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Topic: Low Countries

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In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  Low Countries - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers.
Before early modern nation building, the Low Countries referred to a wide area of northern Europe roughly stretching from Dunkirk at its southwestern point to the area of Schleswig-Holstein at its northeastern point, from the estuary of the Scheldt in the south to Frisia in the north.
The Low Countries were the scene of the early northern towns, built from scratch rather than developed from ancient centres, that mark the reawakening of Europe in the 12th century.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Low_Countries   (636 words)

All the countries in Western Europe and a majority of the countries in Northern and Southern Europe exhibited a rise in the mean age at childbearing, while among the countries in Eastern Europe, only the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland showed a rise in the mean age at childbearing.
It is important to note that the countries with a larger percentage decline in the annual number of births had shown a faster decline in their total fertility during this period.
Very low and constant fertility prevailing in many of those low-fertility countries has become a serious concern not only that there is a fear of depopulation but also its implications towards the social and economic burden to support the elderly population.
www.un.org /esa/population/pubsarchive/gubhaju/lowfert.htm   (7512 words)

 Low Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the Countries (see "Country") on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers.
Prior to early modern nationbuilding, the Low Countries referred to a wide area of northern Europe roughly stretching from Dunkirk at its south-western point to the area of Schleswig-Holstein at its north-eastern point, from the estuary of the Scheldt in the south to Frisia in the north.
The Low Countries were the scene of the early northern towns, built from scratch rather than developed from ancient centers, that mark the reawakening of Europe in the 12th century.
low-countries.iqnaut.net   (365 words)

 Education Levels Rising in OECD Countries but Low Attainment Still Hampers Some   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Low educational attainment concerns more young males than females in 19 out of the 27 countries for which statistics are available, and particularly in Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain (Table C5.1).
They also stand a stronger chance of finding jobs: on average in OECD countries, around 89% of men and 78% of women with university degrees are in employment, compared with around 84% of men and 63% of women who ended their education at secondary level (Table A10.1a).
In all countries with available data, the returns for tertiary education are well in excess of the potential rate of return on investing the money represented by the cost of undertaking a university course.
www.oecd.org /document/31/0,2340,en_2649_34515_33710751_1_1_1_1,00.html   (1323 words)

 Low Countries, 1000–1400 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Situated on the North Sea, the Low Countries are in the cultural and political orbit of France and Germany.
The Holy Roman Empire's hold on the Low Countries weakens as the Ghibellines and the Guelphs, opposing aristocratic factions in Italy, struggle for the imperial throne.
The Low Countries are plunged into the conflict as both groups look for aid there.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/07/euwl/ht07euwl.htm   (1284 words)

 The Low Countries: The Netherlands
This is the vision of the Low Countries propagated throughout the world in the work of their painters, and thus did the foreigner learn to comprehend that completely distinct world where the spirit of man is drawn towards the far distance, beyond the horizon, where land, sky, water, and cloud appear to merge into one.
This low country is no Arcadian pasture land, benignly and generously spilling from its lap all that man and beast require.
Hence it is that the inhabitants of the Low Countries are a distinctive type of people-tough, tenacious, and taciturn, preoccupied with their own small individual affairs, yet with their gaze directed towards the far, misty horizon with an inner yearning for what lies beyond.
madeinatlantis.com /amsterdam/low_countries_netherlands.htm   (787 words)

 Developing country - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The application of the term developing country to all of the world's less developed countries could be considered inappropriate: a number of poor countries are not improving their economic situation (as the term implies), but have experienced prolonged periods of economic decline.
The term "developing country" refers mainly to countries with low levels of economic development, but this is usually closely associated with social development, in terms of education, healthcare, life expectancy, etc. The term generally implies an inferiority of the developing countries.
Countries with an economy consistently and fairly strongly developing over a longer period (People's Republic of China excluding Hong Kong and Macau which are developed, Mexico, Brazil, Pakistan, India, South Africa, Turkey, the Philippines, Egypt, much of South America, several of the Persian Gulf Arab States, Malaysia, Thailand, the former Warsaw Pact, etc.).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Developing_countries   (919 words)

 The Low Countries: Situating the Low Countries
The Spanish and later on Austrian Netherlands denote that Southern part of the Low Countries, which came under the ruling of the king of Spain, and later went over to Austria, in the 17th and 18th century.
Five different languages are spoken in the Low Countries: Dutch in almost the whole of the Netherlands, in Flanders and in French-Flanders; French in Wallonia, Luxembourg and French-Flanders; Frisian in Fryslân (Frisia); German in the German-speaking Community in Belgium and Luxembourg; and Lëtzeburgue in Luxembourg.
After its division by the treaty of erdun in 843, the Low Countries mainly became part of Lorraine, except for Flanders, which was a part of the Western Francian Empire.
home.online.no /~vlaenen/low_countries/sit.htm   (660 words)

