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Topic: Materials science


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In the News (Sun 12 Nov 17)

  
  Chemistry - Materials science
Materials science is a multidisciplinary field focusing on functional solids, whether the function served is structural, electronic, thermal, chemical, magnetic, optical, or some combination of these.
Evaluation of material performance is grounded in the field of engineering where that material is applied, and applying materials science requires a knowledge of the processing technologies of the material in question.
Material properties, structure, performance, and processing are so essential and interrelated that they are often presented as the vertices of the materials science tetrahedron.
www.chemistrydaily.com /chemistry/Materials_science   (455 words)

  
  VC2: Careers: Materials Science   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Materials science is an applied science concerned with the relationship between the structure and properties of materials.
Materials science is one of the hottest career areas in science, but to think of it as a single career is misleading.
Materials scientists are employed by companies whose products are made of metals, ceramics, and rubber, for example; they work in the coatings (developing new varieties of paint) and biologics industries (designing materials that are compatible with human tissues for prosthetics and implants).
www.acs.org /portal/a/c/s/1/acsdisplay.html?DOC=vc2\3wk\wk3_mat.html   (2599 words)

  
  Materials science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Materials science in a primitive form is one of the oldest forms of engineering and applied science.
A true understanding of materials was not possible until the realization by Willard Gibbs in the second half of the 19th century of the thermodynamic properties which relate how atoms are arranged in various phases to the properties of the material.
The basis of all materials science involves relating the desired properties and relative performance of a material in a certain application to the structure of the atoms and phases in that material through characterization.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Materials_science   (1165 words)

  
 VC2: Careers: Materials Science   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Materials science is an applied science concerned with the relationship between the structure and properties of materials.
Materials science is one of the hottest career areas in science, but to think of it as a single career is misleading.
Materials scientists are employed by companies whose products are made of metals, ceramics, and rubber, for example; they work in the coatings (developing new varieties of paint) and biologics industries (designing materials that are compatible with human tissues for prosthetics and implants).
www.chemistry.org /portal/a/c/s/1/acsdisplay.html?DOC=vc2\3wk\wk3_mat.html   (2599 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Materials science
Materials science is a multidisciplinary field focusing on functional solids, whether the function served is structural, electronic, thermal, chemical, magnetic, optical, or some combination of these.
Evaluation of material performance is grounded in the field of engineering where that material is applied, and applying materials science requires a knowledge of the processing technologies of the material in question.
Material properties, structure, performance, and processing are so essential and interrelated that they are often presented as the vertices of the materials science tetrahedron.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Material_science   (466 words)

  
 Category:Materials science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Materials science includes those parts of chemistry, physics, geology, and even biology that deal with the physical, chemical or biological properties of materials.
It is usually considered an applied science, in which the properties under study have some industrial purpose.
The main article for this category is Materials science.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:Materials_science   (108 words)

  
 UK Centre for Materials Education • Materials Science • Higher Education Academy
The UKCME is a subject centre of the Higher Education Academy.
Materials Interactive CD Materials Interactive is a set of resources designed to help increase the awareness of Materials Science and Engineering...
The science of Santa Claus - nanotechnology and all
www.materials.ac.uk   (307 words)

  
 Department of Materials Science and Engineering -- Cornell University   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Materials have always been important to the advance of civilization: entire eras are named for them.
Work and study in the field of materials science and engineering is grounded in an understanding of why materials behave the way they do, and encompasses how materials are made and how new ones can be developed.
As a result, modern materials science focuses on ceramics, polymers, and semiconductors, as well as on materials, such as metals and glasses, that have a long history of use.
www.mse.cornell.edu /materials_science_discovering   (634 words)

