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Topic: Materialism


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In the News (Fri 17 Nov 17)

  
  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Materialism
Materialism in the narrow sense, that is the denial of the soul.
Materialism, must deny the immortality of the soul, since in the dissolution of the body the soul must also perish, and he labours to no effect when he tries to bolster up the doctrine of survival with all kinds of fantastic ideas.
Materialism." What he says indeed of the relaxation of philosophical effort is no longer true today; on the contrary, seldom has there been so much philosophizing by the qualified and the unqualified as at the beginning of the present and the end of the last century.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10041b.htm   (5324 words)

  
 Materialism
Materialism can refer either to the simple preoccupation with the material world, as opposed to intellectual or spiritual concepts, or to the theory that physical matter is all there is. This theory is far more than a simple focus on material possessions.
Materialism as a philosophy is held by those who maintain that existence is explainable solely in material terms, with no accounting of spirit or consciousness.
Materialism, at its simpler level, involves the focus on material "things" as opposed to that which is spiritual or intellectual in nature.
www.allaboutphilosophy.org /materialism.htm   (613 words)

  
 Eliminative Materialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Nevertheless, contemporary eliminative materialism — the sort of eliminativism that denies the existence of specific types of mental states — is a relatively new theory with a very short history.
In more recent history, eliminative materialism has received attention from a broader range of writers, including many concerned not only with the metaphysics of the mind, but also the process of theory change, the status of semantic properties, the nature of psychological explanation and recent developments in cognitive science.
Because eliminative materialism is grounded in the claim that common sense psychology is radically false, arguments for eliminativism are generally arguments against the tenability of folk psychology.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/materialism-eliminative   (7661 words)

  
  Materialism spikes in a generation - Nation/Politics - The Washington Times, America's ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Polls show that the obsession with material things is growing and that being rich is more important to young people today than in the past.
Young Americans' obsession with material things has caused talk-show host Oprah Winfrey to vent her frustrations, when asked why she built a school in South Africa instead of the United States.
Researchers say materialism is an obsession that cuts across socioeconomic lines.
www.washtimes.com /national/20070122-111119-1982r.htm   (377 words)

  
  Materialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In philosophy, materialism is that form of physicalism which holds that the only thing that can truly be said to exist is matter; that fundamentally, all things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions.
Alternate definition: materialism postulates that matter is ontologically primary to existence of the idealistic phenomena, and that the latter cannot exist separately from the former.
Materialism is sometimes allied with the methodological principle of reductionism, according to which the objects or phenomena individuated at one level of description, if they are genuine, must be explicable in terms of the objects or phenomena at some other level of description -- typically, a more general level than the reduced one.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Materialism   (1026 words)

  
 Economic materialism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Materialism refers to how a person or group chooses to spend their resources, particularly money and time.
Many religions oppose materialism because of the belief that it interferes with spirituality and the divine, or that it leads to an immoral lifestyle.
Some social activists believe that materialism is often a source of societal ills such as war, crime, poverty, oppression and genocide.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Economic_materialism   (232 words)

  
 Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind - materialism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If there is indeed a coherently conceivable distinction between minds and material bodies, we must reject the view that materialism, understood as entailing mind-body identity, is conceptually, or analytically, true—that is, true just in virtue of the meanings of `mind' and `body'.
Compositional materialism implies that physical (and thus, for the physicalist, psychological) events are not typically identical to their smaller constituent features.
The complex relation between the material substrate and conscious experience is likely to leave the explanation of this relation nontransparent, as it does in other cases of complex phenomena.
www.artsci.wustl.edu /~philos/MindDict/materialism.html   (2251 words)

  
 Rupert Sheldrake Online
dialectical materialism: A form of materialism that sees matter not as something static, on which change and development have to be imposed, but as, containing within its own nature those tensions or "contradictions" that provide the motive force for change.
DNA is the material of genetic inheritance, but in higher organisms only a small proportion of the DNA appears to be in genes.
In the philosophy of materialism, matter is the substance and basis of all reality, and is usually conceived of in the spirit of atomism.
www.sheldrake.org /glossary   (3464 words)

  
 MATERIALISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Materialism is a set of related theories which hold that all entities and processes are composed of — or are reducible to — matter, material forces or physical processes.
In general, the metaphysical theory of materialism entails the denial of the reality of spiritual beings, consciousness and mental or psychic states or processes, as ontologically distinct from, or independent of material changes or processes.
Materialism is the general theory that the ultimate constituents of reality are material or physical bodies, elements or processes.
members.aol.com /NeoNoetics/Materialism.html   (1886 words)

  
 HUMANISM, IDEALISM, MATERIALISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Dialectical materialism is still on the rise and is sustained as the official doctrine of all totalitarian communist countries.
This epistemological materialism asserts that all statements must be meaningful, and that to be meaningful a statement must be intersubjectively testable (the so-called verifiability principle, which is supposed to carve away metaphysics).
Material substances and processes may have no existence independent of mind (subjective idealism) or while existing, this reality may express human purposes and values; or reality's basic nature may be mind in that our conceptions of reality are more determined by mind than matter itself (objective idealism).
www.hawaii.edu /powerkills/DPF.CHAP32.HTM   (6118 words)

  
 American Materialism
Though materialism can be traced as far back as Hegel, an early philosopher, Marx was the first to apply materialistic ideas to human societies in a quasi-anthropological manner.
The above concept is cultural materialism or, in Harris' terms, the principle of infrastructural determinism.
Materialism, in anthropology, is methodologically and theoretically opposed to Idealism.
www.as.ua.edu /ant/Faculty/murphy/material.htm   (1834 words)

