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Topic: Mahavira (mathematician)

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  Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Mathematician   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Mathematicians differ from philosophers in that the primary questions of mathematics are assumed (for the most part) to transcend the context of the human mind; the idea that "2+2=4 is a true statement" is assumed to exist without requiring a human mind to state the problem.
Mathematicians differ from physical scientists such as physicists or engineers in that they do not typically perform experiments to confirm or deny their conclusions; and whereas every scientific theory is always assumed to be an approximation of truth, mathematical statements are an attempt at capturing truth.
Among the minority of prominent female mathematicians are Emmy Noether (1882 - 1935), Sophie Germain (1776 - 1831), Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850 - 1891), Rózsa Péter (1905 - 1977), Julia Robinson (1919 - 1985), Mary Ellen Rudin, Eva Tardos, Émilie du Châtelet and Marianna Csörnyei.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Mathematician   (1324 words)

 Mahavira   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Mahavira established what are today considered to be the central tenets of Jainism and was a contemporary of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha.
Mahavira was born on the thirteenth day under the rising moon of Chaitra, in the ancient Kingdom of Vaishali, now a district of Bihar state, India.
Mahavira preached that from eternity, every living being (soul) is in bondage of karmic atoms that are accumulated by good or bad deeds.
www.abitabouteverything.com /files/m/ma/mahavira.html   (1046 words)

 Indian mathematics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jaina mathematicians were particularly important in bridging the gap between earlier Indian mathematics and the 'Classical period', which was heralded by the work of Aryabhata I from the 5th century CE.
Although earlier Indian mathematics was also very significant, this period saw great mathematicians such as Aryabhata, Varahamihira, Brahmagupta, Mahavira and Bhaskara give a broader and clearer shape to almost all the branches of mathematics.
Later Indian mathematicians such as Aryabhata made references to this text, while later Arabic and Latin translations were very influential in Europe and the Middle East.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Indian_mathematics   (5687 words)

 6th century BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
India: The Buddha and Mahavira found Buddhism and Jainism, challenging Hinduism and the caste system.
Mahavira of Vaishali, founder of Jainism, (599 BC–527 BC).
560 BC - Birth of Nabu-rimanni in Babylonia, Chaldean astronomer and mathematician (+ 480 BC) (approximate date).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/6th_century_BC   (1880 words)

 Mathematicians, Famous Mathematicians, Mathematician, Famous Mathematician, Great Mathematicians, Black Mathematicians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
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mathematician sony mathematicians are people too biography of african american mathematician evariste galois mathematician for algebra henry briggs mathematician mathematician ptolemy research on the mathematician leonardo da vinci swiss mathematicians world's famous mathematicians julia robinson a famous mathematicians mathematicians salaries famous mathematician in asia mathematician hamdan mohammed mathematician karl friedrich gauss.
uzin.web.aplus.net /mathematicians   (626 words)

This law was first identified in Brahmagupta's Brahmasphutasiddhanta in 628, although he wrote it as three separate laws, depending on whether a is negative, positive, or zero itself, and he preferred words to algebraic symbols.
Later Indian mathematicians refined the concept; around the year 830, Mahavira wrote, "zero becomes the same as what is added to it", corresponding to the unary statement 0 + a = a.
In the 12th century, Bhaskara wrote, "In the addition of cipher, or subtraction of it, the quantity, positive or negative, remains the same", corresponding to the unary statement a + 0 = a.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/a/ad/addition.html   (4686 words)

 Leonhard Euler influencial people help
He is considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians who ever lived.
He is the most prolific mathematician of all time, his collected work filling 75 volumes.
When Euler died, the mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet commented, "...et il cessa de calculer et de vivre" (and he ceased to live and calculate).
www.artbrain.co.uk /influential-people/leonhard-euler.htm   (1413 words)

