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Topic: Mali Empire

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  Mali. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, and on the west by Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania.
The medieval empire of Mali was a powerful state and one of the world’s chief gold suppliers; it attained its peak in the early 14th cent.
The Mali empire was followed by the Songhai empire of Gao, which rose to great power in the late 15th cent.
www.bartleby.com /65/ma/Mali.html   (1171 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Mansa Musa   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Abubakari II was a prince of the Mali Empire, the successor of Mohammed ibn Gao and predecessor of Kankan Musa I. Abubakari II appears to have abdicated his throne in order to explore the limits of the ocean; however, his expedition never returned.
Mansa Musa (män'sä mū'sä), died 1337, ruler of the Mali empire (1312–37).
Mansa Kankan Musa I or Mansa Musa or The Lion of Mali was a 14th century king of the Mali Empire.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Mansa-Musa   (954 words)

 An Introduction to Mali
Mali, the largest country in West Africa, is bordered by seven other states: Algeria lies to the north and northeast, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the southeast and, with the Ivory Coast, to the south.
The first of these empires was the empire of Ghana, which from the 4th to the 11th century controlled the trans-Saharan caravan routes.
Mali reached its pinnacle of power and wealth during the 14th century, extending over almost all of West Africa and controlling virtually all of the rich trans-Saharan gold trade.
www.geographia.com /mali   (585 words)

 Kingdom Of Mali
The Mali Empire served as a model of statecraft for later kingdoms long after its decline in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Mali stands out, however, as one of the earliest empires of the medieval Sudan, large "mega-states" which would exercise authority over neighbors and subject peoples either by right of conquest, or treaties of alliance, or both.
Mali's collapse as a major Sudanic power was sealed by the rebellion of Songhay under the leadership of the dynasty, whose fifteenth-century scion would carve a Songhay empire out of many of the lands previously under Mali's control.
www.geocities.com /ps5kingdoms/Mali   (1021 words)

Mali was one of the greatest states in the world of its time, but is now one of the poorest countries on earth.
Mali is one of the best-known countries in West Africa.
After a short-lived federation with Senegal, the independent Republic of Mali was established in 1960 under President Modibo Keita, Mali was a one-party state under its President Modibo Keita who led the country on a path of socialism, with heavy emphasis on the role of the public sector in the economy.
us-africa.tripod.com /mali.html   (1338 words)

 Civilizations in Africa: Mali   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
As with Ghana, Mali was built off of the monopolization of the trade routes from western and southern Africa to eastern and northern Africa.
Mali was not a true empire, but rather the center of a sphere of influence.
Mali had never been an empire proper, and subject states began to break off from the Mali sphere of influence.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/CIVAFRCA/MALI.HTM   (565 words)

 Mali: Geography and History
Much of what we know of Mali’s past comes from oral histories passed down from one generation to the next by griots, or bards, whose profession it is to memorize and recite events of the past.
Mali, which dated from the early thirteenth century to the late fifteenth century, rose to greatness under the leadership of a legendary king named Sundiata.
The rulers of Mali came to be called Mansa; meaning “emperor,” or “master.” Mansa Musa (1307-1332) became the most accomplished and famous of all the emperors of Mali.
www.vmfa.state.va.us /mali_geo_hist.html   (3215 words)

 A History of Ancient Mali   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
To the north, Mali occupied the upper portions of the Sahara.
To the south, Mali extended down the Niger River past the city of Djenne, which is located on marshy land in the middle of the Niger River, it is referred to as an island.
The religion and culture of the kingdom of Ancient Mali was a mix of the newer Islamic faith and traditional African practices.
shakti.trincoll.edu /~aweiss/mali.htm   (1425 words)

 Mali (04/06)
Mali is the cultural heir to the succession of ancient African empires--Ghana, Malinké, and Songhai--that occupied the West African savannah.
Mali also is home to a rare herd of elephants that continues its unique annual migration to the edges of the Sahara Desert in the northern part of the country.
Mali is a member of the UN and many of its specialized agencies, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank; the International Labor Organization (ILO); the International Telecommunications Union (ITU); and the Universal Postal Union (UPU).
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/2828.htm   (4904 words)

