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Topic: Livonian Order


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In the News (Sat 17 Aug 19)

  
  Samogitia (History)
Although nothing more is known of Erdvilas, Vykintas sides with the Livonian Order and the princes of Volynia against Mindaugas, who was then in the process of uniting the different Lithuanian principalities under his banner.
The Lithuanians retaliated with 31 attacks of Prussia and 11 on Livonia.
Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg was asked to rule on the validity of the Order’s claims to the region and in 1420 announced a decision in favor of the Order.
samogitia.mch.mii.lt /ISTORIJA/nsamogit.en.htm   (1667 words)

  
  Teutonic Order
The Order still continued to recruit priests and nuns who dedicated themselves to hospitaller and humanitarian services, but the religious members were effectively separated from the lay and professed knights by the dropping of the requirement that the latter should live in a convent of the Order.
The Order is divided into the provinces of Austria (with thirteen priests and brothers and fifty-two sisters), Italy (with thirty-seven priests and brothers and ninety sisters), Slovenia (with eight priests and brothers and thirty-three sisters), Germany (with fourteen priests and brothers and one hundred and forty-five sisters) and, more recently, in Moravia-Bohemia (ex-Czechoslovakia).
The badge of the Order is a latin Cross in fl enamel with a white enamel border, surmounted (for Knights of Honor) by a helmet with fl and white feathers or (for Marians) by a simple circular ornament, and is suspended from a fl and white ribbon.
www.chivalricorders.org /vatican/teutonic.htm   (9085 words)

  
  Livonian Brothers of the Sword - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Livonian Brothers of the Sword or Livonian Order was a military order organized in 1202 by Albert of Buxhoeveden and composed of German "warrior monks".
From its foundation the undisciplined Order tended to ignore its supposed vassalage to the bishops.
In 1346 the Order bought the rest of Estonia and the possessions of the Blue order from King Valdemar IV of Denmark.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Livonian_Order   (554 words)

  
 Livonian people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Having been reorganised as a subdivision of the Teutonic Order and renamed the Livonian Order in 1237, the former Knights of the Sword finally overpowered the Curonians in 1267, and subsequently the Semigallians in 1290.
In the middle of the 16th Century the Livonian Order as well as the independent bishoprics were in turmoil because of the growing influence of Martin Luther's Reformation.
Furthermore, a Livonian flag was adopted, with the colours green (for the forests), white (for the beaches) and blue (for the sea), and a division similar to the Latvian flag (e.g.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Livonians   (2236 words)

  
 Castles of Latvia
Bishop Albert of Riga founded the Order of the Brothers of the Sword, later known as the Livonian Knights, a German military and religious order with the purpose of conquest and Christianization of the Baltic lands.
Establishment of the state of Livonia, a loose political union of territories belonging to the Livonian Order of Knights and to the Catholic church, in the territory of present-day Latvia and Estonia.
It was of central importance for the Livonian territories, and intermittently seat of the Master of the Order.
www.talava.com /latviancastles.html   (2601 words)

  
 Livonian Order - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Livonian Order - Search Results - MSN Encarta
The Livonian Brothers of the Sword or Livonian Order was a military order organized in 1202 by Albert of Buxhoeveden and composed of German warrior monks.
Conflicts between the Livonian Order and the Archbishopric of Riga went from animosity to open warfare, with the citizens of Riga and other cities becoming an important factor too.
encarta.msn.com /Livonian_Order.html   (200 words)

  
 Livonia
The most important of these was the state ruled by the Sword Brethren and later the Livonian Order, the regents of the other states are located in this page.
Under the pressure from Russia in the 16th century the Livonian confederation collapsed and was divided between its neighbours.
During the Livonian war (1558-1583) the Danish prince Magnus of Holstein had himself proclaimed king of Livonia as a Russian vassal 1570.
www.tacitus.nu /historical-atlas/regents/baltic/livonia.htm   (163 words)

  
 Latvia / Latvija - Riga: the castle of the Brotherhood of the Sword - Livonian Order - Daugava river / presidential ...
Latvia / Latvija - Riga: the castle of the Brotherhood of the Sword - Livonian Order - Daugava river / presidential palace - Rigas pils - 11.
file: latvia23 - Latvia / Latvija - Riga: the castle of the Brotherhood of the Sword - Livonian Order - Daugava river / presidential palace - Rigas pils - 11.
latvia23: Latvia / Latvija - Riga: the castle of the Brotherhood of the Sword - Livonian Order - Daugava river / presidential palace - Rigas pils - 11.
www.travel-images.com /photo-latvia23.html   (303 words)

  
 Knights Hospitaller of St. John - Order of St John of Jerusalem Other Orders
The idea of a "chivalric order" was tremendously appealing to mediævals, seeming to reconcile the aristocratic way of life with the Church's monastic ideals.
The orders often claimed to be descended from elite units of the old Roman army and to be the defenders of Christian civilisation from its enemies.
The history of the French Order after 1489, with a skeptical account of the emergence of one of the modern St. Lazarus orders.
www.webpages.free-online.co.uk /ksj/otherkts.html   (1100 words)

