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Topic: Manchester Mark I


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  Manchester Mark I - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Manchester Mark I was one of the earliest electronic computers, built at the University of Manchester in England, in 1949.
The main Mark I team, Tom Kilburn and Freddie Williams, concluded that computers would be used more in scientific roles than pure math, and decided to start development of a new model including a separate floating point unit.
Among the Mark I team were mathematicians Conway Berners-Lee and Mary Lee Woods, who would later marry; their son, Tim Berners-Lee, is acknowledged as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Manchester_Mark_I   (888 words)

  
 Manchester Mark I: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com - All about Manchester Mark I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Manchester Mark I was one of the earliest electronic computers, built at the University of Manchester in 1949.
The Mark I was developed from the Small-Scale Experimental Machine[?] (SSEM), nicknamed Baby, developed by Frederic C. Williams[?] and Tom Kilburn[?], which ran its first successful program on June 21, 1948.
The Manchester Mark I led to the Ferranti Mark I[?], the first commercially available computer.
www.encyclopedian.com /ma/Manchester-Mark-I.html   (231 words)

  
 Manchester Mark I -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The term "Manchester Mark I" can also refer to the (Click link for more info and facts about Avro Manchester) Avro Manchester heavy bomber in RAF service during the early stages of World War II.
The Manchester Mark I was one of the earliest electronic (A machine for performing calculations automatically) computers, built at the (Click link for more info and facts about University of Manchester) University of Manchester in (A division of the United Kingdom) England, in 1949.
The main Mark I team, Tom Kilburn and Freddie Williams, concluded that computers would be used more in scientific roles than pure math, and decided to start development of a new model including a separate (Click link for more info and facts about floating point unit) floating point unit.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/M/Ma/Manchester_Mark_I.htm   (829 words)

  
 Station Information - Harvard Mark I
The Harvard Mark I also known as the IBM ASCC, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator was long thought to be the first large scale automatic digital computer, until after World War II the Z3 by Konrad Zuse was discovered.
The Mark I was devised by Howard H. Aiken, created at IBM, shipped to Harvard in February 1944 and formally delivered there on August 7, 1944.
The building elements of the Mark I were switches, relays, rotating shafts, and clutches.
www.stationinformation.com /encyclopedia/h/ha/harvard_mark_i.html   (152 words)

  
 Harvard Mark I - Wikipedia
De Harvard Mark I, ook bekend als de IBM ASCC, de Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, was de eerste invloedrijke digitale computer die wereldwijd bekend was.
De Mark I was ontworpen door Howard Aiken van IBM, en verhuisde naar Harvard in februari 1944, en werd daar formeel afgeleverd op 7 augustus 1944.
De elementen waaruit de Mark I bestond waren schakelaars, relais en draaiende schachten.
nl.wikipedia.org /wiki/Harvard_Mark_I   (205 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Manchester Mark I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The University of Manchester in Manchester, England is a university that was formed from the merger of the Victoria University of Manchester (commonly known as the University of Manchester before the merger) and UMIST (University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology) on 1 October 2004.
The first realistic program to be run on the Mark 1 was a test of Mersenne primes, run in early April 1949.
Through hole transistors (tape measure marked in centimeters) The transistor is a solid state semiconductor device which can be used for amplification, switching, voltage stabilization, signal modulation and many other functions.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Manchester-Mark-I   (1694 words)

  
 Manchester Arena   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The metropolitan borough of Manchester, with a population of 422,302, lies at the heart of a large conurbation called Greater Manchester, with a population of 2,513,468.
Manchester encoding is therefore considered to be self-clocking, which means that accurate synchronisation of a data stream is possible.
Manchester encoding is just a special case of Binary Phase Shift Keying, where the data to be transmitted controls the phase of a square wave carrier that is at the data rate in frequency.
www.blownspeakers.com /pages3/54/manchester-arena.html   (2157 words)

  
 Manchester Mark I
NewMan, Williams and his team finish a prototype called the Manchester Mark I. This machine has a new type of memory composed of cathode vacuum tubes stroing one bit of information on a crt illuminating a point on the screen that stays on.
The Mark I thus has a memory of 1024 bits in one single tube.
The Mark I was programmed binary from a programme stored in memoryand the results were read on another 'binary' tube.
www.thocp.net /hardware/mark1_manchester.htm   (108 words)

  
 Harvard Mark I - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The IBM ASCC, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, called the Mark I by Harvard University, was the first large scale automatic digital computer in the USA.
The Mark I read its instructions from a punched paper tape and executed the current instruction and then read in the next one.
The main advantage of the Mark I was that it was fully automatic – it didn't need any human intervention once it started.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Harvard_Mark_I   (313 words)

