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Topic: Mexican Inquisition

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

The Inquisition was an effective centralizing state institution and great symbolic presence in both its colonial and peninsular manifestations, yet the changes necessitated by its transplantation to Spanish America paralleled the complications of the entire colonizing process.
The European developments that made the greatest impact on the Inquisition in both Spain and America were the accession of Philip II to the Spanish throne in 1556 and the Council of Trent, which spanned from 1545 to 1564.
Secondly, the Indian population was explicitly excluded from the jurisdiction of the Inquisition.
www.wm.edu /so/monitor/fall99/paper6.htm   (3178 words)

 09.12.96 - UC Berkeley acquires lost records that reveal torture, exile as Inquisition dispensed justice in the Americas
The Mexican Inquisition was an arm of the Spanish Inquisition, an organization of the Catholic Church.
The Inquisition originated in late medieval France and was used in Spain to maintain religious purity during the reconquest of the Spanish Peninsula over the Islamic Moors.
In Spanish America, the Inquisition was launched to counter the Protestant "menace" and periodically focused on prosecuting Jews.
www.berkeley.edu /news/media/releases/96legacy/mex.html   (643 words)

 Links to Inquisition Sites
A timeline of the Spanish Inquisition, from 1220 A.D. until the present.
Mexican Inquisition documents of the Bancroft Libarary (at UC Berkeley)
The Inquisition Collection is housed in the Department of Special Collections at the University of Notre Dame.
www.rarebooks.nd.edu /exhibits/inquisition/text/links.html   (144 words)

Native-born Mexican crypto Jews appeared different from their old-world parents and grandparents, who revealed the stunted emanations of Spanish internal turmoil and bitter conflicts with the Moors.
Detailed archives of the draconic Inquisition from the 1500s reveal how colonists accused their economic competitors of being Jews whether they were Jewish or not, thus hoping to be rid of competition.
As a viceroy, Calleja del Rey used the callous Inquisition to execute the patriot-clergymen, Miguel Hidalgo and Jose Maria Morelos.
www.cryptojews.com /Mexican_Inquisition_Nuevo_Leon.htm   (2509 words)

 Native Mexican Jews
It is widely assumed that small groups of descendants of crypto-Jews who fled the persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition during colonial times and sought refuge in remote regions of Mexico, where they lived among the native people of the country continued for many generations to keep alive in secret, the remembrance of their Jewish origins.
Even after the abolition of the Inquisition and the introduction of liberal reforms in the first half of the 19th century, it has never been easy for these people to openly declare their Jewishness in the predominant Catholic Mexican society.
Native Mexican Jews refrained from eating pork and from mingling meat and milk in their cooking, The first synagogue in Venta Prieta was a modest building in which the Holy Ark was located against the north wall, it also had a small organ on which the worshipers accompanied their hymns.
www.bh.org.il /Communities/Archive/VentaPrieta.asp   (1711 words)

 Spanish Inquisition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This Inquisition was the result of the reconquest of Spain from the Muslims and the policy of converting Spanish Jews and Muslims to Christianity.
The Inquisition was also used against focuses of early Protestantism, Erasmism and Illuminism and in the 18th century against Encyclopedism and French Illustration.
It gave rise to the Mexican Inquisition, which pursued those who fled from the original Inquisitors to the Americas with the help of various explorers and conquistadors.
spanish-inquisition.iqnaut.net   (1568 words)

 Crypto-Jews in Mexico during the Spanish Colonial Era
The establishment of a local Inquisition in 1571 contributed to a more vigorous implementation of that policy, which led to an increasingly hostile attitude towards every person suspected of practicing crypto-Judaism, especially during the campaigns conducted in the 1580s and 1590s and again in the 1640s.
Carvajal the Younger was born around 1566 and by 1587 he was probably the most influential spiritual leader of the Mexican crypto-Jews, aspiring to become the leader of all crypto-Jews in New Spain.
Luis de Carvajal the Younger was tried twice by the Inquisition and finally burned at the stake in an auto-da-fé on December 8, 1596 along with his mother, three sisters and five other crypto-Jews.
www.bh.org.il /Communities/Archive/CryptoMexico.asp   (1690 words)

