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Topic: Manfred Sakel


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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  
  Manfred Sakel: A Brief Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Sakel studied Medicine at the University of Vienna from 1919 to 1925, specializing in neurology and neuropsychiatry.
Sakel was the discoverer of the insulin coma therapy for schizophrenics and other mental patients in 1927, while a young doctor in Vienna.
This historical and biographical papers discusses the introduction of the shock treatment in psychiatry, the role of a theory of the biological antagonism between epilepsy and schizophrenia, and the contributions of
www.cerebromente.org.br /n04/historia/sakel_i.htm   (260 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Manfred
Manfred, c.1232-1266, king of Sicily (1258-66), the last Hohenstaufen on that throne.
Conrad died in 1254, and Manfred seized the regency for Conrad's young son, Conradin.
Richthofen, Manfred, Baron von, 1892-1918, German aviator in World War I. He was credited with the spectacular achievement of shooting down 80 aircraft; he was killed in action on Apr. 21, 1918.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Manfred   (660 words)

  
 Manfred Sakel (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.csres.utexas.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Manfred Joshua Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, was born on June 6, 1900, in Nadvorna, in the former Austria-Hungary Empire (now Ukraine).
Sakel was the discoverer of the insulin shock therapy for schizophrenics and other mental patients in 1927, while a young doctor in Vienna.
He noted that insulin -induced coma and convulsion s, due to the low level of glucose attained in the blood (hypoglicemic crisis) was effective in improving the mental state of drug addicts and psychotics, sometimes dramatically so.
www.seattleluxury.com.cob-web.org:8888 /encyclopedia/entry/Manfred_Sakel   (369 words)

  
 Manfred Sakel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He noted that insulin-induced coma and convulsions, due to the low level of glucose attained in the blood (hypoglicemic crisis) was effective in improving the mental state of drug addicts and psychotics, sometimes dramatically so.
Sakel died on December 2, 1957, in New York City, NY, USA.
American Journal of Psychiatry, 141(9): 1034-1041 This historical and biographical papers discusses the introduction of the shock treatment in psychiatry, the role of a theory of the biological antagonism between epilepsy and schizophrenia, and the contributions of Ladislau von Meduna, Sakel, Ugo Cerletti, and Lucio Bini.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Manfred_Sakel   (327 words)

  
 Manfred Sakel - WikiLeasing.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the USA, he became an attending hpysician and researcher at the Harlem Valley State Hospital.Dr. Sakel was the discoverer of the insulin shock therapy for schizophrenics and other mental patients in 1927, while a young dcotor in Vienna.
He noted that insulin-induced coma and convulsions, due to the low level of glucose attained in the blood (hypoglicemic crisis) was effective in iimproving the mental state of drug addicts and psychotics, sometimes dramatically so.
In the SA and other countries it has been largely replaced by electroconvulsive therapy and other means of treatment,Dr. Sakel died on December 2, 1957, in New York City, NY, USA.
www.wikileasing.com /14/Manfred_Sakel.html   (258 words)

  
 Manfred Sakel   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
left Manfred Joshua Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, was born on June 6, 1900, in Nadvorna, in the former Austria-Hungary Empire (now Ukraine).
In the USA and other countries it has been largely replaced by electroconvulsive therapy and other means of treatment, Dr.
Sakel, Manfred Sakel, Manfred Sakel, Manfred Sakel, Manfred
manfred-sakel.iqnaut.net   (294 words)

  
 American Experience | A Brilliant Madness | Primary Sources
In Berlin, between 1928 and 1931, Dr. Manfred Sakel used insulin to reduce the anxiety, nervousness, tremors, vomiting, weight loss, and agitation of patients undergoing opiate withdrawal.
Sakel moved to the University of Vienna, and was assigned to treat patients with schizophrenia, an illness for which no effective treatment was known.
Translated into English, the phrase became "insulin-shock-treatment." Sakel interpolated the word "shock" to emphasize his belief that the essential element of ICT was the lowered blood pressure, sweating, increased heart rate, and increased breathing rate that resulted from the stresses produced during the treatment.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/amex/nash/filmmore/ps_ict.html   (3631 words)

  
 Manfred Sakel: Uma Breve Biografia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Sakel estudou medicina na Universidade de Viena entre 1919 e 1925, especializando-se em neurologia e neuropsiquiatria.
O Dr. Sakel foi o descobridor da terapia por coma insulínico usado com esquizofrênicos e com outras doenças mentais.
O Dr. Sakel morreu aos 2 de dezembro de 1957, na cidade de New York, NY, EUA.
www.cerebromente.org.br /n04/historia/sakel.htm   (289 words)

