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Topic: Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra

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In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  Bay de Noc UU
In one of the Pali sutras belonging to the Theravada lineage of Buddhism, Buddha says that vegetarianism is preferable, but as monks in ancient India were expected to receive all of their food by begging they had little or no control over their diet.
In the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Buddha states that "the eating of meat extinguishes the seed of great compassion", adding that all and every kind of meat and fish consumption (even of animals already found dead) is prohibited by him.
A long passage in the Lankavatara Sutra shows the Buddha weighing strongly in favor of vegetarianism, since the eating of the flesh of fellow sentient beings is said by him to be incompatible with the compassion which a Bodhisattva should strive to cultivate.
www.baydenocuu.org /Buddhism.htm   (7927 words)

 Buddhism / mahayana mahaparinirvana sutra
The Mahaparinirvana Sutra is a major Mahayana scripture which purports to enshrine the Buddha's "final explanation" of his Doctrine, an explanation characterised by "exhaustive thoroughness" and allegedly delivered on the last day before his parinirvana (his physical death).
The Nirvana Sutra is an enormously important scripture, not least because of its influence on Zen Buddhism and in view of its traditional status as the final Mahayana pronouncements of the Buddha on the eve of his physical death.
The Nirvana Sutra adopts this interpretation as its viewpoint, that beings are embryonic Tathāgatas by virtue of the pervasiveness of the buddha-dhātu.
www.buddhism-guide.com /buddhism/mahayana_mahaparinirvana_sutra.htm   (2591 words)

 Bio - Buddhism Wikipedia RSS Feed buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In Mahayana Buddhism, the Buddha (transcending his mere physical form) is viewed as a boundless, beginningless and endless being, present in all times and all places, yet beyond the reach of logic or mundane conceptualisation.
In Mahayana Buddhism, a caveat is added: one should indeed always meditate on the impermanence and changefulness of compounded structures and phenomena, but one must guard against extending this to the realm of Nirvana, where impermanence holds no sway and eternity alone obtains.
A long passage in the Lankavatara Sutra shows the Buddha speaking out very forcefully against meat consumption and unequivocally in favor of vegetarianism, since the eating of the flesh of fellow sentient beings is said by him to be incompatible with the compassion that a Bodhisattva should strive to cultivate.
www.blinkbits.com /bits/viewtopic/buddhism_wikipedia_rss_feed?t=2572290   (8846 words)

 Buddhism - The real meaning from Timesharetalk wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In Mahayana Buddhism, there is also a distinctive Vinaya and ethics contained within the Mahayana Brahmajala Sutra (not to be confused with the Pali text of that name) for Bodhisattvas, where, for example, the eating of meat is frowned upon and vegetarianism is actively encouraged (see vegetarianism in Buddhism).
Other texts, such as the Mahayana sutras, are also considered to be the word of the Buddha, but were transmitted either in secret, via lineages of mythical beings (such as the nagas), or came directly from other Buddhas or bodhisattvas.
Mahayana forms of Buddhism that use scriptures in Chinese are dominant in most of China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam as well as the Chinese communities around the world, especially within Indochina and Southeast Asia as well as in the West.
www.timesharetalk.co.uk /wiki.asp?k=Buddhism   (8180 words)

 Nirvana - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
However, in certain Mahayana teachings of the Buddha, Nirvana, or "Great Nirvana" in particular (higher than "ordinary" Nirvana), is said to be the sphere or domain ("visaya") of the True Self.
In the "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra", as well as in a number of other important Mahayana sutras, Great Nirvana is seen as the state which constitutes the attainment of that which is "Eternal, Self, Bliss, and Pure".
Vitally, according to Mahayana teachings, any being who has reached Nirvana is not blotted out or extinguished: there is the extinction of the impermanent and suffering-prone "worldly self" or ego, but not of the immortal "supramundane" Self of the indwelling Buddha.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Nirvana   (1242 words)

