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Topic: Lunar calendar

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In the News (Sun 21 Oct 18)

  Lunar Calendar,Islamic Lunar Calendar,Chinese Lunar Calendar,2008 Lunar Calendar
The Chinese lunar New Year is based on the cycles of the moon.
Some Lunar Calendars are determined by the day during which movement of the new moon arrives while other Lunar Calendars are based on the first-sighting of the Lunar crescent.
The average length of the Lunar month is 29 and 30 days as the average length of the synodic month (the mean interval between conjunctions of the Moon and Sun corresponding to the cycle of lunar phases) is 29.5 days.
www.newyearfestival.com /lunar-calendar.html   (322 words)

  The Goddess Lunar Calendar
It is possible to devise a lunar calendar which is simple to use (only elementary arithmetic is required for its use — a computer is not needed) and which may be expected to stay in sync with the lunar phases over a period of several millennia.
To ensure this the calendar must be designed so that the average length of a calendar month is as close as possible to the synodic month (at least during the period in which the calendar is expected to be usable, preferably for a few thousand years at least).
A lunar calendar which has this property must either be based on more complicated rules (and it is doubtful that any rule-based calendar with this property is possible) or it must incorporate astronomical observation to provide empirical corrections.
www.hermetic.ch /cal_stud/lunarcal/lunarcal.htm   (3233 words)

 History & info - the Chinese calendar
The beginnings of the Chinese calendar can be traced back to the 14th century B.C.E. Legend has it that the Emperor Huangdi invented the calendar in 2637 B.C.E. The Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.
In the calendar that the Shang used, the seasons of the year and the phases of the Moon were all supposedly accounted for.
In China, the calendar was a sacred document, sponsored and promulgated by the reigning monarch.
www.webexhibits.org /calendars/calendar-chinese.html   (2102 words)

  Paula Burch's Lunisolar Calendar (Lunar Calendar) 2006
A true lunar calendar is not corrected to the earth's motion around the sun, so the months range around the entire year, as time passes.
The only major calendar of this sort I know is the Islamic calendar; each month has its turn at every different season of the year.
The old claim that the Chinese lunar calendar can be used to predict whether you will have a boy or a girl is entirely fictitious.
www.pburch.net /lunarcal.html   (1089 words)

  Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Lunar calendar
A lunar calendar is a calendar whose date indicates the moon phase.
A lunar calendar may indicate the season as well as the moon phase, as the Hebrew calendar and Chinese calendar do.
Such a calendar is a pure lunar calendar.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/lu/Lunar_calendar   (109 words)

 History & info - the Chinese calendar
The beginnings of the Chinese calendar can be traced back to the 14th century B.C.E. Legend has it that the Emperor Huangdi invented the calendar in 2637 B.C.E. The Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.
The Chinese calendar - like the Hebrew - is a combined solar/lunar calendar in that it strives to have its years coincide with the tropical year and its months coincide with the synodic months.
In the calendar that the Shang used, the seasons of the year and the phases of the Moon were all supposedly accounted for.
webexhibits.org /calendars/calendar-chinese.html   (2102 words)

 Chinese Zodiac Page
The Chinese Lunar Calendar is based on the cycles of the moon, and is constructed in a different fashion than the Western solar calendar.
In the Chinese calendar, the beginning of the year falls somewhere between late January and early February.
The Chinese have adopted the Western calendar since 1911, but the lunar calendar is still used for festive occasions such as the Chinese New Year.
www.c-c-c.org /chineseculture/zodiac/zodiac.html   (567 words)

 Parowan Gap Lunar Calendar
This lunar calendar is located on the north side of the Parowan canyon gap.
The glyphs are symbolic of the lunar cycle with the moon traveling from a new moon, through a crescent, to a full moon and back again.
Its purpose is to tie the lunar and solar calendars together.
scienceviews.com /indian/lunarcalendar.html   (399 words)

 Western-Chinese Calendar Converter
This calendar, based upon the length of the Earth's revolution around the Sun (and hence called a solar calendar) was instituted in October 15, 1582 AD by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform to the previously used Julian calendar.
The traditional Chinese agricultural calendar is primarily lunar, in that the lunar cycle (a lunation) between new moons is a principal part of the calendar.
A lunar month in which a principal term does not occur becomes a leap (or intercalary) month and is assigned the number of the month that preceded it but is designated as a leap.
www.mandarintools.com /calendar.html   (1352 words)

 Calendar Converter
The Gregorian calendar was proclaimed by Pope Gregory XIII and took effect in most Catholic states in 1582, in which October 4, 1582 of the Julian calendar was followed by October 15 in the new calendar, correcting for the accumulated discrepancy between the Julian calendar and the equinox as of that date.
Unlike the Haab calendar, in which the day numbers increment until the end of the period, at which time the next period name is used and the day count reset to 0, the names and numbers in the Tzolkin calendar advance in parallel.
The Bahá'í calendar is a solar calendar organised as a hierarchy of cycles, each of length 19, commemorating the 19 year period between the 1844 proclamation of the Báb in Shiraz and the revelation by Bahá'u'lláh in 1863.
www.fourmilab.ch /documents/calendar   (5200 words)

