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Topic: Mandate of Heaven


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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  
 Mandate of Heaven - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Mandate of Heaven (天命 Pinyin: Tiānmìng) was a traditional Chinese concept of legitimacy used to support the rule of the kings of the Shang Dynasty and later the Emperors of China.
Heaven was very active and interfering, in mysterious ways, in earthly rule, as is shown by the divination texts preserved from the later part of the Shang dynasty, the oracle bones.
The Mandate of Heaven theory may be thought of as changing this familial connection to a feudal one—the world was now a fief, held at Heaven's pleasure, which could and would be reassigned if the holder misbehaved.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mandate_of_Heaven   (512 words)

  
 Ancient China: The Chou, 1050-256 BC
Heaven ("t'ien") desires that humans be provided for in all their needs, and the emperor, according to the idea of "t'ien ming" is appointed by heaven to see to the welfare of the people.
The only way to know that the mandate has passed is the overthrow of the king or emperor; if usurpation succeeds, then the mandate has passed to another, but if it fails, then the mandate still resides with the king.
It is this moral aspect of Heaven and the "Mandate of Heaven," which was to affect the general tendency of Chinese culture and philosophy to focus on moral and social issues–more so than perhaps any other ancient culture.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/ANCCHINA/CHOU.HTM   (1525 words)

  
 Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven is a role-playing game developed by New World Computing and published by 3DO in 1998.
The king of Enroth has gone missing and his "Mandate of Heaven" is thought to be gone.
There is a strange invasion of devils and a new band of adventurers must rise to the challenge and save Enroth from the demon invasion.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Might_and_Magic_VI:_The_Mandate_of_Heaven   (345 words)

  
 Mandate of Heaven - China History Forum, online chinese history forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Mandate of Heaven is a justification for the legitimacy of the dyasties and appear to have been used for this reason since the Zhou.
They must be seen to have been given the Mandate of Heaven as they have to continue the rites and rituals that a Son of Heaven must carry out in order to ensure the cosmos function smoothly and natural disasters are avoided.
You later went on to give the examples of the KMT and PRC/ROC as decreeing the Mandate of Heaven as having passed from the Qing due to their ill-governance and therefore it is the right of the people to rise up in rebellion.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /index.php?showtopic=903&st=30   (3843 words)

  
 Mandate of Heaven as Seen in Donald Duk   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This image is of the Chinese symbols for tian ming, which means "the mandate of heaven." This image was taken from this website.
The mandate of heaven is an ancient Chinese concept.
Heaven keeps the mandate with the person and his family as long as the rule justly, fairly, and wisely.
marian.creighton.edu /~kurtenbl/donald.html   (300 words)

  
 Mandate of Heaven
But their descendant did not follow their example, and great Heaven sent down calamities, employing the agency of our ruler' who was in possession of its favoring appointment.
The attack on Xia may be traced to the orgies in Ming Tiao [the last of the Xia rulers].
The ways of Heaven are not invariable: - on the good-doer it sends down all blessings, and on the evil-doer it sends down all miseries.
www.sp.uconn.edu /~gwang/id118.htm   (557 words)

  
 T'ien ming: The Mandate of Heaven
It mandates that certain people be in charge; while they rule justly, fairly, and wisely, Heaven maintains that certain rulers or dynasties remain in power.
If a dynasty or ruler ceases to rule justly or wisely and begins to rule only with its own self-interests at heart, then Heaven removes the mandate from that ruler or mandate and passes it on to another family, who are then required to revolt and overthrow the dynasty.
The Mandate of Heaven, through which Heaven worked out its efforts to guarantee the well-being of humanity, applied to each and every obligation and action one took and so represented what might be called the moral order of the universe.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GLOSSARY/TIENMING.HTM   (395 words)

  
 The Mandate of Heaven   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The basic idea is that Heaven awards ruling power to a sage-king because of his virtue.
It was considered to be the Heavenly Mandate of the Hsia dynasty.
Hsia king, Chieh, was however a cruel tyrant, and on December 20, 1576 BC, another conjunction signalled the passing of the Mandate.
clearwisdom.net /eng/2000/dec/07/scf120700_1.html   (500 words)