  
 Medieval Lithuania - Chronology 1283-1386
On June 29, 1298 the joint army of Prussian and Livonian Crusaders defeated the Lithuanians and the citizens of Riga.
In 1309 the capital of the Teutonic Order was transferred from Venice to Marienburg in Prussia.
Riga, a long-term ally of Lithuania, capitulated to the Order in 1330.
viduramziu.lietuvos.net /en/c1283.htm   (1807 words)

  
 Medieval Lithuania - Chronology 1183-1283
In 1202 the bishop of Riga established the Order of the Knights of the Sword.
Christian had to make an oath to the Archbishop of Riga, but as the Livonian Order was in disagreement with the Archbishop, it provided assistance to Mindaugas for achieving cancellation of this oath by the Pope.
On February 16, 1270 the Lithuanians defeated the Livonian Knights of the Cross in the battle of Karusa in Estonia.
viduramziu.lietuvos.net /en/c1183.htm   (1444 words)

  
 castles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The knights never felt safe even behind the thick walls of their castles, which were always built on the strategic points, on hilltops or near the streams and often had secret underground passages, leading to some other fortified buildings or as far away from the castle as possible.
Orders faugh between themselves, but the most viscous war was between the Livonian Order and the Bishopric.
Numerous castles of the order and those belonging to bishopric were built strategically on the borders between the lands of the order and the bishopric so the enemies could keep a close watch on each other.
riga-latvia.t35.com /castles/castles.htm   (1894 words)

  
 Livonian Brothers of the Sword - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
LIVONIAN BROTHERS OF THE SWORD [Livonian Brothers of the Sword] or Livonian Knights, German military and religious order, founded in 1202 by Bishop Albert of Livonia for the purpose of conquest and Christianization in the Baltic lands.
They subdued the Livs, Ests, and Letts, whose territories, subsequently known as Livonia and Courland, became the domain of the order.
In 1236 the knights were severely defeated by the Lithuanians at Siauliai; as a result they merged (1237) with the Teutonic Order, but they continued to form a separate state.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-livonian.html   (251 words)

  
 WHKMLA : Livonian War, 1558-1582
The political constitution of Livonia, both the Livonian Order and the Livonian bishoprics, were now questioned; the Livonian Order, for decades, had suffered a sharp decline in their ranks, seriously affecting its ability to defend the country.
The Livonian War is a complex affair, involving four foreign entities - Russia, Poland-Lithuania, Sweden and Denmark, as well as political elements within Livonia aiming at securing protection for themselves - Reval, Ösel, Riga, the Estates of (smaller) Livonia and the last grand master.
Militarily the war began with a Russian invasion in 1558; the Livonian Order no longer was capable of defending the country; Russian troops occupied and held Narva and Dorpat (modern Tartu) and threatened the rest.
www.zum.de /whkmla/military/16cen/livonianwar.html   (624 words)

  
 Christianity in Lithuania
The Order of the Knights of the Sword (Der Orden der Schwertbrueder) reached Livonia in the XII century.
In 1186, Hartwig, the Archbishop of Bremen, consecrated Bishop Meinhardt of Uexkuel.
Emperor Friedrich II the Hohenstauffen donated to the Order the territories of Courland, Lithuania, and Zemgallia.
www.lituanus.org /1988/88_3_02.htm   (3914 words)

  
 Tour to Cesis
In the 13-15th century the castle was a residence of the Livonian order's grandmasters and played an important role in the history of Baltic region.
In the early Middle Ages it was a residence of the mighty grandmaster of Livonian order.
To be initiated into the knights of the order, one had to stand difficult tests and make four solemn vows - obedience, purity, poverty and battle against the pagans in the name of Christ.
www.riga-hotels.net /tours/cesis-tour.htm   (542 words)

  
 WHKMLA : History of Livonia 1199-1346
The land was partitioned and a patchwork of territories emerged - the prince-bishoprics of Riga, of Oesel-Wiek, of Dorpat and Pilten, the free city of Riga, the territory of the cathedral chapter at Riga and domains of individual knights.
In 1237 the Livonian and the Teutonic Order formed a federation, in which the Livonian Order was the junior partner.
As opposed to the Teutonic Order which fought the pagan Prussians but only slowly extended it's frontier, careful not to eliminate the existence of a pagan community and thus an excuse to stage further 'crusades' which attracted knights from as far as Aquitaine, the Livonian Order in the early 13th century had conquered it's sphere.
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/livonia11991346.html   (490 words)

  
 From the History of Samogitia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
On 12 October, 1398 on a island on the Nemunas’ the Grand Duke Vytautas concluded a treaty (Island treaty) with the Order of the Cross.
However the Order ruled the Samogitians only until 1401 when Vytautas according to the Vilnius and Radom deeds was formally granted the title of a Grand Duke of Lithuania.
The same year the Samogitians revolted and destroyed two castles built by the Order and all the Order could do was to resort to battles as before.
daugenis.mch.mii.lt /Samogitia/ISTORIJA/istorija.en.htm   (1971 words)

