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Topic: Medicinal plants

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  Medicinal Plants-Science Tracer Bullet-Library of Congress
Plants continue to be a major source of medicines, as they have been throughout human history.
Some medicinal plants, such as the opium poppy, have long been recognized and widely used, while others, such as the Pacific yew, the original source for the cancer drug, Taxol, are relatively new arrivals to mainstream medicine.
Plants for food and medicine: proceedings of the joint conference of the Society for Economic Botany and the International Society for Ethnopharmacology, London, 1-6 July 1996.
www.loc.gov /rr/scitech/tracer-bullets/medicplantstb.html   (2170 words)

  Medicinal Plants Make a Comeback
Annual quantities of some plants used in preparations are: 3,000 tons of aloes; 10,000 tons of artichoke leaves; 5,000 tons of quinquina bark; 5,000 tons of senna pods; 1,000 tons of digitalis leaves; 1,000 tons of belladonna, henbane and datura leaves.
Medicinal plants contain one or more endogenous substances which can be used directly for medicinal purposes or in semisynthesis of preparations.
Some medicinal plants can be used as vegetable drugs for phytotherapy either on their own or to supplement chemotherapy.
www.annieappleseedproject.org /medplanmakco.html   (365 words)

 Ethiopian Medicinal Plants
Interestingly enough, medicinal plant expertise does not reside in the realms of TMPs exclusively, but also extends to lay people, who use so-called home remedies derived from readily available plants, either bought at periodic open markets, or obtained from backyard gardens.
There are many medicinal plants that have scientific backing for their uses, and yet there are also plants that are based on wild unprovable claims.
It should also be streamlined with the prospect of developing medicinal plant industry to benefit the general healthcare of the population.
www.addistribune.com /Archives/2004/08/20-08-04/Medicinal.htm   (493 words)

 KZN Wildlife - Medicinal Plants   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Conservation of medicinal (or muthi) plants used to be achieved by various customary conservation practices such as taboos, religious controls and seasonal and social restrictions.
Plants are the "green glue" that bind the soil and that keep spectacular mammals like rhinos and elephants as well as the less spectacular, but essential ones like livestock, alive.
It is clear that forest derived medicinal plant species will need to be cultivated on a large scale if wild populations of these plants and the forests in which they occur are to be conserved.
www.kznwildlife.com /flora_medicinal.htm   (1667 words)

The efforts to broaden the base of medicinal plants that can be accessed for commercialisation on a large scale has led to the development of cultivation methodologies for medicinal plants that have been traditionally collected from the wild.
An important aspect of cultivation is to ensure that these medicinal plants are grown in conditions mimicking their natural habitats to the extent possible.
In the case of medicinal plants, which have chemicals which heal but which could be considered dangerous in the wrong hands, the impact could be either that the plants lose the medicinal property or produce something unanticipated, which could have harmful effects.
www.gmwatch.org /archive2.asp?arcid=3415   (954 words)

 Why Conserve Medicinal Plants
Increased consumption of medicinal plants, through expansion of local, regional, and global markets, has increased pressure on a resource that is largely harvested from depleted wild populations in shrinking wild habitats.
Capacity to assess and monitor the conservation status of medicinal plants, to manage harvest within the limits of sustainability, and to devise cost-effective alternatives for the production of medicinal plants as a resource is extremely limited worldwide.
The current and potential value of medicinal plants - their value to local community health, to regional markets, and to global health security and trade - is widely recognized as a reason to conserve tropical forest ecosystems.
www.iucn.org /themes/ssc/sgs/mpsg/main/Why.html   (345 words)

 MPWG: Medicinal Plants
At least 175 plants native to North America are for sale in the non-prescription medicinal market in the U.S. Many of these are collected from the wild in large quantities (hundreds of thousands of plants) for commercial markets in the U.S. and abroad.
Many of the plants supplying this industry are wild collected in vast quantities because techniques to cultivate them on a commercial scale have not been developed.
The more we use medicinal herbs on a commercial scale the more important it is to ensure that they come from sustainable sources, so that these plants will continue to exist in wild places.
www.nps.gov /plants/medicinal/plants.htm   (384 words)

 PCA Medicinal Plant Working Group's Website: Green Medicine
Medicinal plants are used commercially, thanks to contributions of traditional cultures worldwide, modern medicine, and pharmacognosy.
Historically, plant medicines were discovered by trial and error.
A comprehensive search of known plants for medicinal chemicals is an enormous task.
www.nps.gov /plants/medicinal   (396 words)

 Non-wood forest products of Bhutan - Medicinal plants
Medicinal plants collected from Bhutan's temperate and lower zones are known under the traditional broad classification as "THRO-MEN," while plants from the country's alpine zone are known as "NGO-MEN."
The plant has survived years of neglect and is now cultivated in Ura by one family for supply to the Indigenous Hospital in Thimphu.
NITM shows samples of the medicinal plants to local labourers, who are then requested to collect and bring in the required quantity of each species.
www.fao.org /docrep/X5335e/x5335e05.htm   (2714 words)

