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Topic: Male circumcision


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  Circumcision - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Circumcision of males is a religious requirement of the Muslim and Jewish faiths.
Some believe that male circumcision is ethically identical to female genital cutting and question the perceived inconsistency of not prohibiting the former in the same manner as the latter.
Male circumcision may provide an important way of reducing the spread of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa, affording a 60% reduction in the rate of new HIV infection (from 2.1 per 100 to 0.85 per 100 in the intervention group).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Male_circumcision   (8500 words)

  
 Male Circumcision: Assessment of Health Benefits and Risks   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
A decision as to whether to recommend male circumcision in a given society should be based upon an assessment of the risk for and occurrence of the diseases which are associated with the presence of the foreskin, versus the risk of the complications of the procedure.
In the United States and Canada, circumcision appeared as part of the medical culture during the late 19th and early part of the 20th century, and by the early 1970s, about 40% of Canadian and 80% of American newborns were being circumcised[2].
Male circumcision is generally not practised in virtually all populations in which HIV seroprevalence exceeds 10% in "low risk" urban adult populations[33,34].
www.circs.org /library/moses/index.html   (4221 words)

  
 Male circumcision, HIV and other STDs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Specifically, male circumcision reduced by 30 percent the likelihood that the female partner would become infected with the virus that causes AIDS, with 299 women contracting HIV from uncircumcised partners and only 44 women becoming infected by circumcised men.
Circumcision is a practice common in North America and among Jews and Muslims, but not generally in Eastern and Southern Africa, Europe or Asia.
Male Circumcision and the Risks of Female HIV and STI Acquisition in Rakai, Uganda, by Ronald Gray, Marie Thoma, Oliver Laeyendecker, David Serwadda, Fred Nalugoda, Godfrey Kigozi, Noah Kiwanuka, Nelson Sewankambo, Steven Reynolds, Maria Wawer, and Thomas Quinn.
www.news-medical.net /?id=15977   (603 words)

  
 Male Circumcision: A Gender Perspective
The continuing practice of male circumcision is framed as an abusive wounding of males, which holds lifelong implications.
However, there are strong arguments that support viewing circumcision as a societal act of physical and sexual assault; an event that holds deep significance for men's psychosexual development, reinforces cultural attitudes of disregard for the well-being of men's bodies, and tacitly accepts violence as a part of men's lives.
They recommend the incorporation of questions regarding circumcision and other genital surgeries into their clinical history-taking of men, so that the therapists "might evaluate and treat a variety of presenting complaints with a greater appreciation for the fears and body integrity issues which are likely to be common elements in such cases" (p.
www.noharmm.org /zoske.htm   (6853 words)

  
 Circumcision - from Ronnie Falcão's Midwife Archives
Despite the fact that "circumcision is a painful, stressful, exhausting, and traumatic experience for many infants," as many as 45% of doctors ignore the recommendation by medical authorities to use an anesthetic during the procedure.
The possible association of urinary tract infection (UTI) with ritual circumcision on the eighth day of life was studied by analyzing the epidemiology of urinary tract infections during the first year of life in 169 children with UTI (56 males and 113 females) born in Israel from 1979 to 1984.
With regard to circumcision, one of the reasons for it is, in my opinion, the wish to bring about a decrease in sexual intercourse and a weakening of the organ in question, so that this activity be diminished and the organ be in as quiet a state as possible.
www.gentlebirth.org /archives/circumci.html   (5378 words)

  
 Infant Male Circumcision Fact Sheet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The circumcision decision in the U.S. is emerging as a cultural ritual rather than the result of medical misunderstanding among parents.
Of 313 circumcised male respondents, 49.5% cited a sense of parental violation, 62% expressed feelings of mutilation, and 84% reported some degree of sexual harm [progressive loss of glans sensitivity, excess stimulation needed to reach orgasm, painful coitus and impotence].(24)
It must be recognized that the child is normal as born and that circumcision inflicts loss of a normal body part and leaves a scar.
www.eskimo.com /~gburlin/mgm/facts.html   (1258 words)

  
 Clinical Trial: Trial of Male Circumcision: HIV, Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) and Behavioral Effects in Men, ...
The hypotheses are that male circumcision will be acceptable to and safe in both groups and will reduce the rates of STD acquisition in both groups and of HIV acquisition in HIV-negative men.
Hypotheses are that circumcision will be acceptable and safe in men who decline their HIV results, and will reduce the rate of acquisition of HIV and STDs, and the frequency of STD symptoms such as genital ulcers.
Determining potential circumcision risks in these men (such as, potentially delayed healing because of their higher risk behaviors) or benefits (such as potentially, reduced rates of HIV and STD acquisition) is thus very important for the design of any future large scale circumcision programs.
www.clinicaltrials.gov /ct/show/NCT00124878   (1652 words)

  
 Male Circumcision in the USA: A Human Rights Primer, by Rich Winkel, 5/12/05
Whatever the current rationales for circumcision, the procedure outlined by Kellogg in 1888 is essentially how MGM is practiced today: without anesthesia, without patient consent, without the presence of disease or the statistical likelihood of future disease, and without regard for the human rights of an innocent boy or the man he will become.
Research for a study on the efficacy of various types of pain relief during circumcision, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 1997, was halted early because researchers began to question the ethics of subjecting their placebo group to MGM without anesthesia.
Male socialization is the key to the entire unsustainable system of global ecological destruction, oppression and murder which markets itself as civilization.
www.math.missouri.edu /~rich/MGM/primer.html   (9739 words)

  
 NEJM -- Male Circumcision, Penile Human Papillomavirus Infection, and Cervical Cancer in Female Partners
Circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infection in boys: a systematic review of randomised trials and observational studies.
Male Circumcision Reduces Risk for Cervical Cancer in Female Partners.
Male Circumcision May Reduce Penile HPV Infection and Cervical Cancer in Partners.
content.nejm.org /cgi/content/short/346/15/1105   (713 words)

  
 History of male circumcision - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has become profitable in every respect."" SV Parallels to Thomas 53 are found in Paul's Romans 2:29, Philippians 3:3, 1 Corinthians 7:19, Galatians 6:15, Colossians 2:11-12.
[edit] Male circumcision in the 19th century and beyond
Upon noting that the boy's genitals were inflamed, Sayre hypothesized that chronic irritation of the boy's foreskin had paralyzed his knees via reflex neurosis.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_male_circumcision   (3809 words)

  
 Related Pages: Male and Female Circumcision
Male Circumcision is a Feminist Issue Too (Bone/1994)
Similarities in Attitudes and Misconceptions toward Male Circumcision in North America and Ritual FGM in Africa
The Effect of Male Circumcision on the Sexual Enjoyment of the Female Partner (O'Hara/1999)
www.noharmm.org /morepages.htm   (658 words)

  
 Circumcision Resource Center
ABOUT US The Circumcision Resource Center is a nonprofit educational organization with the purpose of informing the public and professionals about the practice of circumcision.
The Center is a valuable source of circumcision information for parents and children's advocates; childbirth educators and allied professionals; medical, mental health, and academic people; Jews; and others.
Attitudes toward circumcision are changing because of new information.
www.circumcision.org   (223 words)

  
 Ending Male Genital Mutilation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Here are some other documents on Internet that I have located:
To Mutilate in the Name of Jehovah or Allah: Legitimization of Male and Female Circumcision, by Sami A. Aldeeb, Doctor of Law
The following is not yet finished, if you know how to make searches work, please send me email.
www.eskimo.com /~gburlin/mgm/mgm.html   (108 words)

Try your search on: Qwika (all wikis)

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