Other Buddhist scriptures (the "Tathagatagarbha" sutras) encourage the practitioner to cleanse him/herself of the mental and moral defilements of the "worldly self" and thereby penetrate through to a perception of the indwelling "Buddha-Principle" ("Buddha-nature"), also termed the "True Self" (see "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra"), and thus become transformed into a Buddha.
Mahayana Buddhism established a major regional center in what is today Afghanistan, and from there it spread to China, Korea, Mongolia, and Japan.
Other new texts, such as the Platform Sutra and the Sutra of Perfect Enlightenment did not pretend to be of Indian origin, but were widely accepted as valid scriptures on their own merits.
www.keywordmage.net /bu/buddhism.html   (6300 words)

 Britain.tv Wikipedia - Saddha
In the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Buddha accords a foundational position to faith.
It is perhaps in the “Pure Land” sutras that faith and devotion reach a pinnacle of soteriological importance.
One of the most famous of Mahayana sutras, the Lotus Sutra, also embraces the ideal of faith, but links it to discernment (which would appear to be more in harmony with the Buddha’s general doctrines).
www.britain.tv /wikipedia.php?title=Saddha   (2063 words)

 Dharma Realm Buddhist Association - Dharma   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Both sutras recount the events which took place and the teachings of the Buddha which he bestowed immediately prior to his entering nirvana.
As to length, the Hinayana text is chapter length, while the Mahayana sutra is three volumes in English translation.
BTTS Ref: Translation of the Mahayana sutra is in progress.
www.drba.org /dharma/btts/9xxentrydetail.asp?wid=20   (134 words)

 Buddha-nature - Free Encyclopedia of Thelema
Buddha-nature was not universally accepted in Indian Mahayana, but did become a cornerstone of East Asian Buddhist soteriological thought in terms of the essence-function paradigm or of a vision of an ultimate, undying Buddhic Element within all beings, as explained in texts such as the Tathagatagarbha Sutra, the "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra", and the Buddha-nature Treatise.
The concept of "seeds" espoused by the Sautrantikas in debate with the Sarvastivadins over the metaphysical status of dharmas is a precursor to the store-consciousness of the Yogacara school and the tathagatagarbha (Gethin, p.222), the latter of which is closely related to Buddha-nature and the former of which is identified with it in Yogacara.
The main concern in the "Mahaparinirvana Sutra" in contrasting this doctrine of the Self with that of the Astikas seems to have been to remove the reifying notion that the Self was a little person, the size of a grain of rice or of one's thumb, sitting in the heart of the being.
www.egnu.org /thelema/Buddha-nature   (754 words)

 Thelemapedia: The Encyclopedia of Thelema & Magick | Shunyata
The class of Buddhist scriptures known as the "Tathagatagarbha" sutras presents a seemingly variant view of Emptiness, according to which the Buddha and Nirvana, unlike compounded, conditioned phenomena, are not empty of intrinsic existence, but merely of the impermanent, the painful and the selfless.
The "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra" supports such a vision and views Ultimate Emptiness as the Buddhic Knowledge which sees both Emptiness and non-Emptiness, wherein "the Empty is the totality of Samsara and the non-Empty is Great Nirvana".
The Buddha in the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra further indicates that to view absolutely everything as empty is an unbalanced approach and constitutes a deviation from the middle path of Dharma: "The wise perceive Emptiness and non-Emptiness, the Eternal and the Impermanent, Suffering and Bliss, the Self and non-Self.
www.thelemapedia.org /index.php/Shunyata   (771 words)

The death of the Buddha, or Mahaparinirvana, Gandhara 2-3rd century.
In the Mahayana Buddhist scripture entitled the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Buddha teaches that unlike "ordinary" Nirvana, "Mahaparinirvana" is the highest state or realm realised by a perfect Buddha, a state in which that Buddhic being awakens to "the Eternal, Bliss, the Self, and the Pure".
Only in Mahaparinirvana is this True Self ("atman") of the Buddha said to be fully discernible.
www.oobdoo.com /wikipedia/?title=Parinirvana   (269 words)

