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Topic: Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

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In the News (Wed 19 Jun 19)

  Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is the biggest spacecraft to be sent to Mars, carrying some of the most sophisticated instruments ever.
MRO will join two US orbitersMars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey – and one European orbiter, Mars Express, at the fourth planet.
NASA is planning two further Mars missions this decade: the Phoenix module, set for launch in 2007, and Mars Science Laboratory in 2009.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/M/Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter.html   (300 words)

  Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
MRO will even be able to provide critical navigation data to these probes during their landing and may provide evidence which could help to uncover the reasons behind the failure of past Mars missions such as NASA's Mars Polar Lander, and the British Beagle lander.
The apoapsis, or farthest point in the orbit from Mars, was 47,972 km from the center of Mars or approximately 43,000 km from the surface.
The Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) is a nine-channel spectrometer with one visible/near infrared channel (0.3 to 3.0 micrometers) and eight far infrared (12 to 50 micrometers).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter   (3081 words)

 Exploration of Mars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mars is a rocky planet, like Earth, that formed around the same time, yet it is only between one-quarter and one-third the surface area and its surface is cold and desert-like.
Mars Climate Orbiter is infamous for Lockheed Martin engineers mixing up the usage of imperial units with metric units, causing the orbiter to burn up while entering Mars' atmosphere.
On August 12, 2005 the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter probe was launched toward the planet, to conduct a two-year science survey.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Exploration_of_Mars   (3387 words)

 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Approaches Red Planet - Planetary News | The Planetary Society
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is scheduled to arrive on time at the Red Planet in two weeks, NASA officials announced today at a press conference held at agency headquarters in Washington D.C. “The journey from Earth to Mars takes 300 million miles.
Theoretically, MRO could have gone directly into its circular science orbit on arrival, but it would have had to carry a lot more fuel for the main thrusters, and thus be sent aloft by a larger and more expensive launch vehicle.
MRO had a launch mass of 4,800 pounds and 215 square feet of solar array, stretching tip-to-tip about 46 feet, and is carrying consumables to last 10 years.
www.planetary.org /news/2006/0224_Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter_Approaches.html   (1553 words)

 Talk:Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has been listed as a good article for meeting the criteria for this category of articles.
I would like it if this replaced Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and any original prose that is missed (and is not copyrighted elsewhere ;-)) can be added back in later.
Perhaps This article could be a overview of the mission, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Instruments for the technical data on the instruments and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Spacecraft for the space probe's structure and technical components.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Talk:Mars_Reconnaissance_Orbiter   (5569 words)

 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was the first spacecraft designed from the beginning for aerobraking to place it into the desired orbit around Mars.
During its two-year primary science mission, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was to conduct eight different science investigations at Mars, involving global mapping, regional surveying, and high-resolution targeting of specific spots on the surface.
MCS (Mars Climate Sounder) - This radiometer functioned as an atmospheric profiler to detect vertical variations of temperature, dust, and water vapor concentrations in the Martian atmosphere.
www.astronautix.com /craft/marbiter.htm   (881 words)

 Mars - MSN Encarta
NASA launched the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter in August 2005, and it successfully went into orbit around Mars in 2006.
The Phoenix Mars Lander mission is intended to land a spacecraft in an ice-rich region of northern Mars and to scoop up a sample of soil for detailed analysis.
But perhaps the most ambitious Mars mission yet conceived was announced in January 2004 by U.S. president George W. Bush, who called for the establishment of an astronaut base on the Moon by 2015 that would provide a launching pad for a manned mission to Mars by the middle of the 21st century.
ca.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761566582_5/Mars_(planet).html   (276 words)

 USATODAY.com - Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter sends test images   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The orbiter is hauling an array of science instruments, including a radar device designed to probe the subsurface of Mars for layers of ice, rock and, perhaps, liquid water that might be accessible from the surface.
NASA's MRO is on a quest to find supportive evidence that water persisted on the surface of Mars for a long period of time.
While other Mars missions have shown that water flowed across the surface in Mars' history, it remains a mystery whether water was ever around long enough to provide a habitat for life.
www.usatoday.com /tech/science/space/2006-03-24-mro-pictures_x.htm?POE=TECISVA   (855 words)

