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Topic: Mars 1960B


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In the News (Tue 2 Sep 14)

  
  Exploration of Mars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mars is a rocky planet, like Earth, that formed around the same time, yet it is only between one-quarter and one-third the surface area and its surface is cold and desert-like.
Mars Climate Orbiter is infamous for project engineers mixing up the usage of imperial units with metric units, causing the orbiter to burn up while entering Mars' atmosphere.
Mars Pathfinder - 4 December 1996 - Mars Lander and Rover.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exploration_of_Mars   (3440 words)

  
 Marsnik program - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
It was reported by the NASA Administrator to the U.S. Congress in 1962 to be an attempt at a Mars flyby probe.
The objectives of the mission were to investigate interplanetary space between Earth and Mars, to study Mars and return surface images from a flyby trajectory, and to study the effects of extended spaceflight on onboard instruments and provide radio communications from long distances.
It carried a 10 kg science payload consisting of a magnetometer on a boom, cosmic ray counter, plasma-ion trap, a radiometer, a micrometeorite detector, and a spectroreflectometer to study the CH band, a possible indicator of life on Mars.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mars_1960B   (460 words)

  
 The Rocky Soviet Road To Mars - Larry Klaes
A third Mars probe mission in 1960 was believed for years to have been tied in to reports of a major rocket disaster, which the Soviets did not admit to officially, until a press release by Aleksandr Bolotin in the Soviet weekly magazine OGONYOK in April of 1989.
MARS 1 was to have also sent back measurements on Mars' magnetic and radiation fields, cosmic radiation, micrometeoroid impacts, and even indications of organic compounds on the planet using a "spectroreflexometer" device.
MARS 7 was the first of the flyby/lander probes to arrive, the bus ejecting its lander towards the planet on March 9, 1974.
www.coseti.org /www.fourthplanet.org/lkart_01.htm   (4623 words)

  
 Mars
Closest approach to Mars occurred on 19 June 1963 at a distance of approximately 193,000 km.
Objectives involve high resolution imaging, topographic and gravity studies, the role of water and dust on the surface and in the atmosphere of Mars, the weather and climate of Mars, the composition of the surface and atmosphere, and the existence and evolution of the Martian magnetic field.
Mars Climate Orbiter (Mars '98 Orbiter, Mars Surveyor 98 Orbiter) (USA) 11 December 1998.
www.worldspaceflight.com /probes/mars.htm   (1158 words)

  
 Soviet Exploration Mars Exploration History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Mars 1 closest approach to Mars occurred on June 19, 1963 at a distance of approximately 193,000 km, after which the spacecraft entered a heliocentric orbit.
The primary scientific objectives of the Mars 2 orbiter were to image the martian surface and clouds, determine the temperature on Mars, study the topography, composition and physical properties of the surface, measure properties of the atmosphere, and monitor the solar wind and the interplanetary and martian magnetic fields.
The primary scientific objectives of the Mars 3 orbiter were to image the martian surface and clouds, determine the temperature on Mars, study the topography, composition and physical properties of the surface, measure properties of the atmosphere, and monitor solar radiation, the solar wind and the interplanetary and martian magnetic fields.
home.earthlink.net /~lcasp426/mars/soviet.htm   (1892 words)

  
 Soviet Craft - Mars
Mars 1960A was reported by the NASA Administrator to Congress in 1962 to be an attempt at a Mars probe.
Mars 1 was a modified Venera-type spacecraft in the shape of a cylinder 3.3 m long and 1.0 m in diameter.
Mars 5 also performed a radio occultation experiment and the results, in concert with results from Mars 4 and 6 occultation measurements, showed the existence of a night side ionosphere with a maximum electron density of 4600 per cubic cm at an altitude of 110 km and a near surface atmospheric pressure of 6.7 mbar.
burro.astr.cwru.edu /stu/advanced/20th_soviet_mars.html   (5377 words)

  
 Space Missions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
It flew past Mars at 2,200 km range and was able to return one swath of images and data on the ionosphere of Mars.
Unfortunately, Mars 5 was suppose to serve as relay transmitters for landers 6 and 7.
Its science objectives are to complete a high resolution mapping of the surface, study the topography and gravity of Mars, assess the role of water and dust on the surface and in the atmosphere of Mars, and determine the existence and evolution of the Martian magnetic field.
www.windows.ucar.edu /tour/link=/mars/space_missions.html   (1030 words)

  
 ST Frontier Fleet PBeM - LCARS: Where No Man Has Gone Before Introduction & Part 1: The 1960s by Bram Peeters
The objectives of the mission were to investigate interplanetary space between Earth and Mars, to study Mars and return surface images from a flyby trajectory, and to study the effects of extended space flight on onboard instruments and provide radio communications from long distances.
Mars 1 (also referenced as Sputnik 23, 1 November 1962) was an automatic interplanetary station launched in the direction of Mars, the first of the Soviet Mars probe program, with the intent of flying by the planet at a distance of about 11,000 km.
The geocentric orbit of the presumed booster decayed on 25 December 1962 and the Mars spacecraft orbit decayed and it re-entered Earth's atmosphere on January 19, 1963.
www.frontierfleet.com /lcars/page/610   (1025 words)