  
 Search Results for "Manfred"
An illegitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, Manfred was regent in Sicily for his brother Conrad...
He was an ardent supporter of the Hohenstaufen cause in Sicily and attempted to secure the island for Manfred...
...The therapeutic possibilities of these treatments were discovered in the 1930s by Manfred Sakel, a Polish psychiatrist, using insulin; L. Meduna, an American psychiatrist,...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/65search?query=Manfred   (319 words)

  
 UConn Advance - October 23, 2006 - Endowed chairs named at Health Center
Winokur is the first holder of the Dr. Manfred J. Sakel Distinguished Chair in Psychiatry, established last year with a gift from the late Marianne Hartly.
Her bequest, which with the state's match totaled more than $3 million, is in memory of Sakel, a close friend of hers in Vienna in the 1920s and later in New York City, where she assisted him in his research.
“Sakel was ahead of his time, trying to develop therapies that relied on an understanding of biology and the workings of the brain.
www.advance.uconn.edu /2006/061023/06102301.htm   (523 words)

  
 Lecture Hints   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Manfred Sakel (1900-1957) in 1933 reported success using insulin coma and insulin subcoma therapy to treat schizophrenia.
Sakel concluded that the repeated induction of hypoglycemia, typically accompanied by coma and convulsions, produced beneficial effects.
With the advent of chlorpromazine in the early 1950s and subsequent clinical comparisons, insulin coma therapy quickly fell from favor.
cwx.prenhall.com /bookbind/pubbooks/morris4/chapter13/medialib/lecture/6.html   (410 words)

  
 TIME.com: Insulin for Insanity -- Jan. 25, 1937 -- Page 1
Several years ago Dr. Manfred Sakel, 36, a University of Vienna psychiatrist, cured morphine addicts by dosing them with insulin.
Sakel shocked some of his morphine patients into comas.
Since the problem of curing a schizophrenic is the problem of shaking up his ingrown personality, Dr. Sakel tried shocking doses of insulin on Viennese schizophrenics.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,770549,00.html   (650 words)

  
 Epilepsy - SAKEL, MANFRED   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Sakel's final work before his death, Sakel was noted for his revolutionary discovery of the insulin "shock" treatment of mental illness - the first great biochemical approach to psychotherapy.
Manila hard cover with blue and red emblems tiled on boards, blue cloth spine, board edges and margins browned with age.
Gray jacket with small photo of Sakel front has minor wear corners and spine ends, light soiling rear.
www.antiqbook.com /boox/all/002530.shtml   (118 words)

  
 Karl Dussik
He was the Director of the Insulin Treatment Teaching and Research (ITTR) Division at the M. with research funding from the Manfred Sakel Foundation.
In the 1960s, when the use of the method in the United States was much in decline, Dussik was still regarded as an important on-going contributor to the study of Insulin therapy in psychiatric illnesses, where he devised new protocols for administering the treatment.
And: Leserbrief: Max Muller uber Manfred Sakel und andere judische Emigranten aus Nazi-Deutschland, in the Schweizerar Archive Fur Neurologie und Psychiatrie, P.
www.ob-ultrasound.net /dussikbio.html   (4396 words)

  
 Treatments during the early 20th centrury
It was discovered when the Austrian psychiatrist Manfred Sakel tried to detoxicate drug addicts with insulin.
By mistake he gave a too big dose of insulin, so the drug addicts landed up in coma, that is unconsciousness.
Therefore Sakel tested the treatment even on schizophrenic patients with good results.
www.hubin.org /facts/history/1900_history/treatment/treatment_5_en.html   (319 words)

  
 Dark Passage: Hospital Hopscotch
It involved administering a dose of insulin large enough to put the psychotic patients into a temporary coma, from which they supposedly emerged with some signs of improvement.
The treatment was developed by the Viennese psychiatrist Manfred Joshua Sakel, who, after accidentally overdosing one of his patients, tested the effects of insulin on animals in his kitchen instead.
For some time in the late 1930's Sakel taught courses at this facility to other psychiatrists interested in convulsive treatments.
www.darkpassage.com /hopscotch/dioramas/thirdfloor.htm   (444 words)

  
 Abstracts Band 11 der SDGGN
At the end of the twenties Manfred Sakel (1900-1957) - at first unintended - observed a therapeutic effect when psychotic patients went into a hypoglycemic coma.
It was Sakel´s achievement to have furnished proof of the treatability of endogenous psychoses, generally leading to a changed approach toward the mentally ill. Thus he also paved the way to additional therapeutic measures such as cardiacolshock (L. Meduna) or electroshock (U. Cerletti, L. Bini).
For this discovery Sakel was proposed for the Nobel Prize in 1952.
www.dggn.de /Abstracts_Bd11.htm   (3142 words)