  
 [No title]
The Livonian Crusade succeeded where the crusade to the Holy Land had failed; though the two crusades shared several similarities, the most important was that both were expansive in their early years and evolved into defensive wars with significant periods of peace between conflicts.
Their new homeland was defended by a religious-military order which not only failed to command dependable support from German political rulers and the papacy, but in fact was often opposed by the leaders of Christendom.
Although the converts were apparently better treated and more carefully protected by the Livonian Order than by the secular vassals in the episcopal lands and in Estonia, they were kept in a subjugation that allowed little opportunity for personal advancement or improvement.
department.monm.edu /history/urban/books/Livonian_Crusade_Summary.htm   (3448 words)

  
 History of Estonia - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
In 1217 the German crusading order of the Sword Brethren and their recently converted allies won a major battle in which the Estonian commander Lembitu was killed.
The territory was then divided between the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order, the Bishopric of Dorpat and the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek.
1560 Ivan the Terrible decimated the Livonian Order in the Battle of Ergeme.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/History_of_Estonia   (4733 words)

  
 Teutonic Order   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Although the order gave one-third of the conquered territory to the church and granted a large degree of autonomy to the newly developing towns in the area, it easily became the dominant power in Prussia.
In 1237, less than two years before Hermann von Salza's death, the Order of the Brothers of the Sword (Schwertbrüderorden), also known as the Knights of the Sword, or the Livonian Order (founded 1202), was made a branch of the Teutonic Order, its head becoming Landmeister of Livonia.
Currently the headquarters of the order are in Vienna (Singerstrasse 7), where it maintains a church and an archives of the order.
www.thelatinlibrary.com /imperialism/notes/teutonicknights.html   (1279 words)

  
 Cesis (Wenden) is second oldest city in Latvia and this weekend 795 year aniversary was celebrated
Livonian Order began construction of a castle (Wenden) near the hill fort in 1209.
The centre of housing was the stone castle of the Livonian Order with its three fortified forecastles.
Livonian: Vǟnta) is a city in northwestern Latvia on the coast of the
wanclik.free.fr /Cesis.htm   (2513 words)

  
 HighBeam Encyclopedia – Free Online Encyclopedia for Reference, Research, Facts
The old section, or Hansa town, of Riga is circled by a park-lined moat and includes the ancient castle of the Livonian Knights (rebuilt at various periods), the 13th-century Lutheran cathedral (rebuilt 16th cent.), and the Parliament building (19th cent.).
Bishop Albert of Livonia transferred his seat there in 1201 and founded the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, or Livonian Knights, a German military religious order whose mission was to spread Christianity in the Baltic region.
After the dissolution of the Livonian Order in 1561, Riga was briefly independent and then passed (1581) to Poland, despite attempts by Ivan IV of Russia to seize it.
www.encyclopedia.com /printable.aspx?id=1E1:Riga   (620 words)

  
 Juhan Kreem   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
In connection with the inner weakness of the Livonian confederation, its foreign relations, and especially in the sixteenth century were studied.
The outbreak of the Livonian war in 1558 and the dissolution of the earlier political structures by 1561, generated the search for the guilty party in history-writing.
The developments in the study of the Teutonic Order which took place in Germany in the sixties, when the Order as a phenomenon became an object of study, have not found their counterpart in Estonia.
www.ceu.hu /medstud/events/ev004/kreem.htm   (1170 words)

  
 HISTORY of Lithuania
In 1200 AD the Knights of The Sword Order, also known as Livonian Order, established themselves at the mouth of river Dauguva (presently Riga) and quickly conquered Livians, Latvians, Coronians and Estonians.
After the defeat of the Livonian Order by the Samogitians under their Duke Treniota, Mindaugas, eying further expansion of his domains, became receptive to Treniotas’ urging to revert to paganism and form alliance to fight the Order.
The defense of the Lithuania-proper against the onslaught of the Orders determined to occupy Samogitia and establish the themselves on the right bank of river Nemunas, fell on Kestutis, while Algirdas was relatively free to continue to pursue his father’s expansionist strategy east and south.
www.vaitasassociates.com /history.htm   (1153 words)

  
 Central Europe Review - Defender of a Small Nation
Perhaps those interested in history have heard about the Livonian War, the Knights of the Livonian Order and the geopolitical formation called Livonia, which was located on the territory that now makes up Estonia and Latvia during the Middle Ages.
Her parents were very actively involved in reviving Livonian folklore and, together with their children, took part in the work of the Skandinieki folk ensemble.
The fate of Livonians can also act as a warning to the relatively bigger Baltic nations, who are still in danger of losing their cultural identity, as they aspire to become members of the EU.
www.ce-review.org /00/27/jakobs27.html   (777 words)

  
 Lithuania
The Teutonic Order along with their brother Knights of the Livonian Order attack and destroy Kaunas castle and began a concerted campaign of attrition in the Samogitian territories.
An abortive revolt by the Samogitians was crushed by the Teutonic Order.
The Livonian Rhymed Chronicle records one such attack on a Livonian Order raiding party where the Knights were attacked in a marsh by dismounted cavalry and 'cut down like women'.
myweb.tiscali.co.uk /matthaywood/main/Lithuania.htm   (2935 words)

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