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Topic: Mass society

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  Mass society - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mass society is a society in which the concerns of the majority – the lower social classes – play a prominent role, characterized by extension of voting rights, an improved standard of living for the lower classes and mass education.
The theory of mass society, cited by Daniel Bell in the first essay in The End of Ideology (1960) as being "probably the most influential social theory in the Western world today", is derived from several sources.
Tuttle, Howard N. The Crowd is Untruth: The Existential Critique of Mass Society in the Thought of Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Ortega y Gassett (1996).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mass_society   (307 words)

 Mass media - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mass media is a term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state).
The mass-media audience has been viewed by some commentators as forming a mass society with special characteristics, notably atomization or lack of social connections, which render it especially susceptible to the influence of modern mass-media techniques such as advertising and propaganda.
Mass media had the economics of linear replication: a single work could make money proportional to the number of copies sold, and as volumes went up, units costs went down, increasing profit margins further.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mass_media   (894 words)

 Mass Society
Coming from the class-ridden society of the nation-state, whose cracks had been cemented with nationalist sentiment, it is only natural that these masses, in the first helplessness of their new experience, have tended toward an especially violent nationalism, to which mass leaders have yielded against their own instincts and purposes for purely demagogic reasons.
In the first case, it seems, mass societies are created by the lack of leadership at the top, and in the second by the imposition of leadership at the top.
Mass society, therefore, is one in which propaganda is easily disseminated because people are numbed to their leadership and therefore more easily led.
www.sebsteph.com /Professional/sebsportfolio/journals/mass_society.htm   (2375 words)

 Mass society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Mass society is a society in which the concerns of themajority-the lower classes -play a prominent role; characterized by extension of voting rights, an improved standard of living for the lower classes and masseducation
The theory of mass society, cited by Daniel Bell in the first essay in The End ofIdeology, 1960, as being, "probably the most influential social theory in the Western world today", is derived from severalsources.
Mills describes the American theory thatpower arises from the public as a "fairy tale", arguing that autonomous public opinion arising from public discussion does notexist, rather a disorganized mass which is acted on by an elite through the massmedia thus shaping the nature of "public opinion".
www.therfcc.org /mass-society-31640.html   (203 words)

 Mass   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Mass society formed itself during the 19th century industrialisation process, through the division of labour, the large-scale industrial organisation, the concentration of urban populations, the growing centralisation of decision-making, the development of a complex and international communication system, and the growth of mass political movements.
The term "mass society" therefore was introduced by anti-capitalist aristocratic ideologists and used against the values and practices of industrialized society.
Gissing concluded that the masses were ineducable, while Wells considered them manifestations of a ``biological catastrophe.'' Meanwhile, Bennett, the ``hero'' of Carey's study, believed that the people could be redeemed through the study of literature, although Wyndham Lewis- -whom Carey compares to Hitler--felt that the democracy they believed in was effeminate.
www.jahsonic.com /Mass.html   (1401 words)

 Against Mass Society by Chris Wilson
The small-scale cultures that remain today generally prefer their traditional way of life, and many are currently waging impressive political resistance against corporations and governments who wish to forcibly assimilate them so that their land and labor may be exploited.
When certain societies began to prioritize agricultural productivity as their highest value, they began to forcibly subject all life within reach of their cities to that purpose.
To attempt to collectivize industry for the purpose of democratizing it is to fail to recognize that all large-scale organizations adopt a direction and form that is independent of its members’ intentions.
www.primitivism.com /mass-society.htm   (1388 words)

 Pink Flamingo Designs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
This generalised mass society can be seen as a creation of capitalist industrialisation; created by the capitalist desire to maximise output to as many consumers as possible whilst minimising cost and therefore maximising profit.
The concept of a mass society and a mass culture appears to be reality; Everything around us supports this idea from the food that we eat to the clothes that we wear, we are all consumers some way or another.
People are different and can strive to be the same to become accepted by society and others go against mass culture and mass society ideologies by applying the mass media as a source for their personal pleasure to obtain information and use films, soaps etc as entertainment.
www.pinkflamingodesigns.com /masscultureessay.htm   (1610 words)

 Against Mass Society
Those who wish to live freely on their own accord have reason to feel threatened by all large-scale organizations, for they are both imperialistic and hierarchical, even if intended to be or described as "democratic" (as if the subordination of the individual to the majority were desirable in the first place).
However, non-human life is still sacrificed and eliminated for the sake of human purposes (and at a faster rate than ever), and humans are still forced to live as the servants of their culture and its dominant institutions as a prerequisite of continued existence.
Because mass organizations value production more than they do personal or community autonomy, they are necessarily imperialistic in their scope, destroying or enslaving all life that lies in their path.
www.insurgentdesire.org.uk /againstmasssociety.htm   (1575 words)

