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Topic: Merchant seaman

  Merchant Navy
Merchant ships were attacked not only in distant waters but also within sight of the Australian coastline while traversing much frequented trade routes.
Contrary to popular belief, merchant seaman were not well-paid, did not have comfortable working hours, and their living conditions were often very poor.
Given the union’s claim of a total membership of 4,500 at the beginning of the war, the overall fatality rate among seamen members of the SUA during the Second World War was 8.5 per cent, a rate higher than that sustained by Australia’s fighting services.
www.awm.gov.au /encyclopedia/merchant_navy.htm   (394 words)

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It also is agreed that if a seaman considers himself or herself to be aggrieved by any breach of this agreement or otherwise, the seaman shall present the complaint to the master or officer in charge of the vessel, in a quiet and orderly manner, who shall take steps that the case requires.
When a seaman is discharged and final payment of wages is delayed for the period permitted by this subsection, the seaman is entitled at the time of discharge to one-third of the wages due the seaman.
If a seaman is incapacitated by illness or injury and prompt discharge is necessary, but a personal appearance of the master before a consular officer is impracticable, the master may provide transportation to the seaman to the nearest consular officer for discharge.
uscode.house.gov /download/pls/46C103.txt   (5349 words)

 PL 95-202   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Service in the merchant marine, considering its importance to the war effort and the hazards involved, is so closely allied to the service in the armed forces that men found by the local board to be actively engaged at sea may well be considered as engaged in active defense of the country.
The merchant crews were not tasked with delivering a cargo, per se, but were asked to be a part of a team to create an artificial harbor a beachhead mission normally associated with military engineers for a military operation.
Whether merchant seamen had aright to resign or merely a right not to renew their service, it is clear that members of many successful groups could resign as well.
www.merchant-marine.com /95-202.htm   (7626 words)

The Merchant Marine in the UK were covered under the Pension (Navy, Army, Air Force and Mercantile Marine) Act right from the very beginning of the war.
By the time the Canadian Merchant Navy disbanded, the good jobs were gone, and any government aid for relocation or rehabilitation of the merchant seaman was non-existent (though it had been available in 1945 for the regular forces).
October 10: The Merchant Navy veterans ended their hunger strike when they were promised a meeting with the Minister of Veterans Affairs.
www.waramps.ca /news/merchant/back.html   (1679 words)

 The complete Jones act of 1920
Seaman who was led to believe that settlement included promise of continued employment but was terminated on day of settlement did not fully appreciate consequences of settlement and trial court correctly set it aside.
Seaman, who was in ill health before he embarked on voyage, and who executed release for consideration of thirty-five dollars, was thereby barred from future action for damages alleging illness resulting from damp quarters, no fraud or deception having been practiced on him in procuring release.
Where seaman was injured while crossing pier on his way to street for shore leave, due to negligence of third party, his release of third party for damages for tort did not operate as release of liability of owner of seaman's vessel for maintenance and cure.
www.1800jonesact.com /1917-jones-act/v_b.asp   (2447 words)

 Merchant Marine; the "silent service"
Merchant seamen were among the first Australians captured by enemy forces during the war.
In late 1941 and early 1942, several Australian merchant seamen were killed or taken prisoner by Japanese raiders in the Indian Ocean or when their ships were sunk in air or sea attacks in Malayan, Netherlands East Indies or New Guinea waters.
But of the Merchant Navy Ships of the convoy, and many others to follow, and the Merchant Seamen who manned them, their endurance and tribulations through the unrestricted "U" boat war fare of the "Great War" was soon forgotten.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-navy/merchant_marine.htm   (1029 words)

 Merchant Seaman –Merchant Mariners – Merchant Marine Academy
Merchant seamen are civilian individuals classified as members of the U.S. Merchant Marine who are employed on board commercially operated vessels.
Merchant seamen who are unlicensed are required to have a valid Merchant Mariner’s Document (MMD) or seamen’s papers, formerly known as a Z-card.
A seaman possessing an MMD without qualified ratings may work on a vessel in an entry-level position.
www.1800jonesact.com /merchant-seamen.asp   (827 words)

 Welcome to the Vancouver Courier - On Line - Opinion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
During the Second World War, Canada owned the fourth largest merchant fleet in the world, and was poised to become one of the worlds great maritime powers.
The whole North Atlantic was a "suicide corridor," as one former merchant seaman puts it.
The Canadian Seaman's Union, organized to improve the lot of the merchants, was among the more progressive unions ever seen in Canada.
www.vancourier.com /issues04/114104/opinion/114104op2.html   (759 words)

 American Merchant Marine Veterans Sarasota-Manatee Chapter
I personally have sent faxes (whenever his fax machine is working) enlightening him on how the Merchant Marine of WWII was color blind as to races and how the Merchant Marine Academy was the first of the federally operated academies open to female recruits.
For everyones information, the U S Merchant Marine flag was designed by the U S Army Dept. of Heraldry and is an official flag of our service.
The question of the Merchant Marine flag being honored at veteran functions in Manatee County was reported in the November newsletter.
www.orgsites.com /fl/merchantmarine   (1547 words)