  
 The Hindu : Mastering materialism
From a spiritual perspective materialism is a throw-back to the pre-Magellan era in the geography of the soul.
Humanly, materialism effects an existential dis- equilibrium between matter and spirit, choking the human under the preponderance of the material.
The poverty of materialism is that in its keenness to fatten the body it leaves the spirit starved.
www.hinduonnet.com /thehindu/2001/07/15/stories/13150611.htm   (2682 words)

  
 dialectical materialism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In theory dialectical materialism is meant to provide both a general world view and a specific method for the investigation of scientific problems.
Historical materialism is deterministic; that is, it prescribes that history inevitably follows certain laws and that individuals have little or no influence on its development.
Central to historical materialism is the belief that change takes place through the meeting of two opposing forces (thesis and antithesis); their opposition is resolved by combination produced by a higher force (synthesis).
www.bartleby.com /65/di/dialcti-mat.html   (357 words)

  
 Materialism
Materialism becomes more complicated when the basic particles are introduced into the framework of space time and motion.
According to Materialism, life arose by an accident and then a great number of small genetics mutations, through natural selection, could explain all the evolution since a bacteria to a man. In short Materialism states that life emerges from organic molecules.
Materialism states that living organisms evolve by the accumulation of micro mutations that only happen by chance.
www.freeworldacademy.com /spiritualodyssey/mattertxt.htm   (3876 words)

  
 Materialism Quotations
Once one is caught up into the material world not one person in ten thousand finds the time to form literary taste, to examine the validity of philosophic concepts for himself, or to form what, for lack of a better phrase, I might call the wise and tragic sense of life.
When we try in good faith to believe in materialism, in the exclusive reality of the physical, we are asking our selves to step aside; we are disavowing the very realm where we exist and where all things precious are kept -- the realm of emotion and conscience, of memory and intention and sensation.
The organization controlling the material equipment of our everyday life is such that what in itself would enable us to construct it richly plunges us instead into a poverty of abundance, making alienation all the more intolerable as each convenience promises liberation and turns out to be only one more burden.
www.quotationsbook.com /subjects/741/Materialism   (813 words)

  
 EPM Resource - Materialism, Man and Morality
Materialism treats the temporal as if it were eternal and the eternal as if it were nonexistent.
Materialism is an attempt to find meaning in a universe that has been stripped of meaning through the denial of its Creator.
Materialism can never be corrected by high-sounding courses in ethics or the campaign speeches of politicians calling on us to restore the moral fiber of our nation.
www.epm.org /articles/materialism2.html   (1344 words)

  
 Evolutionary Materialism
In the end, materialism is based on self-defeating logic, and only survives because people often fail (or, sometimes, refuse) to think through just what their beliefs really mean.
As a further consequence, materialism can have no basis, other than arbitrary or whimsical choice and balances of power in the community, for determining what is to be accepted as True or False, Good or Evil.
However, since evolutionary materialism has become the orthodoxy of the academic community and that of many policy-makers and opinion leaders, it is often simply embedded in the foundation of contemporary academic discourse, public discussion of issues, and the policy-making and implementing process.
www.angelfire.com /pro/kairosfocus/resources/Mars_Hill_Web/evolutionism.htm   (1749 words)

  
 The Human Mind, Materialism
Materialism declares that the only factors producing change are those that are accessible to investigation by the methods of the natural sciences.
Who are the materialist philosophers to condemn what the material factors have produced in the bodies of the "idealistic" philosophers.
For consistent materialism it is not possible to distinguish between purposive action and merely vegetative, plant-like living.
www.mises.org /books/ufofes/ch1~7.aspx   (663 words)

  
 Materialism
Materialism is the simplest (or most simplistic) explanation of reality: the belief that all that exists is the physical; there are no higher realities; no psychic or spiritual truths independent of the physical world.
A slightly longer definition: Philosophical materialism (physicalism) is the metaphysical view that there is only one substance in the universe and that substance is physical, empirical or material.
All of which proves, not that materialism is wrong, only that, as in the insightful parable of the blind men and the elephant, it pertains to one aspect of Reality, not the Totality.
www.kheper.net /topics/worldviews/materialism.htm   (2425 words)

  
 RS Part16: Materialism
We must work in order to provide ourselves with the necessities of life, which requires that we participate in the physical aspects of materialism: but as individuals, we are under no obligation to participate in the spiritual, or mental, aspects conditioned into us by society.
In addition, you are assuming that those material things will actually bring you gratification; yet because you desire these symbols of competitive advantage, you are consequently a victim of the system, and the satisfaction they bring must be temporary.
You are not truly a servant to others: you work because it is a requirement of the society we live within; and by participating in the system, you receive the resources that enable you to provide for your needs.
www.reasoned.org /rs_txt16.htm   (3290 words)

  
 Glossary of Terms: Di
Dialectics is the method of reasoning which aims to understand things concretely in all their movement, change and interconnection, with their opposite and contradictory sides in unity.
For Feuerbach, ideas were a reflection of the material world and he held it to be ridiculous that an Idea could determine the world.
Prior to the rupture of society into classes, the social division of labour was almost exclusively based on kinship relations, within a relatively closed circle, wherein the character of an individual’s labour was determined by their age, sex and position within the family.
www.marxists.org /glossary/terms/d/i.htm   (5248 words)

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