 Judaism 101: Jewish Calendar
The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: the rotation of the Earth about its axis (a day); the revolution of the moon about the Earth (a month); and the revolution of the Earth about the sun (a year).
On a 12 lunar month calendar, the month of Nissan, which is supposed to occur in the Spring, would occur 11 days earlier each year, eventually occurring in the Winter, the Fall, the Summer, and then the Spring again.
This calendar, still in use, standardized the length of months and the addition of months over the course of a 19 year cycle, so that the lunar calendar realigns with the solar years.
www.jewfaq.org /calendar.htm   (1587 words)

 Jordan: The Chinese Calendar
China uses two calendars, one lunar and the other the Gregorian, often referred to as yin and yang calendars, respectively, or as the "agricultural calendar" and the "national calendar." There is also a traditional Chinese solar calendar, different from the Gregorian calendar, as we shall see.
In general, a lunar calendar, wherein a month corresponds to the cycle of phases of the moon, makes sense in a society where there is little artificial lighting, and the presence or absence of a bright moon makes a big difference to nocturnal activity (including making it to the outhouse without mishap!).
In addition to solar and lunar calendars, Chinese tradition provides for the continuous numbering of years, months, and days using a never-ending cycle of 60 two-character terms, each made of one of the "Heaven Stems" or "Earth Branches." This numbering naturally blocks years into cycles of sixty, which are continuously numbered, beginning from 2397 BC.
weber.ucsd.edu /~dkjordan/chin/hbcalendar-u.html   (1398 words)

Perhaps on the third year, after the passage of the 12 lunar months, the lunar calendar would again present a moon that was going to fall short of the spring equinox.
The lunar calendar down through history is observed to have a certain cadence to it.
As we shall discover in article 8 the consensus of both the solar and lunar cycles is that the actual edict came a day later on March 15 of 445 B.C. and this was probably on Nisan 2 or 3.
endtimepilgrim.org /70wks5.htm   (2643 words)

 Six Major Calendars   (Site not responding. Last check: )
For civil purposes a tabulated calendar that approximates the lunar phase cycle is often used.
The various effects are the geometry of the Sun, Moon, and horizon; the width and surface brightness of the crescent; the absorption of the Moon's light and the scattering of the Sun's light in the Earth's atmosphere; and the physiology of human vision.
This calendar is the official calendar for the State of Israel, although variations on this calendar exist.
aa.usno.navy.mil /faq/docs/calendars.html   (1184 words)

 Chinese Calendrics 6.77 Download - The Chinese Lunar Calendar is a solilunar calendar, consisting
The Chinese Lunar Calendar is a solilunar calendar, consisting of months corresponding exactly to lunar cycles and years which stay more-or-less in sync with seasonal years.
The solar calendar consists of a series of seasonal years which are divided into 24 "solar terms".
The lunar calendar consists of a series of years which are divided into 12 or 13 lunar months.
www.downloadjunction.com /product/software/86589/index.html   (348 words)

 Chinese Lunar Calendar
Chinese calendar data is held in the external files "YearInfo.dat" and "fest.dat".
For those interested in how calendar conversion is done, the "Lunar 2.1" C source code package by Fung F. Lee and Ricky Yeung is available at multiple sites on the web and is the definitive work most accessible in this area.
The lunar year is in Romanized phonetic format in the English line.
www.ucalgary.ca /~cbso/lunar.htm   (1017 words)

 Lunar Calendar in Japan
Ancient calendar scholars in a number of cultures found that after three solar years, the lunar calendar would be behind the sun's actual progress by about 33 days.
While both calendar and navigational needs were important in the advancement of astronomy in Europe, it was improvements in lunar calendar reckoning that drove most of Chinese and later Japanese advances in astronomy.
Seeing the current calendar to be in error by up to two days, they had an uphill struggle against a general obsession with astrology, mystic assumptions of the emperor, disinterest by the Shogunate, and their own lack of information from the "outside" world.
www2.gol.com /users/stever/calendar.htm   (1859 words)

 Islamic Lunar Calendar
For this calendar, the criterion is that the new month begins if (1) Moon is born before Makkah sunset, and (2) moonset in Makkah is after sunset.
A suggested Global Lunar Calendar based on Imkan-e-Ru'yah (sighting possibility) anywhere in the world is that if the moon is born before 12:00 UT [23:59 or less of the previous day at International Date Line (IDL)], then the month begins at sunset of that day everywhere in the world.
This suggested Global Lunar Calendar is so easy to calculate for any ordinary Muslsim that no expertise of astronomy or science is required.
moonsighting.com /calendar.html   (322 words)

