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Topic: Mauritania

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  Mauritania (05/07)
From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke.
Mauritania was under military rule from 1978 to 1992, when the country's first multi-party elections were held following the July 1991 approval by referendum of a constitution.
Mauritania held series of elections that began in November 2006 with a parliamentary vote and culminated March 25, 2007 with the second round of the presidential election.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/5467.htm   (2066 words)

  Mauritania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in northwest Africa.
From the 3rd to 7th centuries, the migration of Berber tribes from North Africa displaced the Bafours, the original inhabitants of present-day Mauritania and the ancestors of the Soninke.
Mauritania is generally flat, its 1,030,700 square kilometers (397,850 sq mi) forming vast, arid plains broken by occasional ridges and clifflike outcroppings.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mauritania   (2361 words)

 Mauritania - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Mauritania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
Mauritania was the name of the Roman province of northwest Africa, after the Mauri, a Berber people who inhabited it.
The conflict weakened Mauritania's economy, and in 1978 President Daddah was deposed in a bloodless coup led by Col Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla.
Mauritania's incumbent president, Sid'Ahmed Ould Taya, was declared the overwhelming victor after elections in mid-December 1997.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Mauritania   (754 words)

 Mauritania - MSN Encarta
Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, country in northwestern Africa.
The most important resource of Mauritania is its large deposits of iron ore located in the Fdérik area.
In the south, however, in a belt of steppe with trees of the genera Acacia and Commiphoa, lions and monkeys are found.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761571203/Mauritania.html   (240 words)

 Mauritania. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Mauritania’s economy is sharply divided between a traditional agricultural sector and a modern mining industry that was developed in the 1960s.
In the 14th and 15th cent., SE Mauritania was part of the empire of Mali, centered along the upper Niger.
In 1993 the United States ended development aid to Mauritania in protest against the country’s oppression of its fl citizens and its support of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War; the government subsequently moved toward a pro-Western position.
www.bartleby.com /65/ma/Mauritan.html   (1576 words)

 Index of Economic Freedom 2006 - Mauritania
Mauritania is a nominally Islamic republic dominated by a strong executive branch.
Mauritania is beset by frequent drought, poor harvests, desertification, and extensive unemployment.
Mauritania's fiscal burden of government score is 0.5 point better this year, and its wages and prices score is 1 point better; however, its trade policy score is 0.5 point worse, and its monetary policy and banking and finance scores are 1 point worse.
www.heritage.org /research/features/index/country.cfm?id=Mauritania   (1112 words)

Mauritania has a very narrow economic base, with an industrial sector dominated by mining and fisheries activities, which together provide all export earnings, and a rural sector which employs an estimated 64 percent of the labor force.
Mauritania is a sparsely populated country at the western extremity of the Saharan desert.
At independence in 1960, Mauritania was essentially a nomadic society and only 5 percent of the population lived in urban conglomerations.
us-africa.tripod.com /mauritania.html   (504 words)

 An MBendi Profile: An MBendi Country Profile for Mauritania including economic and travel overviews and directories of ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
Mauritania is an independent republic which lies mainly in the Sahara Desert belt on the on the bulge of Africa and forms part of the West African Region.
Mauritania has implemented an impressive array of structural reforms, the most important of which are: the unification of the VAT rates and elimination of exemptions (except where they protect the poor); strengthening public expenditure management; stream-lining the procurement code and revising the investment code to enhance its transparency; and completing an ambitious privatisation programme.
In ten years Mauritania has been transformed from a country with a predominantly nomadic population (2.8 million in 2002), limited economic base and poor social indicators to one that is highly urbanized, market-driven.
mbendi.co.za /cymucy.htm   (629 words)

 MAURITANIA, Landmine Monitor Report 2001
Mauritania participated in the Second Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in September 2000, and the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in December 2000 and May 2001.
Mauritania did not vote on the UN General Assembly resolution supporting the Mine Ban Treaty in November 2000, because of “administrative and logistical problems that are not at all connected with the Mauritanian commitment against antipersonnel mines.”
During the past three years, Mauritania has destroyed 8,084 antipersonnel mines, of which 60 percent came from stockpiles and the remaining 40 percent were located by demining teams during mine clearance operations.
www.icbl.org /lm/2001/mauritania   (3520 words)

Mauritania was first inhabited by fls and Berbers, and it was a center for the Berber Almoravid movement in the 11th century, which sought to spread Islam through western Africa.
Mauritania became an independent nation on Nov. 28, 1960, and was admitted to the United Nations in 1961 over the strenuous opposition of Morocco, which claimed the territory.
Mauritania: Economy - Economy Mauritania's economy is sharply divided between a traditional agricultural sector and a...
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107771.html   (809 words)

 Mauritania Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide
Mauritania is venturing through towns blanketed in sand, crossing moon-like plateaus, taking camel treks across dunes, travelling the longest, dustiest train in the world and gazing at ancient Saharan architecture.
The border areas with Algeria and along the northern border with Mali should be avoided due to banditry.
Bluelist it › If you want your list to be considered for the Mauritania book, use the keyword 'highlight'.
www.lonelyplanet.com /dest/afr/maun.htm   (265 words)

 Mauritania on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
Rift Valley fever outbreak, Mauritania, 1998: seroepidemiologic, virologic, entomologic, and zoologi...
In 1993 the United States ended development aid to Mauritania in protest against the country's oppression of its fl citizens and its support of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War ; the government subsequently moved toward a pro-Western position.
Mauritania qualifies for debt relief under the enhanced HIPC initiative; Debt relief amounting to US$1.1 billion will help support Mauritania's poverty reduction efforts.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/M/Mauritan.asp   (1755 words)