 NEW SPAIN: The Frontiers of Faith
A strong motive for emigrating was the improvement of their material condition; moreover, New Spain served as a potential haven for crypto-Jews who wished to practice their secret religious rites in an atmosphere of relative security.
In contrast to the Iberian Peninsula, where the Holy Office of the Inquisition posed a constant threat to New Christians, the Mexican Inquisition was not particularly concerned with the persecution of judaizantes.
Mexican crypto-Jews were able to practice their faith secretly in an atmosphere of relative toleration, except for two periods when the Holy Office of the Inquisition embarked on vigorous campaigns against the conversos.
www.humanities-interactive.org /newspain/trialtex.htm   (1425 words)

In 1478 Queen Isabella I reestablished the long-dormant [inactive] Inquisition, or Holy Office, in Castile in an effort to achieve unity within the country divided by centuries of fighting and war.
In 1571 the Inquisition was formally established in Mexico.
It is significant that the establishment of the Inquisition coincided with the first large-scale movement of people to the north.
www.texancultures.utsa.edu /hiddenhistory/Pages12/flourtortillas.htm   (2242 words)

 Patricia Lopes Don | Franciscans, Indian Sorcerers, and the Inquisition in New Spain, 1536–1543 | Journal of ...
The Indian Inquisition, however, was the most concerted effort of the Spanish colonial authorities to apply the full powers of the institution to the indigenous population in New Spain.
By the early 1540s, a consensus developed in councils of the Spanish government that the use of the Inquisition to induce religious orthodoxy among the new converts was inappropriate and possibly dangerous for the security of the colony.
When the bishop began the inquisition saying that Martin was "a great danger and impediment to the conversion of the natives," he was paraphrasing charges Ciudad Rodrigo made in the trial and no doubt made to the bishop in order to persuade him to use the Inquisition against Martin.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/jwh/17.1/don.html   (8785 words)

 j. - Rare documents shed light on grisly Mexican Inquisition
The documents are part of an extensive collection of original rare records from the Mexican Inquisition, which lasted from 1570 until the end of the Spanish colonial period in the early 1800s.
An arm of the Spanish Inquisition, the Mexican Inquisition was launched by the Catholic Church to maintain religious orthodoxy in the face of what the church viewed as the Protestant menace.
In 1596, at the height of the Inquisition's fervor against crypto-Jews, he was declared a heretic and burned alive along with his mother and five sisters.
www.jewishsf.com /content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/4658/edition_id/85/format/html/displaystory.html   (881 words)

 [No title]
Inquisition left legacy of hidden' Jews in Southwest, but clues about conversion remain shrouded in mystery SANDI DOLBEE 28-Feb-1997 Friday Charlene Neely Charlene Neely remembers how her maternal grandmother, a faithful Hispanic Roman Catholic, would go into her bedroom on Friday nights and light candles.
The East County resident believes she is living proof of these conversos, Sephardic Jews who were forced to convert to Roman Catholicism during the Spanish Inquisition, which began in the 15th century.
His sister and her family are burned at the stake by the Mexican Inquisition and he is left to languish in prison.
www.hebroots.org /hebrootsarchive/9707/970715_c.html   (1783 words)

 Mexican Inquisition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Mexican Inquisition was the extension of the Spanish Inquisition to Mexico, in 1571.
Immigration restrictions against newly converted Christians from the Jewish faith were imposed after conversos or New Christians were found to be emigrating from Spain to the New World in large numbers.
The Mexican Inquisition was directed primarily at Protestants, Native American "heretics", and occasional relapsed Jews of converso background.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mexican_Inquisition   (144 words)

 The Racial Discourse of the Inquisition in Mexico: Mulattoes as a Category of Danger
Most documents of the Mexican Inquisition bear the racial category of the individuals involved in the front page only when it matters, that is, when the accused belonged to one of the castas that delineated the social structure of Colonial Mexico.
In the racially mixed Mexican society of the first part of the 18th century Mulattoes and Blacks stood out as the object of most acts of repression on the part of the civil and ecclesiastical authorities.
His enemies and the religious authority of the Mexican Inquisition came to the conclusion that his actions as well as his person--a racialized one-- had rendered him dangerous.
abacus.bates.edu /~bframoli/pagina/alegria.html   (6126 words)

