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Topic: Marxist


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  Marxist.net - Committee for a Workers' International Marxist resource
Discussion which developed two vital tasks facing Marxists: to defend the genuine ideas of scientific socialism and to campaign to re-establish a mass party of the working class.
Written by Peter Hadden in 1994, this book remains a compelling Marxist historical analysis of the history of division and rule in Ireland up to the August 31, 1994 IRA announcement of a ceasefire.
Marxist view of the development of human society
www.marxist.net   (862 words)

  
 Marxist Media Theory
Marxist 'critical theory' exposes the myth of 'value-free' social science.
Marxist perspectives draw our attention to the issue of political and economic interests in the mass media and highlight social inequalities in media representations.
Marxist theory emphasizes the importance of social class in relation to both media ownership and audience interpretation of media texts: this remains an important factor in media analysis.
www.aber.ac.uk /media/Documents/marxism/marxism13.html   (0 words)

  
  1993 Project: Marxist Criticism
To Marxist critics, a society's economic base determines the interests and styles of its literature; it is this relationship between determining base and determined superstructure that is the main point of interest for Marxist critics.
Marxist literary criticism may be thought of as a reaction to many of the rigid theories of the New Critics.
Marxist criticism is materialist, so it has more in common with theories that focus upon how literature functions within social, political, and economic structures, than it does with theories that focus only upon the text.
www.lawrence.edu /dept/english/courses/60A/marxist.html   (1438 words)

  
  Marxism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although there are still many Marxist revolutionary social movements and political parties around the world, since the collapse of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, relatively few countries have governments which describe themselves as Marxist.
From a Marxist perspective, the actually-existing basic classes in today's advanced economies are the capitalist class, the new middle classes who engage in both labour and managerial responsibilities, self-employed proprietors, the working class and a lower "lumpenised" stratum.
It is common to speak of Marxian rather than Marxist theory when referring to political study that draws from the work of Marx for the analysis and understanding of existing (usually capitalist) economies, but rejects the more speculative predictions that Marx and many of his followers made about post-capitalist societies.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Marxist   (3761 words)

  
 marxism - Anarchopedia
Although there are still many Marxist revolutionary social movements and political parties around the world, since the collapse of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, relatively few countries have governments which describe themselves as Marxist.
North Korea is inaccurately described as Marxist, as both Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il have rejected conventional Marxist views in favour of the Korean "communist" variant, juche.
It is common to speak of Marxian rather than Marxist theory when referring to political study that draws from the work of Marx for the analysis and understanding of existing (usually capitalist) economies, but rejects the more speculative predictions that Marx and many of his followers made about post-capitalist societies.
eng.anarchopedia.org /index.php/Marxism   (2307 words)

  
 Marxist: marxist criticism, marxist literary theory, dictionary marxist thought   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Marxist humanism is a branch of Marxism that primarily focuses on Marx's earlier writings, especially the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 in which Marx exposes his theory of alienation, as opposed to his later works, which are considered to be concerned more with his structural conception of capitalist society.
Marxist humanists contend that ‘Marxism’ developed lopsided because Marx’s early works were unknown until after the orthodox ideas were in vogue — the Manuscripts of 1844 were published only in 1932 — and it is necessary to understand Marx’s philosophical foundations to understand his latter works properly.
According to Marxist theory, in capitalist societies the individual is shaped by class relations; that is, people's capacities, needs and interests are seen to be determined by the mode of production that characterises the society they inhabit.
advantacell.com /wiki/Marxist   (7649 words)

  
 FAILED MARXIST UTOPIA AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Marxist utopia is a state of mind, and history has shown that it is a practically unattainable ideal.
Marxist utopian dreamers failed miserably and became violent with uncommon vices and failings.
Marxist intellectuals were busy in their utmost capacity to destroy Hindu identity and spiritual beliefs.
www.india-forum.com /articles/172/1/FAILED-MARXIST-UTOPIA-AND-SOCIAL-PROBLEMS   (1036 words)

  
 Marxist Party
For the use of Marxist method to analyse global capitalism and its effects on the working class and to devise a programme for a planned democratic socialist society against the market.
For internationalism and the re-building of a Marxist Workers’ International.
The CNMP will have a membership structure and will encourage members to participate in the broader working class movement against collaborationist policies and for the programme of working class political power.
www.marxistparty.org   (0 words)

