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Topic: Melqart

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In the News (Sun 20 Jan 19)

  Melqart - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Melqart (less accurately Melkart, Melkarth or Melgart (Greek disposed of the letter Q (Qoppa), replacing it with additional use of K (Kappa) and G (Gamma)), Akkadian Milqartu, was the tutelary god of the Phoenician city of Tyre, as Eshmun protected Sidon.
Melqart protected the Punic areas of Sicily such as Ras Melqart 'Cape of Melqart', where his head, indistinguishable from a Heracles, appears on locally-minted coins of the 4th century B.C. Temples to Melqart are found at least three Phoenician/Punic sites in Spain: Cadiz, Ibiza in the Balearic Islands, and Cartagena.
Melqart is likely to have been the particular Ba‘al found in the Tanach from 1 Kings 16.31–10.26 whose worship was prominently introduced into Israel by King Ahab and largely eradicated by King Jehu.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Melqart   (1677 words)

 Melqart: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Melqart (less accurately Melkart, Melkarth or Melgart (greek disposed of the letter Q (Qoppa (Qoppa: qoppa is an obsolete letter of the greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 90....
The annual observation of the revival of Melqart's egersis 'awakening' may identify Melqart as a life-death-rebirth deity (life-death-rebirth deity: the category life-death-rebirth deity also known as a "dying-and-rising" god is a convenient...
81, 196) suggested Melqart was a god of the underworld partly because a god Malku who may be Melqart is sometimes equated with the Mesopotamian god Nergal (Nergal: (Akkadian) god ruling with his consort Ereshkigal the world of the dead), a god of the underwold, whose name also means 'King of the City'.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/melqart   (1980 words)

 Melqart   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Melqart, a Phoenician (Turkey) Heroic tutelary god, was worshipped from around 1200 BC to 200 BC; his name is synonymous with Milk-qart and his cult center was Tyre.
Melqart was equated with Esmun, and the tutelary god Sidon.
In the Hebrew tradition he was known as the ruler of the underworld, which was probably based upon the Sumerian/Akkadian Nergal.
www.themystica.com /mythical-folk/~articles/m/melqart.html   (166 words)

 Melqart   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Melqart was exported to Carthage, Tyre’s most successful colony, and the also to Gades, on the south coast of Spain.
Melqart is also called by other names which indicated his attributes; ‘the Hunter,’ in his role of warrior and provider; or ‘the Fire of Heaven’, indicating sacred fire and, perhaps, storm control.
Melqart, originally a sun god, symbolized the annual cycle of seasons, the dying and regeneration of the vegetation.
www.ancientroute.com /religion/Godsname/melqart.htm   (1909 words)

 Dragon Key Press Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Melqart is also a sea god, and strangely, is also deemed to be a consort of Astarte.
Melqart is depicted on ancient coinage as riding on a sea horse.
For instance, Melqart, patterned upon Marduk, was known as the “Tyrian Hercules”, and later became synchronized with Hercules.
www.dragonkeypress.com /articles/article_2004_10_20_5022.html   (2161 words)

 Punic Gods   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The son, Baal or Melqart, symbolized the annual cycle of vegetation and was associated with the female deity Astarte in her role as the maternal goddess.
Melqart, Son of Baal (or El, Ruler of the Universe), God of Tyre, King of the Underworld, Protector of the Universe symbolized the annual cycle of vegetation and was associated with the female deity Astarte in her role as the maternal goddess.
The Greeks equated Melqart with Heracles who was held to be the mythical founder of the Macedonian dynasty.
www.barca.fsnet.co.uk /punic-gods.htm   (1620 words)

Melqart and Astarte were still represented by temples and altars, and the rites were often attended to by the royal house itself.
The ancient Phoenician god Melqart was brought to Israel by Jezebel, the daughter of the king of Sidon.
Through a ruse, all the priests of Melqart [Baal] were gathered to rededicate the main temple, and were instead slaughtered.
www.ancientroute.com /people/Jehu.htm   (767 words)

 [No title]
MelQart p5 Here it is interesting to note that prior to the discovery of the cult upon Mt.
The fact that Melqart is mentioned on an Aramaen stele of the ninth century BCE suggests that his cult was not confined to Phoenician colonies, but enjoyed a wider province than hitherto recognized.4 Of Melqart's cult and rites precious little is known.5 The vast majority of our information comes from Greek and Roman sources.
Melqart's true affinity lies with the war-gods of the ancient Near East, and it is this lead, I would suggest, which offers the best chance of reconstructing the original significance of Heracles' "death".
www.kronia.com /library/journals/hracles.txt   (5237 words)

