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Topic: Lyman Spitzer

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In the News (Mon 25 Mar 19)

  Spitzer, Lyman (1914-1997)
Lyman Spitzer was born on June 26, 1914 in Toledo, Ohio.
Spitzer studied in detail interstellar dust grains and magnetic fields as well as the motions of star clusters and their evolution.
Spitzer passed away suddenly on March 31, 1997 at the age of 82.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/S/Spitzer.html   (1079 words)

 NASA Unveils 'Super Telescope'
Spitzer was a leader in efforts to persuade Congress to pay for a fleet of orbiting telescopes and he is played a major role in the 1990 launch of the Hubble Space Telescope.
The widow, children and grandchildren of Lyman Spitzer, new telescope's namesake, were present at a news conference where the name of the orbiting observatory was announced.
Spitzer is considered one of the most significant astronomers of the 20th century, the author of textbooks still studied in college.
www.rense.com /general46/super.htm   (803 words)

 Spitzer space telescope - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Unlike most telescopes which are named after famous deceased astronomers by a board of scientists, the name for SIRTF was obtained from a contest open only to children (to the delight of science educators).
The name chosen was after Dr. Lyman Spitzer, Jr., one of the 20th century's most influential scientists.
Spitzer spotted a faintly glowing body in that may be the youngest star ever seen.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Spitzer_Space_Telescope   (974 words)

 Major new space telescope named after late Princeton astronomer
Spitzer proposed the idea of launching a telescope into space in 1946, long before the technical capacity existed, and worked for decades to convince political and scientific doubters of its worth.
Spitzer was one of the world's leading scientists in studying the interstellar medium -- the gas and dust between stars -- and understanding how stars and galaxies formed from this material.
Spitzer also was known as an outstanding teacher and as founder of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, which seeks to harness nuclear fusion -- the source of energy within stars -- as an economical supply of energy on Earth.
www.princeton.edu /pr/news/03/q4/1218-spitzer.htm   (876 words)

 Spitzer, Lyman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Spitzer was born in Toledo, Ohio, and studied at Yale, with a year in the UK at Cambridge.
Spitzer proposed that only a magnetic field could contain gases at temperatures as high as 100 million degrees, by which point hydrogen gas fuses to form helium, and he devised a figure-of-eight design to describe this field.
Spitzer criticized the theory that our planetary system is the result of a gas cloud or gaseous filaments breaking off from the Sun to become planetary fragments.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Biographies/MainBiographies/S/Spitzer/1.html   (149 words)

 Lyman Spitzer
Spitzer worked on the theory of the heating and cooling of interstellar gases, stressing the presence and importance of interstellar magnetic fields, the likelihood of pressure equilibrium among various components and the significance of interstellar dust grains.
Spitzer's seminal contributions to space astronomy are known to school children (and curious adults) throughout the world.
Spitzer himself led the highly successful project to develop a satellite to study the interstellar medium-the Copernicus satellite launched by NASA in 1972-which gave us the first reliable estimates of the cosmologically important abundance of deuterium.
www.sns.ias.edu /~jnb/Papers/Popular/Spitzer/spitzer.html   (836 words)

 Space Today Online - SIRTF - the Space Infrared Telescope Facility
Spitzer (SIRTF) is a 3,000-lb., 0.85-meter, cryogenically-cooled, space telescope operating as an unmanned infrared astronomy observatory in a solar orbit far beyond the Earth and the Moon.
Spitzer has a solar shield and is in an unusual Earth-trailing solar orbit, which places the satellite far enough away from the Earth to allow the telescope to cool without using large amounts of cryogen coolant.
The image by Spitzer's infrared array camera is a four-color composite of invisible light, showing in blue the emissions from wavelengths of 3.6 microns, in green the 4.5 micron emissions, in yellow the 5.8 micron emissions, and in red the 8.0 micron emissions.
www.spacetoday.org /DeepSpace/Telescopes/GreatObservatories/SIRTF/SIRTF.html   (1768 words)