 WHO eyes medicinal plants
These two species are a tiny part of an extensive inventory of medicinal plants that in the past two decades have been gaining universal acceptance and popularity - a phenomenon that has pushed both the devil's claw and the pygeum to the verge of extinction.
The aim of the WHO is to "make sure that essential medicines are available, that they are good quality and that they are being used in a rational way by the doctor and by the patient," said Hogerzeil.
The effort of the WHO goes beyond the medicinal aims of the herbal remedies to concern about the environment, particularly the potential extinction of certain plant species that are in high demand.
www.news24.com /News24/Technology/News/0,,2-13-1443_1485542,00.html   (743 words)

 18/5/2004 -- INDONESIA: Siberut's medicinal plants face extinction
Kerei, are still popular because they are knowledgeable about medicinal plants and can treat various kinds of ailments, ranging from headaches, influenza to malaria and wounds caused by snake bites and gashes.
Medicinal plants with outstanding antimicrobial and pharmacological qualities would be preserved and subjected to further studies.
Of the 209 different plant types the team had collected not all have yet been classified and many are only grouped in general plant families or genus.
www.forests.org /articles/reader.asp?linkid=31776   (966 words)

 Wilderness Survival: Edible and Medicinal Plants
Many plants may be called cedars but are not related to junipers and may be harmful.
These plants are either shrubby or treelike, 3 to 9 meters tall, with stiff leaves having sawlike edges.
Description: These plants have large, triangular leaves that float on the water's surface, large, fragrant flowers that are usually white, or red, and thick, fleshy rhizomes that grow in the mud.
www.wilderness-survival.net /Appb.php   (13574 words)

 Brazil: International Development Research Centre
Medicinal plants have traditionally been used as a source of affordable and accessible primary health care and are important biological resources.
Nevertheless, traditional knowledge of medicinal plants is being lost and the biological resource base is being threatened by expanding urbanization.
The network will develop standard methodologies for assessing the safety and efficacy of medicinal plants; a process for assessing the conservation status of native medicinal plants; and appropriate models for in-situ conservation of medicinal plants.
www.idrc.ca /psd/ev-80540-201_050308-1-IDRC_ADM_INFO.html   (557 words)

 WWF-UK: Medicinal Plants   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
In the laboratory, scientists have been able to copy and manufacture some plant medicines such as aspirin, but in other cases such as the rosy periwinkle, this is not possible — which means the plant is the only source of the medicine.
Many of the chemicals used for medicines are produced by plants or bacteria as a defence mechanism against predators or disease.
As all plants are potential food sources and can suffer from diseases, all plants are sources of biologically active chemicals which could be useful as medicines.
www.wwf-uk.org /core/wildlife/fs_0000000041.asp   (750 words)

 Focus on Medicinal Plants: International Development Research Centre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
It was the first time such a disparate group from both North and South came together to examine issues surrounding the use and conservation of medicinal plants and the practice of traditional medicine.
Recognizing that traditional medicine is “the most affordable and accessible system of health care for the majority of the African rural population,” the Organization for African Unity (now the African Union) declared 2001-2010 to be the Decade for African Traditional Medicine.
This abundance of flora means that the region is a storehouse of medicinal plants and traditional knowledge.
www.idrc.org.sg /en/ev-55591-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html   (657 words)

 WHO guidelines for medicinal plants - $60 billion industry
The WHO guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants are an important initial step to ensure good quality, safe herbal medicines and ecologically sound cultivation practices for future generations.
Medicinal plants collected in the wild may be contaminated by other species or plant parts through misidentification, accidental contamination or intentional adulteration, all of which may have unsafe consequences.
The wild types of the popular medicinal plant ginseng (Panax ginseng), used to address digestive conditions resulting from nervous disorders, is currently reported to be rapidly declining due to increasing demand and collection.
www.medicalnewstoday.com /index.php?newsid=5818   (1129 words)

 Medicinal Plants for Livestock   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
The idea of using medicinal plants to treat livestock is not new.
U.S. Department of Agriculture regulations, medicinal plants for livestock must meet the same stringent requirements as other animal drugs if they are to be registered and approved for use in food producing animals.
Just because medicinal plants for livestock have not been registered, does not mean they are not accessible.
www.ansci.cornell.edu /plants/medicinal   (433 words)

 Rainforest Medicinal Plants from Raintree Nutrition
By the time a load of plants arrives into an export city, various harvesting and transportation methods have been employed as well as various cleaning and sanitation methods due to the length of time it takes for the plant to come from the jungle and into the city.
With some plants, locals are growing seedlings and replanting back into the jungle as they are harvesting these plants to ensure sustainability and to increase sustainable yields.
Finally, the plants are ground into powders, tested and certified with independent microbiological testing, and then triple sacked into 25 kilo bags to be exported to the U.S. All of our imports to the US are by air-freight rather than by sea to further ensure the quality and freshness of our botanicals.
www.rain-tree.com /bulkprod.htm   (1150 words)

