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Topic: MRSA

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MRSA are pathogenic and are common causes of hospital-acquired infections.
Often this occurs when a patient or health care worker is colonized with an MRSA strain (i.e., carries the organism but shows no clinical signs or symptoms of infection) and, through contact with others, spreads the strain.
Handwashing and screening patients for MRSA should be performed to decrease transmission and reduce the number of patients infected with MRSA.
wdh.state.wy.us /lab/mrsa.asp   (456 words)

 MRSA In Long Term Care Facilities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
MRSA is identified by a bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity of the suspected site of infection or colonization (e.g., blood, sputum, urine, wound, exudate, pressure ulcer material).
MRSA infection is a condition whereby the bacteria has invaded a body site, is multiplying in tissue, and is causing clinical manifestations of disease, such as fever, suppurative wound, pneumonia or other respiratory illness or symptoms, or other signs of inflammation (warmth, redness, swelling).
MRSA may be aerosolized in the droplet nuclei from a coughing resident or from a ventilator exhaust port of an intubated resident who has MRSA in his or her sputum.
www.edcp.org /guidelines/mrsa.html   (3362 words)

 BBC NEWS | Health | Q&A: MRSA 'superbugs'
MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, but is shorthand for any strain of Staphylococcus bacteria which is resistant to one or more conventional antibiotics.
MRSA infections can cause a broad range of symptoms depending on the part of the body that is infected.
MRSA infections can prove tough to treat because they are resistant to treatment, making them more dangerous than a simple case of Staph.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/health/2572841.stm   (1084 words)

 Chapter Abstracts: MRSA: Current Perspectives
To summarise, it can be seen that MRSA from almost all regions of the world appear to be cross-resistant to many other classes of antibiotic and this emphasises the need to find new antibiotics to treat this difficult organism.
Glycopeptides, the agents of choice for MRSA infections, have a relatively slow bactericidal effect and have been associated with clinical and bacteriological failures.
MRSA presents a challenge to infection control departments in hospitals of varying size attempting to control and eradicate this micro-organism.
www.horizonpress.com /hsp/abs/absmrsa.html   (2414 words)

 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection
MRSA infections most often occur in patients in hospitals and are rarely seen among the general public.
To diagnose MRSA infection, 'specimens' are taken from the patient, such as a swab of an infected wound or a sample of blood or urine.
Colonisation with MRSA is detected similarly, using swabs of a person's skin or from the inside of the nose.
www.netdoctor.co.uk /diseases/facts/mrsa.htm   (1134 words)

 Facts about MRSA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
MRSA does not pose a risk to the health of hospital staff, unless they are suffering from a debilitating disease, or family members of an affected patient or their close social or work contacts.
Colonisation with MRSA in the absence of illness or clinical evidence of infection may be treated with surface applied agents.
Patients with MRSA should be physically isolated in a single room with the door remaining closed and the room regularly damp dusted, or they should be nursed in a special ward away from other non-infected patients.
www.amm.co.uk /files/factsabout/fa_mrsa.htm   (744 words)

The term MRSA or methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is used to describe those examples of this organism that are resistant to commonly used antibiotics.
MRSA organisms are often associated with patients in hospitals but can also be found on patients not in a hospital.
When patients with MRSA are discovered in a hospital, the hospital will usually try to prevent it from passing around to other patients.
www.link.med.ed.ac.uk /RIDU/Mrsa.htm   (758 words)

 MRSA and Correctional Health
MRSA is a kind of Staphylococcus aureus (“staph”) bacterium that is resistant to some antibiotics.
MRSA and other staph can be removed from your hands by washing with soap and water or by using a hand sanitizer.
MRSA can survive on objects and surfaces such as linen, sinks, floors, medical equipment, and all surfaces commonly touched by the hands of inmates, corrections officers, and healthcare providers.
www.mass.gov /dph/cdc/antibiotic/mrsa_correctional.htm   (1630 words)

 Overview: HA-MRSA | CDC Infection Control in Healthcare
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a type of bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics.
MRSA infections that are acquired by persons who have not been recently (within the past year) hospitalized or had a medical procedure (such as dialysis, surgery, catheters) are know as CA-MRSA infections.
Staph or MRSA infections in the community are usually manifested as skin infections, such as pimples and boils, and occur in otherwise healthy people.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/dhqp/ar_mrsa.html   (171 words)