 MAST Copernicus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Fifty years ago this month, Spitzer was appointed to the Princeton faculty and named chairman of the Department of Astrophysical Sciences and director of the Princeton Observatory, posts he held until 1979.
Spitzer also made major advances in stellar dynamics, contributing to the understanding of "relaxation" and how this process caused a dense stellar system to inexorably approach a singular state, the approach accelerated by the existence of a spectrum of stellar masses but retarded by the presence of binaries.
Among Spitzer's international honors are the 1975 Karl Schwarzschild Medal, the 1978 Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society and the 1980 Jules Janssen Medal of the Societe Astronomique de France.
archive.stsci.edu /copernicus/0401sptz.html   (971 words)

 CERN Courier - Spitzer Space Telescope deli - IOP Publishing - article
Spitzer therefore allows us to peer into regions of star formation, the centres of galaxies and into newly forming planetary systems, which are hidden from optical telescopes.
Spitzer has transformed this dark globule - known as the Elephant's Trunk - within the emission nebula IC 1396 into a glowing stellar nursery that resembles a creature on the run with flames streaming behind it.
Spitzer's infrared detectors unveiled the brilliant hidden interior of this opaque cloud of gas and dust, exposing for the first time young stars being formed in the densest parts of the cloud.
www.cerncourier.com /main/article/44/1/19   (533 words)

 Lyman Spitzer Bibliography
Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “The Dynamics of the Interstellar Medium,”; Ap.J. ; and 95, 329-44 (1942).
Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “On the Interpretation of Measured Solar Wave-lengths,” MNRAS 110, 216-19 (1950).
Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “On a Possible Interstellar Galactic Corona,” Ap.J. Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Influence of Fluid Motions on the Decay of an External Magnetic Field,” Ap.J. Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., “Distribution of Galactic Clusters” Ap.J. Spitzer, Lyman, Jr.
www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu /BruceMedalists/Spitzer/SpitzerRefs.html   (1032 words)

 Bio: Lyman Spitzer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
His paper, titled “Astronomical Advantages of an Extra-Terrestrial Observatory,” noted that such a telescope would be able to detect types of light that were difficult or impossible to monitor on Earth and avoid the blurring effect of the planet’s atmosphere.
Spitzer was born in Toledo, Ohio, the son of a paper-box manufacturer.
All the while, Spitzer continued to work on and push for his idea of an orbiting observatory, and in 1990 the Hubble Space Telescope finally took its place in the sky.
amazing-space.stsci.edu /resources/explorations/groundup/lesson/bios/spitzer/index.php   (225 words)

 Boston.com / News / Education / Higher education / NASA shows views from infrared telescope   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
He is the project scientist for the Spitzer Space Telescope, named in honor of the famed astronomer Lyman Spitzer Jr.
Spitzer, a Princeton University astronomer, proposed in 1946, long before the first orbital rocket, that the nation put telescopes into space, above the obscuring effects of the atmosphere.
Spitzer was a leader in efforts to persuade Congress to pay for a fleet of orbiting telescopes.
www.boston.com /news/education/higher/articles/2003/12/19/nasa_shows_views_from_infrared_telescope   (813 words)

 NASA Announces New Name for SIRTF
Lyman Spitzer Jr., one of the 20th century's most distinguished scientists.
The telescope was launched August 25, 2003, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. The Spitzer Space Telescope uses state-of-the-art infrared detectors to pierce the dense clouds of gas and dust that enshroud many celestial objects, including distant galaxies; clusters of stars in formation; and planet forming discs surrounding stars.
Spitzer (1914-1997) was the first to propose, in 1946, placing a large telescope in space to avoid the blurring effects of Earth's atmosphere.
today.caltech.edu /today/story-display?story_id=1137   (436 words)

