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Topic: Mahayana

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  Mahayana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Among the earliest major Mahayana scriptures that are attested to historically are the Perfection of Wisdom (Prajna-Paramita) Sutras, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Lotus Sutra, the Vimalakīrti Sutra, and the Nirvana Sutra.
Mahayana as a distinct movement began around the 1st century BCE in the area around Kushan Empire (now area within Pakistan) before it was transmitted in a highly evolved form to China in the second century CE.
From the 1st century CE and in the space of a few centuries, Mahayana was to flourish and spread in the East from India to South-East Asia, and towards the north to Central Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, culminating with the introduction of Buddhism in Japan in 538 CE.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mahayana   (2026 words)

 Mahayana Buddhiam, Origin, development and philosophy.
The Mahayana school of Buddhism was a deviation from the original teachings of the Buddha, though the followers of this school quote at length the very teachings of the Buddha in support of their arguments.
The followers of Mahayana deviated from this early stand of the Buddhists and declared that Buddha himself was the first cause and that as the Absolute Being he pervades and presides over the whole universe.
Thus Mahayana School transferred the emphasis from personal salvation to universal salvation, from the ideal of Arhat to that of the Bodhisattva, and the concept of accumulating merit for ones own benefit to transferring of ones merit to the benefit of others.
www.hinduwebsite.com /buddhism/mahayana.htm   (1366 words)

 Mahayana - Wikipedia
Sich angestrengt in ihm (Hinayanasystem) bemühen, während wir unsere eigenen Methoden (Mahayana) haben.
In Asangas Urtext zur Mahayana Ethik ist folgendes zu finden:
Heute sind Richtungen des Mahayana besonders in Japan, Tibet, Bhutan, der Volksrepublik China und Korea verbreitet, teilweise auch in Vietnam, der Mongolei und dem asiatischen Osten Russlands.
de.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mahayana   (3024 words)

 Mahayana Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The way of the Mahayana, developed from the earlier and more austere Theravada school of Buddhism, tends to be characterized by a greater emphasis of the supernatural.
Similarly, it is common for practictioners of Mahayana Buddhism to regard Confucius, Jesus Christ and Muhammed as simply other bodhisattvas allowing those religions to fit within the context of Buddhism.
Mahayana Buddhism, at its core, regards such ideas as artful means of bringing people closer to enlightenment.
www.wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/m/ma/mahayana.html   (739 words)

 Buddhist texts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Later texts, such as the Mahayana Sutras, are also considered to be the word of the Buddha, but were transmitted either in secret, via lineages of mythical beings (such as the nagas), or came directly from other Buddhas or bodhisattvas.
The earliest Mahayana texts were composed in a 'Middle Indo-Āryan' language which was Sanskritised during the Gupta era when Sanskrit became the official language of the Indian court.
The Awakening of Faith in the Mahayana by Ashvaghosha was influential in East Asian Buddhism, especially the Hua-yen school of China, and its Japanese equivalent, Kegon.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Buddhist_texts   (4605 words)

 Shunyata and Prititya Samutpada in Mahayana
In Mahayana, on the other hand, which emphasizes the emptiness of things, dependent co-arising as a concept is used to clarify the nature of sunyata by showing that all things that appear to have independent, permanent existence are really the product of many forces interacting.
Thus, in Mahayana it is stressed that all things are dependently co-arisen, because their seemingly independent existence really depends on the coming together simultaneously (the co-arising) of the various parts and forces that go into making them up.
Mahayana thinkers have asserted that all phenomena, including especially individual human beings, are like this, inasmuch as it is impossible to locate any basic particle or entity that is dependent in no way for its definition and existence on the relationship that it has to other things.
www.humboldt.edu /~wh1/6.Buddhism.OV/6.Sunyata.html   (1088 words)

 MAHAYANA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The earliest traces of Mahayana ideas arose with the division of the Buddhist sangha into two vadas or schools of thought around 410 b c., some 110 years after the Buddha's death, at the Second Council of Vaishali.
It was from the Mahasanghikas that the Mahayana was to evolve.
The fathers of the Mahayana were considered to be Nagarjuna, who lived between the first and second ceturies of our era, and founded what is known as the Madhamika philosophy or philosophy of the Middle Way and Maitreyanatha who lived in the third century of our era.
www.zip.com.au /~lyallg/RiseMahyan.htm   (1609 words)