 Low Countries - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Low Countries, term commonly used for the countries of Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, so named because of their location at or slightly...
Netherlands, The, a small country in northwestern Europe that faces the North Sea.
It is the largest of the Low Countries, which also include Belgium...
encarta.msn.com /Low_Countries.html   (146 words)

 Renewing the IMF's Commitment to Low-Income Countries, Speech by Rodrigo de Rato, Managing Director of the ...
The Fund is strongly committed to our low-income country members and to the international effort to reduce poverty: this is one of the most important areas of our work, and one where the stakes are very high.
And low-income countries as well as clearly underrepresented emerging markets have reason to be concerned about their voice and representation in the Fund.
A number of countries in Asia and Latin America are now well-positioned to meet the income poverty goal, and although less progress has been made in sub-Saharan Africa, macroeconomic outcomes have improved in many countries.
www.imf.org /external/np/speeches/2006/073106.htm   (3394 words)

 Evaluation of World Bank's Support for Low Income Countries Under Stress | Home
Concern is growing about the ability of these countries to reach development goals as well as about the adverse economic effects they have on neighboring countries and the global spillovers that may follow.
Poor governance and extended internal conflicts are common among these countries, which all face similar hurdles: weak security, fractured societal relations, corruption,breakdown in the rule of law, and lack of mechanisms for generating legitimate power and authority.
These 25 countries have a number of similarities: their infant mortality rate is a third higher than that of other low-income countries, life expectancy is 12 years lower, and their maternal mortality rate is about 20 percent higher.
www.worldbank.org /ieg/licus   (749 words)

 Economy and Society of the Low Countries before 1850
The history of the Low Countries in the pre-industrial period yields a wealth of information on social and economic change.
Moreover, research will include the development of both rural-urban and regional interaction within the Low Countries, and the measurement of economic performance through a reconstruction of national accounts from the 15th century onwards.
The economy of the Low Countries is a principal case study in the international debate on economic growth and development before 1850.
www.iisg.nl /~lowcountries/program.html   (700 words)

 Low Countries, 1400–1600 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The greater part of this period is marked by economic prosperity, the growth of cities, and prodigious artistic innovation in the Low Countries.
In the latter years of the sixteenth century, however, countless works of art are destroyed as the Low Countries engage in a series of bloody conflicts with Spanish Habsburg rulers.
At this time, Brussels is the de facto capital of the Low Countries, and Bernaert van Orley, a native of Brussels, is court painter to both Margaret and Mary.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/08/euwl/ht08euwl.htm   (2157 words)

 Small yet Significant - The Low Countries
The Low Countries - the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg have, despite their small size, played a significant role in European and world history, the latter mainly through their colonial possessions and its after effect - the immigration of the former colonies' inhabitants into Europe.
The story of these remarkable Low Countries is therefore of interest in comparative values, and, like many European countries, does much to destroy the "environmental" theory of the advancement of nations.
The country was devastated as a result, and the situation was only slightly improved when it was given a small piece of Germany by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 as compensation.
www.white-history.com /hwr30.htm   (3177 words)

 Factsheet - How the IMF Helps Poor Countries
One-hundred and sixteen of every 1000 children born in low-income countries die before reaching the age of five, the majority from malnutrition or disease that is readily preventable in high-income countries.
A PRSP is prepared by the government of a low-income country, in concert with civil society and development partners such as the IMF and World Bank, to describe the policies that will be employed to promote growth and reduce poverty in the country.
The IMF also uses the surveillance process to encourage developed countries to live up to their pledges toward the MDGs—especially, the long-standing target of 0.7 percent of GNP of official development assistance, and the need to reduce subsidies and other barriers to trade in order to improve access to their markets for low-income country exports.
www.imf.org /external/np/exr/facts/poor.htm   (1078 words)

 Globi Neerlandici - The production of globes in the Low Countries
This sort of globe first appeared in the nineteenth century, and as far as is known was never made in the Low Countries.
By the Low Countries, we mean those provinces which in the middle of the sixteenth century were ruled by Charles V and were then known as the Seventeen Provinces.
The manufacture of globes in the Low Countries began in the early sixteenth century, and continued to the end of the nineteenth century.
www.maphist.com /artman/publish/article_112.shtml   (4656 words)

 Low Countries - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Low Countries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The united provinces of the Low Countries, in their government, excel; for where there is an equality, the consultations are more indifferent, and the payments and tributes, more cheerful.
Some of them, indeed, by their services in the Low Countries and on other fields of European warfare, had fairly won their title to assume the name and pomp of soldiership.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
www.encyclopedia.farlex.com /Low+Countries   (206 words)