 JPL News -- NASA Releases Dazzling Images From New Space Telescope
Spitzer's unprecedented sensitivity allows it to sense infrared radiation, or heat, from the most distant, cold and dust-obscured celestial objects.
Spitzer's infrared detectors unveiled the brilliant hidden interior of this opaque cloud of gas and dust for the first time, exposing never-before-seen young stars.
Spitzer's ability to detect dust at various temperatures allows it to fill in this missing gap, providing astronomers with insight into the evolution of planetary systems.
www.jpl.nasa.gov /releases/2003/170.cfm   (749 words)

 Telescope: Spitzer Space Telescope
Spitzer gets a much clearer view of the wavelengths of infrared light that can be studied from the Earth, and makes it possible to examine the infrared wavelengths that are blocked by the Earth’s atmosphere.
Spitzer is named after the astrophysicist Lyman Spitzer Jr., who was the first to propose putting a telescope in space.
In addition to being extremely well insulated and shielded from heat, Spitzer has a liquid helium tank that helps keep the parts of the science instruments that need to stay chilly as cold as 1.4 Kelvin.
amazing-space.stsci.edu /resources/explorations/groundup/lesson/scopes/spitzer/index.php?show=true   (215 words)

 About Lyman Spitzer, Jr.
Then, in 1946, more than a decade before the first satellite was launched into space and twelve years before NASA was formed, Spitzer proposed that an observatory be placed in space where it would be able to detect a wide range of wavelengths and not have to deal with the blurring effects of our atmosphere.
The Spitzer Space Telescope is a NASA mission managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
This website is maintained by the Spitzer Science Center, located on the campus of the California Institute of Technology and part of NASA's Infrared Processing and Analysis Center.
www.spitzer.caltech.edu /about/spitzer.shtml   (1014 words)

 Pravda.RU:Orbiting telescope views infrared universe
The observatory, known as the Space Infrared Telescope Facility when launched on Aug. 25, was renamed on Thursday in honor of Dr. Lyman Spitzer Jr., the famed Princeton astronomer who in 1946 first proposed launching telescopes into space, to avoid the obscuring effects of Earth's atmosphere.
Spitzer is the first observatory to provide a full picture of the disk, says Karl R. Stapelfeldt of JPL.
Spitzer found that one section of the outer part of Fomalhaut's disk was noticeably brighter than the other and so has a higher dust concentration.
english.pravda.ru /science/2003/12/20/51882_.html   (592 words)

 HubbleSite - Lyman Spitzer
Spitzer was instrumental in the design and development of the Hubble Space Telescope.
Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, he was an enthusiastic lobbyist for the telescope, both with Congress and the scientific community.
Not only did he make some important astronomical observations with the telescope that was essentially his brainchild, but he also spent a great deal of time—right up until the end of his life—analyzing Hubble data.
hubblesite.org /reference_desk/facts_.and._figures/lyman_spitzer   (160 words)

 City of Perrysburg Historic Landmarks Commission June 18, 2001 Meeting Minutes
Lyman Spitzer seconded the motion and it passed unanimously.
Lyman Spitzer seconded the motion and it passed with a 3-2 vote, with Beans, Spitzer, and Justus voting "aye" and Morton and McDonald voting "nay".
Lyman Spitzer seconded the motion and it passed with a unanimous vote.
www.ci.perrysburg.oh.us /planning/minutes/july162001.html   (1407 words)

 SPACE.com -- First Photos from New Spitzer Space Telescope   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Spitzer, as the telescope is sure to be informally known, launched Aug. 25 and spent its first weeks in space undergoing instrument checkout.
In another image, Spitzer captured the energetic outflow of an embryonic, Sun-like star that is hidden from view to visible-light telescopes.
Finally, Spitzer took a look at our cosmic backyard, using MIPS to image a comet in our solar system known for strange behavior.
www.space.com /scienceastronomy/spitzer_first_031218.html   (1762 words)

 SPACE.com -- Spitzer Space Telescope: A Great First Year   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This Spitzer image reveals fresh detail in the Tarantula Nebula, a dusty cloud of star birth that other telescopes had not been able to fully pierce.
Spitzer might be able to tell what our galaxy looks like by peering through it.
Spitzer is also able to take multiple images that let scientists see the stars, dust and stellar nurseries inside a galaxy.
www.space.com /scienceastronomy/spitzer_update_040825.html   (935 words)

