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Topic: Mandaic alphabet


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 Aramaic - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The other main writing system used for Aramaic was developed by Christian communities: a cursive form known as the Syriac alphabet (one of the varieties of the Syriac alphabet, Serto, is shown to the left).
A highly modified form of the Aramaic alphabet, the Mandaic alphabet, is used by the Mandaeans.
Each member of a certain pair is written with the same letter of the alphabet in most writing systems (that is, p and f are written with the same letter), and are near allophones.
encyclopedia.maksiu.info /wiki/Aramaic   (5390 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Syriac alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
BC An alphabet is a complete standardized set of letters — basic written symbols — each of which roughly represents a phoneme of a spoken language, either as it exists now or as it may have been in the past.
The Samaritan alphabet is a direct descendant of the paleo-Hebrew variety of the Phoenician alphabet, the more commonly known Hebrew alphabet having been adapted from the Aramaic alphabet under the Persian Empire.
The Runic alphabets are a set of related alphabets using letters known as runes, formerly used to write Germanic languages, mainly in Scandinavia, and the British Isles.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Syriac-alphabet   (2518 words)

  
 ninemsn Encarta - Semitic Languages
The South group (of the Central sub-group) includes the ancient and modern Hebrew language in the Canaanite subset, and, in the Arabic subset of this group, all the Arabic languages including literary or Standard Arabic and the modern spoken Arabic languages.
North Semitic, the early Semitic script, was an alphabetic script; one of its earliest examples is inscribed on the Moabite stone (9th century bc, discovered in 1868 and now in the Louvre, Paris).
Also a consonantal alphabet, it was taken to Ethiopia in the 1st millennium bc and gave rise to the syllabic scripts used for modern Ethiopian languages.
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761569639/Semitic_Languages.html   (682 words)

  
 Aramaic language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
What is most often described as the Aramaic alphabet has an intertwined history with the alphabets used for Phoenician and Hebrew.
Jewish communities use the Hebrew alphabet for writing Aramaic; this is also the alphabet used for Biblical Aramaic.
In addition to these, certain derivatives of the Aramaic alphabet were used in ancient times by particular groups — Nabataean in Petra, for instance, or Palmyrenean in Palmyra.
hallencyclopedia.com /Aramaic_language   (5197 words)

  
 Mandaic language - TheBestLinks.com - Aramaic language, Iran, Mandaeanism, Syriac, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Mandaic language is the liturgical language of the Mandaean religion; a vernacular form is still spoken by a small community in Iran around Ahwaz.
It is a variety of Aramaic, notable for its plene writing (see Mandaic alphabet) and the large degree of Iranian influences in its grammar and lexicon.
Classical Mandaic is a Northwest Semitic language of the Eastern Aramaic sub-family, and is closely related to the language of the Aramaic portions of the Babylonian Talmud, as well as the language of the incantation texts found throughout Mesopotamia.
www.thebestlinks.com /Mandaic_language.html   (353 words)

  
 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The distinctive, "square" style of the Aramaic alphabet was gradually adopted for writing Hebrew, and is thus better known as the Hebrew alphabet.
Christian communities developed a cursive form of the Aramaic alphabet known as the Syriac alphabet (one of the varieties of the Syriac alphabet, Serto, is shown to the left).
The Early Aramaic or Proto-Hebrew alphabet was developed sometime during the late 10th or early 9th century BC and replaced Assyrian cuneiform as the main writing system of the Assyrian...
aramaic.iqexpand.com   (5670 words)

  
 Aramaic languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East from the 8th century BC led to the gradual adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew language.
Contoversially, it is claimed that the Aramaic alphabet may be the forebear of the Indic alphabets.
Mandaic language is written in the Mandaic alphabet.
read-and-go.hopto.org /Aramaic-languages   (259 words)

  
 Mandaean Alphabet
Each letter according to them represents a power of life and light, and the first and last letters, the 'alpha and omega', are the same and represent perfection of light and life.
Letters of the alphabet, inscribed on twenty-four scraps of silver or gold, are placed under the pillow of a person who desires heavenly guidance in some matter of difficulty.
Each night one is removed, and if the sleeper has a dream bearing upon the matter about which he is troubled, he considers that the spirit belonging to the letter which he has singled and taken out that night has given him a revelation and is willing to come to his aid.
www.mandaeanworld.com /alphabet2.html   (466 words)

  
 Aramaic alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The earliest inscriptions in the Aramaic language use the Phoenician alphabet.
The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East from the eighth century BCE led to the gradual adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew.
Controversially, it is claimed that the Aramaic alphabet may be the forebear of the Indic alphabets.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/A/Aramaic-alphabet.htm   (289 words)