  
 Materials Science 101: It's back to school for astronaut trainees, too
One of the key points of her lecture is that processing materials in the microgravity of space reduces defects like the spot, at the center of the model, where an extra row of atoms has wedged into the lattice.
Materials science research aboard the ISS is sponsored by the Microgravity Research Program at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.
Cobb reminded the astronaut candidates that advances in materials science in 1-g make their missions possible, from the new lithium-aluminum alloy that lightens the Shuttle External Tank so more payload mass can be carried to orbit, to the urethane-coated nylon pressure bladder that will keep them in a safe atmosphere during space walks.
science.nasa.gov /newhome/headlines/msad15sep99_1.htm   (2127 words)

  
 Materials Science
Materials science and engineering is grounded in an understanding of why materials behave the way they do.
Modern research in chemistry, physics, materials science, and biology is increasingly focused on nanoscale systems and nanotechnology.
A leading figure in condensed matter physics and materials science, Solin's research focus is in fundamental physical phenomena in ordered solids, such as diamonds, and disordered solids, such as window glass.
news-info.wustl.edu /cat/page/normal/165.html   (978 words)

  
 Materials Science in Space - Materials Science   (Site not responding. Last check: )
All materials - such as metals, ceramics, plastics, glasses, composites and biomaterials - are comprised of chemical elements.
From this knowledge, it is hoped that we will be able to optimise materials processing and thus improve the properties and in-service performance of components.
Last but not least, materials science relies on engineering, since this is the true application of science in the design and manufacture of components.
www.spaceflight.esa.int /users/materials/introduction/materials/materials.html   (333 words)

  
 ESTD: Materials   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Creating new materials and applications Researchers in the Materials Division are building a fundamental understanding of materials including their properties, how they interact, and how they behave in different environments.
We also create advanced lightweight materials and manufacturing technologies for vehicles that are efficient both to drive and to manufacture, such as lightweight glass and composite materials and advanced forming techniques.
Interfacial science and thin-film capabilities also play a critical role in developing solid-state lighting technologies that rely upon manipulating molecular structures in organic light emitting diodes, thermoelectric materials for the recovery of waste heat, and photovoltaic devices for solar energy.
www.pnl.gov /energy/materials/index.stm   (400 words)

  
 Scientific.net   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Materials Science Forum specializes in the rapid publication of international conference proceedings and stand-alone volumes on topics of current interest.
Applied Mechanics and Materials is a book series specialized in the rapid publication of proceedings of international conferences, workshops and symposia as well as state-of-the-art volumes on topics of current interest in all areas of mechanics related to materials science.
Advanced Materials Research is a book series presenting the proceedings of international conferences, workshops and symposia as well as state-of-the-art volumes on topics of current interest in all areas of materials research.
www.scientific.net /default.cfm   (418 words)

  
 Materials Science Resources on the Web
"Materials Science encompasses the study of the structure and properties of any material, as well as using this body of knowledge to create new types of materials, and to tailor the properties of a material for specific uses.
Materials Science and Engineering for the 1990s" prepared by the National Research Council's Committee on Materials Science and Engineering and published by the National Academy Press.
Electronic materials, nanotechnology and micromaterials are currently very hot areas of interest to materials scientists so they have been included in the guide along with the core resources.
www.istl.org /02-spring/internet.html   (3509 words)

  
 Materials Science
Materials Science and engineering is an interdisciplinary area of study that investigates the composition and structure of materials.
Materials studied and applied are generally divided into five categories: metals, polymers, semiconductors, ceramics and other composite materials.
Properties of materials determine the selection or design of a material for an enormous variety of applications, ranging from structural steels to computer microchips based on its properties.
www.lib.utexas.edu /engin/guides/materials.html   (1275 words)

  
 Scientific.Net: Materials Science
The periodical is the largest journal in the field Materials Science.
Advances in Science and Technology is a irregular series presenting the Proceedings of CIMTEC, International Cermics Congress and Forum on New Materials.
The Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials is devoted to the rapid dissesmination of recent high-quality research results concerning nanocrystalline, nanocomposite and metastable materials.
www.scientific.net   (338 words)