 [No title]
Melqart sets the baby down in a bassinet next to the queen and heads out the door to find Tubby.
MELQART Whether he lives or dies is not important...
DAGON’S TEMPLE King Sulla, Melqart and his sons watch from the King’s box as Samson is brought out and tied to the pillars of the temple.
www.simplyscripts.com /scripts/SD2.doc   (11809 words)

 Baal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In the Canaanite pantheon, Hadad was the son of El, who had once been the primary god of the Canaanite pantheon, and whose name was also used interchangeably with that of the Hebrew god, Yahweh.
The contest described in 1 Kings 18.1–45 between the "prophets of the Ba‘al" and the "prophets of the Asherah" on one side and Elijah as prophet of Yahweh on the other in the context of a drought might suggest that the question is partly about which god actually sends rain.
He was probably not ever identified with Ba‘al Melqart though one finds this equation in older scholarship.
www.vacilando.org /_cliextra/baghdadmuseumorg/includepage.php?title=Baal&action=history   (2986 words)

 Hiram, King of Tyre
Melqart is also a sea god, and strangely, is also deemed to be a consort of Asarte.
At first glance, the addition of Melqart to the divine couple of Baal and Asarte may seem to constitute an unlikely trinity; yet some observers speculate that Melqart was perceived as an alternate manifestation of Baal - essentially an evil twin of sorts.
Further evidence in support of this hypothesis is that Melqart is assumed to be synonymous with the Babylonian/ Akkadian Marduk or Merodach.
www.thevesselofgod.com /hiram.html   (2153 words)

 Deity Temple, Room 3 - The Phoenician Deities
As far as we can tell, most cities had a God and a Goddess who were the patron/ matron deities of the city and their primary focus of worship, although this may not always have been the case.
She is associated at Tyre with the god Melqart; at Sidon with ´Eshmun.
It is likely that during Hellenistic times after the Greeks had borrowed Ashtartu as Astarte, She was borrowed back by the Phoenicians, the name changing to Astronoë in the process.
www.geocities.com /SoHo/Lofts/2938/punicdei.html   (1218 words)

Melqart, also called the Tyrian Baal, is connected with the sea and sea-faring and on coins he is portrayed riding on a sea-horse.
Under the name Malku he was equated with the Babylonian Nergal and may have been related to Mot of Ras Shamra (Ugarit).
Article "Melqart" created on 29 September 2004; last modified on 29 September 2004 (Revision 1).
www.pantheon.org /articles/m/melqart.html   (87 words)

 Melqart Summary - Melqart Information   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
MELQART, whose name means "king of the city" (milk qart), was the patron god of the Phoenician city of Tyre and one of the major gods of the Phoenician and Punic pantheons.
There is no longer any doubt about his link with Tyre (the "city" of his name) since the publication in the 1990s and early 2000s by Pierre Bordreuil of explicit epigraphical evidence, including a seal, tesserae, dedication, weight, and sling balls.
Melqart is represented on the stela, standing, striding from right to left, with a naked torso and bare feet, bearded, with a loincloth and a dome-shaped hat, a fenestrated ax on the shoulder (a royal symbol) and carrying what may be an ankh or a lotus flower in the right hand (a symbol of immortality).
www.bookrags.com /other/religion/melqart-eorl-09.html   (305 words)

 [No title]
agricultural nature of Melqart, a god who dies and is reborn each year in accordance with natural cycles, was ecliped by his great maritime prowess p129 of Melqart is the history and fate of Tyre and her daughters, the western colonies.
Melqart was the symbol of their autonomy and independence, but above all he was the symbol of their national p130 The most ancient Tyrian foundations in the Mediterranean appear to be linked to a temple which, in most cases, was dedicated to Melqart.
In the Iberian peninsula, the Punic period was accompanied by the very first appearance of traces of a cult and sanctuaries dedicated to Tanit, the principal deity of the Carthaginian pantheon, and by the presence of sober, functional pottery replacing the classic Phoenician red-burnished tableware.
www.panix.com /~vjp2/byzhst.txt   (14872 words)

 Melqart --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Under the name Malku he was equated with the Babylonian Nergal, god of the underworld and death, and thus may have been related to the god Mot of Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit).
Melqart was usually depicted as a bearded figure, wearing a high, rounded…
Melqart was usually depicted as a bearded figure, wearing a...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9051918   (401 words)

 Pillars of Hercules
Another origin for the legend could be the columns of the Phoenician temple of Melqart at Gadir, just beyond the Strait.
Melqart was identified by the Greeks with Heracles.
The columns of the Melqart temple at Tyros were also of religious significance.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Mythology/PillarsOfHercules.html   (612 words)

