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Topic: Michael Foucault


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  Michael Foucault and Communication
Foucault's concept of the discursive formation is valuable to LIS because it gives LIS scholars a vocabulary and a conceptual framework with which to articulate and consider the problem Wiegand has identified.
Foucault was a scholar whose primary activities were to identify discursive formations as traps to speaking and thinking and to articulate ways in which scholars might escape from these traps.
Foucault does not claim to have found what is "really going on" in history, as opposed to what people mistakenly think is going on, because the ultimate truth is not what grounds his historical knowledge.
www.theprofessors.net /wiegand.html   (7120 words)

  
 Dictionary for the Study of the Works of Michel Foucault
Foucault opposes the "repressive hypothesis" to "bio-technico-power (or bio-power).
Foucault teaches this concept by example from Bacon: The human Intellect, from its peculiar nature, easily supposes a greater order and equality in things than it actually finds; and, while there are many things in Nature unique, and quite irregular, still it feigns parallels, correspondents, and relations that have no existence.
Foucault, Michel (1979a)[1975] Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, New York: Vintage.
www.california.com /~rathbone/foucau10.htm   (4015 words)

  
 Michel Foucault - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Foucault is known for his critical studies of various social institutions, most notably psychiatry, medicine, parameters of educational timeframes, and the prison system, and also for his work on the history of sexuality.
Foucault himself on a number of occasions explained that he believed strongly in human freedom and that his philosophy was a fundamentally optimistic one, as he believed that something positive could always be done no matter how bleak the situation.
Foucault's work is frequently referred to in disciplines as diverse as art, philosophy, history, anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, public relations, rhetoric, cultural studies, linguistics, sociology, education, psychology, literary theory, feminism, queer theory, management studies, the philosophy of science, urban design, museum studies, and many others.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Michel_Foucault   (5406 words)

  
 Foucault, Michel - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Marx, Foucault, Genealogy.(influence of Karl Marx on philosophy of Michel Foucault)(Critical Essay)
Politics as government: Michel Foucault's analysis of political reason.
Foucault on Clausewitz: conceptualizing the relationship between war and power.(Michel Foucault, Karl von Clausewitz)
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-foucaultm1.html   (321 words)

  
 Michel Foucault Summary
Michel Foucault was a twentieth-century French philosopher who produced a set of works that challenged the philosophical, historical, and sociological underpinnings of Western Civilization.
Michel Foucault is remembered as a thinker who tried to show that the basic ideas which people normally believe to be permanent truths about human nature and society actually change throughout the course of history.
Michel Foucault (1926–1984), who was born in Poitiers, France on October 15 and died in Paris of AIDS on June 25, was a controversial philosopher whose interdisciplinary work has important if indirect implications for science, technology, and ethi...
www.bookrags.com /Michel_Foucault   (498 words)

  
 Mind / Matter
Breaking apart the unity of the culture-power-ideology schema proposed by Karl Marx in Capital, Volume One, Louis Althusser and Michael Foucault lay the foundation for a role of the individual in effecting social transformation.
Foucault challenges the notion that ideology is a coherent system of beliefs that emerges as the result of a discourse.
Instead of emerging from debate and struggle, Foucault argues that ideology is coherent in articulation and deployment.
www.mindspring.com /~dnness/notes/asn.html   (2312 words)

  
 Foucault   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Michael Foucault’s theoretical perspective of social order encompasses multiple theoretical orientations but has been classified as that of poststructuralist, due to his belief that there is no formal rule governing behavior.
Foucault saw the carceral method of control as having a major influence on the development of disciplinary methods employed by societal organizations.
Foucault contended that the macroscopic view of social order was not just the multiplication of micro interactions but formed by the individual’s investment in their social group (Foucault, 1977).
oldweb.uwp.edu /academic/criminal.justice/laney4.html   (497 words)

  
 Michael Foucault (1926-1984)
He was seeking to show how the way knowledge is organised reflects the power structures within a society and how the definition of the normal man, or mind, or body, is as much a political construct as one that reflects ´the truth´.
Foucault ei lähesty objektivoitumista tai alamaistumista (pelkästään) negatiivisena ilmiönä, esim.
"Mikään ei muuta meitä ihmissubjekteina" - kanta, jonka Foucault hylkää.
www.sal.tkk.fi /Opinnot/Mat-2.197/K2002/kevat2002/luento5/foucault.html   (1674 words)

  
 governmentalisation - Author Kerry Braye   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Foucault (1980) prefers to use the term 'government' and suggests that relationships exist in which power and government as such are dependent on each other (Foucault, 1980: 119).
In other words, government in its most general sense is a modality of the exercise of power that is concerned with the 'conduct of conduct' (Foucault, 1980: 119) and avoids the extremes of domination.
Regulation of conduct is constrained within the boundaries of institutions like the media of which, according to Foucault (1991), must be organised internally first before it can govern successfully outside its boundaries.
www.keltawebconcepts.com.au /ealthgov1.htm   (1801 words)

