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Topic: Louis Althusser

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  Louis Althusser - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Althusser was born in French Algeria in the town of Birmendreïs, to a pied-noirs family.
Althusser believed that underlying Marx's discovery was a ground-breaking epistemology centred on the rejection of the dichotomy between subject and object, which makes his work incompatible with its antecedents.
Although Althusser's theories were born of an attempt to defend Communist orthodoxy, his manner of presenting Marxism reflected a move away from the intellectual isolation of the Stalinist era, and furthermore was symptomatic both of Marxism's growing academic respectability and of a push towards emphasising Marx's legacy as a philosopher rather than as an economist.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Louis_Althusser   (3434 words)

 NMEDIAC : Althusser, Ideology, and Theoretical Foundations: Theory and Communication
Althusser's theories of ideology and interpellation may be readily applied to the study of mass communication, in the context of perpetuation of hegemonic ideology via the mass media.
Louis Althusser, a soldier, philosopher, professor, writer, and ideological and political critic, was born in France in 1918.
Althusser (1998) states that there are no practices “except by and in an ideology”; (299), and individuals, believing they are "acting according to their beliefs," (299) insert their actions into practices governed by the rituals of particular ISAs.
www.ibiblio.org /nmediac/winter2004/gray.html   (6112 words)

 Louis Althusser Biography | World of Sociology
Louis Althusser was born at Birmandreis, Algeria (then a colony of France), October 16, 1918.
Althusser attempted to reconcile the views of French structuralism with those of Marxism by denying the primary role of the individual subject in the face of historically unfolding social structures.
Althusser's critique was partly in reaction to prevailing individualistic philosophies, as well as the increasingly embarrassing historical degenerations of the Marxist system under Stalin.
www.bookrags.com /biography/louis-althusser-soc   (889 words)

 Louis Althusser   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Louis Althusser was a French Marxist philosopher who saw Marxism as a science.
Althusser rejected two kinds of Marxist essentialism: economism (economic determinism) and humanism (in which social developments were seen as expressive of a pre-given human nature).
Born in 1918, Louis Althusser was one of the most influential French thinkers of the Post-war period.
home.earthlink.net /~potterama/Michele/projects/hyper/althusser.html   (169 words)

 Louis Althusser (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Althusser is commonly referred to as a structuralist Marxist, although his relationship to other schools of French structuralism is not a simple affiliation.
Althusser is most widely known as a theorist of ideology, and his best-known essay is Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses: Notes Toward an Investigation (available in several English volumes including Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays).
(Althusser's personal and professional relationship with Lacan was complex; the two were at times great friends and correspondents, at times enemies.) Several of Althusser's theoretical positions have remained very influential in Marxist philosophy, though he sometimes overstated his arguments deliberately in order to provoke controversy.
louis-althusser.kiwiki.homeip.net.cob-web.org:8888   (892 words)

 miserable althusser@hereinstead.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Althusser's special contribution was to remove Marxism altogether from the realm of history, politics and experience, and thereby to render it invulnerable to any criticism of the empirical sort.
Althusser was born in 1918, the eldest child of middle-class French parents in Algeria.
Althusser was reconstructing Marx to give his own life a shape with which he could live, and one that could stand respectable comparison with those of his father (a successful banker) and his wife (a Resistance fighter).
www.hereinstead.com /sys-tmpl/miserablealthusser   (3665 words)

 Louis Althusser   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Althusser was a life long member of the PCF in France and though attacking its humanism in the 1960s remained pretty much obedient to its demands which crystallised in 1966 requiring him to stay out of discussion of issues that involved questions of strategy.
Althusser maintains that the uniqueness of thought as content in Hegel, essentially the unity of content and form, means that the dialectic retains a fundamental simplicity.
According to Althusser this complex concrete totality is always presupposed by Marx and his method can not be understood as original development from the simple to the complex.
www.generation-online.org /p/palthusser.htm   (564 words)

