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Topic: Maastricht Treaty

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In the News (Wed 24 Jul 19)

  The Maastricht Treaty
The Treaty on European Union initiated the road to political and economic and monetary union.
It was drafted at a historic juncture in which the reunification of Germany and the fall of the Soviet block made necessary a re-thinking of the European project.
Among several significant innovations, such as EU citizenship and the EMU, the Treaty of Maastricht created the so-called three pillar structure.
www.unizar.es /euroconstitucion/Treaties/Treaty_Maast.htm   (115 words)

  The Treaty of Maastricht or the European Union (1992) - The history of the European Union and European Citizenship
The Treaty on European Union raised Western European Union (WEU) to the rank of an integral part of the development of the Union and commissioned it the mission of elaborating and implementing decisions and actions with defence implications.
The ratification of the Treaty of Maastricht by the national parliaments was brimmed with difficulties.
In early 1996, in the European Council of Turin, an Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) commenced with the purpose of elaborating a new treaty that reformed the Treaty of Maastricht.
www.historiasiglo20.org /europe/maastricht.htm   (1655 words)

  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Maastricht treaty   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts The Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, commonly known as the Amsterdam Treaty, was signed on...
Nice Treaty The Treaty of Nice is a treaty adopted in Nice by the European Council to amend the two founding treaties of the European Union: the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the Euro and the 3-pillar structure of the EU; the Treaty of Rome...
Treaty of accession of Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia (2003)
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Maastricht-treaty   (3512 words)

 BBC NEWS | In Depth | Euro-glossary | Maastricht Treaty
Maastricht is perhaps the best known and most controversial of the European treaties.
Maastricht is officially known as the Treaty of the European Union and with it the EU came into existence for the first time.
Maastricht was also the blueprint for what was to be Europe's biggest project for the next decade - economic and monetary union.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/in_depth/europe/euro-glossary/1216944.stm   (468 words)

 SCADPlus: Treaty of Maastricht on European Union
The Treaty on European Union has established the principle of subsidiarity as a general rule, which was initially applied to environmental policy in the Single European Act.
Treaty of Accession of Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia (2003)
Treaty of Accession of Bulgaria and Romania (2005).
europa.eu /scadplus/treaties/maastricht_en.htm   (1807 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Maastricht
Maastricht Treaty (February 7, 1992) Agreement on European Union (EU) signed by the leaders of 12 European nations at Maastricht, se Netherlands.
Maastricht Treaty A treaty signed by the 12 member states of the EUROPEAN UNION, agreed in February 1992, which came into effect on 1 November 1993.
Maastricht, on the Meuse (Maas) River, is the province's capital and chief industrial center.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Maastricht&StartAt=1   (630 words)

 Maastricht Treaty - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The treaty was approved at Maastricht in The Netherlands by the heads of government...
This reworking resulted in the Treaty on European Union (also called the Maastricht Treaty).
The treaty set 1999 as the deadline for monetary union...
encarta.msn.com /Maastricht_Treaty.html   (89 words)

 Maastricht - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Maastricht, city in the south-eastern Netherlands, capital of Limburg Province, on the Maas River, near the border with Belgium.
Maastricht, Treaty of, popular name for the Treaty on European Union, approved at Maastricht in the Netherlands by the 12 heads of government of the...
Luxembourg’s Chamber of Deputies ratified the Maastricht Treaty in July 1992.
uk.encarta.msn.com /Maastricht.html   (89 words)

 A View from Maastricht - 1
At Maastricht, the oldest city in the Netherlands, its lazily-flowing water is crossed by the Romans' road from Belgian Tongeren to German Aachen (Tongres to Aix-la-Chapelle in this multilingual region of confusing roadsigns).
Today, modern Maastricht exploits that history to draw in the tourists and, because Maastricht is neither Dutch nor Belgian nor German, but fairly representative of the mongrel mixture that is Europe, sometimes it draws also the politicians.
The Maastricht flags and the European Union flags fluttered a brief, careless farewell as we left the square.
www.baronage.co.uk /bphtm-01/mstvew01.html   (1210 words)

 AMSU: Maastricht
Maastricht is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands, and is the capital of the southern province of Limburg.
Additionally, Maastricht is home to an important University, where several innovations in education are being carried out.
It is a region that is therefore appropriate to serve as symbol of European efforts toward integration, especially since the historic signing of the Maastricht Treaty.
www.amsu.edu /maastricht   (219 words)