 Inquisition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The first of the Medieval Inquisitions is called the "episcopal inquisition" and was established in the year 1184 by a "papal bull", a letter from the Pope, entitled "''Ad abolendam''", "For the purpose of doing away with".
http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/madden200406181026.asp Because of the negative images associated with the Inquisition, the term has taken on a pejorative usage, and is often used to express disapproval, and is often used in a non-neutral manner, and not as a neutral historical descriptor.
In modern American politics, United States Senate investigations are often called "Inquisitions" as a means of expressing disapproval for one side, and implied approval of the other.
inquisition.iqnaut.net   (1218 words)

 INQUISITION: Philadelphia Rare Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
• In this early official publication, the Mexican Inquisition declares that there is neither art nor science in astrology, that it is against the will of God for men to know what the future holds for them, and that practitioners dupe the gullible.
As to the earliness of this publication, using the works of Medina and García Icazbalceta we trace only one earlier official Inquisition publication; and from our own inventory and researches we know of only two others, one of which was for internal use within the Inquisition.
The document is printed in roman, well placed on the leaf with ample margins; the text is surrounded on the top and sides by a typographic border that is left open at the bottom for the signatures of the Inquisitors.
www.prbm.com /interest/inquis.shtml   (2202 words)

 OhioLINK ETD: Dollinger, Karen
The purpose of this project is to look for traces of inquisitorial ideology as well as resistance to the Inquisition itself in theological texts by two subaltern writers in colonial Mexico: Luis de Carvajal as a crypto-Jew in a Catholic empire, and Sor Juana as a woman theologian in a male-dominated church.
In the first chapter, I give a brief overview of the history of medieval Inquisitions, through the founding of the Spanish Inquisition in 1478, the reasons the Spanish Inquisition came to Latin America, and the goals of the Inquisition in Mexico.
The Inquisition was an important subtext in the works of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.
www.ohiolink.edu /etd/view.cgi?osu1023678703   (409 words)

 Johns Hopkins Magazine
Rather, the Holy Office, as the Inquisition is also known, evokes the darker side of life — arbitrary justice, racial hatred, and religious persecution, along with images of dreary prisons, torture, and human suffering.
The punishments of the accused — an estimated 40,000 appeared before the Spanish Inquisition during its 350-year history — usually ranged from prayers of atonement, to public lashings, exile, prison, or, in the case of heretics who refused to recant, burning at the stake.
While the Inquisition might seem far removed from a tolerant, modern society — where separation of church and state is the ideal — Céspedes' narrative illuminates at least one parallel: the currently volatile issue of gay marriage.
www.jhu.edu /~jhumag/1104web/crimes.html   (2757 words)

 Gomez Mill House: Gomez
In the 1620s the Inquisition of Cuenca brought charges against Gonzalo and Leonor, who were eventually imprisoned and when released in the 1638 fled to Bayonne and then Venice where Leonor died in 1648.
According to inquisition documents his first residence in Madrid was in a “hotel” on the street of cloth sellers after which he moved into more comfortable housing first on the Calle de San Jeronimo and later to a villa on the Calle de Alcala.
Diego was taken prisoner in 1659 and by 1665 practically everyone except three daughters under the age of ten were in the secret cells of the Inquisition of Toledo.
www.gomez.org /gomez02.html   (2262 words)

 THE HIDDEN FRIDA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Although Kahlo was well aware of the traditional Mexican mode of representing intermarriage, she chose to turn to a different source of inspiration in 1936, as she was attempting to give visual form to her concept of Self within family.
Thus, while Frida Kahlo's Mexican identity is exhibited wholeheartedly, with great frequency and with the ideological verve of a manifesto, her "other" identity is expressed implicitly, often through covert symbols.
In the context of modern Mexican painting the use of this imagery is not unusual.
www.hum.huji.ac.il /cja/ankori/ankori.htm   (11990 words)

