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# Topic: Major premise

 study3 Thus, a syllogism is an argument having two premises and a conclusion with the subject term of the conclusion in one of the premises, the conclusion's predicate term in the other premise, and a third term in both premises. Recall that the premise with the major term (the same as the predicate term of the conclusion) is the major premise and is placed first; the minor premise, i.e., the premise with the minor term (the same as the subject term of the conclusion) is placed second. Using the 2nd Conclusion as a premise in conjunction with the fourth proposition and rearranging the premises yields the third syllogism. www2.sjsu.edu /logic/study3.htm   (3789 words)

 major - definition by dict.die.net Major key (Mus.), a key in which one and two, two and three, four and five, five and six and seven, make major seconds, and three and four, and seven and eight, make minor seconds. Major scale (Mus.), the natural diatonic scale, which has semitones between the third and fourth, and seventh and fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees; the scale of the major mode, of which the third is major. Major second (Mus.), a second between whose tones is a difference in pitch of a step. dict.die.net /major   (304 words)

 Solutions to Homework 5.5 Then the major premise says that the triangle completely separate from the square, while the minor premise says that at least part of the circle overlaps the triangle (combined, below left), and the conclusion says that at least part of the circle is falls outside the square (below right). Then the major premise says that the triangle is completely separate from the square (below left), the minor premise says that the triangle overlaps the circle (below center), and the conclusion says that at least part of the circle falls outside the square (below right). Then the major premise says that the square is completely separate from the triangle (below left), the minor premise says that the triangle is inside the circle (below center), and the conclusion says that at least part of the circle falls outside the square (below right). www.math.fau.edu /hoffman/mgf1106/soln55.htm   (1616 words)

 deductive.htm Since both the major and the minor premises are related by this common term, the conclusion set forth in the third statement is therefore logically consistent. In deductive reasoning, both the major premise and the minor premise are worded in such a way that the conclusion naturally and logically derives from combining a general statement with a more particular statement in reference to the same common terms. In a typical legal argument the major premise states a general proposition of law, and the minor premise then applies that same legal proposition to some particular circumstance unique to the individual case at issue. www.samford.edu /schools/netlaw/dh2/logic/deductive.htm   (2893 words)

 Categorical Syllogism The major term of the syllogism is whatever is employed as the predicate term of its conclusion. Since one of the premises of the syllogism must be a categorical proposition that affirms some relation between its middle and major terms, we call that the major premise of the syllogism. Since the major premise is a universal proposition, we may begin with it. www.philosophypages.com /lg/e08a.htm   (1504 words)

 [No title] Analysis: The major premise is false because it presumes that the primary purpose of soldiers' activities is to defend free speech. Major premise (partially hidden): Soldiers sacrifice themselves selflessly on behalf of the collective and are thus protected from criticism by a sacred force. Major premise (hidden): Owning a flag, military uniform, collection of John Phillip Sousa records, etc. guarantees that the owner of the patriotic symbol is a patriot and thus a trustworthy person. pegasus.cc.ucf.edu /~bmauer/Free.html   (6404 words)

 Legalwriting.net To do this, make your major premise a general rule of law or a legal principle based on a widely-known legal rule or on your own legal research. Major premise about the law: Drivers who lapse into unanticipated fainting spells are not negligent for injuries they cause. Major premise about the law: If a party in a suit has a claim against an opposing party that arises from the same transaction or occurrence as that opposing party'’s claim, it is a compulsory counterclaim and will be barred if not asserted. www.utexas.edu /law/faculty/wschiess/legalwriting   (1100 words)

 Free Speaker - LD Debate The major premise is a value judgment; the minor premise is a description involving no value judgment. It is primarily in the major premise &endash; the general value principle on which the argument depends &endash; that an appeal to authority is invalid. Basing your major premise on a natural right works especially well when, as in a debate, your time is limited, and you cannot expect to justify your position fully. www.economicthinking.org /lincolndouglas/logictold.html   (2551 words)

 Examination of Modern NT Text Criticism (1/2) Based on this hidden premise, Westcott and Hort derived principles of text criticism, and then used these principles to prove their major premise, thus closing the loop forming a circle of reasoning that is spread out over 150 pages of presentation. The error of their major premise is demonstrated in that (1) Westcott and Hort's favored texts bear all the marks of Gnostic corruptions compared to the traditional text, (2) the evidence they offer is extremely weak, (3) the data speaking against their major premise is abundant and powerful. Although unnecessary to the refutation of their major premise, the works of Westcott and Hort, and their biographers have clearly shown that (4) the beliefs of Westcott and Hort were biased in favor of Gnosticism. av1611.com /kjbp/articles/young-examination1.html   (8093 words)

 Logic: Syllogisms In the fourth figure the middle term is predicate in the major premise and subject in the minor. Here the right-hand syllogism, in which the first premise is obtained from the given major by simple conversion and the second is just the given minor unaltered, is in the mood Celarent in the first figure. In an extended argument the conclusion of one inference may be used as a premise of another, and the conclusion of that as premise of a third, and so on. www.theology.edu /logic/logic21.htm   (4438 words)