  
 Zhou Dynasty and the Mandate of Heaven   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
We Zhou have assisted the decree, and taking Heaven's bright majesty we effected the royal punishment and rightly disposed the mandate of Yin; it was terminated by God.
Heaven's not giving favor to Yin was definite; without our taking advantage of the disorder, it helped us.
This doctrine became known as the Mandate of Heaven and it allowed new leaders to emerge and overthrow the ruling dynasty by claiming that the Mandate was lost.
www.lcsc.edu /modernchina/u2s1p2.htm   (401 words)

  
 Kangxi's Valedictory Edict   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Without the Mandate of Heaven, a dynasty will fall and may thereafter be replaced by a more virtuous lineage.
In emphasizing Qing possession of the Mandate of Heaven, he is defending his own position as heir to the Qing empire.
His dynasty is righteous and possesses the Mandate of Heaven, he himself has been an upright, diligent and careful ruler and has enjoyed the protection of Heaven, and he remains determined to identify a capable heir to succeed him.
people.ucsc.edu /~myrtreia/essays/Kangxi.html   (936 words)

  
 Chinese Cultural Studies: Selections from the Shu Jing (The Classic of History) (6th Cent. BCE)
The Mandate of Heaven was a political-social philosophy that served as the basic Chinese explanation for the success and failure of monarchs and states down to the end of the empire in 1912 CE.
Most historians today agree that the theory the Mandate of Heaven was an invention of the Zhou to justify their overthrow of the Shang.
But their descendant did not follow their example, and great Heaven sent down calamities, employing the agency of our ruler- who was in possession of its favoring appointment.
acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu /~phalsall/texts/shu-jing.html   (1078 words)

  
 World Scripture - Andrew Wilson
Heaven hears the cries of the oppressed and overthrows corrupt regimes, taking the Mandate from them and giving it to new leaders and favoring their revolutions.
Heaven is now displaying its anger;-- Do not be either boastful or flattering, Utterly departing from all propriety of demeanor, Till good men are reduced to personators of the dead.
The writer asserts that Heaven is displaying its anger and signaling its removal of the Mandate from a ruler by bringing floods, earthquakes, rebellions and civil strife, and inauspicious signs in the heavens; cf.
www.unification.org /ucbooks/WorldScr/Ws-20-09.htm   (4552 words)

  
 The mandate of heaven
The mandate of heaven is an imperial concept, and 中國 Zhōng Guó is, and has always been, an empire.
The mandate is the legitimacy of pragmatism; it is the divine sanction of the obtaining political reality.
The dynasty cannot be said to have lost the mandate of heaven until it loses power.
the-stewardship.org /academic/china1.htm   (2383 words)

  
 Mandate of Heaven   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Heaven has rejected and ended the Mandate of this great state of Yin.
Heaven too grieved for the people of all the lands, wanting, with affection, in giving its Mandate to employ those who are deeply committed.
We cannot fail to mirror ourselves in the Xia; also we cannot fail to mirror ourselves in the Yin...We must not presume to suppose that the Yin received the Mandate of Heaven for a fixed period of years; we must not presume to suppose that it was not going to continue.
brian.hoffert.faculty.noctrl.edu /HST330/MandateOfHeaven.html   (517 words)

  
 Review of The Mandate of Heaven
The Mandate of Heaven is a recent work by London based artist and writer Steve Marshall, uncovering ancient Chinese history, as revealed by close scrutiny of the famous book of divination, the Yi Jing, or Book of Changes.
This is commonly translated as "Abundance", but "Feng" is also the name of an ancient town, used by the troops of the Zhou before their assault on the corrupt and tyrannical Shang emperor.
This transition of power was a change in the "mandate of heaven" - the mandate being the approval of the ancestors and Gods whose favour the emperor had forfeited.
www.philhine.org.uk /books/review_mandate.html   (1045 words)