  
 Aramaic alphabet - TheBestLinks.com - Aramaic script, Alphabet, Abjad, Arabic alphabet, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Aramaic was for a long time (between the later Assyrian empire and the Abbasid Caliphate) a lingua franca in the Middle East; its alphabet, though itself derived from the Phoenician alphabet, therefore superseded the Old Hebrew alphabet that had been independently descended from the Phoenician alphabet.
It is no longer the case that Aramaic has a single alphabet; rather, just as Aramaic has diversified into a family of closely related languages, the Aramaic alphabet has likewise become a family of closely related alphabets, chief among them Syriac alphabet, Mandaic alphabet, Hebrew alphabet, Palmyrenean alphabet, Nabataean alphabet.
The Aramaic alphabet is generally accepted as the source of the Orkhon script, the Arabic alphabet, and, ultimately, the Mongolian alphabet, and more controversially may be the ancestor of the Indic alphabets.
www.thebestlinks.com /Aramaic_script.html   (282 words)

  
 Read about Aramaic language at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Aramaic language and learn about Aramaic language ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Canaan adopted this alphabet for writing their own languages.
Syriac alphabet (one of the varieties of the Syriac alphabet, Serto, is shown to the left).
Each member of a certain pair is written with the same letter of the alphabet in most writing systems (that is, p and f are written with the same letter), and are near
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Aramaic   (4745 words)

  
 Barakat Gallery Store
Mandaic is a specific dialect of the Eastern branch of Aramaic utilized in antiquity by the Mandaeans.
The modern Mandaean alphabet consists of twenty-four letters, although it starts and ends with the same character, reflecting their belief that all things in life return to their origin.
Considering that the origins of the Mandaeans are unknown, the mysteries of this Mandaic scroll are quite fitting.
www.barakatgallery.com /store/index.cfm/FuseAction/ItemDetails/UserID/0/CFID/5418567/CFTOKEN/41754691/CategoryID/38/SubCategoryID/408/ItemID/20476.htm   (374 words)

  
 Alphabet Origins, Ancient Alphabets, Iconic Acrophonic Letters, Egyptian Hieroglyphics
Iconic acrophonic alphabets cannot be adapted in the same way that the Greeks adapted the Semitic script (Cadmean letters).
If the goals it to develop a pictographic alphabet that uses familar words as the bridge between shape and sound, one is limited in terms of what can be borrowed from another culture.
The Semitic alphabet developers borrowed at least 90% of their sound categories and 90% of their shapes from the Egyptians.
victorian.fortunecity.com /vangogh/555/Spell/alfabet2.html   (2229 words)

  
 Aramaic
The Early Aramaic alphabet is an extremely ancient writing system derived from the Phoenician alphabet during the 10th or 9th centuries B.C. It is a consonant-based alphabet with no indication of vowels, and is written horizontally from right to left.
At the end of the 6th century B.C., the Early Aramaic alphabet was replaced by the Hebrew square script which is also referred to as the Aramaic alphabet.
Mandaic has about 1,000 speakers in Iran, Iraq, and the USA.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/august/Aramaic.html   (881 words)

  
 Aramaic alphabet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East from the 8th century BCE led to the gradual adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew.
Formerly, Hebrew had been written using an alphabet closer in form to that of Phoenician (the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet).
The Hebrew and Nabataean alphabets are little changed in style from the Aramaic alphabet.
www.tocatch.info /en/Aramaic_alphabet.htm   (238 words)

  
 Re: Rare entries competition GP1: RESULTS
Name an alphabet in current use with 25 or fewer letters.
Having 25 >> or fewer letters is meant in the same sense as the English alphabet >> having 26 letters.
The phrase "in current use" excludes alphabets that >> are only used for the purpose of studying extinct languages and cultures.
www.talkaboutgaming.com /group/rec.games.trivia/messages/63331.html   (161 words)

  
 [b-hebrew] linguistics, was Re: Prov. 30:19
The original 22 character alphabet is evidence for the original 22 consonental phonemes present in the original Hebrew language, such as what David spoke about 1000 BCE and Moses wrote four centuries earlier.
Correct me if I?m wrong, but it looks as if the 22 letter alphabet was adopted by only a relatively small number of closely related Semitic languages.
if they had different sounds, phones, not indicated by their limited alphabet, but they were not phonemically significant until later.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2003-October/016551.html   (1051 words)

  
 Aramaic language --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
The earliest Aramaic texts are inscriptions in an alphabet of Phoenician origin found in the northern Levant dating from c.
Derived from the North Semitic script, the Aramaic alphabet was developed in the 10th and 9th centuries BC and came into prominence after the conquest of the Aramaean states by Assyria in the 9th and 8th centuries BC.
Written in the Hebrew alphabet, it became one of the world's most widespread languages by the 19th century in places where Jews had settled.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9355676   (914 words)

  
 Mandaen Beliefs
The alphabet (a total of 24 letters) is called by the Mandaeans the 'abaga' and the spoken language is called the 'ratna'.
The Mandaeans look upon their alphabet as being magical and sacred and which are sometimes read out allowed to ward of evil spirits.
Insistence on the use of the dead language of Mandaic Aramaic in all rituals.
www.essene.com /B'nai-Amen/vbelief.htm   (4558 words)

