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Topic: Lower house

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In the News (Tue 16 Apr 19)

  House of Representatives of Japan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The House of Councillors of Japan is the upper house.
If a bill is passed by the lower house, the House of Representatives, but is voted down by the upper house, the House of Councillors, the House of Representatives can override the decision of the other chamber by a two-thirds vote in the affirmative.
Thus the House of Representatives is considered to be more sensitive to public opinion, and is termed the "lower house." This term is also a legacy of the 1889 Meiji Constitution, when the House of Peers functioned as an aristocratic upper house in a format similar to the Westminster system of the time.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/House_of_Representatives_of_Japan   (480 words)

 Lower house - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The supremacy of the lower house usually arises from special restrictions placed (either explicitly by legislation or implicitly by convention) on the powers of the upper house, which often can only delay rather than veto legislation or has less control over money bills.
Under parliamentary systems it is usually the lower house alone that designates the head of government or prime minister, and may remove them through a vote of no confidence.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lower_house   (276 words)

 Encyclopedia: Lower house
An upper house (Frequently known as a Senate) is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house.
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, whose upper house is the United States Senate.
The House Committee on Rules is particularly powerful because each bill submitted to the floor of the house must have a rule assigned by the committee which limits the amount of debate and more importantly specifies what amendments can or cannot be allowed in the course of the debate.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Lower-house   (640 words)

 House of Commons - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The House of Commons was created to serve as the political outlet for this "commons" class, while the elite estates were represented in the House of Lords.
The House of Commons was thus elected by the people while members of the upper house were appointed on the basis of various forms of merit, such as family lineage or service to the realm.
States with a House of Commons base their democratic systems upon this original British house of parliament (it is thus occasionally called "the mother of parliaments").
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/House_of_Commons   (333 words)

 Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.2, Entry 159, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: Library of Economics and Liberty
The house of representatives is certainly a popular house, but not the popular house in contradistinction to the senate, as the house of commons is in contradistinction to the house of lords.
Nevertheless, the greater number of members in the house, their comparative brevity of service (two years, as compared with six in the senate), and the consequent consciousness of inexperience in many of the members, has always put the house at somewhat of a disadvantage when it has undertaken to run counter to the senate.
The principal officers of the house are the speaker, the clerk, the sergeant-at-arms, the doorkeeper, the postmaster, and the chaplain.
www.econlib.org /library/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy550.html   (1371 words)

 Jordan Times (Home News Section)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Out of the 110 Lower House members, 70 deputies were present at the scheduled time for the session.
The House waited for half an hour, the required period of time in accordance with the House rules, but the needed additional deputies did not arrive.
The House was scheduled to ratify several international agreements between Jordan and Arab countries, including an amendment to the Riyadh Judicial Agreement, extradition treaties with Algeria and Kuwait, as well as a settlement to a commercial dispute with the latter country.
www.jordantimes.com /thu/homenews/homenews9.htm   (381 words)

 Jordan - Government - The Legislative Branch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A bill approved by the House of Deputies is passed on by the House Speaker (an elected official) to the Senate for debate and a vote.
The House of Deputies is also entitled to submit a vote of no-confidence in the government (the Council of Ministers or one of its members).
The Upper House of Parliament, or the Senate, is viewed as an extension of the king’s legislative powers because it is appointed by the king and enjoys his confidence.
www.kinghussein.gov.jo /government3.html   (628 words)

 Lower House Farm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In 1860 Lower House Farm was 'enfranchised' by the Bishop and sold to Edward Griffiths, a former tenant.
The walls of the house are made from a oak frame in-filled with panels of wattle (a woven mat of oak strips) and daub (a mixture of straw, dung and mud).
Lower House Farm supports this theory as the timber beams clearly show signs of warping, i.e.
www.wildlifetrust.org.uk /hereford/lhf.htm   (448 words)

 Newman Reader - Convocation of Canterbury - Chapter 2
Thus, the Lower House, in its origin, had no independent existence, being a mere appendage to the Upper, separated off from it for convenience, sent out from it to debate on this or that question specially submitted to it, and recalled at the President's pleasure to report the opinions and advice of its members.
Accordingly, to this parallel the champions of the Lower House had recourse, in order to establish their independence; while the Bishops appealed first to the original state of the Convocation, next to the principles of episcopacy and the precedents of primitive Synods.
But the main object coveted by the Lower House was the power of originating measures, and, in 1689, they had ventured to exercise it, when they made a representation to the Bishops about some of the latitudinarian and scandalous books of the day.
www.newmanreader.org /works/historical/volume3/canterbury/chapter2.html   (2618 words)

