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Topic: Medieval land terms


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  Medieval Terms
A measure of land roughly equal to a modern Acre; often used to measure vinelands.
A term of lease of land, usually for the life of its holder, his son or wife, and a grandson.
Land liable for tax, as opposed to inland, which is generally exempt from tax.
www.veling.nl /anne/templars/Medieval_Terms.html   (4157 words)

  
  Feudalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Since the lord had not given the land away, only loaned it, it was still the lord's responsibility to maintain the land, while the vassal had the right to collect revenues generated from it.
For Marx, what defined feudalism was that the power of the ruling class (the aristocracy) rested on their control of the farmable lands, leading to a class society based upon the exploitation of the peasants who farm these lands, typically under serfdom.
Land ownership was still an important source of income, and still defined social status, but even wealthy nobles wanted more liquid assets, whether for luxury goods or to provide for wars, this corruption of the form is often referred to as "Bastard Feudalism".
www.bexley.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Feudal   (2612 words)

  
 Terms
Glossary of telecommunications encryption terms This is a glossary of telecommunications encryption terms, derived from...
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Glossary of telephony terms This is a glossary of telephony terms, derived from the Federal Standard 1037C.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/terms.html   (1075 words)

  
 Medieval land terms - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
a hide: a hide of land is the amount that was considered sufficient to support a family, varying from 60 to 120 acres (240,000 to 480,000 m²) with the land quality.
It was determined by land value, and the number of hides in a Knight's Fee varied.
a riding: was a division of land in Yorkshire equivalent to a third of the shire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Medieval_land_terms   (299 words)

  
 Medieval
Axis of medieval The term Axis of Medieval was coined by activists as a parody of the phrase "humanitarian causes.
Medieval archaeology The study of humankind through its material culture, specialising in the period of the European Fra...
Medieval climate optimum The medieval climate optimum or medieval warm period was an unusually warm period in history la...
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/medieval.html   (577 words)

  
 [No title]
MEDIEVAL SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND ACHAD'S TREE OF LIFE BY BENJAMIN ROWE Copyright 1988, 1992 by Benjamin Rowe This work presents a brief outline of the relation between Achad's Tree of Life and the various groups making up the structure of med- ieval society.
Medieval society generally perceived itself as divided into three sections, the common folk, the nobility and priests, and God.
The noble and priestly classes of medieval society are parasitical on the society of the common folk.
www.sacred-texts.com /eso/enoch/theland.txt   (3340 words)

  
 sociology - Feudalism
Since the lord had not given the land away, only loaned it, it was still the lord's responsibility to maintain the land, while the vassal had the right to collect revenues generated from it.
The size of fiefs was described in irregular terms quite different from modern area terms; see medieval land terms.
Land ownership was still an important source of income, and still defined social status, but even wealthy nobles wanted more liquid assets, whether for luxury goods or to provide for wars, this corruption of the form is often referred to as "Bastard Feudalism".
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Feudal   (2384 words)

  
 Feudalism at AllExperts
A lord was a noble who owned land, a vassal was a person who was granted land by the lord, and the land was known as a fief.
For Marx, what defined feudalism was that the power of the ruling class (the aristocracy) rested on their control of the farmable lands, leading to a class society based upon the exploitation of the peasants who farm these lands, typically under serfdom.
As governmental authority declined and rural lawlessness (such as that of the Bagaudae) increased, these farmers were increasingly forced to rely upon the protection of the local landowner, and a nexus of interdependency was created: the landowners depended upon the peasants for labour, and the peasants upon the landowners for protection.
en.allexperts.com /e/f/fe/feudalism.htm   (2757 words)

  
 An Agrarian History of South Asia: Chapter Two -- on medieval agrarian territory
The medieval states that produced inscriptions had a basic commitment to the expansion of permanent field cultivation as the foundation of their power, and dharma was the moral code that stabilised their territory.
Land grants to temples and Brahmans are therefore less an indication of traditional Brahman power or peasant subordination than a reflection of alliance-building by aspiring agrarian elites, who used ritual ranking to lift themselves over competitors, and institutionalised their status by patronising gods and Brahmans.
All this occurred as farm land was expanding and as peasant farmers, nomads, pastoralists, hunters, and forest tribes were slowly changing the substance of their social identity, over many generations, as people became high caste land owners, kings, protectors of dharma, kshatriyas, vaisyas, superior sudras, inferior sudras, untouchables, and aliens beyond the pale.
www.sas.upenn.edu /~dludden/cambhis2.htm   (17821 words)

  
 Medieval Warfare
The form of warfare in Medieval Europe was that which developed out of the military traditions and practices of the German tribes that overran the Roman empire in the 4th, 5th, and 6th centuries.
These serfs owned no land, but were allowed to work a few acres for themselves while providing up to half their time to work the new rulers lands.
These were English and Welch farmers who owned their own land (hence the term "yeomen") and were paid by the king to train in peacetime, and answer his call when he needed to raise an army.
www.hyw.com /Books/History/Medi0000.htm   (3917 words)