  
 Marxist / Materialist Feminism
I always considered her a Marxist Feminist because, unlike Socialist Feminists (whose avoidance of Marx's alleged reductionisms led them to postulate ahistorical theories of patriarchy), she took Marxism seriously and developed her analysis of reproduction as a basis for the oppression of women firmly within the Marxist tradition.
The authors differentiate materialist feminism from marxist feminism by indicating that it is the end result of several discourses (historical materialism, marxist and radical feminism, and postmodern and psychoanalytic theories of meaning and subjectivity) among which the postmodern input, in their view, is the source of its defining characteristics.
I understand Marxist Feminism as the body of theory produced by feminists who, adopting the logic of analysis of historical materialism, expand the scope of the theory while critically incorporating useful insights and knowledges from non-marxist theorizing, just as Marx grappled with the discoveries of the classical economists and their shortcomings.
www.cddc.vt.edu /feminism/mar.html   (3132 words)

  
 Marxism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Many elements of the Marxist system were drawn from earlier economic and historical thought, notably that of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, the comte de Saint-Simon, J. de Sismondi, David Ricardo, Charles Fourier, and Louis Blanc; but Marxist analysis as fully developed by Marx and Engels was unquestionably original.
Although this process was inevitable, Marxists were to speed it by bringing about the international union of workers, by supporting (for expediency) whatever political party favored “the momentary interests of the working class,”; and by helping to prepare workers for their revolutionary role.
Among prominent Western Marxists were the Hungarian philosopher György Lukács and the Italian political philosopher Antonio Gramsci, both of whom viewed Marxism as a liberation from the rule of political economy and believed in its relationship to the social consciousness.
www.bartleby.com /65/ma/Marxism.html   (1280 words)

  
 Marxist Theory of Homosexuality
Marxist theory of homosexuality is principally concerned to explain the formation and constitution of homosexuality within and between concrete social formations by explaining how these homosexualities operate, through what forms, in what kinds of relations, and as part of what kinds of systems and processes.
Therefore, future Marxist theory of homosexuality will certainly be concerned to assist in understanding the conditions which make possible, the forces which give rise to, the ends which are advanced by, and the interests which are served through heterosexist repression of homosexuality and homophobic oppression of gays and lesbians in fin-de-siecle late capitalism.
And yet, Marxist theory of homosexuality must, as Marxist theory, always be concerned with more than this as well: it must be concerned with a critical evaluation of the contribution that gay and lesbian resistance and opposition to heterosexism and homophobia is making and can make towards general sexual emancipation through general social transformation.
www.etext.org /Politics/AlternativeOrange/2/v2n6_mth.html   (5306 words)

  
 Marxist Anthropology
The Marxist version of this resulted in transitions of stage from primitive communism, through feudalism and capitalism, to communism; stages are judged in terms of the modes of production which dominate each stage.
When well-applied, the Marxist framework can be used to examine the developments of some societies at various scales, However, there is no one unifying method or vision in Marxism; usually it boils down to one person claiming to be a better Marxist than another.
One criticism of Marxists themselves is that the have often "built their work on unacknowledged Marxist assumptions about the importance of class and inequality in social life without properly confronting either the strenghts or the weaknesses of Marxist theory" (1).
www.as.ua.edu /ant/Faculty/murphy/marxism.htm   (1558 words)

  
 [No title]
The notion that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the class consciousness of the writer, the ideology of the work, and the sociohistorical background out of which it emerges is often labeled vulgar Marxism, even by Marxists themselves.
Georg Lukacs, for example, praises realism but attacks modernism, seeing the latter, with its stream-of-consciousness techniques, as a decadent and desperate retreat into subjectivity, a feckless denial of the objective reality of class conflict and social contradictions, and an inadvertent testimony to the alienated state of the individual in mass society.
Moreover, recent Marxist criticism incorporates aspects of structuralism and poststructuralism -- Barthian semiotics, Lacanian psychoanalysis, Derridean deconstruction, and feminist criticism.
www.library.utoronto.ca /utel/glossary/Marxist_criticism.html   (556 words)

  
 Marxism (20-Jun-2006)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The proletariat definitely includes those who produce objects in factories with their hands, but Marxists dither about whether it includes people who work with their minds but are employees and live by their salaries.
Marxists took as obvious that invested capital would become more and more important relative to labor as capitalism advanced.
Marxists also helped the development of a labor movement that considerably increased the bargaining power of workers relative to management.
www-formal.stanford.edu /jmc/progress/marxism.html   (3569 words)