 Canadian Dimension / Articles / Revisiting A Forgotten High-seas Struggle (Dennis Pilon)
As filmmaker Elaine Brière tells it, the merchant seamen emerged from WWII with a strong, progressive union, publicly lauded for their war effort, straddling a hugely profitable public enterprise that gave Canada the fourth-largest shipping fleet in the world.
Despite being publicly recognized heroes of the war and sporting views about public ownership that were generally accepted, the merchant seaman were abandoned by the public and the union movement.
But the defeat of Canada’s merchant seaman in the early 1950s is not the end of the story for Brière.
canadiandimension.com /articles/2006/09/07/652   (524 words)

 Special Forces Search Engine : Military Branches/Coast Guard/Merchant Marines - Powered By The FOGs at The Swamp Team ...
Rate It Information on the merchant marine, the forgotten service, that serves as a naval or military auxiliary in time of war or national emergency.
Rate It Description and views of the mariner's medals that were awarded to the merchant marines during war.
Rate It Honors US Merchant Mariners who served country in peace and war with photo of first National Memorial, dedicated May 22, 1989 located in the Port of Los Angeles, California.
www.sfahq.com /Military_Branches/Coast_Guard/Merchant_Marines   (284 words)

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(8) For smuggling for which a seaman is convicted causing loss or damage to the owner or master, the seaman is liable to the owner or master for the loss or damage, and any part of the seaman's wages may be retained to satisfy the liability.
Carrying sheath knives -STATUTE- A seaman in the merchant marine may not wear a sheath knife on board a vessel without the consent of the master.
A master failing to advise a seaman is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of $50.
uscode.house.gov /download/pls/46C115.txt   (1268 words)

 The National Archives | DocumentsOnline | WW2 Seamen's Medals
A merchant seaman might also qualify serving in operations off the Moroccan coast between 8 November 1942 and 12 May 1943.
A merchant seaman qualified serving within a restricted area in the Bay of Bengal.
Many terms used are specific to the merchant navy and there are explanations and definitions in our glossary page you may find useful.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /documentsonline/seamens-medals.asp   (1877 words)

 Liverpool Retired Merchant Seafarers index
In 1945 he returned to the Merchant fleet, and sailed with Furness Withy, Prince Line and Pacific line as a master mariner, retiring to Glasgow and then Liverpool as Marine Superintendent for Furness Pacific Line sailing out to Seattle and Panama (a round trip).
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II holds the title of "Master of the Merchant Navy & Fishing Fleet", which was passed down by King George VI and was the title held by King George V who bestowed the title 'Merchant Navy' on us after WWI.
In WWI 17,000 Merchant Seamen sailing under the Red Ensign were killed with a further 32,000 in WWII, which happens to be a higher percentage rate than any of the three armed services.
lrms.bravepages.com   (685 words)

 Merchant Seamen's War Service Acts of 1945 and 1947
Merchant seamen 18 and 19 years old were urged to stay at their jobs aboard ship until they have obtained releases despite exemption from induction under yesterdays legislation extending the life of Selective Service, Captain Granville Conway, Acting War Shipping Administrator, said today.
The Committee on the Merchant Marine and Fisheries in urging the adoption of this title was fully conscious of the fact that these benefits were similar to those granted to veterans of the armed forces but felt that the facts and the welfare of the Nation justify them.
Since the seaman did not know where his ship was going, but signed on to do the job anywhere on the face of the globe, and since his higher earnings in maximum bonus areas on one trip were offset by lower earnings on other trips, any true comparison must be on the basis of averages.
www.usmm.net /seamanrights.html   (8887 words)

 Salary Comparison U.S. Navy vs American Merchant Marine during World War II
Merchant mariners, some of whom had 7 ships torpedoed under them, were wounded, or suffered in captivity, were called "draft dodgers." while veterans of "Armed Services" got parades, home loans, job and education preferences.
Merchant mariners were subject to the draft if they took more than 30 days shore leave.
Merchant Marine crews were subject to Articles of War and court martial during WWII.
www.usmm.org /salary.html   (1162 words)

 My Ancestor was a Merchant Seaman
First published in 1986 this 84 page booklet has become, over the 12 subsequent years that it was in print, the definitive work for those who seeking guidance on tracing their merchant seafaring ancestors.
The long-awaited revised edition has been written and is currently in press - hopefully it will be available later this year.
It has grown to nearly 250 pages to accommodate the vast range of new material that hs become available in recent years - now permitting one to trace a seaman's career, with luck, up to 1972.
homepages.tesco.net /~ct_watts/books1.htm   (145 words)

 Who is a Merchant Marine Veteran Veteran?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
He may be the barroom loudmouth, dumber than five wooden planks, whose odd behavior is outweighed a hundred times in the cosmic scales by nine days of exquisite bravery during Convoy PQ 17, where 24 out of 33 ships were lost and 153 Merchant Seaman lost their life.
He is the Merchant Seaman who went away one person and came back another -or didn't come back AT ALL.
He is a Merchant Seaman, a citizen soldier and a sword against the darkness, and he is nothing more than the finest, greatest testimony of service on behalf of the finest, greatest nation ever known.
usmmv.com /veteran.htm   (362 words)