 What “Maior” is Falstaff Denying? Denying proof, major or minor, was a common tactic among Elizabethan logicians and orators when attacking an opponent's position, and we have no reason to suppose that Falstaff would be presented as inexpert in what to him would be a simple logical maneuver. The major premise is of the "certain" proof listed by Quintilian as that "admitted by the general consent of mankind," and the minor premise is of the type "perceived by the senses." The reasoning is a perfect argument, and Falstaff is proved a coward. Falstaff's pun on "major" as "officer" is apparent, but I believe an aural pun, based on a similar pronunciation of "major" and "mayor," was unlikely for the Elizabethans and certainly impossible for today's audience. www.shakespeare-usa.com /Maior.htm   (3077 words)

 3 Formalities of A-Fortiori In practise, the major premise is very often left unstated; and likewise, the middle term (we shall return to this issue in more detail later). The role of the major premise is always to relate the major and minor terms (P and Q) to the middle term (R); the middle term serves to place the major and minor terms along a quantitative continuum. For, whereas the major premise guarantees that 'Q is R', if we express the minor premise merely as 'P is not R enough to be S' then that 'P is not R' remains a possibility, and the conclusion has to be a more indefinite negation of the major premise of the root primary argument (i.e. www.thelogician.net /3_judaic_logic/3_chapter_03.htm   (4894 words)

 JEFF'S ESSAY ON TEXTUAL CRITICISM In essence what is behind their major premise is a subtext accusing the Christian church as a whole of false doctrine and successful suppression of the true church. Consequent Assumptions of Westcott and Hort are False Because the Major Premise is False. Derived from their major premise are several principles used in the text critical method that are wrong because the major premise is wrong. www.purewords.org /kjb1611/html/jeffessy.htm   (14318 words)

 Logic and Mental Philosophy 2 The premise containing the major extreme is the major premise, and that containing the minor extreme is the minor premise; still, practically the first expressed is usually called the major, and the second the minor premise. If one premise is negative, there may be two distributed terms in the premises, viz., the suhject of the universal proposition, and the predicate of the negative -- one of these is needed for the middle term, and one for the predicate of the negative conclusion; thus the subject of conclusion will again be particular. The disjunctive syllogism has a disjunctive major premise; e.g., "Either the father, or the mother, or the child is the natural head of the family." It is supposed that the disjunction is complete, i.e., that no fourth alternative is possible. www.nd.edu /Departments/Maritain/etext/lamp02.htm   (5554 words)

 DOLHENTY ARCHIVE: Figures and Moods of the Syllogism - 2 The middle term (M) is the predicate of the major premise and the subject of the minor premise. In the major premise, if it were affirmative, the middle term (M), being the predicate of an affirmative proposition, would be particular. The major term, therefore, must be a universal term in the major premise. radicalacademy.com /logicfiguresmoods2b.htm   (743 words)

 Argumentation and Critical Thinking Tutorial Main Page A SYLLOGISM is an argument that has a major premise, minor premise, and conclusion and arrives at an absolutely certain concslusion, assuming the premises are true. The major premise is a statement of a general or universal nature. The minor premise is a statement regarding a particular case, related to the subject of the major premise. www.humboldt.edu /~act/HTML/tests/logic/review.html   (198 words)

 "DEDUCTIVE REASONING" Many of the premises upon which we base our deductive reasoning are universally accepted because they are considered "self-evident truths." These are the axioms which must merely be taken for granted because they cannot or need not be proved. Once we accept this major premise — that the universe as a whole is guided by an intelligent order — we may logically conclude that each part of the universe is also guided by that intelligence. These premises cannot be adopted merely as matters of blind faith which fly in the face of all evidence (the earth is flat — a premise which once was considered a known "fact"). www.worldchiropracticalliance.org /resources/greens/green3.htm   (739 words)

 FACTS ABOUT SYLLOGISMS The term which is in the predicate of the conclusion is known as the major term and the premise containing it is the major premise. In the given example, the major premise is a syllogism of type I, the minor premise is of type A, the conclusion is of type I; we say it is an IAI syllogism, or that the mood of the syllogism is IAI. The basic ingredients of a syllogism are thus the middle term, which we'll denote by M (for Middle), the major term, which we'll denote by P (for Predicate of the conclusion) and the minor term, which we'll denote by S (for Subject of the conclusion). www.math.fau.edu /schonbek/mfla/mfla1f01syl.html   (1567 words)

 THE STAR HANGER - LETTER NUMBER 2 - HOMOLEVELATE TRIATES A major premise is a generalized conditional assertion. No major premise is advanced, or assumed to be known to the recipient, which links together the pen being on the desk and the pen being out of ink. Their manner of presenting type three information often seems to imply that we, the readers, are privy to knowledge about this major premise, even though they know that we are not. www.starspring.com /hanger/hanger2.html   (2793 words)