  
 Reign of Error
Shock treatment started in 1933, with insulin being used to drop the patient's blood sugar low enough to cause a coma and sometimes a convulsion.
This was the idea of Manfred Sakel, who had been treating his private patients at the Lichterfelder sanitarium, near Berlin, in this manner for several years.
In just a few years after Sakel published his new method insulin shock treatment was being used on thousands of the world's mental patients.
www.ect.org /resources/reign.html   (2204 words)

  
 Back of Wooden Wheelchair - Tuberculosis Hospital : Abandoned Photography : opacity.us   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Insulin coma shock was developed by Manfred Sakel shortly after insulin was discovered in 1922.
I am pretty sure I remember reading that Sakel demonstrated insulin coma shock therapy at Harlem Valley State Hospital, however several hospitals (including Byberry) couldn't afford the treatment.
The reason why insulin coma shock therapy was put to an end was because metrazol shock therapy (circa 1934 by Meduna) was cheaper, faster, and had a lower fatality rate.
www.opacity.us /image748.htm   (813 words)

  
 Storia del Diabete - L'ipoglicemia
Un capitolo a sé è rappresentato dalla cura di forme acute e croniche di schizofrenia a mezzo del coma ipoglicemico convulsivante (40-400 Unità di insulina endovena!!), terminato da infusione glucosata, che il viennese Manfred Sakel (1900-1958) sperimentò e introdusse dal 1927 al 1937.
Sakel sarà premiato, nel 1957, come inventore di una terapia fondamentale delle psicosi
Fig.2 - Onoranze a Manfred Sakel nel 30° anniversario della cura insulinica in psichiatria.
www.museodeldiabete.com /storia15.htm   (622 words)

  
 August 20 in Psychology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
1953 - Manfred Sakel, who developed insulin shock therapy for schizophrenia, addressed the World Federation for Mental Health in Vienna.
Sakel denounced the failure to differentiate between physiological and environmental causes of mental illness and the indiscriminate use of electric shock therapy as a substitute for insulin shock therapy.
The later introduction of drug therapies reduced the use of both electric and insulin shock therapies.
www.cwu.edu /~warren/calendar/cal0820.html   (342 words)

  
 Drug Addiction Treatment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Insulin shock therapy - Insulin shock therapy is a treatment for schizophrenia, psychosis and drug addiction which involves injecting a patient with massive amounts of insulin, which causes convulsions and coma.
It was discovered by Polish researcher Manfred Sakel in 1933 and was used well into the 1950s.
Buprenorphine - Buprenorphine, also colloquially referred to as bupe, is an opioid drug with partial agonist and antagonist actions.
www.nkmhs.org /drugaddictiontreatment.html   (1001 words)

  
 HistoryLink Essay: Farmer, Frances (1913-1970) -- Part 2
Farmer would spend most of the next seven years in mental institutions, beginning with seven and a half months at La Crescenta, for treatment of what was variously diagnosed as “manic depressive psychosis,” a “split personality,” “schizophrenia with paranoid illusions [sic],” or simple depression.
Her treatment included insulin shock, a therapy that had been developed by the eminent psychiatrist Manfred Sakel in Vienna in 1927.
Patients were injected with overdoses of insulin to induce convulsions and coma, in the belief that such trauma could jolt a disordered brain back into normal functioning.
www.historylink.org /essays/output.cfm?file_id=5059   (3065 words)

  
 BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF M
Biological Treatment of Mental Illness: Proceedings of the II International Conference of the Manfred Sakel Foundation, Held October 31 to November 3, 1962, at the New York Academy of Medicine, New York
Rinkel, Max (editor); Biological Treatment of Mental Illness: Proceedings of the II International Conference of the Manfred Sakel Foundation, Held October 31 to November 3, 1962, at the New York Academy of Medicine, New York.
Presentation card from The Manfred Sakel Institute laid in.
www.popula.com /items_fp/item_description.cfm?item_fp_ID=349237   (133 words)

  
 Shock therapy
Insulin shock therapy involves injecting a patient with massive amounts of insulin, which causes convulsions and coma.
It was discovered by Polish researcher Manfred Sakel in 1933 and was used well until the 50s.
Metrazol shock therapy involves injecting a patient with Metrazol (cardiazol), a drug that quickly induces powerful seizures.
www.mrsci.com /Psychiatry/Shock_therapy.php   (763 words)

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