  
 foucault page
Foucault's concept of "governmentality" emerges in his later work on the "technologies of the self" or the "arts of existence," and as Tremain notes, the term "government" refers "to any form of activity that aims to shape, guide, or affect the conduct of some person or persons"(8).
To do this, she turns to Foucault, because "his work is historically, conceptually, and methodologically relevant to a critical analysis of the classification of mental retardation, and provides the occasion for a philosophical reorientation toward the category"(133).
Indeed, Foucault's genealogical method is interested in bringing into being the "insurrection of subjugated knowledges," that are buried and disqualified knowledges of struggles.
www.unmc.edu /Community/fabnews/Spring2006/Foucault.htm   (933 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: The Passion of Michael Foucault: Books: Jim Miller   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Miller has thoroughly researched and presented Foucault's intellectual journey, from his early (and lifelong) fascination with Nietzsche, through his studies in psychiatry in Sweden, attempts to remove his personality when presenting a history of science, and radical leftist political activism, to his delving into the world of sensation, the "limit-experience," and the will to know.
Despite Foucault's writing about it and his advocacy of a nameless or faceless book, I am aware that Foucault was aware of his author function.
His Foucault is the opposite of a detached intellectual; he's an almost shamanistic quasi-hero, a voyager beyond the bounds of the ordinary, who when he's not campaigning for better prison conditions is taking LSD in Death Valley and revelling in the leather bars of San Francisco.
www.amazon.ca /Passion-Michael-Foucault-Jim-Miller/dp/0671695509   (1517 words)

  
 Michael Bérubé
Posted by Michael on 08/09 at 08:29 PM Which is to say that the key word in Michael’s complaint is “allegedly,” as in allegedly routed the Taliban.
The claim Michael made was not “a decisive blow for human freedom has been struck in Afghanistan.” Rather, I read him to assert, in essence, that things were better for the Afghanis, at least to some extent and for a period of time, due to the fact the Taliban was routed.
Finally, to evaluate the truth of Michael’s claim it is not sufficient, as I have already stated, merely to recapitulate the constraints on and disregard for human freedom that existed in Afghanistan under the Taliban during various periods of its rule.
www.michaelberube.com /index.php/weblog/comments/1012   (11711 words)

  
 An Outline of the idea of Foucault (as presented in BBC Doc 1992)
If Foucault is right then hierarchical power relations were on the way out anyway, and being replaced by what he calls local power relations.
The later Foucault believed the political focus was ourselves, and so the individual, but didn’t really believe in the baggage that normally goes with this: atomic egoism, free will, and essentialism.
Foucault had held that resistance was impossible from outside of the system, an anti-system movement would either be impotent (if it could really exist at all) or be recuperated back into it.
www.angelfire.com /ak4/Forum/28-7-00.html   (3152 words)

  
 Amazon.com: The Passion of Michael Foucault: Books: Jim Miller   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Foucault's unorthodox approach to history is made clear, revealing a revolutionary philosophy based not on structured logic and reason, but growing instead from the realm of experience, in keeping with the "great Nietzschean quest [to] become what one is."
For Foucault, then, the issue is the same, whatever the subject at hand: the concept of madness, our systems of language and knowledge, law and the punishment of crime, or the idea and expression of our individual sexuality.
Miller ties in Foucault's thought and philosophies to the story of his life in a way that allows one to really understand more about what Foucault was writing and why, and provides context to said works in a way that allows the reader to grasp it.
www.amazon.com /Passion-Michael-Foucault-Jim-Miller/dp/0671695509   (2021 words)

  
 Roland Barthes -- Philosophy Books and Online Resources
Michael Payne introduces the principal writings of Roland Barthes, Michael Foucault and Louis Althusser by means of a detailed focus on their common interest in the forms and conditions of knowledge.
In his first three chapters, Payne examines in considerable detail brief texts by Barthes, Foucault, and Althusser that seem to be their own strategically designed introductions to their projects.
Chapter 7 examines a specific text by each author writing on one of the visual arts, in an effort to investigate the assumption that knowledge - whether as theory, enlightenment, vision, illumination, or insight - is in some sense visual.
www.erraticimpact.com /~20thcentury/html/barthes_roland.htm   (1133 words)

  
 the untimely past / foucault bibliography
The Final Foucault is devoted to his last published (and some as yet unpublished) work and includes a translation of one of his last interview, a comprehensive bibliography of his publications, and a biographical chrnology.
Foucault's interpretation of his own earlier work and his present manner of posing the question of power are critically analysed, and found to be defective in a way which allow room for the exploitation of his results by the Nouvelle Philosophie.
These pieces, ranging over the entire spectum of his concerns, enable Foucault, in his most intimate and accessible voice, to interpret the conclusions of his research in each area and to demonstrate the contribution of each to the magnificent--and terrifying--portrait of society that he is patiently compiling.
www.untimelypast.org /bibfou.html   (14188 words)

