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Topic: Lowland Clearances

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  Highland Clearances - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Highland Clearances is a name given to the forced displacement of the population of the Scottish Highlands from their ancient ways of warrior clan subsistence farming, leading to mass emigration.
As in Ireland, the potato crop failed in the mid 19th century, and a widespread outbreak of cholera further weakened the Highland population.
Narratives in a Landscape: Monuments and Memories of the Sutherland Clearances dissertation on the landscape of the Clearances
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Highland_Clearances   (1542 words)

 Lowland Clearances - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Lowland Clearances in Scotland were one of the results of the British Agricultural Revolution, which changed the traditional system of agriculture which had existed in Lowland Scotland for hundreds of years.
Hundreds of thousands of cottars and tenant farmers from the southern counties of Scotland were forcibly moved from the farms and small holdings they had occupied.
Although the causes were different, the lowland Agricultural Revolution is being seen as the forerunner of the Highland Clearances, which started around the same time but continued to the 1870s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Lowland_Clearances   (331 words)

 Clearance Warehouse
Clearance rates are used by various criminal justice groups as a measure of crimes solved by the police.
The Highland Clearances were part of a process of agricultural change throughout the United Kingdom, but the late timing, the abruptness of the change from the Clan System in the Scottish Highlands and the brutality of many of the evictions gave the Highland Clearances particular notoriety.
Creatinine clearance is the amount of creatinine in the urine, divided by the concentration in the blood, over a certain amount of time.
www.artistbooking.com /trips/38/clearance-warehouse.html   (899 words)

 Scottish Lowlands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Confusingly, some parts of the Lowlands, such as the Southern Uplands are not physically 'low', and some sections of the Highlands, such as Islay are low-lying.
Orkney and Shetland are sometimes called 'lowland', mainly because of their current language, but have a separate identity derived from the Norse to the point of some islanders not considering themselves Scottish.
The term Scottish Lowlands is generally used mostly with reference to the Lowland Scots, Scottish history and the Scottish clan system, as well as in family history and genealogy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scottish_Lowlands   (266 words)

 Highland English - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Areas in the east of the Highlands often have substantial influence from Lowland Scots.
Speakers of Highland English, particularly those from areas which remain strongly Gaelic or have a more recent Gaelic speaking history, are often mistaken as being Irish by non-Highland Britons ; presumably as a result of the shared Gaelic influence upon the English of both areas.
A list of words that are unusual to Highland English, although these are sometimes shared with Scottish English in general, as well as Lowland Scots, and to other areas where Highlanders have emigrated in large numbers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Highland_English   (1002 words)

 BBC NEWS | Scotland | Scotland's forgotten clearances
Although evictions were not unknown, the Lowland clearances rarely involved teams of policemen and sheriff officers as they did in the Highlands and Islands nearly half a century later.
The Lowland and Highland clearances were driven by the same forces: the rapid rise in Scotland's population, the growth of commercialism and the awakening of a free market economy dedicated to the pursuit of profit.
The clearances were a Scottish phenomenon but they created two Scotlands: they helped transform the Lowlands into one of the most successful farming and industrial regions in Europe.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/scotland/3030889.stm   (1063 words)

 Tragic Highland Clearances, Chapter 1: the Beginnings
Thus, the country is still partially separated by language and culture, into English speaking Lowlands and Gaelic-speaking Highlands and Islands, though this division is not nearly as extreme as it was in the mid-eighteenth century.
Lowland Covenant (a predominantly Lowland religious belief) failure of the 17th century was also marked by the loyalty of the Scottish Clans to the Royal House of Stewart, a loyalty remarkable for surviving 25 years of neglect from London after the Restoration of the Monarchy.
Increasing Lowland pressure for full Union with England, was indeed fertile soil for Jacobitism in Scotland as the 18th century opened.
members.aol.com /Skyewrites/clear1.html   (3446 words)

 Lowland Scotland.
Tens of thousands of Lowlanders were moved from the land by estate owners who replaced them with livestock or enclosed fields of crops.
The Lowland Clearances also set in train the trend of depopulation which continues to affect Scotland to this day; the number of people who left the Lowlands during the agricultural revolution far exceeded the number exiled from the Highlands.
It does not deny the clearances in the Highlands and Islands but reflects pioneering historical research which establishes them as part of a wider process of clearance which affected the whole of Scotland.
www.visitdunkeld.com /lowland-scotland.htm   (240 words)

 The Lowland Clearances in Scotland - from the Monikie Website
It is in fact the events of the Lowland Clearances which, until now, have been an almost forgotten part of Scottish history.
Although the eradication of the population in the Lowlands was not as brutal as in the Highlands, it was just as decisive with an entire generation disappearing remarkably rapidly.
The first programme of 'The Lowland Clearances' was on BBC Radio Scotland on Sunday, 18th May 2003 at 11.05am.
www.monikie.org.uk /lowland-clearances.htm   (1153 words)