 Nirvana - Free net encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Etymologically, nirvana (Pali Nibbana) in sutra is "bhavanirodha nibbanam" (The subjugation of becoming means Nirvana).
Nirvana in sutra is never conceived of as a place, but the antinomy of samsara (see below) which itself is synonymous with ignorance (avijja).
Where Theravada differs significantly from the Mahayana schools, which also start with the duality of samsara and Nirvana, is in its refusal to regard this polarity as a mere preparatory lesson tailored for those with blunt faculties, to be eventually superseded by some higher realization of non-duality.
www.netipedia.com /index.php/Nirvana   (1418 words)

 sociology - Buddhism
The aim of these practices is to awaken the practitioner to the realization of anatta (the absence of a permanent or substantial self) and achieve enlightenment.
Some Mahayana Buddhist scriptures aim at encouraging the Buddhist practitioner to perceive the indwelling Buddha-Principle ("Buddha-nature"), the "True Self" (as opposed to the impermanent, suffering-generating "worldly self") of the Buddha inherent in all sentient beings.
the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Tathagatagarbha Sutra, the Srimala Sutra, amongst others), the Buddha is presented as modifying this teaching and saying that there does truly exist an eternal, unchanging, blissful Buddhic essence (svabhava) in all sentient beings, which is the uncreated and deathless Buddha-nature or "True Self" of the Buddha himself.
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Buddhism   (5959 words)

 IJFB Vol. 1(1): De-Substantializing Buddha-Nature in the Tathagatagarbha Tradition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Mahayana Buddhists, after Madhyamika, face the question of "Is apophatic language the only language we can use?" This question, put another way, is whether there is any possibility of using other language.
According to this sutra, although the tathagatagarbha is obscured by defilements in unenlightened beings, this tathagatagarbha nonetheless determines their possibility or potentiality of attaining Buddhahood.
The Doctrine of the Buddha-Nature in the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana-Sutra
apps.fairfield.edu /ijfb/Full_Text.cfm?R_ID=2411   (5306 words)

 Nirvana Sutra :: Appreciation of the "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra" (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab1.netlab.uky.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Inspired by this superlative sutra, I have created this website to encourage the accurate study and practice of what may be called "Nirvana Sutra Buddhism" - a very positive, balanced, faith-promoting and spiritually affirmative manifestation of Buddhism, which recognises the hidden reality of the egoless Buddha-Self in all beings.
The Mahaparinirvana Sutra is a key sutra for an understanding of the Buddha's teachings on the Buddha-dhatu ("Buddha Nature", "Buddha Element", "Buddha Principle") and the synonymous Tathagatagarbha (indwelling Buddha Essence of each being).
The English text of the sutra mainly cited for reference throughout this study is the specially commissioned English translation by Stephen Hodge of the Tibetan version of the scripture, as well as that same scholar's occasional forays into the Faxian and the Dharmakshema "Northern" versions of the scripture.
www.nirvanasutra.org.uk.cob-web.org:8888   (1114 words)

 Buddha Resource Page - budda
That sutra has the Buddha indicate that he became Awakened countless, immeasurable, inconceivable myriads of trillions of aeons ("kalpas") ago and that his lifetime is "forever existing and immortal".
The sutra itself, however, does not directly employ the phrase "eternal Buddha"; yet similar notions are found in other Mahayana scriptures, notably the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, which presents the Buddha as the ultimately real, eternal ("nitya"/ "sasvata"), unchanging, blissful, pure Self (Atman) who, as the Dharmakaya, knows of no beginning or end.
According to the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, worldly beings fail to see this eternality of the Buddha and his Truth (Dharma).
www.tvave.com /b-cat/Buddha.html   (2008 words)

