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Topic: Metaphysical necessity


In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  
  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Predestinarianism
But as to God's relation to sin, nothing was further from the thoughts of the great doctor than the idea that the Most Holy could in any way or for any purpose force the human will to commit sin.
It is true that God foresees sin, but He does not will it; for He must of necessity hate it.
The controversy was not renewed till the ninth century when Gottschalk of Orbais, appealing to St. Augustine, aroused a long and animated dispute on predestination, which affected the whole Frankish Empire.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/12376b.htm   (2336 words)

  
 Information and Content   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Because it is metaphysically necessary that instances of aardvark covary with instances of undetached aardvark part, there is a counterfactual-supporting generalization linking instances of aardvark to AARDVARK tokens iff there is a counterfactual-supporting generalization linking instances of undetached aardvark part to AARDVARK tokens.
metaphysical necessity: a proposition (or a sentence expressing a proposition) is said to be metaphysically necessary just in case it is necessary by virtue of metaphysical truths.
nomic necessity: a proposition (or a sentence expressing a proposition) is said to be nomically necessary just in case it is necessary by virtue of natural laws.
aardvark.ucsd.edu /~joncohen/mind/informational_semantics.html   (6731 words)

  
 Whitehead, Heidegger, and the Paradoxes of the New
Despite all their differences, what unites the other exponents of self-realization is their common critique of "metaphysics," understood as a narcissistic attempt by reason to transcend the limits of language, or to evacuate the plenitude of time and history, by the elaboration of an eternally complete principle of ground or order or totality.
Now philosophical necessity -- the claim that things are and not otherwise than as laid out in the analysis -- is a necessity of its own kind, for it is the character belonging to those concepts that define the nature of the contrasts we ordinarily make between necessity and possibility or necessity and contingency.
The point of the application is not to ascribe "quantitative satisfaction" to nature, nor to endow the claims of modem physics with some kind of metaphysical necessity, but to indicate the analogical "power of the scheme" in respect of empirical states of affairs presently understood in terms of scalar localization.
www.religion-online.org /showarticle.asp?title=2813   (11594 words)

  
 Arguments for Incompatibilism
(See entries on the metaphysics of causation and counterfactual theories of causation.) It is now generally accepted that it may be true that every event has a cause even though determinism is false and thus some events lack sufficient or deterministic causes.
The necessity expressed by the ‘no choice about’ operator is not logical or metaphysical necessity.
It has made it clear that the free will/determinism problem is a metaphysical problem and that the underlying issues concern questions about our abilities and powers, as well as more general questions about the nature of causation, counterfactuals, and laws of nature.
www.seop.leeds.ac.uk /entries/incompatibilism-arguments   (9931 words)

  
 Laws of Nature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Besides the basic question, the recent literature has also focused on (i) discussions of the role laws play in the problem of induction, (ii) whether laws involve metaphysical necessity, and (iii) the role laws have in scientific practice, especially the practice of physics as it contrasts with the practice of the other sciences.
For example, any possible world that as a matter of law obeys the general principles of Newtonian physics is a world in which Newton's first is true and a world containing accelerating inertial bodies is a world in which Newton's first is false.
If necessity is always associated with laws of nature, then it is not clear why scientists can't always get by with a priori methods.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/laws-of-nature   (5171 words)

  
 A selection of papers on Ontology and the Theory of
Neither the metaphysical nor the psychological approach is intrinsically more fundamental; they complement each other.
It investigates the relation between formal and material ontology as well as the relation between epistemic and metaphysical necessity.
The article provides an interpretation of Husserl's claim that there are metaphysical necessities which are necessarily recognized by the human mind on the basis of Husserl's well-known distinction between the meanings of mental acts and their objective correlates.
www.formalontology.it /onto_papers.htm   (5312 words)

  
 CURRICULUM VITAE: E
Necessity and the will in Locke’s theory of action,
Physicalism and Mental Causation: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action, ed.
Truthmaking as essential dependence, Metaphysics and Truthmakers, ed.
www.ontology.buffalo.edu /06/Lowe/Vita.html   (1482 words)

  
 Quentin Smith Philosopher Vita
"The Metaphysical Necessity of Natural Laws" in Philosophica: Special Issue on Science and Metaphysics, Volume 67, pp.
"Concerning the Metaphysical Necessity of the Universe Beginning Uncaused: A reply to George Nakhnikian
"The Metaphysical Necessity of Natural Laws", Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society, Vol.
www.qsmithwmu.com /vita.htm   (2813 words)

  
 Arché TWiki . Arche . ModalLogic
to mean, among other things: `it is metaphysical necessity that', `it is provable that', `it ought to be the case that', `it is known that', 'it is determintely the case that' and `it is always the case that'.
N. Cocchiarella, "On the primary and secondary semantics of logical necessity", Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (1975), pp.
Peacocke, C, "Necessity and Truth Theories", Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1978), pp.
arche-wiki.st-and.ac.uk /~ahwiki/bin/view/Arche/ModalLogic   (1249 words)

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