead Railway was opened on the 4th of February, 1893 and initially ran from Seaforth in the north to Herculaneum Dock in the south.
members.ispwest.com /ronsmith/liverpool/rail.htm   (523 words)

 Liverpool and Manchester Railway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (LandMR) was the world's first intercity passenger railway in which all the trains were timetabled and operated for most of the distance solely by steam locomotives.
It was intended to place the Manchester terminus on the Salford side of the river, but the Mersey and Irwell Navigation withdrew their opposition to a crossing of their river at the last moment, in return for access for their carts to the intended railway bridge.
The Manchester station was thus fixed at Liverpool Road in the heart of Castlefield.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Liverpool_and_Manchester_Railway   (2270 words)

 Liverpool and Manchester
The proposed Liverpool and Manchester Railway was a serious economic threat to the Bridgewater Canal.
The Liverpool and Manchester railway was 31 miles long and consisted of a double line of rails of the fish-bellied type and laid on stone or timber sleepers.
Liverpool and Manchester company were unsure whether to use locomotives or stationary engines on their line.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /RAliverpool.htm   (1967 words)

 Mike Royden's Local History Pages - Liverpool and Manchester Railway
On the 15th September 1830 the first true passenger* train steamed from Liverpool to Manchester to inaugurate what was to become an extensive network of railways all over Britain and be a development adopted all over the world within a very short time.
As with the future railway, Liverpool was in the forefront in Lancashire with the developed the first turnpike between Liverpool and Prescot in 1726.
In Manchester's case, the Duke of Bridgewater, promoted the Bridgewater canal to bring coal from his pits at Worsley to the river Mersey and then onto Liverpool where a substantial quantity was exported by ship.
www.btinternet.com /~m.royden/mrlhp/students/lmrailway/lmrailway.htm   (2102 words)

 Some historical background to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway
A declaration was signed by a hundred and fifty leading men of Liverpool, that new means of communication were indispensable; and measures were adopted which eventually led to the establishment of means of communication between that town and Manchester incomparably superior in every respect to those that had previously existed.
The success of the Liverpool and Manchester line destroyed all doubt as to the possibilities of the railway system, and it was not long before its advantages were sought in other parts of the country.
At a later period, Birmingham was united to Warrington, and consequently with Liverpool and Manchester, by the Grand junction Railway.
www.resco.co.uk /history_iron.html   (3116 words)

 From Liverpool to Manchester in 1830   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Thus, in June 1830, a trial trip was made between Liverpool and Manchester and back, on the occasion of the board meeting being held at the latter town.
Huskisson, one of the members for Liverpool, and an earnest supporter of the project from its commencement, were present, together with a large number of distinguished personages.
But the railway was scarcely opened before it carried on an average about 1200 passengers a day; and five years after the opening, it carried nearly half a million of persons yearly.
dspace.dial.pipex.com /town/terrace/adw03/readings/smiles.htm   (1322 words)

 Manchester Railway Stations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Nowadays, largely serving destinations north and east of Manchester, it is the main terminus for the new Nynex Arena, and a major interface where the Metrolink train joins the streets of Manchester as an urban tramway.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway came to the city when Joseph Cowlishaw, a Manchester corn merchant, Joseph Saunders, also a corn merchant, from Liverpool, and a wealthy estate agent and surveyor named William James formed a company, surveyed the likely route and proposed the building of the railway line.
It was to this station that the Rainhill Trials to choose a locomotive to pull passenger coaches between Liverpool and Manchester arrived.
www.manchester2002-uk.com /transport/rail-stations.html   (1107 words)

 The Liverpool & Manchester Railway
Railway share certificates, in common with other railway ephemera, have been and always will be desirable, and thus they fetch consistently high prices in relation to other similarily aged and engraved pieces – especially shares of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (henceforth referred to as the LandM).
In the latter part of the eighteenth century, the area surrounding the port of Liverpool and the growing town of Manchester was rapidly expanding.
Liverpool also dealt with the importation of rum, tobacco and slaves as well as establishing itself as the chief trading port with Ireland – importing yarn which was then sent to Manchester.
www.booneshares.com /TheLiverpoolManchesterrailway.htm   (1828 words)