 UNI : Lower house narrowly approves plans to privatise Japan Post
The lower house of Parliament has narrowly approved plans to privatise Japan's postal service which will mean that Japan Post will be split up into four entities in 2007 namely Savings, Insurance, Postal Services and Personnel and Property Management.
The lower house voted 233 for and 228 against the privatisation.
If the Upper House rejects the bills, they will be sent back to the Lower House for a second vote, which then will be decisive.
www.union-network.org /unipostal.nsf/1/E96B2B76813B8246C12570350045F6E5?OpenDocument   (132 words)

 guest house accommodation near Ludlow bed and breakfast, near ludlow, Ludlow, Ludlow Festival, ludlow festival, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lower House is ideal for visitors seeking peace and tranquillity.
Lower house is inspected annually by the English Tourism Council and has been awarded 4 Diamonds, Silver Award.
As Lower House is not licensed, guests are welcome to bring their own wine.
www.sy7.com /lowerhouse   (359 words)

 Lower House again rejects cancelling Article 340 of Penal Code   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
AMMAN — The Lower House on Wednesday rejected for the second time in two months the government's proposal suggesting the cancellation of Article 340 of the Jordanian Penal Code which offers leniency to killers in crimes of honour.
In a quiet three-minute debate, several deputies insisted that the entire Parliament had voted once with a sweeping majority to reject the proposal, and that the House was not prepared to discuss it again.
Speaker of the House Abdul Hadi Majali called for a vote on further discussion of the bill.
www.jordanembassyus.org /01272000001.htm   (607 words)

 Australian Government:The Commonwealth Legislature - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks
The Parliament of Australia is a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Representatives (the "lower house") and the Senate (the "upper house" or "house of review").
The 150 members of the house are elected from single-member geographic districts (popularly known as "seats" but officially known as "Commonwealth Electoral Divisions") which are intended to represent reasonably contiguous regions, with relatively equal population in each of about 80 000 people.
By convention, the party or coalition in the lower house with a majority is invited by the Governor-General to form government, and thus the leader of the party in the lower house becomes the Prime Minister of Australia and his senior colleagues ministers responsible for various government departments.
en.wikibooks.org /wiki/Australian_Government:The_Commonwealth_Legislature   (1207 words)

 Format Document
All House employees shall be under the immediate direction of the Speaker of the House, who shall have the power to designate the person who shall be in immediate supervision of the different departments.
Employees of the House are prohibited from lobbying during the term of their employment, and a violation of this Rule will be sufficient cause for the summary discharge of the offending employee.
No person shall be employed as a House employee who is an agent for the prosecution of any claim against the state or who is interested in such claim otherwise than as an original claimant and it shall be the duty of the Speaker to report to the House any violation of this Rule.
www.azleg.state.az.us /formatdocument.asp?indoc=/members/46leg/hrules.htm   (8123 words)

 [House Aspis, Lower Lounge]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Should the committee determine that there is not a mage in the house willing or able to fulfill the duties of house mage, they must obtain the consent of the house voting council before seeking nonmember candidates.
The House Mage shall be responsible for overseeing the use of the Argent Aspis Workshop.
The House Mage will collect payment due when delivering the enchanted item and pay the agreed percentage of the house profits to the Treasurers each month with his or her monthly report.
www.geocities.com /argentaspis/lowerlounge_desc.html   (1931 words)

 The Japan Times Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
At stake in the election are 480 seats in the Lower House and the fate of the Liberal Democratic Party-led ruling coalition, with the Democratic Party of Japan, the No. 1 opposition force, hoping to unseat the Koizumi administration.
The general election of the Lower House, which elects the prime minister, is the first since Koizumi took office in April 2001.
The last general election of the Lower House was held in June 2000, under Koizumi's predecessor, Yoshiro Mori.
www.japantimes.co.jp /cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20031011a1.htm   (890 words)

 Maaytah wins Lower House election   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
House Speaker Abdul Hadi Majali announced the result, saying that out of the 72 MPs who voted in the fourth round, two deputies cast blank ballots and one abstained.
She is not only the second woman since 1989 to hold a House seat, but she, like her female predecessor Toujan Faisal, represents the Third District of Amman.
The government had informed the House that it would not be expedient to hold public elections to fill the vacated seat and requested that the Chamber conduct internal elections, sparking a debate as to the constitutionality of the government decision.
www.jordanembassyus.org /03212001006.htm   (418 words)

 Japan Policy & Politics: 2ND LD: Lower house clears 81.79 tril. yen FY 2003 budget
The House of Representatives passed an 81.79 trillion yen state budget for fiscal 2003 on Tuesday afternoon, ensuring it will be enacted in time for the new fiscal year starting April 1.
The Constitution allows a state budget approved by the lower house to be automatically enacted even if the upper house fails to act on it within 30 days after it clears the lower house.
The premier also said he was relieved that the lower house's passage of the budget bill has ensured that a supplementary budget for fiscal 2002 and the full-year budget for the following year will be implemented without discontinuation.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0XPQ/is_2003_March_10/ai_98545582   (737 words)

 Thirty-Thousand.org - Legislatures Around the World
The U.S. legislature is bicameral, comprised of the Senate (the “upper house”) and the House of Representatives (the “lower house”).
At 319,000, their House districts are less than half the size of ours.
Bicameral legislatures consist of an “upper house” and a “lower house”.
www.thirty-thousand.org /pages/world.htm   (386 words)