 Mahayana Buddhism
The most significant Mahayana innovation was the view of the Buddha as a supernatural being who assumed a transformation body (nirmana-kaya) to be born as the historical Buddha.
Mahayana generally offers more hope of enlightenment for the lay believer than Theravada: the compassionate bodhisattvas can supposedly transfer their merit to worshippers; Zen is notoriously disdainful of the formalities of creed and hierarchy; the Pure Land is an interim paradise on the road to salvation attainable by the pious.
Mahayana attitudes toward Buddhist teachings are in part a consequence of the Mahayana view of the Buddha.
mb-soft.com /believe/txh/mahayana.htm   (2632 words)

 vehicle (in Buddhism)
Thirdly, in later Mahayana, they were seen as teachings hidden by the Buddha in the world of serpent- deities (*naga's*), till there were humans capable of seeing the deeper implications of his message, who would recover the teachings by means of meditative powers.
The peculiarity of the Mahayana was that it urged all 'sons and daughters of good family' to tread the *Bodhisattva*-path.
In early Chinese translations of Mahayana texts, the lay *Bodhisattva* is expected to live a life free of attachment to family, and to aim to ordain as soon as possible....
www.luckymojo.com /avidyana/vehicle.html   (1350 words)

 Mahayana vs. Theravada
Thus, where Mahayana Buddhists preach a magnanimous rejection of personal salvation as being their terminal goal, this lofty effort is reserved for only the most capable in the Theravada discipline.
Summarily, the MahayanaBuddha-nature of humanity” is at odds with the Theravada “human nature of the Buddha” because for one, humanity is conducive to freedom, whereas for the other, it is deleterious.
This runs counter to the import Mahayanas often place upon their congregations, whose function it is to provide individual members encouragement and mutual support throughout the course of their spiritual journeys.
www.freewebs.com /haastexts/Mahayana%20and%20Theravada.htm   (979 words)

 Mahayana sutras - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mahayana sutras are a very broad genre of Buddhist scriptures that were originally put in writing starting in the first century BCE.
They form the basis of the various Mahayana schools.
Mahayana Buddhists believe that these texts, with the exception of those with an explicitly Chinese provenance, are an authentic account of teachings given during the Buddha's lifetime.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mahayana_sutras   (165 words)

 Buddhismo Mahayana - Wikipedia
Oggi sono le traduzioni tibetane e cinesi delle scuole Mahayana a servire da riferimento agli studiosi, perché gli originali sono andati per la maggior parte distrutti, tranne quelli conservati nel Buddhismo Theravada.
Il seguace Mahayana deve, oltre che pronunciare i voti buddhisti, formulare giuramento di cercare la salvezza spirituale non solo per se stesso ma anche a beneficio di tutti gli esseri senzienti e s'impegna a reincarnarsi fino a che l'umanità intera non sia entrata nel nirvana.
Questa caratteristica avrà diverse evoluzioni nel vasto panorama del Mahayana: in alcune tradizioni il rifiuto dell'importanza delle scritture si estende ad un rifiuto totale del mondo linguistico e logico, come vedremo parlando della scuola filosofica del Madhyamaka, la via di mezzo, o della tradizioni estremo orientali Ch'an e Zen.
it.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mahayana   (819 words)

 Mahayana sutras: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The lotus sutra or sutra on the white lotus of the sublime dharma (sanskrit: saddharmapundarka-stra;...
The amitabha sutra, or shorter sukhavativyuha sutra (chn:), is a mahayana buddhist text associated...
The infinite life sutra, or longer pure land sutra, is a mahayana buddhist text associated with pure land buddhism....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/m/ma/mahayana_sutras.htm   (719 words)

 BBC - Religion & Ethics - Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism is strongest in Tibet, China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, and Mongolia.
Mahayana Buddhism is not a single group but a collection of Buddhist traditions: Zen Buddhism, Pure Land Buddhism, and Tibetan Buddhism are all forms of Mahayana Buddhism.
Theravada and Mahayana are both rooted in the basic teachings of the historical Buddha, and both emphasise the individual search for liberation from the cycle of samsara (birth, death, rebirth...).
www.bbc.co.uk /religion/religions/buddhism/subdivisions/mahayana.shtml   (243 words)