 Low Countries Intro
Low Countries Studies is a post academic acculturation programme for exchange students and other foreign students and researchers who are already at Ghent University and who want to learn more about Flanders, Belgium and the Netherlands.
This website of Low Countries Studies provides all the information on the postacademic programme as it is known on the date the site was last updated.
Exchange students need to establish their status as exchange students through the International Relations Office first and that entitles them to a student number and student card, but afterwards you also need to register specifically for Low Countries Studies at the Rectorate, otherwise you will not be able to receive a certificate.
www.lowcountries.ugent.be /intro.htm   (687 words)

 Columbia Encyclopedia- Low Countries - AOL Research & Learn
The northern parts of the Netherlands and Belgium form a low plain bordering on the North Sea, but S Belgium and Luxembourg are part of the Ardennes plateau.
The name Low Countries is a political and historic term rather than a strictly geographic concept.
For a history of the Low Countries, see articles on the individual nations and provinces (e.g., Flanders; Brabant, duchy of; Holland).
reference.aol.com /columbia/_a/low-countries/20051206203009990024   (135 words)

 Women Mystics of Germany and the Low Countries in the 14th c.
Women Mystics of Germany and the Low Countries in the 14th c.
Intense fasting was particularly common among women in Germany and the Low Countries, especially during adolescence.
women mystics of germany and the low countries in the 13th c.
www.suite101.com /article.cfm/church_history/21870/2   (233 words)

 Data - Country Classification
 countries are those that had a per capita income in 2005 of less than $1,025 and lack the financial ability to borrow from 
 countries are eligible for IDA loans because of their low per capita incomes but are also eligible for IBRD loans because they are financially creditworthy.
These official analytical classifications are fixed during the World Bank's fiscal year (ending on 30 June), thus countries remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita income data. Taiwan, China is also included in high income.
web.worldbank.org /WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20420458~menuPK:64133156~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html   (424 words)

 low-density countries
In some of these countries the situation has changed radically, compared to a few years ago – or there are strong changes, indicating that growth may be on its way.
Three of these countries, though they are still far below the world average, are no longer in the depth of “low density” that remains a problem in a large part of the world.
Internet activity in Congo is extremely low, and it’s even worse in Ethiopia, where the number of hosts appears to have decreased from 78 in 1998 to 9 in 2003.
www.gandalf.it /data/lowdens.htm   (1442 words)

 Corning Museum of Glass | Beyond Venice | Low Countries
By blowing into the dragon’s mouth, the drinker caused the paddle wheel to rotate, and he or she had to empty the glass before it stopped.
P.” identifies the subject as Margaret of Austria (1522—1586), who was regent of the Low Countries from 1559 to 1567 and from 1580 to 1583.
Low Countries, perhaps Antwerp, late 16th to early 17th century
www.cmog.org /index.asp?pageId=997   (243 words)

 Economy and Society of the Low Countries in the Pre-industrial Period
Paper presented to the second Dutch-Flemish Conference on The Economy and Society of the Low Countries in the Pre-Industrial Period.
This research program, sponsored by the N.W. Posthumus Institute, unites Dutch and Flemish historians studying the economy and society of the Low Countries before 1850.
The program aims to stimulate scholarly exchange and to put forward the Low Countries as a principal case study in international debates on economic and social change in pre-industrial Europe.
www.lowcountries.nl   (123 words)

 Fondad publication - Helping the Poor? The IMF and Low-Income Countries
However, given the lack of scientific consensus about the causes of growth, member countries need to be encouraged to formulate their own develop­ment strategies that the IMF can then endorse, monitor and support”.
Development assistance shifted in the 1980s from financing investment to promoting policy reform, since it was believed that low-income countries were held back more by weak policies than by lack of finance for investment.
Various authors conclude that the IMF should adapt its conditionality to the needs of the low-income countries, support capacity building geared at greater empowerment of the borrowing countries and focus on longer-term planning and pro-poor macroeconomic frameworks.
www.fondad.org /publications/helpingpoor/contents.htm   (739 words)

 Rotary International: Ambassadorial Scholarships: Scholarships Fund Pool for Low-Income Countries
These scholarships will be awarded exclusively to approximately 32 candidates from low-income countries (see bottom of page), regardless of whether their district contributed to the fund.
Each low-income district and low-income country within a district will be invited to submit one application to The Rotary Foundation.
Refer to the list of low-income countries and geographical areas in the Rotary Grants for University Teachers section for more specific regional and country data.
rotary.org /foundation/educational/amb_scho/prospect/award/lowinc.html   (417 words)

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