 William S. Lewis - Louis Althusser and the Traditions of French Marxism - Reviewed by Bruce Baugh, Thompson Rivers ...
Although Althusser is very much the hero of this story, he does not enter the picture until chapter six; the first five chapters go through the history of the PCF and of French intellectual Marxism from 1920 (the founding of the PCF) to 1956.
Lewis goes on to describe and defend Althusser's Marxism, including the rather tricky business according to which economic practices, although "determining in the last instance," are not determining in all cases (172), and the "epistemological break" between Hegel and Marx, or between the young Marx and the mature Marx.
Althusser's theoretical moves are seen as necessary to avoid the teleological and ideological interpretations of Stalinist economic determinism and humanist Marxism, and to uncover Marx as the discoverer of a new science: Historical Materialism, a non-teleological analysis of the specific contradictions between different practices and different levels and modes of production within a given society.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=6864   (1874 words)

 Jobs, News and Views for All of Higher Education - Inside Higher Ed :: Thinking at the Limits   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It is the apartment of the philosopher Louis Althusser and his wife Hélène Rytman, on an evening in November, a quarter century ago.
Althusser’s philosophical work took as its starting point the need to question, and ultimately to dissolve, any notion that social structures and historical changes are the result of some basic human essence.
Althusser called this perspective “theoretical anti-humanism.” And for anyone who loathes such thinking, the standard quip is that he practiced his anti-humanism at home.
www.insidehighered.com /views/2005/12/07/mclemee   (2547 words)

 The Spectre of Hegel: Early Writings
Today, he is remembered as the scourge and severest critic of “humanist” or Hegelian Marxism, as the proponent of rigorously scientific socialism, and as the theorist who posited a sharp rupture — an epistemological break — between the early and the late Marx.
This collection of texts from the period 1945-1953 turns these interpretations of Althusser on their head: we discover that there was a “young Althusser” as well as the “mature Althusser” we are already familiar with.
Louis Althusser was born in Algeria in 1918 and died in Paris in 1990.
www.versobooks.com /books/ab/a-titles/althusser_hegel.shtml   (312 words)

 Louis Althusser (1918 - 1990)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Žižek follows Louis Althusser (among others) in jettisoning the Marxist equation: "ideology=false consciousness." Ideology, to all intents and purposes, is consciousness.
Knowing that we are being "lied" to is hardly the stuff of revolution when ideology isn't, and never has been, simply a matter of consciousness (cynicism, irony, and so on), of subject positions, but is the very stuff of everyday praxis itself.
Louis Pierre Althusser (October 16, 1918 - October 23, 1990) was a Marxist philosopher.
www.jahsonic.com /LouisAlthusser.html   (232 words)

 For Marx
This book contains the classic statements of Althusser's analysis of the young Marx and the importance of Feuerbach during this formative period, of his thesis of the 'epistemological break' between the early and the late Marx, and of his conception of dialectics, contradiction, and 'overdetermination'.
Since his death in 1990, Althusser's legacy has come under renewed examination and it is increasingly recognized that the influence of his ideas has been wider and deeper than previously thought: reading For Marx, in its audacity, originality and rigour, will explain why this impact was so significant.
Louis Althusser was born in Algeria in 1918 and died in France in 1990.
www.ou.edu /cas/psc/bookalthusser.htm   (483 words)

 THE GUILLOTINE: No 17: LOUIS ALTHUSSER Independent, The (London) - Find Articles
L ouis Althusser was, of modern times, undoubtedly the most influential of all Marxist political thinkers.
Althusser thus also had the bad luck to live just long enough to witness the dismantling of the Marxist ideology to which he had devoted his life.
In it, with quite breathtaking candour, Althusser related how little he had read of the great philosophers, not excluding Marx himself, and went on to admit that he filched most of his revolutionary theories from others.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19990502/ai_n14234170   (476 words)

 Philosophy of the Encounter
In the late 1970s and 1980s, Louis Althusser endured a period of intense mental instability during which he murdered his wife and was committed to a psychiatric hospital.
In his profound exploration of questions of determinism and contingency, Althusser developed a “philosophy of the encounter,” which he links to a hidden and subterranean tradition in the history of Western thought.
Louis Althusser taught political philosophy for many years at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, and was a leading intellectual in the French Communist Party.
www.versobooks.com /books/ab/a-titles/althusser_encounter.shtml   (189 words)