 Scottish Gaelic language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Land League was dissipated as a parliamentary force by the 1886 Crofters' Act and by the way the Liberal Party was seen to become supportive of Land League objectives.
Lowland Gaelic was spoken in the southern regions of Scotland prior to the introduction of Lowland Scots.
Irish Gaelic has also influenced Lowland Scots and English in Scotland, but it is not always easy to distinguish its influence from that of the Scottish variety.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scottish_Gaelic   (4805 words)

 Home Clearance
The 2005 Zimbabwe Home Clearances or Operation Restore Order is a supposed crackdown against illegal trading and illegal housing in Harare, Bulawayo and other urban areas conducted by the government of Zimbabwe, led by President Robert Mugabe.
The clearances have been condemned both by Zimbabwean opposition parties and by the wider international community.
The clearances were initiated by Robert Mugabe and the ruling ZANU-PF weeks after the disputed elections held there.
www.artistbooking.com /trips/80/home-clearance.html   (1182 words)

 The Skakagrall: Lowland clearances
Tom Devine, director of the Centre for Irish and Scottish Studies at Aberdeen University, is quoted at length on the Lowland Clearances, of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, by Leon McDermott in the Sunday Herald.
The Lowland Clearances caused more actual evictions than the Highland Clearances, but were more successful and left less bitterness, according to Devineand#8217;s analysis.
The Lowland Clearances caused more actual evictions than the Highland Clearances, but were more successful and left less bitterness, according to Devine’s analysis.
www.skakagrall.com /archives/000424lowland_clearances.html   (141 words)

 Lowland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia the lowland clearances in scotland were one of the results of the british agricultural revolution, which of agriculture which had existed in lowland scotland for hundreds of years
The puget lowland physiographic province consists of a broad, low lying region situated between the cascade range to the east and the olympic mountains and willapa hills to the west.
Lowland yachts have been built in zoeterwoude rijndijk, the netherlands, in dutch styles with either steel or aluminum hull construction.
www.sheepdoginfo.com /sheepdog/Lowland   (854 words)

 Tragic Highland Clearances, Chapter 2: the Early Evictions
But Lowland and Border folk were not subjected to the same degree of evictions and brutalisation that their Highland counterparts were about to receive.
Yes, many Lowland and Border folk were removed from the land too, but it was not generally enforced by press gangs and police swinging truncheons and clubs as occurred in the Highlands later on.
The Clearances proper fall into two main periods: A long period from 1785 to 1820, and a shorter one from 1842 to 1854.
members.aol.com /Skyewrites/clear2.html   (2649 words)

 Porteous Research Project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The Agricultural Revolution in Scotland began in the mid-eighteenth century with the improvements of the lowland farmland and the beginning of a transformation of Scottish agriculture from one of the most backward into what was to become the most modern and productive system in Europe.
Recent research is showing that the Agricultural Revolution led directly to what are now known as the Lowland Clearances, when hundreds of thousands of cottars and tenant farmers from the southern counties of Scotland were, in many cases, forcibly moved from the farms and small holdings they had occupied for hundreds of years.
However, in time, the improvements in agriculture in the Lowlands, the so-called Age of Improvement, led to a more stable and modern system of agricultural production which was to make Scotland the envy of Europe.
homepage.ntlworld.com /bruceporteous/research/lowland_clearances.html   (422 words)

 Scottish History - Summary Index
But there is a danger for a historian writing about ones own ancestors, who were, literally, purged from their own country as the Highlanders were.
Auld Scots is and has been spoken in Lowland Scotland for centuries, but when they write, it is generally in English.
The language gap or division was much more profound in older times, and played a bleak part in the great tragedy of the Highland Clearances, which left the Highlands void of most, possibly 85-90%, of its people, trees and forests...leaving vast areas bare and deserted even today.
www.scottish-history.com /clearances.shtml   (3414 words)

 Scottish people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not all of modern Scotland was Gaelic though, south-east of the Firth of Forth, that is, in Lothian and the Borders, as well as eastern Caithness and the Northern Isles, preserved the Germanic languages, English and Norse respectively, that had become entrenched in earlier centuries.
However, from 1200 to 1500, the lowland parts of Scotland between Galloway and the Highland line gradually became English-speaking, and from 1500 until recent years, Scotland was divided by language into two groups of people, commonly called "Highlanders" (Gaelic-speakers) and "Lowlanders" (Scots-speakers).
Following rebellions in Scotland, involving invasions of England, there were attempts by the English and lowland Scots, to "anglicise" Scottish culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Scottish_people   (1223 words)

 The Lowland Clearances
"The Lowland Clearances": The Book, by Peter Aitchison and Andrew Cassell -- more of the data that was gathered for the acclaimed three-part BBC Radio Scotland Series -- Including interviews with descendants of Scarborough's Scottish families (Tuckwell Press) $29.00.
Discuss the impact of the agricultural revolution in Lowland Scotland on the development of rural Scottish communities in pre-Confederation Canada.
The famous romantic character, Bonnie Prince Charlie and that watershed event, the Battle of Culloden and the banning of the tartan are connected to it somehow, we recall.
www.beamccowan.com /lowland.htm   (992 words)