 BUDDHISM TERMS Asia Buddhism Buddha Theravada Mahayana Zen Nirvana   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Mahayana beliefs tend to be characterized by a greater acceptance of ideas about supernatural beings, realms, and powers, for example, a spectrum of Bodhisattvas, both human and godlike, who can assist believers.
Historically the Mahayana tradition of Buddhism spread to China, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Mongolia and all the regions of Tibetan cultural sphere such as Bhutan and the entire Trans-Himalayan areas of India, and the republics of Thuva, Buriat and Kalmykya in the Russian federation.
This sutra is one of the earliest Mahayana sutras.
www.asia-handicrafts.com /buddhism-teaching/buddhism-terms.htm   (12470 words)

 NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Mahayana
The way of the Mahayana, in contrast to the more conservative and austere Theravada school of Buddhism, can be characterized by: Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism.
Greco-Buddhist art is the artistic manifestation of Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 1000 years in Central Asia, between the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century...
Scholars believe that Mahayana as a distinct movement began around the 1st century BCE in the North-western Indian subcontinent (in what is now the country of Pakistan) estimating a formative period of about three centuries before it was transmitted in a highly evolved form to China in the 2nd century CE.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Mahayana   (4667 words)

 Mahayana Buddhism - ReligionFacts
Mahayana Buddhism is the primary form of Buddhism in North Asia and the Far East, including China, Japan, Korea, Tibet and Mongolia, and is thus sometimes known as Northern Buddhism.
Mahayana Buddhists accept the Pali Canon as sacred scripture with the Theravadans, but also many other works, the Sutras, which were written later and in Sanskrit.
The various subdivisions within the Mahayana tradition, such as Zen, Nichiren, and Pure Land, promote different ways of attaining this goal, but all are agreed that it can be attained in a single lifetime by anyone who puts his or her mind (and sometimes body) to it.
www.religionfacts.com /buddhism/sects/mahayana.htm   (442 words)

 Mahayana   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Mahayana school was a later development in Buddhist philosophy.
Mahayana scholars interpret the sacred texts in a more liberal manner, where as the Theravada monks use the texts literally.
The Mahayana school generalizes that it is possible for all people to reach an enlightened state and work towards that goal.
mcel.pacificu.edu /as/students/vb/Mahayan.HTM   (249 words)

 Glossary of terms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
In the Mahayana, vipashyana (Skt) has a different connotation, where it means investigation of and familiarization with the actual way in which things exist and is used to develop the wisdom of emptiness.
Mahayana practitioners' motivation for following the Dharma path is principally their intense wish for all mother sentient beings to be liberated from conditioned existence, or samsara, and to attain the full enlightenment of buddhahood.
This is the gradual path to enlightenment traversed by bodhisattvas practicing the six perfections (charity, morality, patience, enthusiastic perseverance, concentration, and wisdom) through the ten bodhisattva levels (bhumi) over countless eons of rebirth in samsara for the benefit of all sentient beings.
www.lamayeshe.com /general/glossary.shtml   (4818 words)

 Bodhisattva Ideal in Mahayana
Within Mahayana compassion for the suffering of others tends to be a higher priority than liberation for one's self.
The emergence of these various forms of practices have been labelled, by the opponents of Mahayana, as deviations from the original Buddhism that pander to local culture, and are thus understood (again, by the opponents) to be a watering down, even a perversion, of what the Buddha originally intended.
Masters of various Mahayana schools are recorded as recommending to their students activities outside of vinaya practice in order to accellorate their spiritual advancement.
www.humboldt.edu /~wh1/6.Buddhism.OV/6.Bodhisattva.html   (933 words)

 Buddhism on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The main philosophical tenet of the Mahayana is that all things are empty, or devoid of self-nature (see sunyata).
Its chief religious ideal is the bodhisattva, which supplanted the earlier ideal of the arahant, and is distinguished from it by the vow to postpone entry into nirvana (although meriting it) until all other living beings are similarly enlightened and saved.
The Mahayana developed doctrines of the eternal and absolute nature of the Buddha, of which the historical Buddha is regarded as a temporary manifestation.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/Buddhism_TheRiseofMahayanaBuddhism.asp   (1825 words)

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