  
 Vampire the Dark Ages: Medieval Terminology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Demense: Another term for land owned by a lord, commonly part of the manor cultivated directly by the lord.
Furlong: Plot of arable land, subdivision of a field.
Glebe: Land assigned to support the parish of a church.
members.aol.com /roguexxxxx/terms.html   (950 words)

  
 Legal Terms in Land Records   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
The laws relating to land records are often dealt with by common law (law based on custom and judicial precedent rather than laws passed by the government), and determining legal rights can be highly intricate.
Land that was not improved by the owner might revert to the government.
For example, land may be sold to person A for use during their lifetime, but then remaindered to person B at the death of A. Remise - To relinquish a claim to something, specifically to release or quitclaim an interest in real estate.
www.ultranet.com /~deeds/legal.htm   (2900 words)

  
 Medieval Conquest for PC Review - PC Medieval Conquest Review
Medieval Conquest is a charming, lighthearted blend of real-time strategy and fantasy-themed, tycoon-style building.
In Medieval Conquest, you're hired by the king of a besieged fantasy kingdom to clear out all the monsters and evil creatures that are roaming his land.
Medieval Conquest is beset with a few problems, despite its pleasant overall appearance.
www.gamespot.com /pc/strategy/medievalconquest/review.html   (1125 words)

  
 ORB: Medieval Terms
The escheator was to take the lands into the king's hands, discover their value by inquisition, and collect the revenue arising from the lands until he was commanded to deliver the lands to the rightful landholders.
The term is variously used of a servant or bodyguard, a palace guard or attendant, a young mamluk, or an artisan bound to a master.
The term was in practice restricted to male white slaves, in particular those serving in the army and in government.
www.the-orb.net /medieval_terms.html   (19820 words)

  
 Medieval European History
That's one of the terms used to describe nearly 1000 years of history-a history that is often hard to understand due to a lack of surviving documents, and often is clouded by myth and legends.
The Church would be one of the most powerful medieval institutions, controlling publication of books and the making of laws.
Medieval Europe saw some humanity-changing developments, such as Gutenberg's moveable types press in the middle of the 15th century.
www.medieval-life.net /history_main.htm   (338 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : Agrarian Law; 111 B.C.
whatever of that land or place a triumvir according to the law or the plebiscite has granted or assigned to a Roman citizen allotted to a colony and which is not in the land or place which is beyond...
an equal amount of land from the land which is public land of the Roman people in Africa, as that land once subject to a fixed tax, which land is or shall be properly the property of a Roman citizen in accordance with this law.
land or place which is to be sold in accordance with this law he shall provide that it shall be completely surveyed and markers shall be erected...
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/medieval/agrarian_law.htm   (4228 words)

  
 Feudalism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Since the lord had not given the land away, only loaned it, it was still the lord's responsibility to maintain the land, while the vassal had the right to collect revenues generated from the land.
According to Bloch other elements of society can be seen in feudal terms, all the aspects of life were centered on "lordship;" we can speak usefully of a feudal church structure, a feudal courtly (and anti-courtly) literature, a feudal economy.
She also suggested feudalism is a construct with no basis in medieval reality, an invention of modern historians read back into the historical record, using the word "tyranny".
www.yotor.com /wiki/en/fe/Feudalism.htm   (2446 words)

  
 Medieval Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Medieval political philosophy is the part of medieval philosophy that is concerned with political matters.
Medieval writers assumed that the institution of private property was normal and right and that property should be respected.
Medieval writers were not acquainted with Plato's notion of a "philosopher king" (Republic, 473e), since very little of Plato had been translated into Latin, but in effect pro-papal theologians were arguing that the Pope was a "theologian king", an expert on the meaning of life whose guidance was authoritative in all matters.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/medieval-political   (13919 words)

  
 Glossary of Terms C
The generic term for pictorial representations that can be placed on various parts of a shield (such as animals, plants, or objects).
A term used extensively for both feminine gowns and masculine tunics from 1300 until 1430.
A generic term for the ornaments mounted on helmets.
www.renaissancemagazine.com /glossary/glossaryc.html   (882 words)

  
 Quia - Medieval Times - Feudalism
Land given as payment for loyalty and military service.
Peasants who are part of the land – property.
Drink of the Middle Ages as because it was boiled it was much safer than water.
www.quia.com /jg/313333list.html   (281 words)

  
 Hemyock Castle - Glossary of Feudal, Medieval and Castle Terms - Including Dane Law, Anglo Saxon terms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Definitions of feudal, medieval and castle terms to aid understanding of documents and novels such as those by Ellis Peters.
In ecclesiastic terms, a benefice was a church office that returned revenue (ie a 'living' for a Rector or Vicar).
Term which designates the custom of ultimogeniture (All lands inherited by the youngest son).
www.hemyockcastle.co.uk /feudal.htm   (1398 words)