 Japanese calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Before 1873, lunar calendars, which were originally imported from China, were used in Japan for many centuries.
The lunar calendars were based on the cycle of the moon, resulting in years of twelve months of 29 or 30 days (the moon takes about 29 1/2 days to circle the earth), and an occasional 13th month to even out the discrepancy to the solar cycle of 365 1/4 days, i.e.
Another aspect of the lunar calendar that survives into modern Japan as a kind of superstition, is the subdivision of the calendar into six days (rokuyo), similar to the subdivision of the modern calendar into seven weekdays.
www.japan-guide.com /e/e2272.html   (305 words)

 Chinese Astrology, Lunar Calendar and Sixty-Year Cycle of the Chinese Zodiac
Typically the calendar is depicted in a line, but when written out in a circle, the symbols are also used to note the time of day and directions.
The Chinese Lunar Calendar is based on the cycles of the moon, and is constructed in a different way than the Western solar calendar.
As each year passes, the lunar calendar usually falls short of the solar year by ten to twelve days, so in order to bring the lunar calendar in line with the solar calendar an extra month is added at roughly three-year intervals.
www.gotohoroscope.com /chinese-astrology.html   (713 words)

 Iranian Calendar Converter
The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world.
A modification of the Julian calendar, it was first proposed by the Neapolitan doctor Aloysius Lilius, and was decreed by Pope Gregory XIII, for whom it was named, on 24 February 1582.
The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called "Hijri calendar") is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days.
www.iranchamber.com /calendar/iranian_calendar_converter.php   (167 words)

 Adopting a Lunar Calendar
A simple calendar of alternating 29 and 30 date sunths will do the trick, espe-cially if every fortieth date (or on the closest weekend thereto) an extra hour is added (as we do in the fall switching from daylight-savings to standard time) to make the sunth average 29.5 dates exactly.
Lunar agriculture, in controlled biospheres, can set its own seasons, and will be more sensitive to the availability of free sunlight on a sunthly schedule of two weeks on, two weeks off.
However, if they want a lunar calendar that is ready to go, has a fixed tradition of calculation, and still tries to keep apace with the year count, they could simply adopt the Jewish Calendar with or without its month names, and with or without its feasts and festivals.
www.lunar-reclamation.org /papers/mooncalendar_paper.htm   (8502 words)

 Lunar calendar, moon phases, life-cycles and personal connections
A lunar calendar moon phase cycle helps you keep track of which times will be most productive is so you can plan your trips of fishing better.
Using lunar calendar cycle charts with the moon phases to plan fishing trips is only one factor in planning a good fishing strategy.
The lunar calendar and moon phases info is necessary for obtaining accurate data about the different calendar one has to follow over different locations on earth to show the lunar phase charts.
www.life-cycles-destiny.com /dw/lunar-calendar-moon-phase-cycle.htm   (902 words)

 Menstruation: Your Menstrual Cyle and the Lunar Phase Fertility
Yet, with the shift from Pagan beliefs to Christian beliefs came the shift from the lunar calendar (consisting of 13 months, all 28 days, totaling 364 days) to the solar calendar, which is what we have now (12 months, 28, 29, 30 and 31 days depending on which month you’re in).
The lunar fertility cycle works on the premise that you can be fertile during your menstrual cycle when the moon is in the same phase it was when you were born.
Because the lunar fertility cycle works on a 28-day cycle and your menstrual cycle (most likely) does not, this means that it is possible for you to be fertile twice during the same menstrual cycle.
www.epigee.org /menstruation_lunar_fertility.html   (997 words)

 Trivishtapam - Calendar - Astronomical - Hindu Lunar
The lunar synodic day active at sunrise which is the beginning of a Hindu solar day is said to be the tithi of the solar day.
Each lunar (synodic) month is named based on the sidereal zodiac segment into which the sun transits in that month.
If a lunar synodic month contains two solar transits, then it is considered to be (the unified form of) both the lunar months corresponding to the first and second transits.
www.samvit.org /calendar/astro/hlc.html   (967 words)

 Gregorian Lunar Calendar
Lunar year 2007 begins on December 21st, 2006 (that is, at sunset on December 20th, 2006), as can be seen by examining the table below at the intersection of the row for year 13 and the column for the first moon.
The Gregorian lunar almanac (also called the Gregorian "ecclesiastical moon") is a 19-year cycle which assigns an age of the moon to every day in the 19-year period.
The additional rules themselves are subject to the constraint that the Gregorian lunar calendar (almanac plus additional rules) must set the Easter holiday to the same date as the unadjusted Gregorian lunar almanac.
home.telepath.com /~hrothgar/lunar_almanac.html   (1006 words)

 Moonchild Lunar Calendar
Lunar Calendars are based upon the cycles of the moon.
There are 13 lunar cycles in a year (as opposed to twelve solar months) and often, all 13 of these cycles aren't entirely completed within 365 days.
We have included an example from the system we use to fashion our own lunar calendar along with the names we call each moon, because, just as you know "August" as the name of a month in your Solar Calendar, you will also want to know "The Harvestmoon" as a name in your Lunar Calendar.
www.midnightmoonchild.com /moonchildlunarcalendarpage.html   (856 words)

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