 Background on Syllogistic Thinking and Toulmin In this case, “Therefore, advertising of cigarettes should be legally banned.” If the major premise and the minor premise are both true, then the conclusion ought to be true. Either the major premise or the minor premise is subject to being false, however; they may be employing a kind of fallacy. Miller points out that the form of the syllogism is valid (the major premise offers a generalization, etc.), but that the truth of one of the premises is in question. www.umary.edu /faculty/whellman/eng303/HellmanToulmin.htm   (1278 words)

 Silly Syllogisms A categorical syllogism is one whose premises and conclusion are all categorical statements. The first letter represents the form of the first premise; the second represents the form of the second premise; and the third represents the form of the conclusion. The major and minor terms have standard positions in the conclusion, which are the same for all figures. www.duniho.com /fergus/sillysyllogisms.html   (980 words)

 Categorical Syllogisms If the predicate of the conclusion (the major term) is distributed, then the conclusion is making a statement about all of the members of that class. If that term is not distributed in the major premise, then the premise is not making a statement about all of the members of that class. Here the major term (people who want to make medical care more widely available) is distributed in the conclusion but not in the major premise. www.wwnorton.com /college/phil/logic3/ch9/rules2.htm   (650 words)

 Citizens for Legitimate Government That is, a major premise must contain the word "All." (2) A Minor Premise—a claim of fact that places a specific instance in the category specified by the generalization; and (3) A Conclusion that follows inescapably from the generalization and the claim of fact. And finally, Bush was appointed—not elected—by a partisan majority of the Supreme Court that had a vested interest in the outcome of their decision. If one accepts, as a value-based premise, the fact that in the United States, Presidential authority derives from an unhindered electoral process that discloses and respects the consent of the governed, and one can establish as factual the multiple violations of this principle perpetrated by Mr. www.legitgov.org /library_A_Simple_Lesson_in_Logic.html   (1224 words)

 [No title] If the major premise is accepted as being true and the minor premise is accepted as being true, the conclusion must be true. But the minor premise is not a subset of the major premise because the major premise is not true. Thus, while we can still use deductive strategies to structure our arguments, we have to provide the evidence, the supports, to convince our readers that the major premise is true, that the minor premise is a subset of the major premise, and that the conclusion, therefore, is true. www.uga.edu /adwc/deduction.html   (849 words)

 Aristotelian Syllogisms The predicate of an affirmative proposition is regarded as having particular quantification, the predicate of a negative proposition, universal. The Major Premise of a syllogism contains the predicate of the conclusion and the middle term. The vowels in the names for the moods give the types of propositions in the major premise, the minor premise, and then the conclusion, respectively. www.friesian.com /aristotl.htm   (531 words)

 SIUE Writing Center - Modules continued Major Premise: A = B All CATS are FURRY ANIMALS. RULE 1: The statement of the Major Premise MUST be clear and precise. in both the major and minor premises must be the category in the positive premise. www.siue.edu /IS/WRITING/modules-L.htm   (353 words)

 Establishing Validity Since the validity of a categorical syllogism depends solely upon its logical form, it is relatively simple to state the conditions under which the premises of syllogisms succeed in guaranteeing the truth of their conclusions. A premise that refers only to some members of the class designated by the major or minor term of a syllogism cannot be used to support a conclusion that claims to tell us about every menber of that class. These names are full of clever reminders of the appropriate standard form: their initial letters divide the valid cases into four major groups, the vowels in order state the mood of the syllogism, and its figure is indicated by (complicated) use of m, r, and s. www.philosophypages.com /lg/e08b.htm   (1070 words)

 AML 2070 Major Assignments You will thrice repeat the process with section two, section three, and summarizing the point of the entire paper, so that you will then have 8-12 simple sentences within 4 complex sentences. major premise: minor premise one; minor premise two; minor premise three. You will revise the document to add substantial topic sentences that cover ALL themes of the paragraph, to add section introductions when you need them, and to correct the minor premises to more adequately correspond to the section themes. web.nwe.ufl.edu /~mrowley/AML2070MajorAssignments.htm   (1044 words)

 Mission: Critical (Deductive Exercises) Though "no one has ever seen a ghost" may sound like a generalization, it actually reports the results of observations (or the lack of them) and, as a result, this claim is more suitable for an inductive argument. If we restated it in the form of a premise from a syllogism, it would become "No ghosts are," or "All ghosts are not." It's not impossible to get a deductive argument out of such a premise--"Yolanda is. Therefore, Yolanda is not a ghost"--but it is both awkward and reductive. This claim has the form of a conditional, but it reverses the relationship of the two terms in "All men are mortal." Be careful, in restating claims for the purpose of analysis, that you preserve the original meaning. www.sjsu.edu /depts/itl/graphics/deduc/deduc-q.html   (1344 words)

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