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Topic: McCarthyism


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  McCarthyism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
McCarthyism is the term describing a period of intense anti-Communist suspicion in the United States that lasted roughly from the late 1940s to the mid to late 1950s.
The period of McCarthyism is also referred to as the Second Red Scare, and coincided with increased fears of Communist influence on American institutions, espionage by Soviet agents, heightened tension from Soviet hegemony over Eastern Europe, the success of the Chinese Communist revolution (1949) and the Korean War (1950-1953).
McCarthy's handling of this investigation, including a series of insults directed at a Brigadier General, led to the army-McCarthy hearings, with the army and McCarthy trading charges and counter-charges for 36 days before a nation-wide television audience.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/McCarthyism   (4442 words)

  
 Joseph McCarthy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
McCarthy was born on a farm in the town of Grand Chute, Wisconsin.
McCarthy publicized a letter of commendation signed by his commanding officer and countersigned by Admiral Chester Nimitz, but it was revealed that McCarthy had written this letter himself, in his capacity as intelligence officer.
McCarthy appointed Roy Cohn as chief counsel and Robert Kennedy as an assistant counsel to the subcommittee.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Joseph_McCarthy   (7096 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy, was a period of intense anti-communism, also known as the red scare, which occurred in the United States from 1948 to about 1956 (or later), when the government of the United States actively persecuted the Communist Party USA, its leadership, and others suspected of being communists.
McCarthy's name became associated with the phenomenon mainly through his prominence in the media; his outspoken and unpredictable nature made him ideal as the figurehead of anti-communism, although he was probably not its most important practitioner.
McCarthy headed the Permanent Investigating Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Government Operations; other significant legislative committees were the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), officially called the United States House of Representatives' Committee on Un-American Activities, and the Senate equivalent, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/m/mc/mccarthyism.html   (1378 words)

  
 McCarthyism - dKosopedia
McCarthyism, named after Senator Joseph McCarthy, was a period of intense anti-communism, and is also popularly known as the second Red Scare.
McCarthy's anticommunist crusade faltered in 1954 as his hearings were televised live for the first time on the new American Broadcasting Company.
Senator McCarthy and his followers felt there was a dangerous subversive element that posed a danger to the security of the country, thereby justifying extreme, possibly illegal measures.
www.dkosopedia.com /index.php/McCarthyism   (508 words)

  
 McCarthyism
McCarthy, was made chairman of the Government Committee on Operations of the Senate, and this gave him the opportunity to investigate the possibility of communist subversion.
McCarthy made it clear to the witnesses that the only way of showing that they had abandoned their left-wing views was by naming other members of the party.
Joseph McCarthy considered a libel suit against Greenspun but decided against it when he was told by his lawyers that if the case went ahead he would have to take the witness stand and answer questions about his sexuality.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /USAmccarthyism.htm   (5174 words)

  
 "The Legacy of McCarthyism"--by Ellen Schrecker
McCarthyism further contributed to the attenuation of the reform impulse by helping to divert the attention of the labor movement, the strongest institution within the old New Deal coalition, from external organizing to internal politicking.
The political repression of the McCarthy era fostered the growth of the national security state and facilitated its expansion into the rest of civil society.
McCarthyism alone did not cause these outrages; but the assault on democracy that began during the 1940s and 1950s with the collaboration of private institutions and public agencies in suppressing the alleged threat of domestic communism was an important early contribution.
www.english.uiuc.edu /maps/mccarthy/schrecker6.htm   (1096 words)

  
 Liberals, Anti-Communism, and McCarthyism
This analysis of the McCarthy phenomenon reinforced the belief of these scholars in the irrationality of mass-based protest and encouraged them to place their confidence in interest-group politics, in public and private bureaucracies, and in the educated elite that governed both.
McCarthyism did not split apart existing coalitions or create a new mass base; it was created by the actions and inactions of conservative and liberal elites--precisely those groups to whom the liberal pluralists would turn to in their quest for an orderly society.
McCarthy and other conservative Republicans were thus raising an issue incapable of compromise: Congress's responsibility to investigate the federal bureaucracy to insure a more effective and adequate internal security program.
www.writing.upenn.edu /~afilreis/50s/theoharis.html   (3304 words)