  
 Exploration of Mars
The Mars 2 lander was released from the orbiter on November 27, 1971.
Mars 4 arrived at Mars on February, 1974, but failed to go into orbit due to a malfunction of its breaking engine.
The Mars Global Surveyor is scheduled for launch in the late fall of 1996.
www.activemind.com /Mysterious/Topics/Mars/exploration.html   (1136 words)

  
 Final Gallery
The Mars 6 probe was launched August 5th, 1973 and reached an orbit around Mars on March 12th, 1974 and deployed its lander successfully.
Then the Mars 7 probe was launched on August 9th, 1973, and reached Mars on March 6th, 1974, but both the orbiter and lander missed Mars as it they both flew by it.
The Mars Climate Orbiter was launched on December 11th, 1998 to reach Mars and studies different aspects of the Martian climate, but it was destroyed when it tried to enter the Martian atmosphere.
aerospacescholars.jsc.nasa.gov /has/Students/finalGall.cfm?id=1138   (1229 words)

  
 Young Naturalist Awards 2000
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun.
In the 1950s little was done about Mars observation due to the beginning of the "moon race" between the United States and the former Soviet Union.
Also in 1999, the Mars Polar Lander was declared lost after NASA tried several times to make contact with it after its [projected] landing on the Martian surface.
www.amnh.org /nationalcenter/youngnaturalistawards/2000/andrew.html   (1718 words)

  
 Chronology of Mars Exploration
Mars '96 consisted of an orbiter, two landers, and two soil penetrators that were to reach the planet in September 1997.
The probe was due to arrive at Mars in December of 2003.
The Beagle 2 was released from the Mars Express Orbiter on December 19, 2003.
www.hq.nasa.gov /office/pao/History/marschro.htm   (1852 words)

  
 Missions timeline: Past, Present, and Future   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The vehicle made it to Mars and deployed its lander successfully, but it stoped transmitting data after only 20 seconds of video was sent back to Earth.
Entire surface of Mars is mapped, close up pictures of Mars' 2 moons, as well as being the first US satelite to orbit another planet.
This mission was designed to be a cheaper version of the Mars Observer- it is studying the atmosphere, gravity, and weather of the planet while mapping the surface with a greater resolution than before possible.
home.earthlink.net /~msec/timeline.htm   (331 words)

  
 Mars Mission Launch Sequence   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Mars Climate Orbiter (Nasa), former Mars Surveyor 1998 Orbiter.
Mars 2009 Telecommunications Orbiter (Nasa): To be launched in September 2009 and to arrive at Mars in September 2010.
Mars Science Laboratory, Mars Smart Lander, Mars 2009 Mobile Scientific Laboratory (Nasa): Formerly scheduled for 2007, the spacecraft is now to be launched in December 2007, and to arrive at Mars in October 2010.
www.seds.org /~spider/mars/mars-l.html   (3907 words)

  
 Barsoomtown Explorers
Mariner 6 took measurements of the surface and atmospheric temperature, surface molecular composition, and pressure of the atmosphere.
The Viking missions of the 1970s were sent to Mars to explore the possibility of life on the Red Planet.
But now, through a cosmic twist of fate, the landing of a meteorite, we may be closer to accepting the fact that life exists elsewhere in the Universe, and maybe as close as next door.
www.cosmicbaseball.com /92be.html   (1454 words)

  
 Unmanned Spacecraft Timeline
Arrived on Aug. 5, 1969 and flew near south pole of Mars, returning pictures and measurements of temperature, pressure, and surface composition.
Encountered Halley's comet on Mar. 13, 1986 and comet Grigg-Skjellerup on July 10, 1992.
The primary objective of the Discovery class Stardust mission is to fly by the comet P/Wild 2 and collect samples of dust and volatiles in the coma of the comet.
www.ugcs.caltech.edu /~marcsulf/unmanned.html   (1342 words)

  
 EXPLORIT Science Center - Short science articles
Reached Mars on July 14, 1965 and came to within 9920 km of the surface.
Reached Mars July 31, 1969 and came to within 3437 km of equatorial region.
Reached Mars December 2, 1971 and performed the first successful landing of a terrestrial craft on Mars.
www.dcn.davis.ca.us /GO/EXPLORIT/science/mars_missions.html   (428 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Mars 5 - 25 Jul 1973 - Mars Orbiter
Mars Pathfinder - 04 Dec 1996 - Mars Lander and Rover
Mars Climate Orbiter - 11 Dec 1998 - Mars Orbiter
calspace.ucsd.edu /marsnow/library/mars_exploration/robotic_missions/orbiters/older_missions1.html   (464 words)

  
 Search results for "mars climate orbiter" failure - Copernic Agent
Mars Climate Orbiter is one of a series of missions in a long-term...
Mars Climate Orbiter (Nasa), former Mars Surveyor 1998...
Was Unfamiliar with Mars Climate Orbiter - http://www.space..
www.cs.bgsu.edu /maner/680/orbiterlinks.htm   (5614 words)

  
 Our Solar System - Planets Alive - Mars   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Mars, included orbiter, 2 landers and 2 penetrators
Click any planet to see missions for that planet or click the sun to see the entire list.
This project was arranged and Dunn by Paul, ©2001.
www.dunnbypaul.net /solarsystem/Mars_D.html   (61 words)

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