  
 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, UCLA
At the heart of materials science is an understanding of the microstructure of solids.
Materials engineering, on the other hand, is concerned with the design, fabrication, and testing of engineering materials.
A degree specializing in electronic materials is offered which provides a broad-based background in materials science, with the opportunity to specialize in semiconducting materials used in electronic and optoelectronic devices.
www.seas.ucla.edu /ms   (801 words)

  
 Materials Science Resources on the Web
Materials Science and Engineering is concerned with all of the various kinds of stuff used to build the material world that we live in.
It is concerned with materials as familiar as wood and brick and as exotic as the ceramic tiles on the space shuttle and the latest metallic composites used in golf clubs or as bone replacements.
The following resources are of use to all material sciences and engineers researchers because they are the ones concerned with the general problems of materials science and engineering or are involved with several of the various types of materials.
www.lib.iastate.edu /collections/eresourc/matsci.html   (7738 words)

  
 Strange Matter: What is Materials Science?
These were the first materials to be "engineered," that is, people changed them to fit what they needed to do, rather than just letting their natural properties determine what they could be used for.
Some scientists try to mimic nature's designs to create materials for other uses, such as using the foam structure of bone as an inspiration for designing materials that are lightweight and strong.
Materials scientists are discovering and creating entirely new types of materials - such as buckyballs and nanotubes, which are very tiny spheres or cylinders made of carbon atoms.
www.strangematterexhibit.com /whatis.html   (924 words)

  
 IBM Research | Technical Disciplines | Materials Science
The development and application of new materials has provided the technological basis for the semiconductors, storage devices, displays, and systems integration that today are the basis of the electronics industry.
IBM's record storage densities are based on extensive research in magnetic materials.
IBM Research is a world leader in identifying new materials and processes not only to extend current technologies but to provide the exploratory materials for tomorrow's technology.
www.research.ibm.com /disciplines/materials_science.shtml   (120 words)

  
 MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
Materials and advances in materials are at the core of a large number of significant technological advances.
Materials processing related laboratory experiments, including powder synthesis, redox reactions of particulate materials, grain growth, recyrstallization, phase transformation, green tape processing, particle interaction and rheolgy, slip and tape casting and dry processing, sol-gel processing, polymer processing, sintering behavior, metal welding, and heat treatment.
Stress-strain tensors and response of materials to multiaxial loads, Effect of symmetry on elastic properties; spring dashpot analogs for viscoelasticity; strengthening mechanisms and continuum plasticity; failure probability and toughening mechanisms; creep, fatigue and stress corrosion cracking.
www.washington.edu /students/crscat/mse.html   (2238 words)

  
 Colorado School of Mines Materials Science Graduate Program
A unique feature of materials education at CSM is the flexibility offered students to choose the educational path most appropriate for their goals.
There are tremendous opportunities for researchers in materials science and engineering to meet the exciting demands for the development and processing of new materials, and to extend the range of service and application of existing and traditional materials.
Students must complete the materials science core curriculum plus additional courses as required by the focus area as well as a minimum of 30 hours of research credit.
www.mines.edu /admiss/grad/departments/materials.htm   (581 words)

  
 Materials and Process Sciences Center: Materials Processing, Materials Engineering, & Materials Aging & Reliability
Our materials program is focused on three theme areas: creation of new materials through science-based tailoring of composition and microstructure; development of processing methods for materials-with an emphasis on process diagnostics modeling, and control; and of materials reliability assessment and early detection and prediction of materials aging.
Our materials research activities encompass work on polymers, ceramics, metals, and advanced analytical techniques, and span the range from the atomic level to the macroscale.
The core mission of the Materials and Process Sciences Center is supporting materials concerns within the U.S. nuclear weapons as part of Sandia's stockpile stewardship responsibilities for DOE Defense Programs.
www.sandia.gov /materials/sciences   (295 words)

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