  
 The Mandate of Heaven; Hidden History in the I Ching; S. J. Marshall
Whereas modern scholars are generally dismissive of the book's reputed mystical significance, traditionalists often resent academic research into the oracle because it seems irreverent or iconoclastic.
The Mandate of Heaven focuses on the story of the I Ching's origins.
Marshall is able to match this account with a scientifically verified solar eclipse that took place on June 20, 1070 B.C., just one of his many historical readings that show how the earliest layer of the I Ching has preserved a hidden history that has remained undetected for three millennia.
www.columbia.edu /cu/cup/catalog/data/023112/0231122985.HTM   (438 words)

  
 The Mandate of Heaven
For early Chinese rulers, observing the heavens and communicating the passage of time to the people were divine obligations, which accounts for a preoccupation with astronomy, astrology, and calendrical science throughout Chinese history, and explains why the ability to predict celestial events came to be seen as a barometer of a dynasty's success.
The correct orientation of any consecrated space, the scheduling of religious ceremonies, and the proper conduct of seasonal occupations all depended on the king.
Hence, Heaven's ancient mandate, first explicitly set forth by Zhou Dynasty rulers in the mid-eleventh century B.C. and preserved in the canonical Book of Documents (ca.
www.archaeology.org /9803/abstracts/china.html   (253 words)

  
 mandate of heaven   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
He was the eldest son of the last person who possessed the Mandate of Heaven.
Or rather, the new holder's army beat the crap out of the old holder's army, and both of them beat the crap out of everyone who was caught in the middle, notably the peasantry, which was only the entire population of the country.
This is what I told Pat: "George has the Mandate of Heaven for the United States of America." I'm not letting slip who has the Global Mandate.
home.austin.rr.com /fizbop/mandate_of_heaven.html   (536 words)

  
 The Useless Tree: Friday I Ching: Hurricanes and the Mandate of Heaven
The traditional notion of "Mandate of Heaven" is more nuanced than the simple idea that natural disaster means loss of legitimacy; the Mandate is rooted in how well people are being treated and protected and served by their government.
Rulers lose the Mandate of Heaven before their dynasty falls, rather than at the moment of losing office, which simply makes it plain.
The present Chinese government, for instance, are in office on the basis that the Mandate of Heaven came to an end, in 1911.
uselesstree.typepad.com /useless_tree/2005/09/friday_i_ching__3.html   (1760 words)

  
 Mandate Of Heaven: Insights on Heaven   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
PART 3: China: The Mandate of Heaven In this episode, Wood travels to An Yan in central China where the first Chinese civilization flourished, to the religious site of Tai Shan, and throughout the...
Mandate of Heaven [Categories: History of China, Chinese culture] The Mandate of Heaven ()} (Click link for more info and facts about Pinyin) Pinyin: Ti nmng) was a (Any of the Sino-Tibetan...
Encyclopedia Encyclopedia Mandate of Heaven The Mandate of Heaven ()} Pinyin: Ti nmng) was a Chinese concept used to justify the rule of the kings of the Zhou...
mandateofheaven.fluxheaven.com   (1091 words)

  
 The American Thinker
Back in the good old days when China was ruled by the Son of Heaven, the falterings and disasters of an aging dynasty were interpreted by the Chinese to mean that the emperor had lost the Mandate of Heaven.
No empire—or political movement—loses the Mandate of Heaven until its leaders and supporters start to lose faith in their sacred mission.
The Democratic Party lost its New Deal mandate in the long decade of the Sixties, when it lost interest in containing communism and lost its faith in expert-led social and economic policymaking in the twin debacles of the Great Society and the Carter inflation.
www.americanthinker.com /articles.php?article_id=4954   (851 words)