 Southern Federation of Syrian Lebanese American American Clubs
The "Tyrian color," a purple dye, according to Greek legend was discovered by Melqart, king and deity of Tyre, when he and the nymph Tyros were strolling along the Mediterranean shore with their dog.
Melqart promptly dyed a gown with the new-found substance and presented it to his companion.
The dye is an extract from the Mediterranean mollusk species (Murex trunculus, M. brandaris, and Purpura Haemostoma,) whose hypobranchial glands contain the chemical precursors for the purple dye.
www.sfslac.org /Library/TyrianColorPurple.htm   (814 words)

 Preface   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Phoenicians had a proven record of their building skills in their Temple of Melqart in Tyre.
It would not be a far-fetched suggestion to say that Solomon's Temple of Jerusalem was a copy of Melqart's Temple of Tyre.
Because of the splendor it occupied in their mind, it is understandable that the Phoenician builders must have used Melqart's Temple as a prototype for designing and building Solomon's Temple.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/GeogHist/histories/Oldcivilization/phoenicia/temple/preface.html   (533 words)

 TUSPAIN - Travel - Fiestas of Spain - Moors & Christians   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The dominant structure of Tyre was the temple of Melqart, whose two great columns could be seen from afar by approaching seamen.
The king of Tyre was considered an incarnation of Melquart, and from the temple much political and financial power was exerted Thus, when the oracle of the god sent a number of expeditions to create a port of trade at the westernmost end of the Mediterranean, he was promptly obeyed.
As with many colonial enterprises throughout history the answer is raw materials: the area was rich in silver, gold and copper (extracted in the Sierra Morena and transported to Gadir down the Guadalete river).
tuspain.com /heritage/her1.htm   (1371 words)

 Molech   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Under various names, depending upon the city or country, Molech is essentially identical with Chemosh of Moab, and probably Melqart of Tyre.
The general name for this type of fire god used throughout Palestine was Baal, meaning ‘lord.’ Molech was the national deity of the country of Ammon, east of the Jordan, or the Ammonites.
And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the sons of Hinnom, that no one might burn his son or his daughter as an offering to Molech.
www.ancientroute.com /religion/Godsname/molech.htm   (1625 words)

 Denver Journal - 7:0106 - The Riddle of the Resurrection: "Dying and Rising Gods" in the Ancient Near East
Like Baal at Ugarit, Melqart of Tyre (i.e., the Greek Herakles) may have been a dying and rising god.
The tradition that Hiram of Tyre, contemporary of Solomon, began the awakening of Melqart festival is credited to Josephus and his sources.
The Pyrgi inscription describes a burial of a god who Mettinger takes to be Melqart but this should not be seen as mythically in conflict with the idea of a death in flames.
www.denverseminary.edu /dj/articles2004/0100/0106.php   (1076 words)

 Phoenicia, Tyre - Ancient Greek Coinage thumbnail index - WildWinds.com
Melqart right, lion skin tied around neck / Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, palm branch under far wing, date ZL (year 37) above club in left field, W above DR monogram in right field, Phoenician letter beth between legs.
Head of Melqart right, lion skin tied around neck / Eagle with closed wings standing left on prow, palm branch under far wing, date QL (year 39) above club in left field, D in right field, Phoenician letter beth between legs.
Laureate bust of Melqart right, lion skin tied around neck / Club surmounted by Tyre monogram, date KS (year 220) to left, Phoenician script to right, all in oak wreath.
www.wildwinds.com /coins/greece/phoenicia/tyre/t.html   (3814 words)

 Huge Roman burial ground found - Ancient Roman Empire Forums   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Many of the Roman gods worshipped in the Eastern Mediterranean were identified with older, Phoenician gods, and their worship was frequently conducted on the sites of older temples.
The Phoenician sun god was called Melqart, or Baal, which simply means lord.
Melqart was the patron god of Tyre and its famous colony Carthage, situated in what is now Tunisia.
www.unrv.com /forum/index.php?s=11fa7dd490a5d801de73008e9b9e058b&act=ST&f=4&t=63   (276 words)

 Saturn - False Gods of the Bible & Ancient World
She was worshiped as the mother of the gods, Queen of Heaven.Semiramis assumed the regency for her infant son, and ruled as absolute monarch for 42 more years.
The Phoenicians Worshiped the Father God Baal, The Mother Goddess Astarte/Ashtoreth, and the son Melqart /Tamuz.
He was known as Baal- Adon- Eshmun- Melqart the God of warand also as Thasian Heracles because he was worshipped on the island of Thasos.
jtf27.tripod.com /saturn.htm   (5234 words)

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