 Mali Empire and Djenne Figures
At its peak (1200-1300), the Mali Empire covered an area that encompasses significant portions of the present-day country of Mali, southern and western Mauritania and Senegal.
What distinguished the empires of West Africa, particularly Mali and later Songhay, was their ability to centralize political and military power while allowing the local rulers to maintain their identities along side Islam.
The wealth of the Mali Empire is illustrated by the Mali emperor Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324.
africa.si.edu /exhibits/resources/mali/index.htm   (958 words)

 Empires of the Western Sudan: Mali Empire | Thematic Essay | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Empires of the Western Sudan: Mali Empire
The shaded portion indicates the empire of Mali in the fourteenth century.
Musa was not the first emperor of Mali to embrace Islam; unlike the Soninke and the Soso, Mande royalty adopted the religion relatively early.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/mali/hd_mali.htm   (584 words)

 WorldNet Virginia: Mali - History
Mali began as a small Malinke kingdom around the upper areas of the Niger River.
The Mali empire was based on outlying areas--even small kingdoms--pledging allegiance to Mali and giving annual tribute in the form of rice, millet, lances, and arrows.
The empire of Mali reached in zenith in the fourteenth century but its power and fame depended greatly on the personal power of the ruler.
mali.pwnet.org /history/history_mali_empire.htm   (810 words)

Mali probably gained independence with the breakup of Ghana in the early 12th century.
After the collapse of ancient Ghana, the kingdom of Mali, ruled by the Keita Dynasty, arose among the Mandinka (Malinke) people in the region of Kangaba, spanning the borders of present-day Mali and Guinea.
Ibn Khaldun stated during the 14th century that the empire's capital was a city named Mali, while the 16th-century Arab geographer, Leo Africanus, named Niani (in present-day Guinea) as the capital.
www.ijebu.org /mali   (801 words)

 :: Mali Guinna Expeditions :: Infos about the Sites
Located between the Sahara in the north and the sahel plains in the south, Mali is the cradle of West African empires and hence of West African culture.
Mali’s population includes at least 23 ethnic groups – 73 % sedentary and 27 % nomadic – from pastoralists and fisherman to rural farmers and town dwellers.
Kenedougou Empire was taken by the French people in May 1898.TheFrench attacked the Empire of wassoulou led by Almamy Samory Touré.He made resistance for 18 years,then was arrested in September 29th 1898 in his Camp in Guelemou,deported in Gabon,he died in 1900,which marked the end of precolonial resistance.
www.maliexpeditions.com /english/info_mali_site.htm   (1767 words)

 Mali Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the generosity and wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Kankan Musa I.
Audaghost or Tegdaoust, formerly of the Ghana Empire
The famous Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta visited the Mali Empire in the years 1352 and 1353, and his detailed account is an important first-hand written description of this empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mali_Empire   (3202 words)

 Mali page
Mali is part of the Sahel area where the pre-colonial empires of west Africa arose and is named after one of them.
The empire of Ghana was founded in western Mali from the 8th to 13th centuries.
Mali was followed by the Songhai Empire which founded the university of Timbuktu - a town whose reputation spread over a large area as a center of learning.
www.angelfire.com /mac/egmatthews/worldinfo/africa/mali.html   (633 words)

 Mali Empire & Griot Traditions
The Mali Empire, centered on the upper reaches of the Sénégal and Niger rivers, was the second and most extensive of the three great West African empires.
Under Sundjata and his immediate successors, Mali expanded rapidly west to the Atlantic Ocean, south deep into the forest, east beyond the Niger River, and north to the salt and copper mines of the Sahara.
Long after the fall of the Malian Empire in 1468, a Manding family of means would have their own griot to advise, arrange the terms of marriages and mediate disputes, always relying on their understanding of each family's history.
web.cocc.edu /cagatucci/classes/hum211/CoursePack/coursepackpast/maligriot.htm   (1340 words)

 Pre-colonial African History
Under the leadership of the Almoravid Yusuf ibn Tashfin, the nomadic Berbers of the Sanhage Confederation invaded Morocco in 1061, Mauritania in 1071 (destroying the Ghana Empire) and Spain in 1086.
The empire declined in the 18th century but was able to stop the advance of the Fulani Islamist jihad in 1810.
When court intrigue and succession disputes sapped the strength of the extended empire, vassal provinces revolted in the late 14th century of which the Songhai who began to build up their own empire around Gao and finally subjugated Djenné in 1471 eclipsing Mali.
www.berclo.net /page99/99en-afr-notes.html   (2115 words)