  
 Harvard Mark I Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Mark I was followed by the Harvard Mark II (1947 or 1948), Mark III/ADEC (September 1949), and Harvard Mark IV (1952) – all the work of Aiken.
The Mark III used some electronic components and the Mark IV was all-electronic, using solid-state components.
The Mark I was eventually disassembled, although portions of it remain at Harvard in the Cabot Science Center.
www.variedtastes.com /encyclopedia/Harvard_Mark_I   (793 words)

  
 Mark Bosnich - Manchester United FC - Football-Heroes.net
Mark Bosnich joined Manchester United as a non-contract player whilst a student at Manchester Polytechnic in the 1989/90 season and made his debut in a 0-0 draw with Wimbledon at Old Trafford in April 1990.
With his eligibility problems behind him, Mark forged a successful career at Aston Villa and was regarded throughout the Premiership as a great shot stopper with an incredible penalty saves record.
In the summer of 1999, Mark's contract with Villa expired and he signed for Manchester United under the Bosman ruling as Peter Schmeichel's replacement.
www.sporting-heroes.net /football-heroes/displayhero_club.asp?HeroID=222   (344 words)

  
 Bergeron v. Manchester
Abramson, Reis and Brown, of Manchester (Mark A. Abramson and a.
McDonough and O'Shaughnessy, P.A., of Manchester (Robert J. Meagher on the brief and orally), for defendant City of Manchester.
In 1981, the Manchester Board of Aldermen determined that the intersection constituted a "hazard" and asked the State to install a flashing beacon at the intersection.
www.state.nh.us /judiciary/supreme/opinions/1995/94-123.htm   (2050 words)

  
 MADM Mk I Ptototype and Kilburn's Highest Factor Routine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The design and implementation of the Manchester Mark I Prototype was primarily due to two men, Fredric C. Williams and Tom Kilburn.
At Manchester, he lead the design and building of the Manchester Mark I Prototype computer which was based on the Williams Tube memory technology.
The answers can be found in an article titled "Early Programs on the Manchester Mark I Prototype" which appeared in the July - September 1998 issue of the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing.
www.wittenberg.edu /academics/mathcomp/bjsdir/madmmk1.shtml   (3052 words)

  
 looking.back -- August
As great a contribution to the development of computers as was the Harvard Mark I (ASCC), Aiken and Watson never really resolved their differences, Aiken refusing to sign a non-disclosure agreement some years later when Watson's son provided the opportunity to make amends by hiring Aiken as a consultant.
Mark I and Mark II were electromagnetic, using relays but Mark III and Mark IV had a variety of electronic components including vacuum tubes and solid-state transistors.
Of the four, Mark I was the most memorable because it produced such reliable results and could run continuously for twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week.
ei.cs.vt.edu /~history/50th/August.html   (1683 words)

  
 < Mark Radcliff Information Page >   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Mark studied English and American Studies and Classical Civilisation at Manchester University before starting his first job as a 'junior assistant dogsbody producer" with Piccadilly radio in 1979 "for the princely sum of 2,600 a year, which doesn't sound a lot now and wasn't a lot then!" he says.
In 1983 Mark went to London to be a producer at Radio 1 FM, where he produced 'Saturday Live' and sessions with John Peel.
Two years later, Mark returned to the BBC to work as a popular Music Producer at BBC North where he worked on programmes such as Martin Kelner's Saturday Night for Radio 2 plus In Concert and documentaries for Radio 1.
freespace.virgin.net /ian.p.b/marklard/radcliff.htm   (416 words)

  
 McLane, Graf, Raulerson & Middleton | Attorney Profiles > Mark A. Wright   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Mark A. Wright is a director of McLane, Graf, Raulerson and Middleton and Chairman of the firm’s Intellectual Property Practice Group.
Mark also has extensive experience in corporate and general business matters and routinely works with start-up and emerging internet and technology-based companies.
Mark is the editor of The McLane IP Report, a semi-annual publication pertaining to intellectual property and technology law.
www.mclane.com /people/attorneys/mwright.html   (251 words)

  
 NAYO - The people page - Mark Heron
Following studies at the junior department of the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama in Glasgow, and the Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester, Mark was active as a freelance tuba player with professional orchestras in the north of England.
In 2003 Mark was invited to lecture on contemporary music for wind ensembles as the biennial conference of the World Association of Symphonic Bands and Ensembles in Jonkoping, Sweden.
Mark is active as a conducting tutor, and also writes for a number of journals, magazines and websites.
www.nayo.org.uk /mark_heron.htm   (425 words)

  
 Manchester Monarchs
MANCHESTER — You can pick your players, but you can't pick your neighbors and on this New Year's Eve the celebrants would have probably rather smashed bottles on each other's heads than share the cheers.
The Manchester Monarchs and Lowell Lock Monsters rang in the New Year with 112 minutes of penalties and Lowell spoiled the party further with a 4-1 victory before 9,916 in the sold-out Verizon Wireless Arena.
Manchester Monarchs David Steckel tries to keep possession of the puck as Lowell Lock Monsters Eric Staal pressures Steckel and goalie Brent Krahn watches during the second period of last night's game in Manchester.
www.newhampshire.com /monarchs/monarchsnews.cfm?id=49060   (553 words)