 Lowland Clearances info here at en.my-widgets.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
You Lowland Clearances's seat seat Lowland Clearances feel comfortable when you initially sit down, and Lowland Clearances Lowland Clearances that way after you've been Lowland Clearances for a significant Lowland Clearances of time.
If the seat becomes uncomfortable then the foam padding may not be a high Lowland Clearances density, or the contouring may not be right for your body.
Lowland Clearances The Lowland Clearances were a time in which the spirit of technology, growth and industrialization outpaced the connection people felt before.
en.my-widgets.com /Lowland_Clearances   (456 words)

 Scotland Highland and Lowland Clearances and Modernity
In the midst of this plenty, the armies of dispossessed families and their hungry children became a problem on a grand scale.
Although much has been written about the 'Highland Clearances', the process started in the lowlands where the best prospects for productive farming lay.
Clearances continued right through to the 1890s in the Highlands, but other reasons included the failing weaving industry in the mid-late 1800s, and the potato blight in the mid 1800s.
www.clans.org.uk /hist_10.html   (783 words)

 The Scotsman - S2 - Revolution without a flag or barricade   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Certainly, the first phase of Clearance in the Highlands, from the 1730s to the 1820s, was marked by the same features as the Lowlands - the break-up of traditional townships, the creation of single-tenanted farms and introduction of competitive bidding for leases.
As this evolutionary process lasted longer in the Lowlands, there was greater commercial confidence to undertake estate re-orientation by landlords, tenants and labourers; but this confidence was by no means lacking in the Highlands.
Moreover, Highlands and Lowlands received massive injections of capital from the British Empire both before and after the loss of the American colonies in the 1770s, which was in turn translated into investment not only in mansion houses but also in ferm-touns, villages and town planning.
thescotsman.scotsman.com /s2.cfm?id=5022004   (785 words)

 Sunday Herald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
During the 1990s, as he was working on The Scottish Nation, a chapter of which is devoted to the Lowland Clearances, Devine researched the records of four counties: Angus, Ayr, Fife and Lanark, examining both legal papers and parish records.
The Lowland Clearances were the product of the legal system, and the lawyer sons of local landowners, “trained at Scottish universities, and factors for the big estates”.
The success, as it were, of the Lowland Clearances has even removed the physical traces of the cottars.
www.sundayherald.com /print49258   (864 words)

 All Information of Image:Mash tape cover.JPG   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The Lowland Clearances in Scotland were one of the results of the Agricultural Revolution, which changed the traditional system of agriculture which had existed in Scottish Lowlands for hundreds of years.
Hundreds of thousands of Cottar and tenant farmers from the Scottish Lowlands of Scotland were forcibly moved from the farms and small holdings they had occupied.
As a result, between 1760 and 1830, many tens of thousands of Lowland Scots emigration, taking advantage of the many new opportunities offered in Canada and the United States after 1776 to own and farm their own land.
allosio.it.xvip.org   (640 words)

 Scottish clan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The term clan was still being used of Lowland families at the end of the 16th century and, while aristocrats may have been increasingly likely to use the word family, the terms remained interchangeable until the 19th century.
By the late 18th century the Lowlands were integrated into the British system, with an uneasy relationship to the Highlanders.
The total population of Lowlanders diminished drastically in Some parts of the south as a direct result of the Agricultural Revolution, which resulted in the Lowland Clearances and the subsequent emigration of large numbers of Lowland Scots.
scottish-clan.iqnaut.net   (2764 words)

 Amazon.com: The Lowland Clearances: Scotland's Silent Revolution, 1760-1830: Books: Peter Aitchison,Andrew Cassell   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Detailed is how over the course of two generations the very structures of Lowland society were ripped apart-thousands of people were uprooted and hundreds of tiny settlements were destroyed, eradicating an entire social stratum and changing Scotland forever.
These Lowland Clearances paved the way for the events that would later sweep through Highland Scotland, and the book contends that they should be called the Scottish Clearances.
Peter Aitchison is a news editor with the BBC and the author of Children of the Sea.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1862322775?v=glance   (582 words)

 Scottish Blog - Lowland Clearances   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
In the early 18th century, this spirit clashed with that of the industrial revolution, sparking a period of time which is now referred to as the Lowland Clearances.
The Lowland Clearances were a time in which the spirit of technology, growth and industrialization outpaced the connection people felt before.
The Lowland Clearances served their purpose of increasing the production of the Scottish countryside, but at the cost of the traditional lifestyles of the Scots who inhabited those lands.
www.scottish-heirloom.com /scottish-blog/index.php/2006/03/06/lowland_clearances   (481 words)

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