 Press Releases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Speaking on the occasion, the UNDP Senior Deputy Resident Representative, Mr Maurice DeWulf said medicinal plants were a priceless legacy of the Indian people and ought to be given the status of a 'national resource'.
These multi-facetted dimensions and the integrated outlook to medicinal plants are bound to make a strong social impact, she added.
FRLHT, Bangalore is a leading voluntary organization in the field of medicinal plants conversation and development that has successfully implemented comprehensive projects on conservation, development and documentation of traditional health practices in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
www.undp.org.in /news/press/press249.htm   (659 words)

 Medicinal plants: International Development Research Centre
Medicinal plants are a unique type of natural product requiring special considerations due to their potential impact on peoples' health.
Medicinal plants provide accessible and culturally relevant sources of primary health care to a majority of the world's human population.
Note also that IDRC is compiling project results related to Medicinal Plants in a new issue of the In Focus Series to be released spring of 2006.
web.idrc.ca /en/ev-4902-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html   (696 words)

 Harvesting Drugs From Medicinal Plants
Knowing how a plant's DNA programs it for pest protection may lead researchers to ways to provide the same pest resistance to currently vulnerable plants.
Besides the crop protection aspects of their research, Duke and his team of scientists are also looking at the pharmaceutical value of these plants.
Since plant extraction and physiology are aspects of Duke's work, he began with research on the plant.
www.ars.usda.gov /is/AR/archive/apr98/drug0498.htm   (1126 words)

 Medicinal Plants South American Network: International Development Research Centre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Medicinal plants have traditionally been used as a source of affordable and accessible primary health care and are important biological resources.
Nevertheless, traditional knowledge of medicinal plants is being lost and the biological resource base is being threatened by expanding urbanization.
This project aims to promote applied multidisciplinary research on medicinal plants and their sustainable use in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay) and to devolve the research results to local communities.
www.idrc.org.sg /en/ev-6181-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html   (209 words)

 Hawaiian Medicinal Plants
Chapter 13 provides an overview of plant use and short descriptions of important traditional Hawaiian medicinal plants including the scientific name, the Hawaiian name, English common name and uses.
In the text, plants are referred to by their Hawaiian names, but the work includes a glossary which correlates the Hawaiian to the botanical names.
Plant selections were based on material available on Oahu, but many of the major medicinal plants were tested.
www.hml.org /WWW/resources/medpla.html   (994 words)

 IUCN Sri Lanka   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-04)
Medicinal plants are an integral part of Sri Lankan life.
The specific demand for medicinal plants in Ayurveda and the general demand for these plants for a number of other uses have placed a great strain on the population of medicinal plants.
The project has three areas of focus: increasing populations of medicinal plants in their natural habitats (in-situ conservation) cultivating and propagating medicinal plants in a variety of sites outside their strict natural habitats (ex-situ conservation) and strengthening the knowledge base while promoting education and awareness on medicinal plants.
www.lanka.net /iucnsl/main.html   (1211 words)

 Workshop on medicinal plants :: KanglaOnline ~ Your Gateway
Speaking at the occasion, S Madhusudan, director of state science and technology who is also the chief guest at the inaugural function stated that varieties of medicinal plants found in the state are often discovered and given a name by people from outside the state as we are ignorant of its values.
Allopathic drugs have numerous side-effects and are sometimes not cost-effective, however herbal medicines are cheaper and have less side-effects, he argued.
Local name, botanical name and its medicinal values of the plants will all be entered into a computer profile, he said adding that the project will also give awareness to villagers.
www.kanglaonline.com /index.php?template=headline&newsid=22871&typeid=2   (273 words)

 Medicinal Plants Nursery - Organic Medicinal Herb Plants - Healing Herbs
Medicinal Healing Plants have been a passion of ours for more than 20 years.
Growing your own Medicinal Plants Garden and developing an intimate relationship with these Medicinal Herbs (by harvesting and using what you grow), is a magical process, which is healing, in and of itself.
We ship well rooted Medicinal Plants, which are guaranteed to be disease free and properly labeled in 3-inch and 4-inch pots.
www.crimson-sage.com   (465 words)

 New agriculturist: Essential Extracts: Making too much from medicinals?
However, the rising trade and increase in commercial uses of medicinal plants is leading to over-harvesting and destruction of many species (see news).
In India alone, it is estimated that collection and processing of medicinal plants contribute to at least 35 million workdays of employment annually to the poor and underemployed workforce, the majority of whom are tribal women.
However, it is up to governments to promote the sustainable and equitable management of medicinal plants whether they are to be gathered from the wild or cultivated for commercial purposes.
www.new-agri.co.uk /00-2/focuson/focuson7.html   (942 words)

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