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Topic: Manichean


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  Manicheans - Encyclopedia of Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The Manichean standpoint with respect to the Fall determined their attitude towards the whole O.T., which they rejected as the work of the evil principle.
Likewise their theory about the creation of the material part of man determined their view of the Incarnation, which they regarded as wholly Docetic; if a material body was a prison and a burden to the spirit of man, Christ could scarcely voluntarily imprison His divine Spirit in the same.
The Manicheans had their own peculiar rites, though their mystical interpretation of language enabled them to hold the highest position in the Christian ministry, as in an-Nadim's time, a.d.
www.religion-encyclopedia.com /M/manicheans.htm   (2402 words)

  
 Saint Augustine
The Manicheans proposed a powerful, if somewhat mythical and philosophically awkward explanation of the problem of evil: there is a perpetual struggle between co-eternal principles of Light and Darkness (good and evil, respectively), and our souls are particles of Light which have become trapped in the Darkness of the physical world.
Part of this gradual change of attitude is attributable to his detailed study of scriptural texts (especially the Pauline letters), as well as his immersion in both the daily affairs of his monastic community and the rather focused sorts of controversies that confronted the Church in the fourth and fifth centuries.
Augustine is anxious, contra the Manicheans and Cicero, to defend the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom by arguing that the free exercise of the will is among the events foreknown by God and that such foreknowledge in no way detracts from our culpability for our acts of willing [e.g.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/augustine   (13096 words)

  
 The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge
If there are inset headings, such as "4.
Comes Under Manichean Influences", move it to the top of the paragraph as

4.

Proofread and make corrections, using the page image as a reference.
www.ccel.org /s/schaff/encyc/home.html   (213 words)

  
 Napoleonic Wars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The hostilities between Great Britain and France recommenced on May 18, 1803.
The Allied war-aims changed over the course of the conflict from a general desire to restore the French monarchy into an almost manichean struggle to stop Bonaparte.
Bonaparte declared France an empire on May 18, 1804 and crowned himself Emperor at Notre-Dame on December 2.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Napoleonic_wars   (6484 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Saint Monica
Patritius died very shortly after his reception into the Church and Monica resolved not to marry again.
At Carthage Augustine had become a Manichean and when on his return home he ventilated certain heretical propositions she drove him away from her table, but a strange vision which she had urged her to recall him.
Ambrose and through him she ultimately had the joy of seeing Augustine yield, after seventeen years of resistance.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10482a.htm   (786 words)

  
 Faith and Reason [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Augustine argued further that the final authority for the determination of the use of reason in faith lies not with the individual, but with the Church itself.
His battle with the Manichean heresy prompted him to realize that the Church is indeed the final arbiter of what cannot be demonstrated--or can be demonstrated but cannot be understood by all believers.
Yet despite this appeal to ecclesiastical authority, he believe that one cannot genuinely understand God until one loves Him.
www.iep.utm.edu /f/faith-re.htm   (14672 words)

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