 Tathagatagarbha doctrine - Enpsychlopedia
Three of the most important early texts for the introduction of this doctrine are the Tathagatagarbha Sutra, the Śrīmālā-sūtra and the Awakening of Faith; the "Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra" and the Anunatva-Apurnatva-Nirdesa sutra are also vital texts for a fuller understanding of "Tathagatagarbha" teaching.
The Tathagatagarbha doctrine is closely related to the notion of the Buddha-nature; indeed, in the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, which is the lengthiest sutra dealing with the immanent and transcendent presence of the Tathagatagarbha within all beings, the terms "Buddha-nature" ("Buddha-dhatu") and "Tathagatagarbha" are presented as essentially synonymous.
The Tathagatagarbha is indicated by the relevant sutras to be the ultimate, pure, ungraspable, irreducible, invulnerable, true and deathless Quintessence of the Buddha's liberating Reality, the very core of his highest being (Dharmakaya).
www.enpsychlopedia.com /psypsych/Tathagatagarbha   (622 words)

 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
A long passage in the Lankavatara Sutra shows the Buddha weighing strongly in favor of vegetarianism, since the eating of the flesh of fellow sentient beings is said by him to be incompatible with the compassion that a Bodhisattva should strive to cultivate.
Theravada Buddhism: parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (where it is imposed as the state religion),Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam (along the Mekong Delta frontier with Cambodia, the so-called "Khmer Krom" region), and parts of China (in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Sichuan).
Mahayana Buddhism established a major regional center in what is today Afghanistan, and from there it spread to China, Korea, Mongolia,Japan, and Vietnam.
abcworld.net /Buddhism   (8268 words)

 Atman (Buddhism) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
This Buddha-dhatu is said in the Nirvana Sutra to be the uncreated, immutable and immortal essence (“svabhava”) of all beings, which can never be harmed or destroyed.
The most extensive sutra promulgating this as an "ultimate teaching" (uttara-tantra) on the Buddhic essence of all creatures (animals included) is the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra.
There are numerous references to the reality of this transcendental yet immanent Self in the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, which scripture the Buddha declares to embody the “uttarottara” (absolutely supreme) meaning of all Mahayana Buddhism. /wiki/index.php/Atman_(Buddhism)   (1063 words)

 math lessons - Buddha
Emphasizing this universal availability, the Mahayana school of Buddhism in particular refers to many Buddhas and also to many bodhisattvas (beings committed to Enlightenment but who vow to postpone their own Nirvana in order to assist others on the path).
The idea of an everlasting Buddha is a Mahayana notion popularly associated with the Mahayana Buddhist scripture, the Lotus Sutra.
The sutra itself, however, does not directly employ the phrase "eternal Buddha"; yet similar notions are found in other Mahayana scriptures, notably the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, in which the Buddha presents himself as the eternal ("nitya"/ "sasvata"), blissful, pure Self (Atman) who, as the Dharmakaya, knows of no beginning or end.
www.mathdaily.com /lessons/Buddha   (859 words)

 The Non-Self and the True Self in the Buddha's Teachings
In his last sutra (scripture), the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra, as well as in other sutras of a similar nature, he tells of how this Self is within all beings, but unknown to them, like some cache of hidden treasure.
The Buddha, in some of his most deep-reaching sutras - such as the Tathagata-garbha Sutra, the Srimaladevi Sutra, the Surangama Sutra, and the Mahaparinirvana Sutra (amongst others) - insists that this teaching of the "Buddha-Principle" within all beings is ultimate Truth and must not be rejected.
I have been researching into the Mahaparinirvana Sutra (the Buddha's final sutra) for many years and am working in collaboration with the Buddhist scholar and translator, Stephen Hodge, whom I have commissioned to complete the first-ever translation of the Tibetan Mahaparirnirvana Sutra into English.
www.holisticshop.co.uk /itemdetl.php?itemprcd=cnt-lib-bud-nsb   (1016 words)

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