 Merchant Marine - Records Related to   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
The main records relating to the Merchant Marine during World War II are located at the at the Modern Military Records, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001, phone (301) 837-3510.
The logs of the merchant ships are held at the nearest records center to the U. port where each voyage ended.
Folders for the each convoy usually containing a list of merchant ships in the convoy and the escort ships, a report by the convoy commodore, a map of the route, and message traffic concerned with the voyage, such as route changes and U-boat warnings.
www.history.navy.mil /faqs/faq16-2.htm   (304 words)

 American Merchant Mariners' Struggle for Veteran Status
Veteran status for the Merchant Marine came about because in 1977 Senator Barry Goldwater, an Air Force Reserve General who was in charge of ferry pilots in WWII.
In 1988, under orders from a Federal Court, Merchant Mariners of WWII were the 15th group.
The mariners of the U.S. Merchant Marine, Military Sea Transportation Service, and Military Sealift Command who served and were killed during the Korean, Vietnam, and Gulf Wars will never receive justice from the Secretary of the Air Force.
www.usmm.org /strugglevetstatus.html   (1901 words)

 D.E.M.S.: Naval Gunners in Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships (DEMS)
In effect, they were merchant seamen when 'signed on', including having to wear civilian clothes when in neutral ports.
High value merchant ships had been fitted with naval guns at the outbreak of war, including the fitting of 43 large calibre guns which had been stored in Canada by the Admiralty.
if employed, they received a merchant seaman's pay but the remaining gunners would have to double up on their watches but share in the monitory rewards.
members.tripod.com /~merchantships2/dems/handout.html   (1632 words)

 Amazon.com: Poor Jack: The Perilous History of the Merchant Seaman: Books: Ronald Hope   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Whether described as shipman, mariner, sailor, seaman, poor Jack or jolly Jack (jolly whenever opportunity offered; poor on all but paydays), the merchant seaman was substantially the same for most of the 2000 years of the Christian era and, indeed, for the 2000 years before that.
Cut off from land and normal society, the seaman's world was distinct, and the seaman himself distinctive.
Drawing on a mass of contemporary material spanning four millennia, this book follows the merchant seaman ashore and afloat through the typical vicissitudes of his exotic but uncertain life.
www.amazon.com /Poor-Jack-Perilous-History-Merchant/dp/1861761619   (940 words)

 Maltese Merchant Seamen
In this file of Maltese seaman are included men who were born in Malta, but as their surnames suggest had British ancestors.
Whilst on a voyage from Port Talbot to Narvik in Norway it was torpedoed in Norwegian territorial waters by a German U-boat in the afternoon of the 7th.
An Able Seaman on the merchant ship Manchester Citizen, In the middle of the night whilst his ship was off Lagos, in the Gulf of Benin, West Africa, it was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sunk.
website.lineone.net /~remosliema/maltese_merchant_seamen.htm   (14537 words)

 usmerchantmarinevets   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
This web-site has been put together in hopes of educating the general public as to the important services rendered to our country all these many years by those who have served in both the U.S. Merchant Marine and U.S. Maritime Services.
Of the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, Army and Merchant Marine, the mariners are believed to be the oldest.
On June 12, 1775, a group of Maine mariners, armed with pitchforks and axes, used an unarmed lumber schooner to surprise and capture a fully armed British warship off the coast of Maine.
www.homestead.com /usmerchantmarinevets   (306 words)

 Ahoy - Mac's Web Log-Letters-William Turner was a merchant seaman, a steward on this ...
William Turner was a merchant seaman, a steward on this SS Ramillies and he was lost presumed drowned on 8th May 1941
My grandfather, William Turner was a merchant seaman, a steward on this ship and he was lost presumed drowned on 8th May 1941.
We have been to Tower Hill to see the memorial plaque dedicated to the merchant seamen in the 1st and 2nd world wars.
ahoy.tk-jk.net /Letters/WilliamTurnerwasamerchant.html   (818 words)

 Howard Fast: American Seaman
He can walk on the streets of New York or San Francisco or New Orleans, and a passerby wouldn't notice him – except perhaps to wonder why a boy so healthy and husky is out of uniform.
Bill doesn't mind that, because Bill is a merchant seaman.
He still prefers the merchant marine but he can't forget either the Jap bombers or the voice of that Nazi U-boat commander.
www.trussel.com /hf/seaman.htm   (1088 words)

 Hamrick v. President Bush Second Amendment Case Goes to the U.S. Supreme Court   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
A U.S. merchant seaman's case for nationwide open carry in intrastate and interstate travel.
I worked as a merchant seaman in my much younger days and can see how the various conflicting state laws would be an effective elimination of your rights.
For the Coast Guard to officially acknowledge Second Amendment rights of American merchant seamen it would entail a major change in the attitudes of the maritime industry.
www.freerepublic.com /focus/f-news/1326454/posts   (2375 words)

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