 Outreach Essay - 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will utilize an array of new technology that is currently being developed at NASA centers across the country.
Aerobraking is a function that would slow the orbiter's descent by skimming the surface of the planet's atmosphere - this would modify the very shape of the orbit and eliminate the need for a retro rocket and its high fuel costs.
The Mars Reconnaissance is expected to return twelve times the data of the Mars Global Surveyor, which by itself sent some 101,000 images back to Earth.
www.people.virginia.edu /~eob9q/nasa/essay-5.html   (654 words)

 Space Today Online - Exploring the Red Planet - 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
The mission is analyzing the surface at new scales to follow hints of water detected in images from the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, and to bridge the gap between surface observations and measurements from orbit.
MRO, 99 million miles from the Sun on its way to Mars, was not damaged when the Sun erupted on September 7, 2005 in one of the largest solar flares in years.
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission is managed by JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology, for the NASA Science Mission Directorate at Washington, D.C. Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver, built the spacecraft and was prime contractor for the project.
www.spacetoday.org /SolSys/Mars/MarsExploration/MarsSurveyor2005.html   (2309 words)

 Orbiter Slips into Mars Orbit - Space - RedOrbit   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter completed a flawless 300 million-mile trip Friday to sweep smartly into orbit around Mars, dropping out of radio contact behind the planet for a nail-biting half hour only to re-emerge right on schedule to signal its success.
The Reconnaissance Orbiter will survey the planet during a science mission designed for two years, but engineers say it could easily operate -- at least for relaying communications -- for more than a decade.
The Reconnaissance Orbiter carries six science instruments, among them a camera sensitive enough to spot boulders in dry flood channels and spectrometers to identify minerals on the Martian surface.
www.redorbit.com /news/space/425720/orbiter_slips_into_mars_orbit/index.html?source=r_space   (363 words)

 SPACE.com -- Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Blasts Off for Red Planet
This is an artist's concept of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter during its critical Mars Orbit Insertion process.
For Garvin, the MRO has strong personal resonance as he worked on the mission from “day-zero” back in May 2000 when it was but a concept initially called the “Mars Science Orbiter”.
MRO was designed to be “NASA’s google search engine”, Garvin said, to cut down the number of compelling places both at the surface and below the martian landscape that cry out for future exploration.
space.com /missionlaunches/050812_mro_launch.html   (971 words)

 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter successfully fired its six engines for 20 seconds last week to adjust its flight path in anticipation of a March arrival.
The orbiter is loaded with some of the most sophisticated science instruments ever flown into space, including a telescopic camera that can snap the sharpest pictures yet of the planet's rust-colored surface.
The reconnaissance orbiter was launched aboard an Atlas V rocket in August for the 310-million mile journey to the Red Planet.
homepage.mac.com /sbooneaz/iblog/C1709623023/E20051120175427   (293 words)

 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter | Science Buzz
The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), launched on November 7, 1996, is one of several probes currently studying Mars.
(The others include the orbiters Mars Odyssey, Mars Express, and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter; and the rovers Spirit and Opportunity.) The original mission of the MGS was scheduled to last only about two years, but NASA has repeatedly extended the mission making the MGS the longest operating spacecraft ever sent to Mars.
The MGS was launched in part to replace the Mars Observer, which disappeared in 1993 before reaching Mars (again, probably not Decepticons).
www.smm.org /buzz/buzz_tags/mars_reconnaissance_orbiter   (771 words)

 Spaceflight Now | Destination Mars | Mission Status Center
MRO should be performing a programmed turn to point back at Earth for communications once it emerges from the backside of Mars.
At this point in the sequence, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is scheduled to begin warming up its engines from their current 35-degree temperature to 140 degrees F for the upcoming burn.
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is tracking on the proper course for its rendezvous with the Red Planet today, mission officials are reporting at a status news briefing from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at this hour.
www.spaceflightnow.com /mars/mro/status.html   (3629 words)