 Notes on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway
Henry Booth (1789-1869), the vigorous Secretary and Treasurer of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company, published a history and description of the line (Reference 1) in the year it was opened for traffic, and his account is valuable for the insight it gives to his feelings and expectations at the time.
This construction was copied exactly for early United States railways that could afford it, because it was literally the 'state of the art.' It was still imperfect, however, since it was not of uniform elasticity and pounded badly under the heavy, fast trains.
This meeting promulgated rules of operation based on those of the Liverpool and Manchester, in which the signal colours and standard hand signals were included.
www.du.edu /~jcalvert/railway/landm.htm   (1285 words)

 Victorian Railways
- Lancashire and Yorkshire and The Manchester and Leeds.
The Liverpool and Manchester railway was opened on 15th September 1830, and it was 31 miles long.
The second-class carriages of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway had wooden benches and were open at the sides.
www.ourwardfamily.com /victorian_railways.htm   (1322 words)

Liverpool, a port on the north bank of the estuary of the Mersey, was first used as a harbour in the 13th century for sending supplies to Ireland.
Liverpool only had a population of about 22,000 in 1750 but the city grew rapidly in the second half of the century as a result of the slave trade and the textile industry.
The Liverpool and Manchester railway was opened on 15th September, 1830.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /ITliverpool.htm   (687 words)

 Liverpool City Council 1710 Liverpool's history to go online
It includes details of the launch of the Liverpool to Manchester Railway in 1830, playbills for Liverpool theatres from the 1770's onwards and rare copies of 'Merseybeat' magazine, which captured the explosion of pop music in the city at the height of Beatlemania.
Council leader Warren Bradley said: "Liverpool has a rich and varied history and is famous thanks to its period as second city of the British Empire and gateway to the new world.
The project is the result of a long standing partnership between the city council and the University of Liverpool to create a book to mark Liverpool's 800th birthday in 2007.
www.liverpool.gov.uk /News/newsdetail_1710.asp   (451 words)

 Liverpool & Manchester Railway
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway forms the vital link between locomotive development over its first, sometimes shaky twenty-five years to the Rainhill Trials onto its rapid development in parallel with the spread of railways in the late 1830s/1840s.
Nevertheless, it needs to be remembered that the Liverpool and Manchester Railway formed a remarkable nursery for the development of the locomotive, initially from the works from Robert Stephenson, but once the LandMR had become dissatisfied with the Stephensons from elsewhere.
Galloway, Bowman and Glasgow of the Caledonian Foundry was established in 1831 in Manchester.
www.steamindex.com /locotype/livmanry.htm   (920 words)

 Ron's Liverpool Site - Pre 1900:Business & Prosperity
Liverpool had been handling cotton since 1709 but cotton imports had for example gone up 200 times in under fifty years.
Cotton was also a major driving force behind the construction of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830 as the worlds first passenger main line railway.
Liverpool was also actively involved in the American Civil War with many Merseyside built ships fighting on the side of the Confederacy.
members.ispwest.com /ronsmith/liverpool/liv_19_2.htm   (1413 words)

 The Rainhill Trials - Stephenson's Rocket
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the first successful passenger carrying railway in the world, was begun in 1826.
The railway was finally opened by the Duke of Wellington on September 15th 1830.
The Rainhill Railway Museum, housed in an old railway coach adjacent to the Library in View Road, Rainhill, has displays and documents describing the Trials and the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
www.rainhill-civic-society.org.uk /html/rainhillHistory.html   (617 words)

 Grand Junction Railway
Newton Junction at the centre of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway to
Railway to use as a basis for a route to Ireland via Holyhead.
the London and Birmingham Railway and the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
www.localhistory.scit.wlv.ac.uk /articles/railways/GJR.htm   (898 words)

 Driver of Stephenson's Rocket
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway was the greatest engineering feat of its age.
Designed and built by George Stephenson of the Liverpool and Manchester railway in 1829, the Rocket was the winner in the Rainhill trials—a competition sponsored by the railway to obtain a locomotive for carrying both passengers and freight.
The opening of the new railway, which attracted the attention of the whole country, was fixed for Monday, September 15, 1830.
www.entwistlefamily.org.uk /rocket.htm   (1395 words)