  
 Manchester Mark 1
The Manchester Mark 1 was used for a variety of purposes within the University in 1949 and 1950, including investigation of the Riemann hypothesis and calculations in optics.
It was replaced in February 1951 by the Ferranti Mark 1, which was derived directly from it, but with a number of improvements/enhancements.
The Manchester Mark 1 Intermediary Version was based on two double-density Williams-Kilburn Tubes as main store, each with the capacity of two "page"s.
www.computer50.org /mark1/MM1.html   (1567 words)

  
 Plans for Sept. 11 Observance Taking Shape   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The City of Manchester will commemorate the first anniversary of the Sept. 11 tragedy with a citywide ceremony at City Hall Plaza at noon and with morning observances at each of the city’s fire stations, according to Katie Demers, chairperson of the city’s Sept. 11 planning committee and a member of the Mayor’s Youth Council.
Allowing the public to observe the day with them at their neighborhood fire houses is another mark of the selflessness of our firefighters,” Mayor Robert Baines said.
Houses of worship will also be called on to commemorate Patriot Day by ringing their bells at specified times that mark the day’s milestones such as the time the first plane struck the World Trade Center.
ci.manchester.nh.us /citygov/myr/sept11update.html   (347 words)

  
 Southwest Airlines has Manchester soaring   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The result has meant transforming Manchester from a small regional airport to the fastest-growing aiport in the country, according to J. Brian O'Neill, assistant airport director.
Manchester fit part of the qualifications with Logan International Airport 50 miles to the south.
Manchester Airport is one of the lastest airports to witness the so-called Southwest effect.
www.eagletribune.com /news/stories/19990815/BU_001.htm   (1285 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Manchester 2.0 Welcome to the Manchester 2.0 bla^H^H^Hpicture file.
This was the second afp meet to be held in the glorious city of Manchester And now for the pictures All pictures are 768x512 (or 512x768) 24bit colour Jpegs.
The light bulb which was growing out of his head has been edited out, hence the rather wobbly bit of wallpaper...
www.ie.lspace.org /ftp-lspace/images/afp-meetings/manchester-2.0/README.manchester   (591 words)

  
 Mark Robins - Manchester United FC - Football-Heroes.net
Mark is often described as the man who saved Alex Ferguson's job at Manchester United.
For it was the little striker who headed a vital winner against Nottingham Forest in the FA Cup third round in January 1989.
Despite some fine performances thereafter Mark was never able to nail down a regular place in United's starting line-up and he moved on to Norwich City for a fee of £800, 000 in August 1992.
www.sporting-heroes.net /football-heroes/displayhero_club.asp?HeroID=1833   (164 words)

  
 Museu Virtual de Informática - Departamento de Sistemas de Informação
O MARK I tinha cerca de 17 metros de comprimento por 2,5 metros de altura e uma massa de cerca de 5 toneladas.
Quando em Maio de 1944, o MARK I é inaugurado, a polémica entre a Universidade de Harvard, em sintonia com Aiken, e a ibm era tal que Thomas Watson ("patrão" da ibm) não foi convidado para a cerimónia.
Ao MARK I seguiu-se uma versão totalmente electrónica denominada MARK II, também construida pelo professor Aiken, que começou a funcionar em 1947.
piano.dsi.uminho.pt /museuv/1946hmark1.html   (260 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Manchester scientists are among particle physicists from the UK and around the world working on the BABAR experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in the USA, who have announced exciting new results demonstrating a dramatic difference in the behaviour of matter and antimatter.
A team of scientists in Manchester are hoping that a drug currently used to treat high blood pressure could also successfully keep the brittle bone disease, osteoporosis, at bay.
Researchers at The University of Manchester are seeking volunteers to take part in a major study to understand bone growth and development from childhood through to adulthood.
news.man.ac.uk   (359 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
A prototype machine, (the forerunner of the Manchester Mark I), was built and on 21 June 1948 it became the world's first storedprogram computer to operate.
Manchester University was not the only centre in Britain or the world involved in pioneering computer technology.
Frederic Calland Williams was appointed to the Chair of Electrotechnics in the University of Manchester in December 1946.
www.man.ac.uk /Science_Engineering/CHSTM/contents/muc.htm   (4640 words)

  
 Press Release Manchester  Junior Squash Open   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Manchester is once again looking forward to welcoming the squash stars of the future to the National Squash Centre at Sportcity for the Manchester Leisure Junior Squash Open 04.
This year the organisers have seen a record number of entries as the Open has been extended from two categories to five as the event goes from strength to strength.
Three of the entrants from Manchester had never picked up a racket before the school coaching programme began and now they are top in the country and competing against the best in the world.
www.manchester.gov.uk /news/2004/oct/squash.htm   (358 words)

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