  
 Semiotexte : Michael Foucault : Fearless Speech
Comprised of six lectures delivered, in English, by Michel Foucault while teaching at Berkeley in the Fall of 1983, Fearless Speech was edited by Joseph Pearson and published in 2001.
Reviewed by the author, it is the last book Foucault wrote before his death in 1984 and can be read as his last testament.
The expression "fearless speech" is a rough translation of the Greek parrhesia, which designates those who take a risk to tell the truth; the citizen who has the moral qualities required to speak the truth, even if it differs from what the majority of people believe and faces danger for speaking it.
www.semiotexte.com /books/fearlessSpeech.html   (310 words)

  
 Foucault Resources | Foucault quotes
Michel Foucault (1980) 'Truth is in the future' in (1996) Foucault Live (Interviews, 1961-1984).
Michel Foucault (1983) 'A propos des faiseurs d'histoire' in Dits et Ecrits vol IV Paris: Gallimard, 1994.
It is true that the first text one writes is neither written for others, nor because one is what one is: one writes to become other than what one is. One tries to modify one's way of being through the act of writing.' (trans.
www.foucault.qut.edu.au /2000q.html   (900 words)

  
 3 Mapping the Subject
In his study of the history of madness and prisons, Foucault developed his theory of disciplinary power, through which he argued that the identity for normal and abnormal subjects, such as the 'ideal citizen' or the 'mad person' was constructed through a broad Discursive system which he called Governmentality.
Central to Foucault's theory is the question of Surveillance, which was represented best in the Panoptic, a unique "all seeing" space used in prisons, hospitals, factories and mental institutions.
On the basis of Foucault's work we can hope to interpret (a) how the organisation, and use of space is central to how identity can be 'made' and (b) how correct and incorrect conducts for individuals, built around ideas about gender, race or age, have been constructed, or "formed and normed".
www.ucc.ie /ucc/depts/geography/stafhome/denis/3.htm   (905 words)

  
 Foucault In Cyberspace:
Michel Foucault was one of the most interesting of post war French philosophers and social theorists.
Above all, Foucault had the knack of posing problems in a new way -- re-orienting the inquiry in a way that was manifestly helpful for those who followed.
Foucault pointed out the apparent conflict between a formal language of politics organised around relations between sovereign and citizen, expressed through rules backed by sanctions, and an actual experience of power being exercised through multitudinous non-state sources, often dependent on material or technological means of enforcement.
www.law.duke.edu /boylesite/foucault.htm   (11946 words)

  
 Psychiatric Power (1403969221) FOUCAULT - Palgrave Macmillan
In this new addition to the Collège de France lecture series, Michel Foucault's historical enquiry into the uses and techniques of power and knowledge finds itself directed towards a study of the birth of psychiatry.
Michael Foucault is acknowledged as the preeminent philosopher of France in the 1970s and 1980s.
The Hermeneutics of the Subject is the third volume in the collection of Michel Foucault\'s lectures at the Collège de France, one of the world\'s most prestigious institutions.
www.palgrave-usa.com /catalog/product.aspx?isbn=1403969221   (1277 words)

  
 Michael Schwartz Bio   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Michael Schwartz is a Professor in the Department of Fine Arts, Augusta State University.
Michael has lectured widely and extensively throughout the United States and Europe.
Living in Augusta and teaching at ASU since the fall of 1991, Michael is happy in his life and work.
www.aug.edu /finearts/Art/Bios/Schwartz/SchwartzBio.html   (234 words)

  
 The Foucault Pages at CSUN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This site is dedicated to exploring the work of French philosopher and social critic Michel Foucault.
A Genealogy of Foucault: a list of many of his works along with commentary.
Foucault Discussion Lists: Join scholars, intellectuals, and the just plain curious for discussion and conversation.
www.csun.edu /~hfspc002/foucault.home.html   (136 words)

  
 Online Essays Appropriate to Foucault   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Excerpts from "Georges Canguilhem on Michel Foucault's Histoire de La folie."
The Economy of power, an analytical reading of Michel Foucault.
History and the Real: Foucault with Lacan," Postmodern Culture v.5 n.2 (January, 1995)
www.csun.edu /~hfspc002/fouc.essay.html   (138 words)

  
 Foucault: Power, Surveillance, Sovereignty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This essay is based on Foucault In Cyberspace: Surveillance, Sovereignty, and Hard-Wired Censors By James Boyle © 1997.
Sovereignty for Foucault is a pre-modern political rationality.
With the onset of modernity (Foucault's date, in this huge debate, is "Europe", 1650), came a transformation in power, in its effects, in its targets, in its expressivities.
www.csudh.edu /dearhabermas/foucault02.htm   (247 words)

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