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Topic: Maschalismos

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

 Maschalismos - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maschalismos was the name for the practice of physically rendering the dead incapable of rising or haunting the living in undead form.
Such acts considered 'Maschalismos' were not limited to folkloric physical risings but also meant to escape the will of those wrongfully slain by a murderer after death, one common method was the cutting off of the feet, hands, ears, nose, et cetera, tying them under the armpits of the corpse all strung together.
The term Maschalismos has widened to include the customs throughout the different cultures of the world in ritually mutilating their dead to prevent their wrath from affecting the living. /wiki/Maschalismos

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p 86n.): "The practice of maschalismos [in Ancient Greece] involved cutting off the genitalia of a murder victim and hanging them under the armpits before burial.
This was a method of rendering the corpse powerless to avenge itself." In a small village in modern Greece, where animal theft is common, castration is a powerful insult. /xbloodxfeederx/?cmd=view_entry&eid=36

 Eunuch Archive Message Boards - Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond
'Maschalismos' is the term for lopping off parts of the body within the context of the Greek legal system.
Eunuchizing Agamemnon: Clytemnestra, Agamemnon and 'maschalismos', by Ruth Bardel
I found the article unreadable, though the topic ought to be fascinating. /vbulletin/showthread.php?t=1662

 Sample: Antiquities
The man tearing his hair in horror is almost certainly Laocoon, who is too late to do anything about the maschalismos, the dismemberment of his sons by the serpents of Apollo.
As might be expected in a shrine, we see here, too, elements of the sacrifice: the dismemberment itself, as well as the sacrificial axe; and on the only parallel painting (also a vase from lower Italy) the axe-wielding woman wears a sacrificial apron wrapped around her hips.
Upon the pedestal lie the remains of a dismembered boy: the torso and head, hands, a leg. /Antiq.htm

 [2001: January] maschalismos
PS for those who don't know: maschalismos is a form of mutilation of corpses (usually in a military context?) involving cutting limbs off and tying them to the corpse via a rope under the armpits (not quite a necklace, it seems)...
while waiting for the shower led me numerous times to the word maschalismos; I know we had a discussion of this in Sept. 2000 in regards to baby Oedipus and know about Sarah Iles Johnston's work; I'm also aware of the passing mention in Lawrence Tritle's piece in AHB (which is the 'semi inspired' part):
What I'm wondering, though, is whether there is an image anywhere of this rather macabre practice... /mailing_lists/CLA-L/2001/01/0949.php

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.10.12
So, mutilation of extremities is not limited at any time in Greek literature to the Other, to the non-Greeks, what Edith Hall called "the vocabulary of barbarism." It is not certain that maschalismos required castration, but neither does any evidence contradict precisely such lopping or suggest it would be inappropriate for such gruesome post-mortem crippling. /bmcr/2003/2003-10-12.html

 Book Review: Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond
Eunuchizing Agamemnon: Dlytemnestra, Adamemonom and maschalismos, by Ruth Bardel (Oxford).
Eunuchs and the royal harem in Achaemenid Persia, by Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones (Open University, U.K.) /review/r-toughr.html

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