 The Mass Society from the book The Power Elite
In the democratic society of publics it was assumed, with John Locke, that the individual conscience was the ultimate seat of judgment and hence the final court of appeal.
In the democratic society of publics it was assumed that before public action would be taken, there would be rational discussion between individuals which would determine the action and that, accordingly, the public opinion that resulted would be the infallible voice of reason.
For as publics become masses, masses sometimes become crowds; and, in crowds, the psychical rape by the mass media is supplemented up-close by the harsh and sudden harangue.
www.thirdworldtraveler.com /Book_Excerpts/MassSociety_PE.html   (3136 words)

 Latin Mass Society: Its Purpose and Functions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
The legitimacy of the Latin Mass Society is based on Canon 215 of the New Code of Canon Law (1983) which states clearly the right of the faithful, both clergy and laity, to found associations for religious purposes and to pursue these purposes in common.
Although the Society is not separated from or in opposition to the rest of the Church, the value of its apostolate is not generally recognised by the liturgical establishment which tends to view its activities as bearing adversely on the status quo.
The Latin Mass Society should be seen as an integral part of the Church eloquently described by Vatican II as a communio of the faithful each of whom has "a vocation to the fullness of the Christian life and the perfection of charity" (Lumen Gentium 5).
www.latin-mass-society.org /lmsunity.htm   (468 words)

 Illuminations: Kellner
He was thus a major source of the later critiques of mass society and culture which he saw as forces of decadence and nihilism, sapping cultural vitality and preventing the creation and dissemination of genuine culture and strong individuals.
His assault on religion, morality, mass culture, and the banality of modern societies is thus unleashed from the standpoint of an ideal of the free and uninhibited flow of life energies, an unrestrained expression of instinctual powers.
His radical critique of mass culture is fuelled, in part, by the conviction that it represents a degeneration of culture, that it is a debased form of precisely that mode of existence that is supposed to produce better, higher, and healthier human beings.
www.uta.edu /huma/illuminations/kell22.htm   (4602 words)

 Mass Communication and Mass Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
In mass society, typically the structure of interaction is bureaucratically organized.
The need for instrumental control of behavior to purposes divorced from the life process in capitalist society has lead to the bureaucracy as the major instrument of social control.
The study of leisure in a mass society requires the study of the mass media - perhaps the primary agent of 'massification.' We live in a society saturated by mass media.
www.sociologyindex.com /mass.htm   (270 words)

 Encyclopedia: Mass society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Mass education refers to a state-run educational system, usually free and compulsory, that aims to ensure that all children in society have at least a basic education.
Jump to: navigation, search Mass media is a term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state).
Jump to: navigation, search 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Mass-society   (696 words)

 Commentary Magazine - The Study of Man: The Theory of Mass Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
...aROM the viewpoint of the mass society hyTpothesis, the United States ought to be exceptionally vulnerable to the politics of disaffection...
...While for Mannheim mass society is equated with monolithic bureaucratization, for Emil Lederer and Hannah Arendt it is defined by the elimination of difference, by uniformity, aimlessness, alienation, and the failure of integration...
patients are now dealt with in the mass according to the principle of rationalization, being sent to institutes for technical treatment, the sick being classified in groups and referred to this or that specialized department...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V22I1P81-1.htm   (5201 words)

 The Latin Mass Society of Ireland
It's the Mass used in the Catholic Church for almost 1500 years, until the introduction of the Mass of Pope Paul VI following the Second Vatican Council.
After the introduction of Pope Paul VI's new Mass, the only priests given permission to say the Tridentine Mass publicly were priests of England and Wales, thanks to an indult (or permission) granted by the Vatican to Cardinal Heenan of Westminster.
The Society was set up in 1999 to promote the celebration of the Tridentine Mass throughout Ireland according to the 1962 Missal.
indigo.ie /~colmgren/latsoc/template/what_is_the_latin_mass.html   (711 words)

 Gabriel Marcel's Man against Mass Society
Since Man Against Mass Society first appeared in 1952, one can argue that his concern over the loss of human freedom in the face of materialistic society, the primary theme of his reflection, was wholly influenced by, if not specifically derived from, the rise and development of Soviet society and culture at the time.
The fact that Soviet communism reached its most influential and aggressively expansionist apex at the time Marcel was writing his assessment of materialistic society, at the beginning of the Cold War, as it were, it is only natural to assume that such external social and political events guided his response to it.
Materialistic societies deny both charity and attachment, according to Marcel, simply because in a radical materialism the idea that all subjects are but objects in reality renders the basis for inter-connectivity, subject to subject, an impossibility.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Delphi/9976/01marcel.html   (1020 words)

As a tentative definition of "sick society" we can say that a society is sick when its basic institutions and relations, its structure, are such that they do not permit the use of the available material and intellectual resources for the optimal development and satisfaction of individual needs.
The question calls for an affirmative answer, that is, this society vitiates individual developments, if the prevailing strains are related to the very structure of this society and if they activate in its members instinctual needs and satisfactions which set the individuals against themselves so that they reproduce and intensify their own repression.
Once we agree to discuss the hypothesis that, in advanced industrial society surplus-aggression is released in quite unsuspected and "normal" behavior, we may see it even in areas which are far removed from the more familiar manifestations of aggression, for instance the style of publicity and information practiced by the mass media.
www.wbenjamin.org /marcuse.html   (5175 words)