  
 Marxist Feminism/Materialist Feminism
I always considered Vogel a Marxist Feminist because, unlike Socialist Feminists (whose avoidance of Marx's alleged reductionisms led them to postulate ahistorical theories of patriarchy), she took Marxism seriously and her analysis of reproduction as a basis for the oppression of women is firmly grounded within the Marxist tradition.
Materialism (i.e., the Marxist method), she argued, is the only theory of history that views oppression as the most fundamental reality; this is why women and all oppressed groups need it to examine their situation: "to start from oppression defines a materialist approach...
Self-identified Marxist feminists are likely to face a difficult time, politically and professionally; they would be perceived as "orthodox" or "fundamentalist" marxists and would find difficulties in finding employment, especially at this time when tenure-track jobs are becoming increasingly scarce in U.S. universities.
www.colorado.edu /Sociology/gimenez/work/rphil.html   (4852 words)

  
 Listen, Marxist!
We are also concerned with those who are awed by the theoretical repertory of Marxist ideology and are disposed to flirt with it in the absence of more systematic alternatives.
Marxists lean on the fact that the system provides a brilliant interpretation of the past while willfully ignoring its utterly misleading features in dealing with the present and future.
6 It is ironic that Marxists who talk about the "economic power" of the proletariat are actually echoing the position of the anarcho-syndicalists, a position that Marx bitterly opposed.
dwardmac.pitzer.edu /anarchist_archives/bookchin/listenm.html   (4170 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Along with psychoanalytical, feminist, and cultural criticism, Marxist literary criticism exemplifies what the French philosopher Paul Ricouer terms a "hermeneutics of suspicion." These are approaches that concern themselves not with what the text says but what it hides.
Marxist literary criticism often shares with feminist criticism a desire to challenge the power structures in contemporary society.
Marxist literary criticism can also be viewed as a type of cultural criticism, in that it seeks to analyze a discourse (of power) that makes up one of the discourses that determine a text's historical meaning.
www.assumption.edu /users/ady/HHGateway/Gateway/Marxistlitcrit.html   (526 words)

  
 Marxist Criticism
Central to the Marxist plotting of history is the economic struggle for power between the ruling class and the working class, between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
As Marxist theory has been applied to the understanding of literature, it has provided an often potent means of assessing the social significance of the literary text.
The Marxist response to literature begins with the recognition that literature is one artistic component of the superstructure of a society.
www.mtsu.edu /~ckr2c/marxist_criticism1.htm   (637 words)

  
 Marxist Aesthetics
And as in private life one differentiates between what a man thinks and says of himself and what he really is and does, so in historical struggles one must distinguish still more the phrases and fancies of parties from their real organism and their real interests, their conception of themselves from their reality.
The Marxist Encyclopaedia: An invaluable glossary of terms in Marxism.
Marxists Internet Archive, which generally provides an excellent resource for students.
courses.nus.edu.sg /course/elljwp/marxistaesthetics1.htm   (1157 words)

  
 ACL: Marxism/Communism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Marxist ideology is promoted by both the American right and the American left, and it's the ideology behind all the modern laws that promote international Human Rights and Sustainable Development.
Marxist visioning is part of the platform of many American politicians, and all local community and rural development use the Marxist visioning process to rebuild the neighborhood.
Called the Conspiracy of the Equals, it was a Jacobin movement connected with the Society of the Pantheon.The Comte de Saint Germain, (recently chanelled and revived by the New Age followers) was one of the most famous of the Jacobin-Freemasons.
nord.twu.net /acl/marxism.html   (5844 words)

  
 Marxist.org.uk   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Until then Marxists need to be at least as realistic about relations between states as those states’ own policy-makers are.
It is nauseating to find “Marxists” trying to ensure that any human beings should go on living under a dictatorship.
To aid such a regime’s campaign of lies and intimidation is to desert the cause of human progress altogether.
www.marxist.org.uk /htm_docs/comm12.htm   (2130 words)

  
 Copyleft vs. Copyright: A Marxist critique
Marxists rightly criticize the post-industrialist advocates for failing to take account of power relationships, to forget that information is the result of human labour, to ignore that a staff of 'symbol-analysts' require a labour force that satisfy society's material needs, and to downplay the continuity of capitalist industrialism in the new era (Dyer-Witheford, 1999).
Another Marxist approach to information technology, pioneered by Harry Braverman, is to study how technology is deployed to aid capital against labour, partly through surveillance, partly by transferring knowledge from labour to machinery.
It underpins the claim by Autonomist Marxists that production is becoming intensively social, and supports their case of a rising mismatch between collective labour power and an economy based on private property.
firstmonday.org /issues/issue7_3/soderberg/index.html   (11056 words)

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