  
 Deeds   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
The great grandfather of all land surveys in England was Domesday Book which, with its various components and addenda, comprised a survey of royal holdings throughout most of the kingdom.
The earliest Anglo-Saxon diplomas referring to land grants described the parcel of land in great detail, with topographical details elaborated so carefully that the boundaries can be plotted on a modern map.
Right through the middle ages, documents referring to land grants or transactions identify the plot of land in only the most general terms, relying on the testimony of living witnesses to deal with any disputed details.
medievalwriting.50megs.com /word/deed.htm   (923 words)

  
 Medieval Legal Terms Defined   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
These lands could not be sold, mortgaged, or used as a dowry, and passed back to the King in the extinction of the line.
BENEFICE: Land given by the LORD to a vassal, for the vassal's use.
Sax.; the free tenure of land by a peasant
www.locksley.com /locksley/med-law.htm   (2049 words)

  
 Old World & Medieval Legal Terms
BENEFICE (L. "beneficium"): A grant of land given to a member of the aristocracy, a bishop, or a monastery, for limited or hereditary use in exchange for services.
MORTMAIN: The grant of land into the "dead hand" of a corporate body, which, on account of its perpetual existence, could not be liable for the payment of succession dues.
PRECARIUM: A charter whereby land is received in usufruct on condition of an annual payment; a customary tax originating in a payment on the request of the lord; corvee; payment in kind.
www.everingham.com /family/data2/rec0032.html   (3021 words)

  
 ORB: Medieval Terms
The escheator was to take the lands into the king's hands, discover their value by inquisition, and collect the revenue arising from the lands until he was commanded to deliver the lands to the rightful landholders.
The term is variously used of a servant or bodyguard, a palace guard or attendant, a young mamluk, or an artisan bound to a master.
Land can also be wasted by the feudal guardian, or a lender to whom it was pledged as collateral for a loan.
the-orb.net /medieval_terms.html   (19820 words)

  
 Scottish Names 101 (3rd Edition)
Medieval Scots, like modern parents today, didn't choose just any random word or combination of sounds when naming their children.
A territorial byname is a toponymic byname that indicates the name of the land or territory, or lordship, a person or their family holds.
Medieval Scotland, 3 Nov 2001 [cited 3 Nov 2001].
www.medievalscotland.org /scotnames/scotnames101.shtml   (6070 words)

  
 The Indian Origins of Key Pure Land Terms
The original Sanskrit term is buddhanusmrti which means "to concentrate and to think of a buddha" or buddhamanasikara which means "to be mindful of a buddha." "Recollection of the Buddha" (along with the Dharma and the Sangha) is one of the oldest practices in Buddhism which developed after the death of Shakyamuni Buddha.
In Pure Land Buddhism, it is an extremely important notion in that it describes the situation of the sincere practitioner who nevertheless finds him or herself totally incapable of avoiding the acts prohibited by the Buddha.
One is the buddha lands purified by a bodhisattva or buddha.
www.jsri.jp /English/Pureland/SUTRAS/origin.html   (2601 words)

  
 Delusion Land - The Effects of Gunpowder on Medieval Society
With the shot of the first cannon in the fourteenth century, gunpowder became the instrument of chaotic change, tearing down the calculated defenses of princes and kings and slaughtering the noble knight in his shining armor.
Knights, with their armor and trappings, were confined to tournaments and parades and spent their life at court instead of in the army, like dusty relics of a lost time.
Guns and cannons eliminated many medieval weapons because they were more powerful and more impressive than traditional weaponry that had been used for centuries.
delusionland.dreamhost.com /medieval/paper.html   (2375 words)

  
 The Siege of Lisbon
Their help was crucial, and the capture of Lisbon was the key element in the creation of the new medieval kingdom of Portugal.
In papal terms, and in the view of the Palestinian barons, these northern crusaders' job was scarcely begun, for they were to help in the recovery of Edessa specifically and more generally to help drive back the Muslims throughout Outremer.
These may have been motivated by a sense of duty, but it is equally likely that they wished to visit the holy places, regarding their efforts more in terms of the traditional pilgrimage.
www.medievaltymes.com /courtyard/the_siege_of_lisbon.htm   (423 words)

  
 Medieval Times - Interdisciplinary Unit
Discuss castles of medieval times—how they were built, what they looked like, and important features (like a mote, a drawbridge, and etc).
At the medieval festival at the end of the unit, students will recite their ballads for the class and will explain the origin of their ballad.
Students will individually create a plan of action for how people in medieval times could have remained healthier and prevented the spread of disease (students may not use means that were not available during that time—such as antibiotics or etc.).
members.tripod.com /~ehlavaty/medieval.html   (3756 words)

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