 (i) Mass Media and Mass Society.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
In part this approach can be seen as a response to the perceived decline in social standards, moral values and cultural integrity that come about with a "mass society".
In America also the tradition has been extremely influential, with "Mass Communications" research being deployed in order to show how the media was responsible for creating a new society of conformity, alienation, standardisation, and declining intellectual and cultural standards, a civilisation of game-shows and soap operas.
The emphasis which characterises this approach to the media is predominantly moral and psychological, critical and humanist, dependent on a humanist and universalist perspective.
www.newi.ac.uk /rdover/MED-STUD/i_mass_m.htm   (244 words)

 Latin Mass Society of England & Wales
Sung Mass at 7.00pm, Corpus Christi Church, Maiden Lane, London
Holy Mass at 3.30pm, at Killingbeck Cemetery Chapel, York Road, Leeds.
Sung Mass at 3.00pm, at Corpus Christi Church, Southchurch Drive, Clifton, Notthingham.
www.latin-mass-society.org   (227 words)

 Commentary Magazine - Small Town in Mass Society, by Arthur J. Vidich and Joseph Bensman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
...Small Town is exciting as it details this dialectic: mass society's impact on a rural community, the split it helps create between reality and ideology, then the devices that bridge the split...
...In terms of life styles, those who are "favorably linked to the mass society" (i.e., are economically successful) and have the leisure for it, establish new styles...
...In addition, Springdalers not only depend upon the mass media for some entertainment and almost all information (the media have reduced "the local paper to reporting of social items and local news already known by everyone"), but they also derive their own self-image from the media's concept of small-town living...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V25I4P93-1.htm   (1221 words)

Modern society is moving toward a mass society, but the human being is still not fully adapted to this new form.
While I have insisted on the "humanistic" tendencies of human techniques and, starting from the premise that man must be adapted to be happy, have tried to demonstrate the necessity of these techniques and their interrelation with all other techniques, my attitude has been resolutely optimistic.
Psychological conditioning presupposes collectivity, for masses of men are more receptive to suggestion than individuals, and, as we have seen, suggestion is one of the most important weapons in the psychological arsenal.
jan.ucc.nau.edu /~jsa3/hum355/readings/ellul.htm   (2873 words)

 Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle - Latin Mass Society
Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle - Latin Mass Society
Mass sheets with the Ordinary and the Proper in Latin and English are supplied at every Mass at St Dominic's, and at most of the other Masses.
We who celebrate the Latin Mass are doing so with the full blessing and encouragement of Holy Mother Church; we are a part of the "diversity of charisms, of traditions of spirituality and apostolate, which constitutes the beauty of unity in variety."
www.christusrex.org /www1/CDHN/andrew.html   (1053 words)

 Sensible Marks of Ideas - Mass society, my arse
The twentieth century is thought of as the age of mass society for two reasons.
The interwar years, when mass propaganda was really kicking into gear and totalitarianism was the flavour of the age, were also the heyday of weird and wonderful fads: vegetarianism, yoga, nudism, eurhythmics, hiking, biking, jazz, sun worship, phenomenology.
Of course critics could point out that these were mere eddies in the current of mass society: they were not instances of genuine individual spiritual life (whatever that is), but mini-conformities.
www.livejournal.com /users/solri/249153.html   (959 words)

 Green and Brown Anarchist
Everyone agrees that mass society cannot be reformed and must therefore be replaced, but the means by which we will achieve this utopian ideal must remain a secret that is only circulated among those who have been enlightened through initiation into the ranks of GA Cadre.
Hatred of the body is a prerequisite of Gnosis, while life in mass society is a living death.
In the shadows, ashes and remains of the GA Death Camps there will be far more than mere liberation from mass society, this is where we shall discover the Philosopher's Stone, and with it the knowledge of how to return to a Traditional form of society in tune with Mother Earth.
www.stewarthomesociety.org /gba.htm   (1096 words)

 Toronto Traditional Mass Society - Main Page
The Toronto Traditional Mass Society is a Chapter of the International Una Voce Federation and has the same aims as this world-wide organization of lay people within the Roman Catholic Church.
The Toronto Traditional Mass Society, founded June 2004, is a lay association made up of faithful Catholics who share a genuine goal and a common purpose.
You can help the work of The Toronto Traditional Mass Society and express your support for the Tridentine Latin Mass by becoming a member of the Society.
www.unavocetoronto.com   (253 words)

 Mass society - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Mass society is a society in which the concerns of the majority – the lower classes – play a prominent role, characterized by extension of voting rights, an improved standard of living for the lower classes and mass education.
Wright Mills in his book, The Power Elite describes society as being divided between the power elite and the masses who are controlled by them http://www.antiessays.com/show.php?cat=misc&eid=1146.
Comparing Media Systems : Three Models of Media and Politics (Communication, Society and Politics)
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /mass_society.htm   (391 words)

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