 Infrared window opens on the universe - Space.com - MSNBC.com
In another image, Spitzer captured the energetic outflow of an embryonic, sunlike star that is hidden from view to visible-light telescopes.
Spitzer is the last of NASA's four Great Observatories, which include the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the now-deorbited Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, and Hubble, which sees the universe in visible light, ultraviolet and infrared.
Spitzer is devoted to infrared observations at specific wavelengths Hubble can't detect.
msnbc.msn.com /id/3750099   (1711 words)

 Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. --  Encyclopædia Britannica
After Spitzer earned a B.A. from Yale University in 1935, he spent a year at the University of Cambridge.
The spacecraft, formerly called the Space Infrared Telescope Facility, was renamed Spitzer for the American astrophysicist Lyman Spitzer, Jr., who first proposed the idea of stationing large telescopes in space.
U.S. inventor Lyman Reed Blake is remembered for designing a sewing machine for sewing the soles of shoes to the uppers.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9114906?tocId=9114906&query=null&ct=null   (723 words)

NASA administrator Sean O'Keefe named the telescope the Spitzer Space Telescope in honour of the late Princeton astronomer Lyman Spitzer.
The Spitzer telescope must be kept near absolute zero temperature.
The Spitzer telescope was built to last for five years, but scientists hope it will last longer.
www.cbc.ca /cgi-bin/templates/email.cgi?/2003/12/18/spitzer031218   (190 words)

 Universe Today - SIRTF is Now the Spitzer Space Telescope
Summary - (Dec 18, 2003) NASA announced today that the Spitzer Space Telescope will be their new name for the Space Infrared Telescope Facility, which was launched a few months ago.
The space observatory was named after the late Dr. Lyman Spitzer Jr., who was an influential scientist and one of the first to propose building space-based telescopes.
As part of the announcement, NASA also released a series of new images taken by the observatory, including a glowing stellar nursery, a dusty galaxy, and a disc of planet-forming debris.
www.universetoday.com /am/publish/sirtf_renamed_spitzer_space_telescope.html   (816 words)

 Spitzer Space Telescope | MetaFilter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The first images from the Spitzer Space Telescope, formerly known as the Space Infrared Telescope Facility and renamed after astrophysicist Lyman Spitzer, Jr.
Spitzer will be the final mission in NASA's Great Observatories Program - a family of four orbiting observatories, each observing the Universe in a different kind of light (visible, gamma rays, X-rays, and infrared).
Spitzer's predecessor was the IRAS satellite which was responsible for many beautiful images including this one of our galaxy and the hell-like star-forming regions in Orion.
www.metafilter.com /mefi/30337   (206 words)

 Lyman Spitzer Papes
Lyman Spitzer was born in Toledo, Ohio, in 1914.
Spitzer was one of the first to point out that a magnetic field might be used to control plasma in a laboratory environment.
In the area of observatory astronomy, Spitzer helped push forward the use of telescopes in satellites, and was an early advocate of the Hubble Telescope.
infoshare1.princeton.edu /libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/spitzer.html   (779 words)

 Rednova NEWS | NASA unveils new infrared telescope named for Princton astronomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The new telescope, a $670 million project launched last August, is able to detect extremely faint waves of infrared radiation, or heat, allowing astronomers to peer for the first time into the heart of stellar fields that had been blocked from the view of conventional telescopes by dense clouds of dust and gas.
This is a very powerful new tool for astronomy,'' Michael Werner, an astrophysicist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and the project scientist for the Spitzer, said Thursday at a news conference.
The widow, children and grandchildren of Lyman Spitzer, new telescope's namesake, were present Thursday at a news conference where the name of the orbiting observatory was announced.
www.rednova.com /modules/news/tools.php?tool=print&id=33109   (831 words)

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