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Topic: Mencius

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  Mencius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Mencius (most accepted dates: 372 BC – 289 BC; other possible dates: 385 BC – 303 BC or 302 BC) was born in the State of Zou (鄒國), now forming the territory of the county-level city of Zoucheng (邹城市), Shandong province, only 30 km (18 miles) south of Qufu, the town of Confucius.
A follower of Confucianism, Mencius argued for the infinite goodness of the individual, believing that it was society's influence—its lack of a positive cultivating influence—which caused bad character.
Mencius argued that human beings are born with an innate moral sense which society has corrupted, and that the goal of moral cultivation is to return to one's innate morality.
hallencyclopedia.com /Mencius   (648 words)

 Mencius on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Central to the philosophy of Mencius was the belief that man is by nature good.
Many of the specific reforms in landholding and other economic relations that Mencius proposed are difficult to understand from the sole text of his works, The Book of Mencius, which is one of the Shih Shu [four books] (see Chinese literature).
Mencius on 'jen-hsing.'(Special Issue: Human "Nature" in Chinese Philosophy: A Panel of the 1995 Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies)
www.encyclopedia.com /html/M/Mencius.asp   (518 words)

 Mencius [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Mencius remains a perennially attractive figure for those intrigued by moral psychology, of which he was the foremost practitioner in early China.
Mencius was born in a period of Chinese history known as the Warring States (403-221 BCE), during which various states competed violently against one another for mastery of all of China, which once was unified under the Zhou dynasty until its collapse, for all intents and purposes, in 771 BCE.
Mencius proposes various economic plans to his monarchical audiences, but while he insists on particular strategies (such as dividing the land into five-acre settlements planted with mulberry trees), he rejects the notion that one should commit to an action primarily on the grounds that it will benefit one, the state, or anything else.
www.iep.utm.edu /m/mencius.htm   (4812 words)

 Amazon.com: Books: Mencius (Penguin Classics)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Mencius was an ardent advocator of the Confucian doctrine.
Mencius is not nearly as minimalist as the Analects.
But Mencius is the more optimistic and hence more pleasant to read, and it is perhaps because of the sense of optimism that he was adopted by the Chinese as the more authoritative Confuscian in ages to come.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0140442286?v=glance   (2085 words)

Of Mencius' life only a meagre account has been handed down, and this is so like the story of Confucius in its main outlines, that one is tempted to question its strictly historical character.
After a thorough instruction in the doctrine of Confucius, Mencius was honoured with the position of minister of state to one of the feudal princes, Hsüan.
A partial acquaintance with the teachings of Mencius was obtained by European scholars through the writings of the Jesuit missionaries to China in the eighteenth century.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10179a.htm   (771 words)

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