 Dave Hunt and the Spanish Inquisition
This is particularly true of Hunt's wild claims on the subject of the Inquisition, since Hunt relies on extremely biased and unreliable sources (e.g.
While it is true Llorente was the last Secretary of the Inquisition in Madrid in the late 18th century who had access to the archives, it is readily conceded that Llorente was a biased "anti-cleric" whose "facts" and figures are quite unreliable.
"....the Spanish Inquisition, in spite of wildly inflated estimates of the numbers of its victims, acted with considerable restraint in inflicting the death penalty, far more restraint than was demonstrated in secular tribunals elsewhere in Europe that dealt with the same kinds of offenses.
hometown.aol.com /philvaz/articles/num25.htm   (2232 words)

 The Man José María Morelos
By the time the captive Morelos was led into Mexico City, he had become the subject of a heated three-cornered dispute involving the military power, the ecclesiastical authority, and the Inquisition, each of which stoutly defended its prerogatives, and insisted that the Morelos case fell exclusively within its own jurisdiction.
Finally, the Inquisition, only recently restored in Mexico, took a lively interest in the case and viewed it as an unparalleled opportunity to recover prestige for that office.
At two o'clock in the morning he was transferred, strongly guarded, to a cell in the artillery barracks, a move which signified that his fate now rested with Viceroy Calleja and the state.
www.tamu.edu /ccbn/dewitt/morelos1.htm   (4795 words)

In a text she composed a few years later, she explicitly linked the Inquisition with Nazism, describing them as times of extreme human cruelty and darkness.
Kahlo's first references to the Inquisition may be found in several drawings, including Fantasía, and diary entries from 1944.
By imaging herself as a victim of the Inquisition in 1945, Kahlo may have been exposing her "covert" Jewish identity.
www.thejewishmuseum.org /kahlo/gallery_theme.php?id=nazi_gen   (352 words)

 Primary and Secondary Sources for the Study of Mexican History in the Latin American Library, Tulane University   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
There are two dozen sixteenth-century Mexican incunables, the earliest examples of printing in the New World, as well as more than a thousand volumes from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The nineteenth and twentieth centuries are equally well represented with manuscript collections of Mexican families and United States diplomats, satirical broadsides,, law books, ministry reports, an dother government publications, censuses, newspapers, political and popular journals, personal memoirs, and other materials, as well as microfilms of the U.S. Department of State files on Mexico.
The transcriptions are of original Mexican Inquisition documents in the Archivo de Indias in Seville and in the Archivo General de la Nación in Mexico City.
lal.tulane.edu /mexicanhistory.html   (792 words)

 [No title]
The Mexican Inquisition, in its zeal to rid the Spanish colony of all remnants of Judaism among these people and in its avarice for their possessions (Marcus 1970:1399) was established in 1571.
Likewise, when a New Mexican woman tells her daughter on her death-bed, "If you want to find out the truth about us, go to the synagogue," one is hard put to attribute that to Adventist influence.
While the ulterior motives of the Inquisition have been demonstrated (e.g., Netanyahu 1973), the inference that the charges were fabricated and that all who cared about their origins had fled to countries where they could practice Judaism in the open, remains the sentiment of a small minority (Rivkin 1957:183-203; Netanyahu 1973; Roth 1995; cf.
www.cs.tau.ac.il /~nachumd/sch/sch/PAPERS/Folklore.txt   (7038 words)

 [No title]
Later, when the Mexican Inquisition was established (in 1571), Jews went deeper into the frontiers to escape detection, thus arriving (among other places) in New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Arizona and California of today.
With the abolishment of the Inquisition at the time of the revolution, all remaining Jews were presumed to have assimilated into the larger Hispanic communities.
Rabbi Soloveichik's letter spares these people their "last inquisition." It facilitates the extension of hessed and support to anousim on the part of halakhic Jewry, and assures that their complete return is done thoroughly, but within the compassionate embrace of the Jewish community.
www.cs.tau.ac.il /~nachumd/sch/sch/PAPERS/Tradition.txt   (6237 words)

 Hispanic Jews
This page provides some of the names of Conversos who were tried in New Spain (México) by the Spanish Inquisition for relapsing into Judaism.
If you think that you may be their descendant, you will have to follow links to you ancestors to prove your ancestry.
Not all the persons tried by the Inquisition were burned at the stake, some were lucky and got away with wearing a San Benito, or serving a jail sentence, but many lost their properties and died in prison.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Acropolis/7016/Jews2.htm   (1044 words)

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