  
 [b-hebrew] linguistics, was Re: Prov. 30:19
A remarkable degree of consistency in number or letters and in letter names over thousands of years and when the letter shapes have changed beyond recognition.
But the 22 letter alphabet is found from Carthage to Kashmir.
And you referred to a phonetic alphabet when I presume you meant a phonemic alphabet.
lists.ibiblio.org /pipermail/b-hebrew/2003-October/016550.html   (686 words)

  
 Sabaean alphabet
The Sabaean or Sabaic alphabet is one of the south Arabian alphabets.
Its origins are not known, though one theory is that it developed from the Byblos alphabet.
The Sabaean alphabet is thought to have evolved into the Ethiopic script.
www.omniglot.com /writing/sabaean.htm   (135 words)

  
 Nazorean Chakras
This fivefold center is the physical bodies organized cluster of the five elements of this darkened material world, and the 1st through 5th degree of Naziruthian Gnosis.
The solar plexus Manda, or Mandala, has upon its seven petals the Mandaic-Aramaic letters which correspond to the seven double letters and seven planets.
This threefold center is the subtle bodies equivalent of the Trinity in the Pleromatic Aeons above, and the 30th, 31st and 32nd degree of Naziruthian Gnosis.
essenes.net /energycenters.html   (554 words)

  
 Zinda 27 August 2005
As you are well aware Mandaic language is on the verge of extinction, we feel that such establishment is vital in maintaining of the Mandaean language and save it from being lost forever.
Mandaic is a Northwest Semitic language of the Eastern Aramaic sub-family, and is closely related to Syriac, another member of the Eastern Aramaic sub-family.
The modern version of the Classical Mandaic, or Neo-Mandaic is a member of the Neo-Aramaic dialects developed in isolation from one another.
www.zindamagazine.com /html/archives/2005/8.27.05/index_sat.php   (11400 words)

  
 Mandaic alphabet
The origins of the Mandaic alphabet or abagada are unknown.
It possibly developed from the Aramaic alphabet sometime during the 2nd century AD.
Mandaic a Semitic language and a dialect of Eastern Aramaic.
www.omniglot.com /writing/mandaic.htm   (123 words)

  
 Syriac script
It is still used as a liturgical language by Christian communities in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, and is still spoken by small numbers of people in Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Armenia, Georgia and Syria.
Aramaic has also been written in versions of the Latin, Hebrew and Cyrillic alphabets, though the Syriac is the most widely used script to write Aramaic.
Syriac, an eastern dialect of Aramaic which was once spoken in the lands in between the Roman and Parthian empires.
www.omniglot.com /writing/syriac.htm   (548 words)

  
 Aramaic language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Syriac Serto]] The earliest Aramaic alphabet was based on the Phoenician script.
Targum composition bar:test at:224 mark:(line,white) at:224 shift:(10,-8) text:224 Classical Mandaic emerges bar:test at:306 mark:(line,white) at:306 shift:(10,-1) text:c.
Mandaic magical demon trap]] The dialects mentioned in the last section were all descended from Achaemenid Imperial Aramaic.
aramaic-language.ask.dyndns.dk   (5647 words)

  
 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
Jewish communities use the Hebrew alphabet for writing Aramaic.
This is also the alphabet used for Biblical Aramaic.
In addition to these, certain derivatives of the Aramaic alphabet were used in ancient times by particular groups - Nabataean in Petra, for instance, or Palmyrenean in Palmyra.
teamsweb.info /index.php?title=Aramaic   (5063 words)

  
 Who are the Mandaeans
Adam, therefor knew his God and himself, and began to read the alphabet (Aa, ba, ka, da…).
The Mandaean alphabet consist of 24 letters starting with "alef" and ending with it because the Mandaeans believe that all things return to their origins and beginnings.
The mandaeans direct their faces northwards while practising their religious rites because the world of Light (paradise) lies in that sacred place of the universe to which souls go when the journey of life ends.
www.mandaeanworld.com /who5.html   (1170 words)

  
 The Schoyen Collection: Palaeography -- 4.6. Aramaic, Hebrew and Syriac scriptsscripts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The owners of most of the known arrowheads were warriors, possibly under the command of the King of Amurru.
The present documents are a hybrid of the new and the old, demonstrating written Aramaic script on cuneiform-style tablets.
MS in Mandaic on clay, Iran/Mesopotamia/Syria/Jordan, 5th-7th c., 1 incantation bowl, 19,0x7,5 cm, 44 lines in a careless cursive Mandaic script in 3 blocks at different angles radiating from the centre.
www.nb.no /baser/schoyen/4/4.4/46.html#4.6.1   (3833 words)

  
 [No title]
On the Early History of the Alphabet: HUCA 57, 1986, 1-14.
Traditionally the formalized alphabet appeared alongside works commissioned by his benefactors, i.e., the Church, the State, and his patrons.
If he had chosen to label and/or sign a work in his own penmanship, chances are the material, the tools, and his mastery of them would have determined how closely the inscription paralleled his handwriting.
oi.uchicago.edu /OI/ANE/ANE-DIGEST/1998/v1998.n029   (3495 words)

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