  
 Daoist Studies Review of The Mandate of Heaven: Hidden History in the Book of Changes by S. J. Marshall
Marshall deduces that Chang's son, Fa, saw the eclipse as a sign or "mandate" from Heaven that he was chosen to lead the rebellion against the evil Shou, last king of Shang.
A check by Marshall of modern research verifies the occurrence of a total eclipse in northern China around noon on June 20, 1070 B.C.E., a year that was also calculated by 4th century B.C.E. calendrical scholars to have been the time of the conquest.
Section I of the book, "The Mandate of Heaven," frames this basic argument and buttresses it with clever readings from other hexagram texts.
rels.queensu.ca /dao/review.marshall.php   (833 words)

  
 George W. Bush & the “Mandate of Heaven”
Thus was developed the concept of the “Mandate of Heaven,” which linked nicely with the dominant neo-Confucianism of the Empire.
The Chinese believed that good things happened to the people and their Empire when the leaders lived lives of “truth” and “virtue.” When they did not, they had lost the “Mandate of Heaven” and needed to be replaced.
Whether or not George W. Bush ever had such a “Mandate of Heaven,” even if he believes that he has—perhaps it was “bestowed” upon him by the Supreme Court certifying his election in 2000—he certainly seems to have lost it since then.
www.commondreams.org /views04/1005-27.htm   (1095 words)

  
 Bulliet | The Earth and its Peoples, Second Edition
The Mandate of Heaven was a political-social philosophy that explained the success and failure of monarchs and states down to the end of the empire in 1912 C.E. Whenever a dynasty fell, the reason invariably offered by Chinas sages was that it had lost the moral right to rule, which is given by Heaven alone.
The ways of Heaven are not invariable: on the good-doer it sends down all blessings, and on the evil-doer it sends down all miseries.
Source: Anonymous, "The Mandate of Heaven: The Classic of History," in Alfred Andrea and James Overfield, eds.
college.hmco.com /history/world/bulliet/earth_peoples/2e/students/primary/mandate.htm   (797 words)

  
 Primary Source : Library : Teacher Created Curriculum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
After reading an excerpt from the Shu Jing (Classic of History), students will use a simple worksheet to understand the definition of the Mandate of Heaven and discuss ways in which governments justify their rule.
Teacher Preparation : Read the essay "Origins of the Mandate of Heaven" by John Watt, and the "teachers' version" of the Mandate of Heaven.
A brief introduction for students to dynastic changes from Xia to Shang to Zhou and/or discussion of the legitimacy of the new rulers, both of which can be gleaned from these two sources, should precede this lesson.
www.primarysource.org /library/tcus/mandate_heaven/toc.htm   (302 words)

  
 Asia Times
It was their ideological zeal and their focus on helping the countless poor Chinese that earned respect both at home and abroad - many foreign nationals were inspired by the revolution and went to China to assist the building of a new society.
China has a long history of leaders losing the "mandate of heaven" (in essence a social contract between the emperor and the masses) and subsequently being overthrown by peasant rebellions.
Today, the CCP's mandate of heaven is solely to provide economic growth - which it is doing, but for only some of China's 1.5 billion citizens.
www.atimes.com /atimes/China/EC14Ad01.html   (2184 words)

  
 Memo, 8-18-98; Clinton and the Mandate of Heaven
Throughout history, national electorates have permitted their top leader an extra degree of freedom, to be able to deal with unanticipated eventualities that threaten the realm or the nation.
It is indefinable, except for the Chinese phrase, the Mandate of Heaven.
My wife Patricia was definite in believing that he would lose the Mandate of Heaven.
www.polyconomics.com /searchbase/08-18-98.html   (426 words)

  
 Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven for PC Review - PC Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven Review   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Complete a few special quests for the ornery Regional Lords, and your characters can be elevated within their respective classes, from clerics to priests and then high priests, etc. It's an extremely rewarding system, as you constantly get the opportunity to strengthen your characters, and even late in the game, level advancement is rapid.
Unlike prior Might and Magic games, The Mandate of Heaven features freely scrolling, and often rolling, terrain.
Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven for PC Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven Summary
www.gamespot.com /pc/rpg/mightandmagic6themoh/review.html   (2523 words)

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