 [No title]
These observations will be unprecedented in terms of the spatial resolution and coverage achieved by the orbiter's instruments as they observe the atmosphere and surface of Mars while probing its shallow subsurface as part of a "follow the water" strategy.
MRO is due to launch in August 2005 when the next Earth-Mars launch window opens up, and it's expected to arrive at the Red Planet in March 2006.
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission is managed by JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, for the NASA Science Mission Directorate, Washington.
lycos.cs.cmu.edu /info/reconnaissance--mars-reconnaissance-orbiter.html   (496 words)

 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter: Home
The mineral-mapping instrument on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has successfully removed its lens cover and is ready to start observing the planet.
Layers on Mars are yielding history lessons revealed by instruments flying overhead and rolling across the surface.
New images from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter show three additional NASA spacecraft that have landed on Mars: the Spirit rover active on the surface since January 2004 and the two Viking landers that successfully reached the surface in 1976.
mars.jpl.nasa.gov /mro   (488 words)

 dailywireless.org » Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
The $700 million program, which will circle Mars for at least 4 years, is designed to map the planet in unprecedented detail, probe its atmosphere and peer beneath the surface for signs of the water that once flowed across its arid surface.
Of these NASA s Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey, together with the European Space Agency s [ESA] Mars Express, continue to research the Red Planet from orbit, whilst NASA s Mars Exploration Rovers - Spirit and Opportunity are still crawling over the Martian surface, far exceeding their original 3 month lifespan.
MRO will look for safe landing place for the Phoenix Lander, due to arrive on the far northern martian surface in 2007, and a landing spot for the Mars Science Laboratory, a large, advanced rover scheduled for 2009.
www.dailywireless.org /2005/08/11/mars-reconnaissance-orbiter   (1570 words)

 SPACE.com -- Hello Mars, Meet 'MR. O': The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
The orbiter's shallow radar experiment, one of six science instruments on board, is designed to probe the internal structure of Mars' polar ice caps, as well as to gather information planet-wide about underground layers of ice, rock and, perhaps, liquid water that might be accessible from the surface.
MRO is equipped with six primary instruments: the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment, Context Camera, Mars Color Imager, Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars, Mars Climate Sounder and Shallow Radar.
MRO cameras to zoom in for extreme close-up photography of the martian surface; utilize a sounder to find subsurface water; and look for safe and scientifically worthy landing sites for future exploration — Zurek said that the interplanetary craft is ready for action.
space.com /businesstechnology/technology/mr_o_tech_050119.html   (1165 words)

 Exploration of Mars Analysis @ LaunchBase.net (Launch Base)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Measured temperatures at the landing sites ranged from 150 to 250 K, with a variation over a given day of 35 to 50 K. Seasonal dust storms, pressure changes, and movement of atmospheric gases between the polar caps were observed.
United States President George W. It includes a manned return to the moon by 2015 at the earliest, and suggests that manned missions to Mars may become a possibility at some point in the future.
In the even longer term (centuries hence), some scientists believe Mars to be a good candidate for terraforming and human colonization, though other prominent skeptics (such as) dispute the practicality of both.
www.launchbase.net /encyclopedia/Exploration_of_Mars   (2557 words)

 CNN.com - Mars orbiter clears hurdle - Mar 10, 2006
MRO is expected to return more data to Earth than all previous Mars missions combined.
MRO was launched August 12 atop an Atlas V rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Now that MRO is in orbit, the team will begin the six-month process of changing the craft's initial orbit to one that is optimal for scientific observation.
www.cnn.com /2006/TECH/space/03/10/mars.orbiter/index.html   (774 words)

 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
MRO is the first spacecraft designed from the ground up for aerobraking and is equipped with the most powerful camera ever flown on a planetary exploration mission.
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter uses a new spacecraft design provided by Lockheed Martin Space Systems that is smarter, more reliable, more agile and more productive than any previous Mars orbiters.
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter consists of a main bus, constructed of titanium, carbon composites, and aluminium honeycomb.
www.aerospaceguide.net /mars/reconnaissance_orbiter.html   (1196 words)

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