 Johannes Kepler influencial people help
Kepler was a professor of mathematics at the University of Graz, court mathematician to Rudolf IIEmperor Rudolf II, and court astrologer to Albrecht von WallensteinGeneral Wallenstein.
As part of his duties as district mathematician to Graz, Kepler issued a prognostication for 1595 in which he forecast a peasant uprising, TurkeyTurkish invasion and bitter cold, all of which happened and brought him renown.
Kepler is known to have compiled prognostications for 1595 to 1606, and from 1617 to 1624.
www.artbrain.co.uk /influential-people/johannes-kepler.htm   (1924 words)

 Welcome to MNR Eductional Trust   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
After Aryabhatta, the next great Hindu Mathematician was Brahma Gupta, who lived from 598 to 660 A.D. His work is known as Brahma-Siddhanta and it consists of theorems and rules.
After Brahma Gupta, the next great mathematician was Lalla who in 748 A.D. wrote a slender treatise on mathematical theory.
One of the later mathematicians who came to prominence was Bhaskara, who lived from 1114 to 1160 A.D. He is the author of the Bija-Ganita, a work on mathematics, the Siddhanta-Siromani on astronomy, and the Lilavathi on algebra.
www.mnrindia.org /maths.html   (544 words)

 All about  Jainism, Jina
To obtain "Nirvana", Mahavira left his rich home and wandered for 13 years with a Spartan life of denial of all worldly things, even walking nude...
There is no god to help you to obtain "Jain", but Mahavira is god, and they have beautiful temples like the one in Calcutta I have seen...
The Sacred Texts, the Agama", the teachings of Mahavira; the "Cheda-sutras", the rules of asceticism; and the "Culika-sutras", texts concentrating on the nature of the mind and knowledge.
religion-cults.com /Eastern/Jainism/jainis.htm   (1422 words)

 Wolf's Lair   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The major problem is Mahavira's conjecture breaks the link between multiplication and division, and so leaves all higher mathematics a smoldering ruin.
Well, yes Mahavira's conjecture works, but only when only one unit of measure (quantity) is involved (it can't tell you miles per hour, for instance, when there's 0 speed), and no it doesn't solve anything except how much is left if you don't divide.
Even though Mahavira's conjecture is a bust (it does so much less than you would think) there's enough useful material before the actual proofs that if you ignore page 16 and 17 it's still fairly useful.
members.nuvox.net /~zt.wolf   (913 words)

 Ancient Jaina Mathematics: an Introduction
The author of the Ganita-sara-samgraha held that the great Mahavira, the founder of Jaina religion, was himself a mathematician.
Umasvati was a reputed Jaina metaphysician, but not a mathematician, though he did refer to mathematical formulae.
Like the Vedic mathematicians, the Jainas had an interest in the enumeration of very large numbers, which was intimately tied up with their philosophy of time and space.
www.infinityfoundation.com /mandala/t_es/t_es_agraw_jaina.htm   (1691 words)

 References for Mahavira   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
B Datta, On the relation of Mahavira to Sridhara, Isis 17 (1932), 25-33.
R C Gupta, Rectification of ellipse from Mahavira to Ramanujan, Ganita Bharati 15 (1-4) (1993), 14-40.
A Jain, Mahaviracarya, the man and the mathematician, Acta Cienc.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk /~history/References/Mahavira.html   (136 words)

Brahmagupta was the most prominent mathematician of the seventh century.
We also have evidence that the Indian or Hindu system was known in the Arab world as early as the middle of the seventh century, the work which the great Arab mathematician al-Khwarizmi was primarily responsible for.
Therefore, it was the mathematicians, rather than the astronomers, who ultimately ensure the almost universal adoption of the Hindu-Arabic numerals.
home.c2i.net /greaker/comenius/9899/indiannumerals/india.html   (1096 words)

 extracredit   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
This semester you can earn 100 points extra credit by writing a biography on a famous mathematician.
Your report should contain information on the life of the mathematician and their major contributions to mathematics.
Once a mathematician is chosen by a student, it is no longer a choice for other students.
www.fifeschools.com /cjh/staff/eblind/extracredit.htm   (353 words)