 Mauritania - Permanent Mission to the United Nations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
Mauritania is beyond doubt the most dramatic country in North Africa, and one of the few remaining areas of the world which offers a feeling of medieval lifestyles.
With good preparations, Mauritania is a safe country, nature is the main challenge.
There is an abundance of fantastic nature experiences in Mauritania, and the climate is hot but not humid, so many will find their stay surprisingly pleasant.
un.cti.depaul.edu /cgi-bin/spider.py?_request=0&country=Mauritania   (164 words)

 Worldworx Travel - Safety - Africa - Mauritania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
Mauritania is a developing country in northwestern Africa.
Americans visiting Mauritania should be prepared for such inquiries and carry their identification cards at all times.
Road conditions in Mauritania are generally poor, particularly in the interior, and overland travel is difficult.
www.worldworx.tv /safety/africa/mauritania   (1135 words)

 Travel Advice for Mauritania - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
When you are in Mauritania, be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you.
Depending on any recent prior travel to countries affected by Yellow Fever, and the length of your stay in Mauritania, you may be required to present a valid Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate on entry into Mauritania.
There is no formal agreement between the United States and Australia for the provision of consular assistance to Australians in Mauritania, however, Australians in Mauritania may wish to consult the Embassy of the United States, located between the Presidency building and the Spanish Embassy in Nouakchott.
www.smartraveller.gov.au /zw-cgi/view/Advice/Mauritania   (1526 words)

 Mauritania   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
Mauritania became independent from France in 1960, annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory.
Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for nearly 40% of total exports but the decline in world demand for has led to cutbacks in production.
Mauritania is a highly centralised Islamic republic dominated by a strong presidency.
www.aljazeera.com /cgi-bin/review/country_full_story.asp?service_id=1682   (488 words)

 United Nations - OCHA IRIN Africa News   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-12)
NOUAKCHOTT, 7 Feb 2006 (IRIN) - Mauritania, a country in the throes of political change, is about to become Africa’s newest oil producer and government officials are pledging it will not become Africa’s newest victim of oil wealth woes.
NOUAKCHOTT, 8 Dec 2005 (IRIN) - Mauritania’s military government that took power in a coup four months ago promised a new democratic era for the country and so far the new leaders appear to be sticking to their word.
NOUAKCHOTT, 21 Oct 2005 (IRIN) - Placing the accent on transparency and grassroots political involvement, Mauritania’s new military rulers have issued a tentative electoral calendar to return the country to democracy, that is being put to the people.
www.irinnews.org /frontpage.asp?SelectRegion=West_Africa&SelectCountry=Mauritania   (607 words)

Western Sahara that is claimed partly by Mauritania.
The colors green and gold are two of the Pan-African colors which reflect Mauritania's position as an African nation.
According to a friend from Mauritania, the flag was selected (perhaps also designed) personally by the former president Mukthar Ould Dada.
flagspot.net /flags/mr.html   (576 words)

Mauritania is almost only desert, with the exception of the fertile belt along the border river of Senegal in the south.
There is little industry in Mauritania — only some fishing along the coast and iron extraction in the interior.
Mauritania is poor by North African standards, and the country today is in phase of great social challenges.
i-cias.com /e.o/mauritan.htm   (145 words)

American citizens are urged to avoid travel in areas along Mauritania's border with Algeria, and its northern border with Mali.
Although U.S. citizens are generally welcomed in Mauritania, there were reports of anti-American incidents such as threats and stoning of vehicles, following the 1998 U.S. and British-led intervention in Iraq, and demonstrations outside the Embassy during the 2003 U.S. intervention in Iraq.
Mauritania has only about 2,070 km (1,286 miles) of surfaced roads, 710 km (441 miles) of unsurfaced roads and 5,140 km (3,194 miles) of unimproved tracks.
travel.state.gov /travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_966.html   (2268 words)

 Mauritania - Wikitravel
Geographically part of the Maghreb, Mauritania borders Algeria, Senegal and Mali, along with the disputed territory of Western Sahara.
Mauritania is about desert and ocean, and sometimes both at the same time.
However if you really want to enjoy Mauritania, renting a 4x4 is almost mandatory and not so expensive if you share the cost.
wikitravel.org /en/Mauritania   (619 words)

 Mauritania Tours | Mauritania Tour Guide | iExplore.com
Mauritania is bordered by Algeria, Mali, Western Sahara (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) and Senegal.
Mauritania consists mainly of the vast Saharan plain of sand and scrub.
Most of this area is a sea of sand dunes, but in places the land rises to rocky plateau with deep ravines leaving isolated peaks.
www.africa.com /dmap/Mauritania/Overview   (114 words)

 Human Rights Watch: Publications: Africa : Mauritania
On the occasion, Mauritania's Ambassador to Canada, Adberrahim Ould Hadrami said, "Mauritania is located in the most mine-affected region in the world.
The campaign to eliminate fl culture in Mauritania, orchestrated by the white Moor rulers, peaked in the late 1980s and early 1990s and continues today.
Mauritania's Campaign of Terror documents the range of human rights abuses that the fl Africans have suffered in Mauritania.
www.hrw.org /hrw/pubweb/Webcat-66.htm   (472 words)

 Mauritania : Location, Map, Area, Capital, Population, Religion, Language - Country Information
Location: Mauritania is bounded west by the Atlantic Ocean, north by Morocco, north-east by Algeria, east and south-east by Mali, and south by Senegal.
Membership: Mauritania is a member of the UN, OAU, the Arab League, Union of the Arab Maghreb, Organization of the Islamic Conference and is an ACP state of the EU.
Currency: The monetary unit in Mauritania is the ouguiya, which is divided into five khoums (137 ouguiyas equal U.S.$1; 1996).
www.arab.de /arabinfo/maurita.htm   (251 words)

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