 CNN - Japan's lower house of Parliament selects Obuchi as new prime minister - July 30, 1998
TOKYO (CNN) -- Japan's lower house of Parliament Thursday approved ruling party candidate Keizo Obuchi as the next prime minister, putting him on the threshold of power in a country suffering its worst recession in decades.
The upper house could elect opposition candidate Naoto Kan, who was the runner-up in the lower house with 164 votes, but the lower house, which is dominated by members of Obuchi's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), has the power to overrule the upper house, making Obuchi the virtual winner.
The party lost 13 seats in July 12 elections for the upper house, and the party's approval ratings are at an all-time low.
www.cnn.com /WORLD/asiapcf/9807/30/japan.politics.01   (845 words)

 Asia Times Online :: Japan News and Japanese Business and Economy
Since the Lower House narrowly passed the plans on July 5, Koizumi had been fighting an increasingly uphill struggle to gain the support of LDP members in the Upper House.
Koizumi sees dissolving the Lower House at an extremely inopportune time for the LDP as the only means he has to punish the anti-reformers within the LDP and renew the political system.
Despite a comfortable majority in the Lower House, the postal bills were only approved by a mere five ballots in a truly cliff-hanger vote.
www.atimes.com /atimes/Japan/GH09Dh01.html   (1658 words)

 The Lower House: Heroin Junkets
The outrageous behavior of its representatives on the floor of the house, where insults of every order are freely and openly traded, has cost the lower house any semblance of popular respect among the essentially honest, puritanical South Vietnamese peasants.
All lower house representatives implicated in the heroin and gold traffic are either present or past members of the Independence Bloc.
Representative Luyen was second deputy chairman of the lower house, chairman of the Asian Parliamentary Union, and had been chairman of the pro-Thieu Independence Bloc from 1967 to 1970 (he, too, was a North Vietnamese refugee).
www.drugtext.org /library/books/McCoy/book/44.htm   (1467 words)

 CNN - Obuchi wins vote in Japanese Parliament's lower house for prime minister - July 30, 1998
TOKYO (AP) -- Ruling party candidate Keizo Obuchi won the lower house of Parliament's vote for prime minister Thursday, all but guaranteeing he would take the helm of Japan's government as it struggles to pull the country out of its deepest recession in decades.
In a sign of the political divisions in Japan's government, however, the opposition-dominated upper house endorsed Kan as premier with 142 votes of the 245 votes counted.
Obuchi was almost certain to become prime minister, however, since the lower house has the power to overrule any upper house decision.
www.cnn.com /WORLD/asiapcf/9807/30/japan.politics.02   (899 words)

 MercoPress - Falklands-Malvinas & South Atlantic News
Paraguay's lower house unanimously rejected a bill passed by the Senate to refloat a program of privatizing state-owned enterprises that was halted three years ago in the face of protests as rekindled this week in the streets of the capital Asuncion
Rejection by the lower house, dominated by the ruling Colorado Party, means a new freeze for the process that was halted in mid-2002 by then-President Luis Gonzalez Macchi after a wave of popular protests.
After the vote in Congress, the peasants and workers moved to the Pantheon of Heroes a few streets away, where their leaders publicly called off the protests, which began on Monday with marches in the capital with periodic highway roadblocks in the rest of the country.
www.falkland-malvinas.com /Detalle.asp?NUM=5950   (618 words)

 Japanese Lower House elections
The 26-year-old daughter of the late former Prime Minister Obuchi, Yoshiro, was easily elected the the Lower House, despite the fact she acknowledges to not have the faintest idea about politics.
In total, 140 out of 500 seats in the old Lower House were such "inherited" mandates.
As long as the ruling coalition of the Liberal Democratic Party, New Komeito and New Conservative Party remains in power with 271 out of 480 seats in the Lower House, the political and economic mismanagement in Japan is unlikely to disappear.
www.cosmopolis.ch /english/cosmo8/japanelection.htm   (1062 words)

 hakone - gardens: lower house
It is an example of the organic architecture movement, popular at the time which emphasized the use of honest materials in their unaltered state.
The exterior of the Lower House was altered in 1980.
The front view of the house, the veranda was enclosed by glass shoji with faux lattice windows above the shoji and built into the redwood board siding.
www.hakone.com /gardens/lowerhouse.html   (195 words)

 Japan Policy & Politics: DPJ to win 308 lower house seats in simulation based on Sunday polls
But if the LDP and its governing coalition partner, the New Komeito party, were to cooperate in the lower house's single-seat constituencies to optimize their winning strategies, the ruling bloc would secure 320 seats overall, the calculations showed.
According to the test calculations, if the LDP were to tackle the lower house election on its own, it would lose in all of the single-seat district races in 15 prefectures, including Hokkaido, Tokyo and Osaka, and win only 68 seats in such constituencies nationwide.
For the single-seat constituencies, the party with the most votes was given ''victory'' in the respective districts, while seats allocated to parties in the proportional representation section was based on the d'Hondt formula, in proportion to the total number of votes cast for each party or its candidates.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0XPQ/is_2004_July_19/ai_n6280816   (738 words)

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