 Brahmagupta: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
...great mathematicians Mahavira (A.D. 850) and Bhaskar (A.D. 1114), who propounded the use of zero in arithmetic operations.
The 7th century Hindu mathematician Brahmagupta introduced negative numbers to represent debts.
He wrote in verse the Brahma-sphuta-siddhanta...containing two chapters on mathematics that were translated into English by H. Colebrooke in Algebra from the Sanskrit of Brahmagupta (1817).
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/brahmagupta.jsp   (563 words)

 Mahavira - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Mahavira (traditionally, 599-527 bc; according to modern scholarship, 540?-468?
Writing in the 9th century, Jain mathematician Mahavira stated rules for operations with zero, although he thought that division by zero left a...
Exclusively for MSN Encarta Premium Subscribers--quickly search thousands of articles from magazines such as Time, Newsweek, The Atlantic Monthly, and Smithsonian.
encarta.msn.com /Mahavira.html   (90 words)

 Newsletter 46, March 2001   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
According to P. Jones "One use of the history of mathematics is to reveal to students come of the conceptual difficulties and errors which have impeded progress".
In this brief note we mention the mistakes, gathered from a few earlier works, in connection with some arithmetical operations involving the number zero (now denoted by the hole "0").
The great Indian mathematician Brahmagupta (7th century AD) was the first to give explicitly in his Brahmasphuta-Siddhanta (chapter XVIII), the various rules involving zero (in arithmetical operations) but they also include his statement that "zero divided by zero is zero".
www.hpm-americas.org /nl46/nl46art2.html   (408 words)

 CalendarHome.com - 1st millennium BC - Calendar Encyclopedia
Buddhism was founded by Siddharta Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (6th century BC)
Jainism was founded by Mahavira (6th century BC)
Pingala, Indian mathematician, inventor of the binary number system and the concept of zero
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /1st_millennium_BC.htm   (325 words)

 Alchemy Journal Vol.2 No.3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In “The Mahavira Vessel and the Plant Putika, ”Stella Kramrisch describes a plant which she connects with the mysterious soma.
The Mahavira Vessel, like the Templars mysterious idol, is referred to as a head.
To the ancient worshipper the Mahavira vessel represented the decapi­tated head of Makha, from whose wound flowed forth the Elixir of Life.
www.alchemylab.com /AJ2-3.htm   (6688 words)

 History of Mathematics: Chronology of Mathematicians
Note: there are also a chronological lists of mathematical works and mathematics for China, and chronological lists of mathematicians for the Arabic sphere, Europe, Greece, India, and Japan.
*MT: Mathematicians noted *MT have biographies in the Mathematical MacTutor History of Mathematics archive at the School of Mathematical and Compuational Sciences of the University of St Andrews.
*W: Mathematicians noted *W have biographies compiled by Richard S. Westfall, Professor Emeritus in the department of History and Philosophy of Science at Indiana University, and appear in theCatalogue of the Scientific Community, a collection of 631 detailed biographies on members of the scientific community during the 16th and 17th centuries.
aleph0.clarku.edu /~djoyce/mathhist/chronology.html   (693 words)

Celebrated Buddhist monastic centre, often spoken of as university, located immediately to the south of Bihar city in Northen Bihar State of India.
Nalanda's traditional history goes back to the time of the Buddha (6th to 5th centuries BC) and Mahavira, the founder of the Jain religion.
Extensive excavation carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India indicate that the foundation of Nalanda belongs to the Gupta period (5th century AD)
www.iucaa.ernet.in /~library/astronomers.html   (508 words)

 Hindu Gems - Siddha Forum
Mahavira, the Indian mathematician, had said pretty much the same thing in
Mahavira was from the south of India: Karnataka.
In Mahavira's work algebra is always tied up with practical problems.
www.siddha.com.my /ubb/Forum3/HTML/000053-8.html   (14191 words)

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