 Nationalbanken // History of the Euro // History of the Euro // The Treaty of Maastricht
The Treaty of Maastricht is the legal basis for the second and third stages of EMU.
In 1993, the Treaty of Maastricht was finally adopted (with the four Danish reservations).
The EMU provisions in the Treaty of Maastricht remained unchanged in the Treaty of Amsterdam, which took effect in 1998.
www.nationalbanken.dk /dnuk/eurohist.nsf/side/The_Treaty_of_Maastricht   (141 words)

 EU@UN - Maastricht Treaty: 15th Anniversary   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Maastricht also required the head of the European Central Bank to provide MEPs with an annual report - in future MEPs would have to be consulted as to who should be governor of the bank.
In addition the Treaty contained a proviso stating that European Parliament elections must be held by direct universal suffrage in accordance with the usual manner in EU members.
He said that in the Treaty the Parliament "obtained in the...the recognition of European citizenship, co-decision, nomination of the President of the Commission for five years and the recognition of the participation of the European political groups".
www.europa-eu-un.org /articles/pt/article_6750_pt.htm   (733 words)

 Maastricht Europe - Welcome
Maastricht is the city where in 1992 the famous Maastricht Treaty was signed, which led to the European Union being founded.
It is also the city where a new currency, the Euro, was born.
We will also be celebrating the Treaty of Rome, as it formed the basis for the Treaty of Maastricht; 2007 marks its 50
www.maastricht.eu /home_english.html   (176 words)

 ECB: Maastricht and the future of Europe
It is not as a Dutchman that I consider this Treaty to be one of the most important milestones of the European integration process, but as a truly convinced European.
In this respect, I consider that the Maastricht Treaty embodies the most decisive impulse in the deepening of the European Communities established in the 1950s and strengthened by the Treaty of Rome.
When the Maastricht Treaty was ratified ten years ago, many doubted whether EMU would ever amount to more than the solemn words of a Treaty or a laudable objective to be reached at some point in the distant future.
www.ecb.int /press/key/date/2003/html/sp031022.en.html   (1095 words)

 Civil Service Systems in Comparative Perspective
Introduction: From Maastricht I to Maastricht II The Dutch government holds the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in the closing stages of the current Inter-Governmental Conference (IGC), just as it did in 1991 when the Maastricht Treaty was negotiated.
Whether this is pure coincidence or poetic justice, the challenge of concluding a "Treaty of Amsterdam" to replace the Maastricht Treaty is inescapable.
The Maastricht Treaty broadened the scope of EU policy-making further to include foreign and security policy in a second pillar and justice and home affairs in a third pillar.
www.indiana.edu /~csrc/metcalf1.html   (3192 words)

 The Myth Of Maastricht – World Socialist Movement
The Treaty of Maastricht adopted the ambitious aim of establishing a single European currency as the solution to this problem.
These are the famous "Maastricht criteria" which all governments hoping to be in the first wave of countries adopting the Single European Currency are striving to meet.
Maastricht only comes into it because it was when and where the member states of the Common Market decided to coordinate and harmonise the austerity measures that capitalism currently dictates should be taken.
www.worldsocialism.org /articles/myth_of_maastricht.php   (1045 words)

 BMDF - Maastricht
As a result, it is important to understand the implications and the extension of the influence of the EC granted under the Maastricht Treaty.
The BMDF produced a consolidation of the Treaty of Rome, the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty which together form the Treaty on European Union.
Where the original Treaties are modified, the unaltered text is shown in light type and the amendments and additions agreed at Maastricht are shown in bold.
www.bmdf.co.uk /bmdfmaastricht.html   (1151 words)

 The ‘Maastricht’ Judgement   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Treaty, however, defines the tasks of the European Union and the communities belonging to it in a sufficiently foreseeable manner.
The Treaty does not empower the Union to obtain in its own right the financial or other means it considers necessary for fulfilling its aims.
If European institutions or organs were to implement and extend the Treaty in such a way that it was not covered by the Treaty, as it underlies the German ratification law, then the legal acts flowing from it would not be binding in the German field of sovereignty.
www.jura.uni-sb.de /Entscheidungen/abstracts/maastricht.html   (812 words)