 Mali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mali is divided into eight administrative regions, which are themselves further divided into districts.
Mali is also famed for Genuine mudcloth with hand-painted designs using the traditional methods which have been passed down for many centuries.
Mali • Martinique • Mauritania • Mauritius • Morocco • Niger • Republic of the Congo • Romania • Rwanda • Saint Lucia • São Tomé and Príncipe • Senegal • Seychelles • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Switzerland • Togo • Tunisia • Ukraine • Vanuatu • Vietnam
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mali   (1421 words)

 Mali Travel Guide | Travel Information Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The largest country in West Africa, Mali is bordered on the North by Algeria, on the East and Southeast by Niger, on the South by Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire, and on the West by Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania.
Although large swathes of Mali are barren, the country is self-sufficient in food thanks to the fertile Niger river basin in the south and east.
Mali is also famous for its music and musicians from the days of the Mali Empire.
www.worldtravelguide.net /country/161/country_guide/Africa/Mali.html   (461 words)

 The Story of Africa| BBC World Service
Mali emerged against the back-drop of a declining of Ghana under the dynamic leadership of Sundiata of the Keita clan.
A significant portion of the wealth of the Empire derived from the Bure goldfields.
But to the opposite of Ghana, I think Mali was really able to have more territory beyond some of the area Ghana went to, like Taghaza, the salt gulf, that was all part of the empire of Mali.
www.bbc.co.uk /worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/4chapter3.shtml   (1357 words)

North African and Arabian travellers to Mali wrote down several valuable descriptions of this kingdom on the Niger, and even medieval Europeans were distantly aware of a fabled land of kings and gold, resplendent in wealth and power beyond the boundaries of the known world.
Though the topic of "state formation" has been the subject of some controversy in African studies, it is undeniable that Mali became one of the huge states of pre-modern Africa, with a complex governmental structure headed by the king and managed by officials, sub-kings, and bureaucrats.
Moreover, Mali was one of the first states south of the Sahara to see the new religion of Islam firmly take hold.
webusers.xula.edu /jrotondo/Kingdoms/Mali/MaliHistNarr.htm   (221 words)

 The Embassy of Mali
Mali owes its name to the prestigious Empire of Mali, which, according to historians, was the most powerful state of Africa, south Sahara, in the middle ages.
Mali became part of the French West Africa by the end of the 19th century.
Mali has over 10 million inhabitants and its is divided into eight administrative regions: Kayes, kouliloro, Sikasso, Segou, Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao, Kidal and the District of Bamako, the capital.
www.maliembassy.us /new_site/aboutmali/overview.htm   (134 words)

 History Channel
When Mansa Moussa came to power, the Mali Empire already had firm control of the trade routes to the southern lands of gold and the northern lands of salt.
Mansa Moussa brought the Mali Empire to the attention of the rest of the Muslim world with his famous pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324.
Mali had become so famous by the fourteenth century that it began to draw the attention of European mapmakers.
www.history.com /classroom/unesco/timbuktu/mansamoussa.html   (644 words)

 Art and Culture in Mali, West Africa: Program Description   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The first of these empires was the empire of Wagadu (Ghana), which controlled the trans-Saharan caravan routes from the 4th to the 11th century.
The Mali Empire reached its pinnacle of power and wealth during the 14th century, extending over almost all of West Africa and controlling virtually all of the rich trans-Saharan gold trade.
Mali's population comprises a number of different peoples, including the Bamana (who are the largest single segment), the Songhai, Mandinka, Senoufo, Fula, and Dogon.
www.antioch-college.edu /aea/mali_prog.html   (744 words)

 Collapse: Mali & Songhai
Mali and Songhai, as well as the smaller kingdom of Ghana before them, were once great trading kingdoms famous for their gold.
The empire of Mali, which dated from the early thirteenth century to the late fifteenth century, rose out of what was once the empire of Ghana.
Mali had been a state inside of the Ghanaian empire.
www.learner.org /exhibits/collapse/mali.html   (488 words)

 A short history of Mali   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The Malinke Kingdom of Mali has its origins on the upper Niger River in the 11th century.
The Songhai Empire expands its power from its center in Gao during the period 1465-1530.
At its peak under Askia Mohammad I, it encompasses the Hausa states as far as Kano (in present-day Nigeria) and much of the territory that had belonged to the Mali Empire in the west.
www.electionworld.org /history/mali.htm   (562 words)

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