 MRSA Fact Sheet
For example, in medical settings MRSA is most commonly spread from patient to patient by health care workers' hands.
MRSA is of particular importance because infections caused by MRSA are very difficult to treat.
Ensure that a patient with MRSA infection does not share a room with a patient who is predisposed to infection, as described above.
health.utah.gov /epi/fact_sheets/mrsa.html   (443 words)

 Understanding MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
MRSA is carried, or "colonized," by about 1% of the population, although most of them aren't infected.
But MRSA is also showing up in healthy people who have not been living in the hospital.
In a study of Minnesotans published in The Journal of the American Medical Association, the average age of people with MRSA in a hospital or healthcare facility was 68.
www.webmd.com /content/article/113/110688.htm   (572 words)

Invasion and multiplication of MRSA in tissue with the manifestation of clinical symptoms of infections such as increased white blood cell counts, fever, lesions, furuncles, drainage from a break in skin continuity and erythema.
MRSA colonization and infection in acute and non-acute care facilities have increased dramatically over the past two decades, evidenced by the increasing number of reported outbreaks in the medical literature.
Patients infected with MRSA, who may be ready for discharge except for completion on antibiotic therapy, may be discharged to another facility, such as a long-term care facility or rehabilitation center, as long as the required care/treatment is available at that facility.
goapic.org /MRSA.htm   (6526 words)

 CA-MRSA: Public FAQs | CDC Infection Control in Healthcare
MRSA is a type of staph that is resistant to antibiotics called beta-lactams.
The majority of MRSA infections occur among patients in hospitals or other healthcare settings; however, it is becoming more common in the community setting.
Data from a prospective study in 2003, suggests that 12% of clinical MRSA infections are community-associated, but this varies by geographic region and population.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/dhqp/ar_mrsa_ca_public.html   (1297 words)

 IAFF: Stay Safe   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Fire Fighters, by nature of their contact with the public, are in constant danger of exposure to many infectious diseases.
MRSA is a serious, potentially life-threatening infection, and has been recently noted to have jumped from a hospital-acquired (nosicomial) disease to a community-acquired disease.
The danger of MRSA is that even casual contact with intact skin carries the risk of infection.
www.iaff.org /safe/content/MRSA/MRSA.html   (446 words)

 MRSA Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus - Patient UK   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
MRSA strains are not only resistant to the antibiotic called methicillin, but also to many other types of antibiotics.
MRSA strains can be identified by seeing which antibiotics kill the bacteria found on testing.
For example, cleaning of bedding, regular cleaning of wards, etc. Patients with an MRSA infection may be kept away from other patients, perhaps in a single bed room or in an isolation unit until the infection has cleared.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc/27000607   (1070 words)

 MRSA Info
MRSA is almost always spread by direct physical contact and not through the air.
MRSA infections are usually mild, superficial infections of the skin that can be treated successfully with proper skin care and antibiotics.
MRSA, however, can be difficult to treat and can progress to life-threatening blood or bone infections because there are fewer effective antibiotics available for treatment.
www.nwcleangear.com /html/mrsa_info.html   (1754 words)

 Scotsman.com News - Hospital superbugs
HUNDREDS of cases of MRSA are still being diagnosed in Scotland's hospitals, despite the millions of pounds spent on tackling the problem, figures revealed yesterday.
MRSA superbug found in baby ward of flagship hospital
THREE outbreaks of hospital superbug MRSA have taken place at the neonatal unit in Edinburgh's...
news.scotsman.com /topics.cfm?tid=303   (521 words)

 OSH Answers: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MRSA usually infects hospital patients who are elderly or very ill. You may be at more risk if you have had frequent, long-term, or intensive use of antibiotics.
MRSA can be present in the nose, on the skin, or in the blood or urine.
MRSA can spread among other patients who are usually very ill with weakened immune systems that cannot fight off the infection.
www.ccohs.ca /oshanswers/biol_hazards/methicillin.html   (826 words)