 NYU Press
A rebel against the Catholic tradition in which he was raised, Althusser studied philosophy and later joined both the faculty of the Ecole normal superieure and the French Communist Party in 1948.
Viewed as a "structuralist Marxist," Althusser was as much admired for his independence of intellect as he was for his rigorous defense of Marx.
Louis Althusser (1918-1990) took his degree in philosophy in the Ecole Normale Supérieure and later became Secrétaire of the school.
www.nyupress.org /product_info.php?products_id=2298   (237 words)

 Althusser - a Critique : Competing Interpellations
Althusser is contrasting the manifest text with a latent text which is the result of the lapses, distortions, silences and absences in the manifest text.
Althusser stipulates the existence of two texts, manifest and hidden.
It is this cyclical nature of Althusser's teachings (ideologies interpellate in order to be able to interpellate) and his dogmatic approach (ideologies never fail) which doomed his otherwise brilliant observations to oblivion.
samvak.tripod.com /althusser.html   (2214 words)

 Louis Althusser Biography | Dictionary of Literary Biography
Louis Althusser was one of the most important Communist philosophers of the late twentieth century.
Although Althusser objected to what he saw as the mechanical economism of Communist Party orthodoxy under Stalin, he wished to retain the scientificity of Marxist thought, seeing Marxism not as simply an outgrowth of nineteenth-century German philosophy, but as a new science of history and society in its own right.
In his work, Althusser borrowed from some of the most interesting and inventive theorists of the twentieth century.
www.bookrags.com /biography/louis-althusser-dlb   (202 words)

Louis Althusser and Etienne Balibar survey the connectivity between the economic spaces of consumption, distribution, and production in Reading Capital.
Marx, as interpreted in Althusser, makes the evaluative statement that " the economic ownership of the means of production is not so much a legal 'right' to them (means of production) as the power to consume them productively...
A psychic dislocation occurs between what consumer buy and where real agency or ownership is to be found, because those with the power to possess significantly the means of production or property encourage non-real consumption, image consumption instead of tangible consumption.
www.louisville.edu /a-s/english/babo/wills/wills691lralthusser.html   (417 words)

 Epic - blended learning and knowledge solutions
Despite the rather sad end to his life - he murdred his wife and spent his last years in an asylum, Althusser, born in Algiers attempted to reconcile Marxism with structuralism.
Like Gramsci, Althusser saw education as the means by which the class system perpetuates itself, stratifying people into workers, the petty bourgeoisie and capitalists.
With Althusser, Marxist theory in education had run its course.
www.epic.co.uk /content/resources/email_newsletter/Althusser.htm   (327 words)

 Shakespeare Links: AUTHORS A-L
This essay explores Althusser's contribution to literary studies and examines the flaws in Althusser's concept of ideology.
This review of Althusser's autobiography by Professor Tony Judt provides an insightful look at the troubled man from his childhood to his death in Paris.
This essay compares Althusser's theory of ideology to Kierkegaard's struggle to understand standard practices of the Christian faith.
www.shakespeare-online.com /links/msub-authors1.html   (1571 words)

 Writings on Psychoanalysis: Freud and Lacan:0231101686:Althusser, Louis; Corpet, Olivier; Matheron, Francois; Mehlman, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
A prominent member of the French structuralist movement, Louis Althusser was influential for reinvigorating Marxist thought in France in the 196Os with celebrated works such as For Marx and Reading Capital.
Characterizing Lacan as a "magnificent and pitiful Harlequin", the 'open letter' relates Althusser's untimely outburst at that assembly and the "spectacular and violent intervention he subsequently made in the presence of Lacan".
The volume closes with the correspondence between Althusser and Lacan, detailing their first and last meetings with each other and the launching of one of the central alliances of contemporary French thought.
www.ecampus.com /bk_detail.asp?isbn=0231101686   (282 words)

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