  
 McCarthyism - SourceWatch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
McCarthy's name became associated with the phenomenon mainly through his prominence in the media; his outspoken and unpredictable nature made him ideal as the figurehead of anticommunism, although he was probably not its most important practitioner.
McCarthy's anticommunist crusade faltered in 1954 as his hearings were televised, for the first time, allowing the public and press to view first-hand his controversial tactics.
McCarthy died in office of liver failure, probably caused by alcoholism, in 1957.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=McCarthyism   (1100 words)

  
 The McCarthy Era   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
McCarthy and Undersecretary of State John Puerifory claimed that there was a "homosexual underground" that was abetting the "communist conspiracy." Numerous reports of the "pervert peril"-so called by the media-were filed in the spring of 1950.
Joseph McCarthy's anti-homosexual campaign was planned by Roy Cohn, a closeted homosexual who would eventually die from complications associated with the AIDS virus in 1986.
President Eisenhower, who was a staunch supporter of McCarthy after the 1952 election, was very unhappy with McCarthy by October of 1953 and realized it was time to put a stop to the witch-hunts that had been taking place.
members.aol.com /matrixwerx/glbthistory/mccarthyism.htm   (434 words)

  
 The Anti-Communist Crusade and the Rise of McCarthyism
McCarthyism is the use of the charge of communism to discredit political ideas, cultural values, and individual's lives and reputations.
McCarthy warned that there were communist traitors in American government and society that were threatening to destroy the United States.
McCarthy called prominent American writers, actors, directors, government officials, and influential American cultural and social leaders to testify before his committee about their knowledge and involvement in this communist conspiracy.
www.colorado.edu /AmStudies/lewis/2010/mccarthy.htm   (2016 words)

  
 The New McCarthyism? - Campus Watch
McCarthy was both famous and feared on account of his relentless campaign against Americans he perceived as communists.
McCarthy parlayed these sentiments into a winning reelection theme in 1952 and subsequently ascended to the chairmanship of the Government Operations Committee, the Senate's permanent investigative arm at the time.
McCarthy's attacks ruined hundreds of careers in government and academia on the flimsiest evidence; both the press and his colleagues decried his inability to provide real evidence, but to little avail.
www.campus-watch.org /article/id/702   (1280 words)

  
 McCarthy, Joseph Raymond. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
When the Republicans assumed control of Congress in 1953, McCarthy, who had been reelected in 1952, became chairman of the Senate permanent investigations subcommittee (Government Operations Committee), a post in which he wielded great power; he used his position to exploit the public’s fear of Communism.
However, in December the Senate, acting on a motion of censure against him, voted to “condemn” McCarthy for contempt of a Senate elections subcommittee that had investigated his conduct and financial affairs in 1952, for abuse of certain senators, and for insults to the Senate itself during the censure proceedings.
McCarthy’s indiscriminate attacks gave rise to the term “McCarthyism,” which denotes similar assaults characterized by sensationalist tactics and unsubstantiated accusations.
www.bartleby.com /65/mc/McCarthyJR.html   (445 words)

  
 American Masters . McCarthyism | PBS
Though eventually his accusations were proven to be untrue, and he was censured by the Senate for unbecoming conduct, his zealous campaigning ushered in one of the most repressive times in 20th-century American politics.
Known as McCarthyism, the paranoid hunt for infiltrators was notoriously difficult on writers and entertainers, many of whom were labeled communist sympathizers and were unable to continue working.
Among those few were comedian Mort Sahl, and journalist Edward R. Murrow, whose strong criticisms of McCarthy are often cited as playing an important role in his eventual removal from power.
www.pbs.org /wnet/americanmasters/database/mccarthyism.html   (321 words)

  
 U.S. Senate: Art & History Home > Historical Minutes > 1941-1963 > A Declaration of Conscience
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy encountered Maine Senator Margaret Chase Smith in the Capitol subway.
McCarthy followed her into the chamber and watched as she began her remarks—her "Declaration of Conscience"—in a soft and trembling voice.
Initially, Smith had shared McCarthy's concerns, but she grew angry at the ferocity of his attacks and his subsequent defamation of those whom she knew to be above suspicion.
www.senate.gov /artandhistory/history/minute/A_Declaration_of_Conscience.htm   (466 words)

  
 BBC - h2g2 - McCarthyism
McCarthy was born in 1908 in Wisconsin, America.
Two of the more famous victims of McCarthyism were Charlie Chaplin and Orson Welles, but the majority of the accused were people unknown to the public; writers who may have written something controversial, producers, or people from behind the scenes.
McCarthy's answer to hearing about the programme was to demand time on the programme to defend himself, during which he branded Murrow the 'leader of the jackal pack', doing little to erase the image the documentary left behind.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/h2g2/A637841   (1581 words)