With the railways coming into prominence as major carriers of the mail, the railway station was the obvious site for a postal sorting office.
From 1891 until relatively recent times special stamps called railway letter stamps were issued for the purpose of conveying railway letters.
The issue and use of railway letter stamps was governed by Act of Parliament because the Post Office had a monopoly for the delivery of letters.
www.geocities.com /tonygoodbody   (363 words)

 thehistorysite.co.uk - Online Interactive History (Revision)
The problems of how to run a railway were thought out for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway and copied by others.
Large numbers of passengers used the railway, this had not been expected and showed how successful railways could be.
The Liverpool and Manchester railway led to the development of other railways because it proved railways could be successful.
www.thehistorysite.co.uk /Railways_Liverpool_Manchester.htm   (424 words)

 Manchester Metrolink — A Brief Rail History
The 19th Century saw the arrival and expansion of railways in the Manchester area.
It ran from Clifton Junction on the Manchester and Bolton to Bury and on to Accrington.
The Manchester and Leeds was first of the Transpennine railways and one of the easiest in terms of gradients.
www.lrta.org /Manchester/Rail_history.html   (2907 words)

 Stephenson's Rocket Wins Rainhill Trials
These trials, held over the last few weeks, were organised by the owners of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which, though still under construction, is due to open next year.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Board stipulations required the winning locomotive to pull a weight equal to three times the engines weight for a distance equivalent to that of a normal run between Liverpool and Manchester.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway is expected to open by the autumn of next year and this should usher in a new era in transportation, both of goods and of people.
www.dailypast.com /uk/stephensons-rocket.shtml   (562 words)

 Railways of Britain - A Bravenet.com Hosted Site
The Railway was well used but with increasing competition from Trams, cars and buses, it was wound up and closed in 1957 being demolished by 1958.
One of the earliest ideas put forward was for a freight railway to run over the street with warehouses situated below, but as the resident engineer of the time wanted to expand the docks and the railway would have made it more expensive he refused the idea.
Maintenance of the railway was more costly than that of a conventional railway due to the maintenance of the supports and all other accessories required.
railwaysofbritain.bravehost.com /LOR.html   (1042 words)

 The Railway
The Leicester and Swannington Railway opened officially on July 17th 1832 but the Groby granite railway was completed prior to this date.
The Leicester and Swannington railway was later joined to the Midland railway at both Knighton (south of the Leicester railway station) and Burton upon Trent but this was not until August 1849.
The new company re-instated the old railway lines and by 1870 business had increased to such a degree that moving railway wagons with horses was proving very difficult with increasing orders and was really no longer an option.
www.grobydirectory.co.uk /history/railway.html   (1322 words)

 Leipzig-Dresden Railway Line - The British and the Leipzig-Dresden railway
In 1828 he was engaged by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway promoters to report on the feasibility of Stephenson's proposals for moving steam locomotives rather than stationary engines to haul the carriages and wagons between the two cities.
He travelled extensively, reporting on the Moscow to Koursk railway, Madras Railway in India, and was invited by Said Pasha, the vice-royal of Egypt, to report on the commercial prospects for the Suez Canal.
Locomotive driver Robson, had been working on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway since 1830 and had been the driver of the engine, Comet, on the opening day of that railway on 15 September 1830.
easyweb.easynet.co.uk /~jjlace/part7.html   (1849 words)

 Railway catalogue | Sanders of Oxford   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Crossing the perceived obstacle to a railway from Liverpool to Manchester.
Dublin and Kingstown Railway, Granite Pavilions and Tunnel Entrance at Lord Cloncurry’s of Maratimo.
Opening before the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, it was the first wholly steam line operating.
www.sandersofoxford.com /gallery/railway/railway2.htm   (6314 words)

 Pioneer locomotive from the Liverpool and Manchester Railway   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Pioneer locomotive from the Liverpool and Manchester Railway
Locomotive used on the construction of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, given to the late Isaac Wall Boulton, Ashton Under Lyme by one of Stevenson's assistants.
The photograph I published a few days ago of the first railway station and booking office of the Manchester and Liverpool Railway (sic) has inspired Mr.
www.resco.co.uk /history_boulton.html   (195 words)

 Victorian Age
Some historians date the Victorian Age as beginning in 1830 with the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the first steam-powered public railway line in the world.
  The railway was a significant catalyst of this transformation, for it was a force of the technological revolution that literally spread all across England and united the country in new ways.
  As the railway transformed the country to a faster-paced and increasingly urban lifestyle, writers began to use the railway as a symbol both of progress and destruction, a symbol characteristic of the Victorians’ ambivalent response to the rapid changes of their age.
www.olemiss.edu /courses/engl436/VictorianAge_files/slide0002.htm   (409 words)

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