 Foreign Affairs - Europe After Maastricht - Walter Goldstein
The historic Maastricht treaty was to take the next step: to create a far-reaching economic and political union that might one day become the United States of Europe.
Third, the union treaty fell victim to the financial and trade wars waged between the strong and weak currencies of Europe, Japan and the United States.
For the moment it must be noted that the Maastricht treaty had a time bomb ticking amid its turgid legal prose.
www.foreignaffairs.org /19921201faessay5907/walter-goldstein/europe-after-maastricht.html?mode=print   (607 words)

 Maastricht, Netherlands, Pictures
Maastricht, city in the southeastern Netherlands, capital of Limburg Province, on the Maas River, near the border with Belgium.
Maastricht is also a noted cultural center with a music conservatory, symphony orchestra, and natural history museum.
This treaty, officially called the Treaty on European Union, became known as the Maastricht Treaty.
www.greatestcities.com /Europe/Netherlands/Maastricht_city.html   (165 words)

 European Disability Forum: Guide to the Amsterdam Treaty
The Treaty, under the chapter on social provisions, sets as the objective for both the Member States and the Community the promotion of employment, improved living and working conditions, the development of human resources with a view to lasting high employment and the combating of exclusion.
These Treaty amendments do not refer to the need to provide documents in forms which are accessible to all disabled people, e.g., in Braille, in large print or on diskette for people with a visual impairment, and on tape or in an easy-to-read format for people with a learning disability.
The Maastricht Agreement on Social Policy, which will be incorporated in the main body of the Treaty by virtue of the Amsterdam text, already gives a significant role to the social partners (European level representatives of workers and employers).
www.independentliving.org /docs3/edf98.html   (18056 words)

 Nationalbanken // Historical snapshots // Historical snapshots // The Maastricht Treaty and Economic and Monetary Union   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Maastricht Treaty was signed on 7 February 1992, and the EC Treaty thus became the Treaty on European Union.
The treaty had to be ratified by the member states, and in a referendum on 2 June 1992 Denmark was the first country to decide on accession to the Maastricht Treaty.
The Maastricht Treaty came into force on 1 November 1993, after which the EC has been known as the EU.
www.nationalbanken.dk /DNUK/Hist.nsf/89fd431fb535b111c12570d6004e29de/The_Maastricht_Treaty_and_Economic_and_Monetary_Union!Opendocument   (238 words)

 Eurotreaties - Text of Maastricht Treaty
As can be seen, the Treaty is a series of amendments to the existing Treaties and not a Treaty in its own right.
As a result, the changes introduced by Maastricht can only really be made sense of by consolidating the text into the existing Treaties.
The Treaty is extremely important in that it introduced the terms and conditions for the introduction of the Single Currency and the development of the European Treaties by drawing up the Treaty on European Union.
www.eurotreaties.com /maastrichtext.html   (194 words)

 Maastricht Treaty
Where this Treaty provides for a consultative role for the ECB, reference to the ECB shall be read as referring to the EMI before the establishment of the ECB.
Where this Treaty provides for a consultative role for the EMI, references to the EMI shall be read, before 1 January 1994, as referring to the Committee of Governors.
All community activities under this Treaty in the area of research and technological development, including demonstration projects, shall be decided on and implemented in accordance with the provisions of this Title.
www.essex.ac.uk /info/Maastricht.html   (17450 words)

 Financial Dictionary — Meaning for Maastricht Treaty   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The pact for a redesigned European economic union, resulting from meetings in 1991 - 93 in the Dutch city of Maastricht.
A common legal infrastructure had been largely completed, citizens could take goods for personal use across borders without paying duty, road-freight was free of customs checks and most controls on the movement of capital had been removed.
Some economists believed fine-tuning of the Maastricht achievements would be a ten-year process, always in danger from a resurgence of protectionist sentiment.
www.anz.com /edna/dictionary.asp?action=content&content=maastricht_treaty   (272 words)

The Treaty on European Union, known as the Maastricht Treaty, was signed at Maastricht, the Netherlands, on February 7, 1992.
The Maastricht Treaty includes specific references to environmental policy and sustainable development, in its Introduction of Signatories, in Article B of its Common Provisions, and in a Declaration on Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Community Measures within its final act.
Haigh and von Moltke (1990) offer a general overview of the EC's role in international environmental policy in "The European Community: An Environmental Force." EC activities and policies related to trade-environment issues are also discussed in the 1992 U.S. Office of Technology Assessment report Trade and the Environment.
www.ciesin.org /TG/PI/TRADE/maastric.html   (175 words)

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