  
 U.S. Senate: Art & History Home > Historical Minutes > 1941-1963 > "Have You No Sense of Decency?"
McCarthy relentlessly continued his anticommunist campaign into 1953, when he gained a new platform as chairman of the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations.
As a result, McCarthy and his chief counsel Roy Cohn largely ran the show by themselves, relentlessly grilling and insulting witnesses.
Amidst this controversy, McCarthy temporarily stepped down as chairman for the duration of the three-month nationally televised spectacle known to history as the Army-McCarthy hearings.
www.senate.gov /artandhistory/history/minute/Have_you_no_sense_of_decency.htm   (470 words)

  
 6a. McCarthyism [Beyond Books - From the Depression to the New Millennium]
McCarthy soon began to attract headlines, and the Senate asked him to make his case.
McCarthy's accusations went on into 1954, when the Wisconsin senator focused on the United States Army.
Although McCarthyism was dead by the mid-1950s, its effects lasted for decades.
www.beyondbooks.com /ush12/6a.asp   (1172 words)

  
 glbtq >> social sciences >> McCarthyism
McCarthyism is the term applied to the attempts in the late 1940s and early 1950s to expunge Communists and fellow travelers (often identified as homosexual) from American public life.
Indeed, McCarthyism may be seen as the time when homosexuals became the chief scapegoats of the Cold War.
Senator McCarthy was active in hunting down Communists for a relatively short period of time.
www.glbtq.com /social-sciences/mccarthyism.html   (784 words)

  
 History Channel Exhibits: The Fifties
In February of 1950, Senator Joseph McCarthy, a Republican from Wisconsin, made an astounding accusation: many employees of the U.S. State Department were card-carrying Communists, loyal only to the Soviet Union.
In 1954, Senator McCarthy held televised hearings in which his charges become so outrageous that the Senate voted to censure him.
His hold on the public mind became weaker in the years until his death in 1957, but the seeds of anti-Communism were planted deep in American culture.
www.historychannel.com /exhibits/fifties/mccarthy.html   (390 words)

  
 Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy was a little-known junior senator from Wisconsin until February 1950 when he claimed to possess a list of 205 card-carrying Communists employed in the U.S. Department of State.
From that moment Senator McCarthy became a tireless crusader against Communism in the early 1950s, a period that has been commonly referred to as the "Red Scare." As chairman of the Senate Permanent Investigation Subcommittee, Senator McCarthy conducted hearings on communist subversion in America and investigated alleged communist infiltration of the Armed Forces.
McCarthy and McCarthyism in Wisconsin by Michael O'Brien, University of Missouri Press, Columbia, Missouri, 1980.
www.eisenhower.utexas.edu /dl/McCarthy/Mccarthydocuments.html   (723 words)

  
 International Socialist Review   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
McCarthy was technically cleared of these charges in August 1954, but in December of that year the Senate voted to condemn him for contempt of an elections subcommittee investigating his behavior in office.
McCarthyism is often remembered as an attack on the creativity and free speech rights of academics, writers and intellectuals like the Hollywood Ten.
Her account of the effects of McCarthyism in and on the labor movement is indispensable.
www.isreview.org /issues/12/mccarthyism.shtml   (6060 words)

  
 Jonah Goldberg's Goldberg File on National Review Online
McCarthy may have exaggerated the scope of the problem but not by much… The Age of McCarthyism, it turns out, was not the simple witch hunt of the innocent by the malevolent as two generations of high school and college students have been taught."
From the 1950s through the 1980s, the Left was largely content to describe McCarthyism in Hellman's terms: a baseless assault by right-wing paranoids and fanatics.
McCarthy: Not for the Faint of Heart 04/28 6:24 a.m.
www.nationalreview.com /goldberg/goldberg022603.asp   (1784 words)

  
 The New McCarthyism
Thus is born a kinder and gentler form of McCarthyism.
What made McCarthy and his allies so insidious was their eagerness to level the "soft on communism" charge against even staunchly anticommunist liberals.
The McCarthy crowd was willing to divide the nation at a time of grave international peril if that's what it took to beat the liberals.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/27/AR2005062701317_pf.html   (707 words)

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