 MRSA infection deadly in Pa.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Pennsylvanians infected in 2004 with an antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria known as MRSA were four times as likely to die and had longer hospital stays than patients who were not infected with the pathogen, according to a new state report released today.
The average charge for a hospitalization with an MRSA infection was $87,990, compared with an average of $28,711 for a hospitalization without an MRSA infection.
MRSA infection rates were similar among hospitals of all sizes, officials said, though there were geographic differences.
www.post-gazette.com /pg/06237/716214-114.stm   (599 words)

 MRSA Staph Infection Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Information by MedicineNet.com
Infections with MRSA infections are most common in hospitals and other institutional health care settings such as nursing homes where they tend to strike older people, those who are very ill and people with a weakened immune system.
In healthcare settings MRSA are a frequent cause of surgical wound infections, urinary tract infections, bloodstream infections (sepsis), and pneumonia.
MRSA and other staph infections are primarily transmitted by the hands, which may become contaminated by contact with colonized or infected people or items or surfaces contaminated with body fluids containing MRSA.
www.medicinenet.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=46074   (494 words)

 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Staphylococcus bacteria are extremely common in the environment (and a third of humans world-wide are estimated to carry it on their bodies and are not harmed by it), and is usually not a problem to healthy individuals.
One of the few countries not to have been overwhelmed by MRSA is the Netherlands: an important part of the success of the Dutch strategy may have been to attempt eradication of carriage upon discharge from hospital.
MRSA causes as many as 20% of Staphylococcus aureus infections in populations that use intravenous drugs.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/MRSA   (1907 words)

 MRSA infection - MayoClinic.com
One reason may be that staphylococcus aureus bacteria, often simply called staph, are common — they're found on the skin or in the nose of about one-third of the population.
Decades ago, a strain of staph emerged in hospitals that was resistant to the broad-spectrum antibiotics commonly used to treat it.
Today, that form of staph, known as community-associated MRSA, or CA-MRSA, is responsible for most serious skin and soft tissue infections and for a lethal form of pneumonia.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/mrsa/DS00735   (404 words)

 BBC NEWS | Health | Threat of 'flesh-eating' MRSA bug
Patients appear to have caught the MRSA infection that attacks the skin outside of hospital, reports the New England Journal of Medicine.
The disease is different to MRSA infections seen in the UK, which occur most frequently among people in hospitals who have weakened immune systems.
A common theme associated with the spread of these MRSA skin infections appears to be close skin-to-skin contact, openings in the skin such as cuts or abrasions, contaminated items and surfaces, crowded living conditions and poor hygiene.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/health/4423619.stm   (435 words)

 The Physician and Sportsmedicine: MRSA Infections
Heightened concerns about MRSA infections focus on their resistance to all commonly prescribed beta-lactam antibiotics as well as the difficulties identifying and treating the infections.
Hageman says the agency is currently working with the NCAA to develop educational materials that will initially be targeted to athletic trainers, whom he notes are often the first line of defense in detecting infectious skin conditions in athletes.
Several sports medicine physicians who shared their experiences treating MRSA infections suggest that if a player has a repeat MRSA infection, swabbing the patient's and teammates' noses should be performed to identify a carrier.
www.physsportsmed.com /issues/2004/1004/news1004.htm   (1729 words)

 Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) - BC HealthFile #73   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
MRSA infections are more difficult to treat because MRSA is resistant to some common antibiotics.
In Canada, MRSA is not common, but the number of SA infections that are resistant to common antibiotics is growing.
Most persons are identified as carriers of MRSA during routine testing of nose or skin swabs taken before or during a stay in hospital.
www.bchealthguide.org /healthfiles/hfile73.stm   (789 words)

 Community Acquired MRSA
This MRSA health advisory is being sent to you in response to inquiries from primary care providers expressing a concern over the number of MRSA cases that they are seeing in their practices.
MRSA is a type of S. areus that is resistant to antibiotics called beta-lactams.
Most healthcare-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) are also resistant to macrolides, fluoroquinolones, clindamycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, While 25% to 30% of the population is colonized with S. aureus overall, only 1% are colonized with MRSA.
www.health.ri.gov /disease/communicable/providers_mrsa060705.php   (842 words)

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